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RB 102369

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THOMAS CLAXTON; ROBERT COWTON; etc.
Germany, s. XV1 and s. XVex
Bound with Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologie (Venice: Antonius de Strata, 1482); Hain 1443.
Composite volume
I.
1. ff. i-xix [preceding the printed text]: Tables to the Summa Theologie, divided into 7 parts: f. i, [D]e actione corporalis creature q. 117 et habet 6 articulos…[beginning only, Actio to Bonitas]; ff. i verso-iii verso, Tabula questionum prime partis Doctoris sancti secundum ordinem alphabeti, Actio corporalis creature q. 117 et habet sex articulos…Ypostasis subsistencia et essencia sit idem quod persona in divinis q. 29 art. 2o. Finis prime tabule huius summe scilicet prime partis sancti Thome laus sit deo; f. iii verso, De actione angelorum in homines q. iii…; f. iv, blank; f. iv verso-xv verso, Incipit Tabula articulorum prime partis Doctoris sancti secundum ordinem Alphabeti, Actio angelorum que est invicem se illuminare q. 106, Articulos require infra in littera A in ly. Angelus…; ff. xv verso-xvi verso, Tabula materiarum prima 2e [sic] Sancti Thome secundum ordinem alphabeti, De actibus imperatis a voluntate q. 17…; f. xvi verso-xviii verso, Tabula materiarum prime 2e [sic] Sancti Thome secundum ordinem Alphabeti, Abstinencia q. 46, Acceptio personarum q. 63, Accidia q. 37…; f. xviii verso-xix, Tabula materiarum 3cie partis Sancti thome secundum ordinem Alphabeti, De assumpcionis modo quantum ad ordiendum q. 6…; ff. xx-xxi verso, blank.
II.
2. ff. 1-8v: Questio magistri Thome claxton correspondens primo libro sententiarum, Utrum essencia divina est personis in divinis communicandum. Quod non arguitur sic. Essencia divina non est a se communicanda…notificat a quacumque alia a se persona divina. Et sic est finis huius questionis. Explicit questio reverendi doctoris magistri thome claxton ordinis fratrum predicatorum provincie anglie correspondens primo libro sententiarum. 3. ff. 9-11v: Utrum sacra scriptura ad hoc quod plenarie intelligatur requirat quod quadrupliciter exponatur. Quod questio sit falsa probatur multipliciter et primo sic. Nulla est sacra scriptura…eorum habitudo secundum statum illum similiter sub anagogia continetur scripture sacre sicut et status beatificus beatorum. Quem statum nobis concedat ihesus christus amen. Explicit questio fratris thome Claxton ordinis predicatorum sacre theologie doctoris de mistica theologia scripta in oxoniis.
Stegmüller, Rep. Sent. 902. Emden, BRUO, 426, for this and the preceding article. A note in the margin of HM 503, f. 51v refers to Claxton as “a precher & doctor of dyvynyte in þe chayere at oxenforde.”
4. ff. 11v-12v: Supponitur primo quod multipliciter sumitur materia primo pro privacione essencia [?] infinite que tenet se per modum materie in omni re creata…et ratione cuius tollitur compositio generis ex materia quasi et forma sibi proportionaliter et cetera. Explicit pulchra posicio de origine differenciarum substancialium de predicto subiecto et cetera. [ff. 13-14v, blank] 5. ff. 15-53: Utrum habitus theologie sit forma simplex per abnegationem compositionis ex principiis sui generis essencialiter distinctis. Quod non videtur. Idem secundum idem non est causa…[f. 40v, end of Bk. 1:] Explicit scriptum fratris Roberti cowton inceptoris sacre theologie ordinis fratrum minorum super primum sententiarum reportatum oxonie per me fratrem Iohannem Geuenstey ordinis predicatorum.…libra eligit illud quod est minus bonum non sub ratione qua minus et cetera. Explicit scriptum fratris Roberti Couton inceptoris sacre theologie ordinis fratrum minorum super 2m sententiarum scriptum in oxoniis et cetera.
Abbreviation by Richard Snetisham of Robert Cowton’s Questiones on the Sentences. Stegmüller, Rep. Sent. 735. See also A. G. Little, The Grey Friars in Oxford. Oxford Historical Society 20 (Oxford 1892) 222-23, and Emden, BRUO, 507 for Cowton and 1725 for Snetisham.
6. f. 53r-v: Utrum filius dei incarnatus fuisset si homo non peccasset. Quod sic arguitur quia naturalem dignitatem a quodam debet homo consequi…sed secundum formam deitatis debet tamen caput ecclesie secundum formam servi quia sic est similis suis membris et cetera. [ff. 54-56v, blank]
III.
7. ff. 57-65: Questio de unitate formarum, Quia questionem de formarum gradibus per me ad multorum instanciam disputatam…[Text:] Quantum ergo ad primum potest argui sic. Ordini pluralium in partito debet…resolucio usque ad materiam primam quia si ita esset organisacio. [ff. 65v-68v, blank] 8. ff. 69-75v: Utrum intellectus sit unus numero in omnibus hominibus. Et arguitur primo quod non quia illa sunt unum…magis reddunt hanc posicionem improbabilem quam sustinent eandem [?]. Et ideo non plus de ista questione ad presens. [ff. 76-80v, blank]
IV.
9. ff. 81-110: Abstractio est duplex scilicet forme a materia et universalis a particularibus q. 40 art. 3o. Abstractum…Abstrahere…Christus simul fuit viator et comprehensor ideo mereri potuit q. 62 art. 9o ad 3m.
Alphabetical subject index to the Summa theologie, with which this manuscript is bound.
V.
10. f. 111: Utrum divina essencia est personis in divinis communicandum, 1. Ista questio est magistri thome claxton ordinis predicatorum provincie anglie corrispondens primo libro sentenciarum. Utrum sacra scriptura ad hoc quod plenarie intelligatur Requirat quod quadrupliciter exponatur, fo. 9…Utrum in divinis sit equalitas personarum cum circumincessione earundem, 32. [f. 111v, blank]
Chapter list, unfinished, of f. 1 through the present f. 33, copied in slightly over one column.
I. ff. i-xxi, Germany, s. XVmed/ex, paper (Ochsenkopf similar to Piccard’s type X, 111-379), 285 × 205 (205 × 150) mm. 110(-7) 28 38(-3 through 6). 2 columns of 40-42 lines, frame ruled in dry point or by folding. Written in a small littera currens. 2- and 1-line initials in red; initials within the text slashed in red; red rubrics and underscoring. Bound before the printed text. II. ff. 1-56v, Germany, s. XV1, parchment (outer and inner leaves of each quire) and paper (Monts similar to Briquet 11686, Udine 1406-07; Armoiries similar to Briquet 1742, Cologne 1489; Croissant similar to Briquet 5276, Breslau 1372; Flacon similar to Briquet 6256, Montpellier 1404), 285 × 205 (224 × 161) mm. 1-414. Catchwords in the inner margin. 2 columns of 54-75 lines, frame ruled in lead. Written in a small littera currens. 8- and 7-line initials in red or blue with infilling of the other color, containing leaves in void technique (by the same person who decorated the printed text); on f. 41, 7-line parted red and blue initial; 3-line initials and paragraph marks alternating red and blue; initials within the text slashed in red; rubrics in red. In the outer margin of f. 1, a small painted profile head of a man. Bound after the printed text. III. ff. 57-80, Germany, s. XVmed/ex, paper (Ochsenkopf similar to Piccard’s type X, 111-379 as above in pt. I, and another similar to Piccard XIII, 706, Augsburg, Innsbruck 1472-74), 285 × 205 (225 × 153) mm. 1-212. 2 columns of 42-52 lines, frame ruled in dry point. Written in a littera currens. 3-line red initials; initials within the text slashed in red; underscoring and paragraph marks in red. Bound after the printed text. IV. ff. 81-110, Germany, s. XVmed/ex, paper (Buchstabe P similar to Piccard’s type VIII), 285 × 205 (201 × 156) mm. 18 210 312. 31-32 long lines, frame ruled in lead. Written in a littera currens. 3- and 2-line red initials; initials within the text slashed in red; rubrics and underscoring in red. Bound after the printed text. V. f. 111, Germany, s. XVmed/ex, paper (no watermark), 218 × 198 (250 × 175) mm. 2 columns of ca. 57 lines; vertical rules in ink. Written in a littera currens. Formerly loose in the volume. Bound, s. XVex, in German stamped calf over wooden boards, sewn on 4 bands; on front and back cover, perpendicular fillets form an outer border of large rosettes alternating with small rosettes on either side of an upright leaf, or alternating with a thistle; in the central panel, repeated vine-like tooling whose resulting ogives enclose a thistle; remains of 2 fore edge clasps, back to front; 4 corner pieces; 4 bosses on the back, now missing; unidentified pattern of holes on the front cover; holes from the nails of a chain hasp on the upper edge of the back cover. The same binding on RB 104537, and on RB 54171-72 and RB 104671 (both mentioned in entry for RB 104537). Written in Germany, pt. II during the first half of the fifteenth century; the rest of the manuscript between the middle and the end of the century. The name of Iohannes Geuenstey on f. 40v may represent the person who originally took the notes rather than the scribe. Belonged to Leander van Ess (1772-1847); his signature and n. 417 in pale red ink on f. 1 of the manuscript. Sold by him to Sir Thomas Phillipps. On a printed paper label on the upper spine, “88” corrected by hand to “288,” the number of this book in the Catalogus Incunabulorum of former van Ess books in the Phillipps collection. In ink on the inside front cover and on a square printed label on the lower spine, the number “278.” N. 77 in the bound Rosenbach typescript in the Rare Book Department files. The Phillipps incunabula acquired by Henry E. Huntington through A. S. W. Rosenbach in 1923.
Secundo folio: [pt. I] de dei patri; [pt. II] sed dte. representare; [pt. III] per quam agit; [pt. IV] angeli corpora.
Bibliography: Mead, n. 2631.
Abbreviations
Briquet
C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes: dictionnaire historique des marques du papier…1282 jusqu’à 1600, facs. of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. A. Stevenson (Amsterdam 1968)
Catalogus Incunabulorum
Catalogus incunabulorum professoris et doctoris theol. L. van Ess Darmstadlt [sic] nunc in bibliotheca phillippica deposit [sic], (Middle Hill [1840?])
Emden, BRUO
A. B. Emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 (Oxford 1957-59) and A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford, A.D. 1501-1540 (Oxford 1974)
Hain
L. F. T. Hain, Repertorium bibliographicum (Stuttgart etc. 1826-38)
Mead
H. R. Mead, Incunabula in the Huntington Library (San Marino 1937)
; the manuscripts bound with incunables are not mentioned
Piccard
G. Piccard, Die Wasserzeichenkartei Piccard im Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart (Stuttgart 1961- )
Stegmüller, Rep. Sent.
F. Stegmüller, Repertorium commentariorum in Sententias Petri Lombardi (Würzburg 1947)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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