Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


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STATUTES
England, s. XIV2/4
1. ff. 1-4: Magna Carta, 25 Edward I; SR 1, charters, 33-36. 2. ff. 4-6v: Carta de foresta, 25 Edward I; SR 1:120-22. 3. ff. 6v-7v: Confirmatio cartarum, 25 Edward I; SR 1:123-24. 4. ff. 7v-8: Confirmatio filii in a somewhat variant form: A touz ceus qe cestes presentes lettres verront ou orrunt Edward filz a noble Roi D’engleterre…Cum nos chers e feaux humfrei de Bounz…e promettons e grantons qe nous les garderoms des damages devers nostre pere avaundist de totes les choses avaundites. En testemoignaunce et cetera. Explicit; 25 Edward I; SR 1:124. 5. f. 8r-v: Incipit sentencia super cartas lata, En le noun del pere e del fiz e seynt espirit. Cum nostre seignur le Roi al honur de dieu e del seynt eglise e a commun profit de tut le Reaume est grante pur luy…Nous Roberd Ercevesqe de Caunterbury e Primat de tut Engleterre amovescoms un foiz deus foiz e trois foiz puisse qe le brefte du tems plus longe delaie…e de touz les sacrementz de seynt Eglise desceveroms. Fiat fiat amen. 6. ff. 8v-10v: Provisions of Merton, 20 Henry III; SR 1:1-4. 7. ff. 10v-15: Statute of Marlborough, ending with the writ, “Et quia volumus quod aliquis super observacione premissorum non possit se per ignoranciam excusare…set omnia predicta opere compleantur,” 52 Henry III; SR 1:19-25. 8. ff. 15-25: Statute of Westminster I, 3 Edward I; SR 1:26-39. 9. ff. 25-27v: Statute of Gloucester, beginning in the chapter on damages in novel disseisin, 6 Edward I; SR 1:45-50. 10. ff. 27v-28: Exposition of the statute of Gloucester, 6 Edward I; SR 1:50. 11. f. 28r-v: Incipiunt districtiones scaccarii, Pur ceo qe la communaute du Reaume ad eu graunt damage…ceo qi viscount avera reconue sei aver resceu de les dettours le Roi; SR 1:197b. 12. ff. 28v-30v: Statute of the exchequer, giving the section on distraints (already copied above) by cue only; SR 1:197-98. 13. ff. 30v-32v: Statute of merchants, 13 Edward I; SR 1:98-100. 14. ff. 32v-34v: Statute of Winchester, 13 Edward I (dated 8 September, 14 Edward I); SR 1:96-98. 15. f. 34v: Articles of inquiry upon the statute of Winchester; SR 1:245-46. 16. ff. 34v-37v: Statute of Exeter in 2 parts, the second beginning, “Primes fet a enquere de chescon vile demyvyle hamelette…”; SR 1:210-12. 17. ff. 37v-38: Statute of ragman, 4 Edward I; SR 1:44. 18. ff. 38-40: New articles of the eyre; SR 1:235-36. 19. f. 40r-v: Quia emptores, to take effect as of Michaelmas next, 18 Edward I; SR 1:106. 20. ff. 40v-41: Statute of persons to be put in assizes and juries, followed by a writ on this statute, 21 Edward 1; SR 1:113. 21. f. 41r-v: Statute for religious men, 7 Edward I; SR 1:51. 22. ff. 41v-42: Statute for respiting of knighthood; SR 1:229. 23. ff. 42-43: Statute of bigamy, with variant list of councillors including I. de Kyrkeby and I. de Colebye, 4 Edward I; SR 1:42-43. 24. f. 43r-v: Statute of gavelet in London; SR 1:222. 25. ff. 43v-44v: Quo warranto, with first “tibi precipimus” clause in favor of the prior of Christ Church, Canterbury; SR 1:45-46 in French as preamble to the statute of Gloucester; here in Latin; see D. W. Sutherland, Quo Warranto Proceedings in the Reign of Edward I, 1278-1294 (Oxford 1963) 191-93. 26. f. 44v: Quo warranto II, 18 Edward I; SR 1:107. 27. ff. 44v-45v: Of persons vouched to warranty who are present, 20 Edward I; SR 1:108-09. 28. f. 45v: Quo warranto, 18 Edward I; SR 1:107. 29. ff. 45v-46: Statute concerning conspirators, beginning “Dominus Rex mandavit per Gilbertum de R.…”; SR 1:216 and nn. 5, 6. 30. f. 46: Provision for the day in leap year, 40 Henry III; SR 1:7. 31. ff. 46v-57: Circumspecte agatis in 2 parts, the second beginning “Sub qua forma laici impetrent prohibicionem…,” 13 Edward I; SR 1:101-02. 32. ff. 47-48v: Statute concerning money, the second part headed “Articuli de moneta”; SR 1:219-219a. 33. f. 48v: Assize of weights and measures, here in French, the first paragraph only, “Pur discrecion de tut le Reaume D’engleterre fust la mesure nostre seignur le Roi ordeyne…e xii lyvrez e demy fount une pere de Londres”; SR 1:204. 34. ff. 48v-49: Manner of doing homage and fealty; SR 1:227-28. 35. ff. 49-50: General days in banc and general days in dower, copied straight on; SR 1:208. 36. f. 50r-v: Assize of bread and ale, with headings for “Assisa cervisie” and “Lucrum pistoris”; SR 1:199-200. 37. ff. 50v-51v: Assize of weights and measures, beginning “Notandum quod carrata plumbi constabit ex xxx fotmell…”; SR 1:205. 38. ff. 51v-52: [added in a different hand] De modo capiendi custumam in scardeburgh, De qualibet navi infra scherial et nothland applicante cum mercimoniis quibuscumque sint empta vel vendita iiii d., de mensura domini Regis si ex ea in aliqua parte mensuratum fuerit i d.…[f. 52v, blank].
Customs and tolls on various products (beans, peas, salt, coal, herrings, wool, wine, etc.) and on various services (of leatherworkers, bakers, butchers, et al.), ending with a list of those immune from toll duties in Scarborough.
39. ff. 53-72v: Statute of Westminster II, ending “…ausi bien celuy qe le purchacera come celuy qi le fera,” 13 Edward I; SR 1:71-95. 40. ff. 73-84: Fet asaver a comencement de chesqun ple q est plede en la court le Roy…[f. 83v:] s’il n’ad renable enchesoun pur quay il n’y ad fet venir. Rex vicecomiti salutem. Precipimus tibi sicut alias tibi Precepimus quod corpus Rogeri Glere de Linne…oportebit de corpore suo vel de predicto debito respondere. Et habeas ibi hoc breve. Explicit summa Fet asaver.
G. E. Woodbine, ed., Four Thirteenth Century Law Tracts (Yale University Press 1910) 53-115, followed straight on by a writ to arrest Roger Glere de Linne in execution of a recognizance made at Shrewsbury before Thomas Callou and Robert de Bockesers, clerk of the recognizances, to pay a debt to Richard, son of Richard de Bergh on 24 August 1299.
41. ff. 84-104: Incipit Magnum Heyngham, Licet ordo placitandi in curia domini Regis per leges et consuetudines Regni…si docatur quod is de cuius seisina petit actor non fuisse in seysina rei petite tempore Ricardi Regis Avunculi Regis Henrici patris regis Edwardi sic peremptorie deciditur actio actoris. Explicit Summa Magnum Heyngham.
W. H. Dunham, ed., Radulphi de Hengham Summae (Cambridge 1932) 1-50.
42. ff. 104-109v: Incipit summa Bastardye, Nota quod si Bastardus se clamando legitimum heredem…quamvis uxor infantis obierit dum fuerit in custodia. Nota si un home cleyme par meme le descent en bref de possession e l’autre met encountre Ly q’il est bastard qe unkes son pere esposa sa mere deit estre deit estre [sic] pris en la Curt le Roy. Explicit summa Bastardye.
Woodbine, Four Thirteenth Century Law Tracts, p. 1 and n. 3.
43. ff. 109v-118v: Incipit Parvum Heyngham, Quinque sunt essonia primum de ultra mare secundum de terra sancta…si compertus fuisset tenens. Homagium est iuris vinculum quo quis astringitur ad warantizandum…et si uterque consenserit potest homagium dissolvi quia nichil tam naturaliter et cetera. Explicit Summa Parvum Heyngham.
Dunham, Radulphi de Hengham Summae, 51-71; for the passage “Homagium est iuris vinculum…,” see G. E. Woodbine, ed., Bracton on the Laws and Customs of England, trans. and with notes by S. E. Thorne (Harvard University Press and the Selden Society 1968-77) 2:228.
44. ff. 118v-123v: Incipit Summa Cum Sit Necessarium, Cum sit necessarium conquerentibus in Curia domini Regis ut in suis casibus congruum exhibeatur remedium…licet antecessor conquerentibus de pastura illa fuerit disseisitus. Explicit summa cum sit Necessarium.
Woodbine, Four Thirteenth Century Law Tracts, under the title “Modus componendi brevia,” pp. 143-59, ending incomplete with respect to the printed text.
45. ff. 123v-126: Incipit tractatus de Corona, Eodem modo quo quis feloniam facere potest interficiendo alium idem feloniam facere potest interficiendo se ipsum…nec sunt per plegios dimittendi nisi sit ex speciali precepto domini Regis et tunc fiat de hiis quod ser<?>itis fit de aliis et cetera. Explicit tractatus Corone. 46. ff. 126v-128: Incipiunt Articuli Corone, Dictum est ut supra quod nemo potest habere Curiam suam de probatore et latrone cognoscente videamus ergo que placita pertinent ad Curiam et que ad Comitatum…quod femine imponunt viro alicui de quo se dicit violenter oppressam et contra pacem domini Regis. Explicit Officium Corone. 47. ff. 128-129: Office of the coroner, 4 Edward I; SR 1:40-41. 48. ff. 129-130: Incipiunt statuta de antiquo dominico Corone, Licet in antiquo dominico Corone non currat aliquod breve nisi parvum breve de Recto clausum…propter quod si ego fuissem assignatus Iusticiarius ego secure procedere ad assisam sicut conueti [sic for “consuevi”] quid alii faciunt ignoro et cetera.
A. J. Horwood, ed., Year Books of the Reign of King Edward the first, years XX and XXI. RS 39 pt. 16 (London 1866) xviii-xix, here ending incomplete with respect to the printed text.
49. ff. 130-131: Extenta manerii; SR 1:242-43. 50. f. 131r-v: View of frankpledge; SR 1:246-47. 51. ff. 131v-132: Manner of challenging essoins; SR 1:217-18. 52. ff. 132v-133: Statute concerning wards and reliefs; SR 1:228. 53. ff. 133-140v: Incipit quedam summa cadit assisa, Edwardus dei gratia Rex Anglie Dominus Hibernie et dux Aquitanie vicecomitibus London. salutem. Si Willelmus de Kyrkeby…, Cadit assisa si petatur tenementum vel servicium per assisam…sic inde [cancelled] probatur <?> recte ut de Itinere W[illelmi] de R[alegha] in Comitatu [catchword:] Cantie// [f. 141r-v, ruled, but blank]
See Woodbine, Four Thirteenth Century Law Tracts, p. 1 and n. 4 giving references to Bracton; the text is preceded by an assize of mort d’ancestor by William of Kyrkby in the time of Edward I.
54. ff. 142-143v: [added in a later hand] Statute of Northampton, ending “…en case de somons en plee de tere,” 2 Edward III; SR 1:257-61. 55. ff. 143v-144: Mens Ianuarius vinum ieiunus bibe…[hygienic prescriptions on foods, bloodletting and taking medicine for each month]; Magister philosophorum computavit omnes malos dies tocius anni periculosos et sunt xxxta duos dies…[list of the dies nefasti or aegyptiaci in each month for beginning a new project, bloodletting or taking medicine]; Si quis in septimo die mensis marcii de dextro brachio sanguine minuerit…[bloodletting on special days to avoid loss of eyesight and fevers; special days in which to be born so as to never fall ill]. 56. ff. 144v-145: De quo waranto, Communitas ville de Scardeburgh summonita fuit ad respondendum domino Regi de placito quo waranto clamat habere wreccum maris assisa panis et cervisie liberam warennam in terris suis et terras suas quietas et serta sine licencia. Communitas venit et dicit…pertinent sine licencia et voluntate nostra et progenitorum nostrorum de anglis et habeas ibi summonitores et cetera.
Sutherland, Quo Warranto Proceedings, p. 123 and n. 4 for the Scarborough claim (1279-81?).
57. f. 145: Iste libertates clamant habere ab antiquo. Burgenses clamant rendere dare et legare terras suas in lecto mortali…Item habent placita que pertinent ad portum maris. 58. ff. 145v-146: De Articulis qui domini Regis scutagium contingunt. De magnatibus et aliis venientibus hospitaturis ad domos Religiosorum per gubernatorem earundem…secundum quod in eisdem statutis continetur.
Index of articles, largely against abuses by royal and franchisal officers.
59. ff. 146v-148: Incipiunt Cronice Anglie, Scire cupiens quis subscriptas interrogaciones de cronicis ponat prius annum dominicum in presenciarum ultimum…; Sepes trina canes et equus hominesque subaddas/ Cervos et corvos aquilas in maria cete…; Anni ab origine mundi <?> septuaginta interpretes sunt. Anni ab incarnacione domini xxvus die marcii…Qui vus die februarii in Angliam rediens xx die mensis eiusdem apud Westmonasterium est coronatus.
Computistic material, 5 verses to determine the number of years between Adam and Christ, and a brief chronology from the birth of Christ to the coronation of Edward II in 1308.
60. f. 148: [added in a different hand] Bone medicyne pur le Stomake, Take wormwood… 61. f. 148r-v and lower margin of f. 149: [added in a different hand] Writ in French to the sheriff of Yorkshire, containing a mandate concerning the staple, and dated at Kenilworth 1 May 19 [Edward II], 1326; listed in the Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1324-1327, p. 269, with the text in the Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1327-1330, pp. 98-99. 62. ff. 149-200v: Register of writs, beginning with a writ of right brought by William of Scarborough against H. de Rostoun; text ends defectively in a writ to the justices of the forest beyond the Trent concerning the lawing of dogs. 63. ff. 201-202: Anno domini Mo CCCo xi quinto kalendas Octobris ordinaciones cum exilio petri de gaveston cui Rex Edwardus filius Regis Edwardi contulit comitatum cornubie…interfecti sunt scotti xxx Milia per Regem Edwardum tercium post conquestum.
Chronology, 1311-33, apparently intended as a continuation of art. 59.
64. ff. 202v-204: Statute of Westminster, without the accompanying writ, 4 Edward III; SR 1:261-65. 65. ff. 204v-205: Statute II, with writ addressed to William de Clynton, constable of Dover and warden of the Cinque Ports, 9 Edward III; SR 1:273-74. 66. ff. 205-207v: Statute I, without the accompanying writ, 9 Edward III; SR 1:269-72; f. 208, blank. 67. f. 208v: Inquisition held in Scarborough concerning profits claimed by the burgesses from houses, watermills and windmills in and near Scarborough. 68. ff. 209-210v: List of contents of the volume, arts. 1-37, 39-53, followed by chapter lists of the Magna Carta, of the provisions of Merton, of the statutes of Marlborough, Westminster I, Gloucester and Westminster II; in the lower margin of f. 209, added in a different hand, “Sire loqui decus est decus est se sire tacere/ Hec duo si poteris sire peritus eris,” and a list of 8 names under the heading “Donekyrk.” 69. f. 211: Edwardus dei gratia et cetera. Cum in quodam statuto tempore domini Edwardi quondam Regis Anglie patris nostri Anno regni sui tercio apud Westmonasterium edito sic inter cetera ordinatur quod nullus blada seu victualia aut aliqua alia bona prelatorum vel hominum Religiosorum…seu clericis aut laicis cuiuscumque status vel condicionis sint inferre presumat. Teste me apud Westmonasterium xus die Aprilis Anno regni nostri nono.
Confirmation of part of the statute of Westminster I, chapter 1, in SR 1:27; see also SR 1:175 (different text and date).
70. ff. 211v-212: In primis dicit Robertus Wawayn pro Rege quod homines de scardeburgh videlicet Rogero ugdtred, Adam de helperch et filius eius, henricus de Rostoun…Alia diversa gravamina excessus et transgressiones domino Rege multipliciter intulerunt in domini Regis contemptum et dampnum xx milia libras et contra pacem.
Complaints of wrongdoing apparently in the borough court of Scarborough.
71. f. 212: Edwardus et cetera vicecomiti Ebor. et cetera. Monstraverunt nobis burgenses ville nostre de scardeburgh per peticionem suam coram nobis et consilio nostro in parliamento nostro exhibitam quod cum progenitores nostri quondam Reges Anglie per cartas suas quas dominus Edwardus…Et nos <?> de exitibus ville et manerii predictorum ad scaccarium nostrum ex nunc exonerare faciemus. Teste Waltero de Norwyco apud Westmonasterium xvi die februarii anno regni nostri primo.
See the Rotuli parliamentorum 1:423, n. 24 for similar material in the first part of the petition (18 Edward II, 1324-25), here followed by the sheriff’s return dated at York, 5 March 1308, appointing John de Esthorp, his clerk, as his attorney to execute the writ.
72. ff. 212v-214: Statute I, ending “…pur ceo qe iustices ne deyvent ils estre ne record avoir forsqu en Eire,” 1 Edward III; SR 1:251-54. 73. f. 214r-v: Statute II, ending defectively “…eiect sour ceo prohibicion en la chauncelerye fourme en soun cas. Pur ceo qu//,” 1 Edward III; SR 1:255-56; ff. 215-217v, blank.
Parchment, ff. ii (modern paper) + i (parchment) + 217 + ii (modern paper); 230 × 154 (163-176 × 93-97) mm. 1-38 44 5-98 104(through f. 72) 1112 12-228 2312 24-258 264(through f. 204) 272 2810(-9; +2 leaves at the end). Catchwords in inner lower margin. Quires numbered, s. XV, in the inner lower margin of the first leaf recto in lead, using roman numerals. Usually 28-32 long lines, ruled in lead, with double vertical bounding lines for the written space, and with additional sets of double rules in the 3 outer margins; slash prick marks in the 3 outer margins. Written in anglicana scripts by one main scribe, with portions of text added by possibly as many as 8 other scribes; the main scribe: ff. 1-51, 69-72v and probably ff. 73-140v, 149-200v, 209-210v; the other 8 scribes: i, ff. 51v-52 (art. 38); ii, ff. 53-68v (quires 8, 9); iii, ff. 142-148 (line 12), 201-204, 211-214v (arts. 54-59, 63-64, 69-73); iv, ff. 148 (lines 12-14; art. 60); v, ff. 148 (lines 15-31) -149 (lower margin; art. 61); vi, f. 204v (beginning of art. 65); vii, ff. 205-207v (art. 66); viii, f. 208v (art. 67). 6- to 4-line parted red and blue initials infilled with grotesques in void technique on ff. 1, 133, 149; the initial on f. 1 also with red and blue cascade border, the others with red and blue flourishing; 6- to 2-line parted red and blue initials with infilling of leaf designs; 4- to 2-line alternating red initials with blue flourishing or blue with red; 2- and 1-line plain red and blue initials, alternating; red and blue paragraph marks; on ff. 205-207v (art. 66), initials in red only; no decoration on ff. 142-148v, 201-204, 208v-214v. Some nota bene hands, rubrics and paragraph marks embellished with small profile heads (e.g., ff. 17, 25v, 44v, 191). Running headlines with red and blue paragraph marks through f. 85; thereafter undecorated. Finding notes in the hands of the scribes. Contemporary patch (preceding the writing of the text) has come loose from f. 23 and is now tipped into the binding at that place. Bound, s. XVII, in English parchment over pasteboards, gold tooled; on spine “M.S.S.” stamped in gold on blue leather label; “Statutes of Edward I” lettered in ink, s. XVIII, below the label; at the bottom of the spine, an animal (?) stamped in gold. Flyleaf, f. iii, England, s. XIII, from a gradual, for the mass of the third Sunday in Lent and the following Monday, 223 × 140 (180 × 110) mm., but cropped at the top, 10 lines of text and music, with neumes on 4-line staves; a 2-line initial (gold?), cut out; another 2-line initial and rubrics in red. Written in England during the second quarter of the fourteenth century. Numerous references in the text to Scarborough point to early ownership in that town. On f. iii, pentrials, s. XV, including “dymnok” and “kalwater.” On f. 215v, s. XV, “Iohannes Vear miles de Comitatu Essex,” “Iohannes Veer,” and “Omnibus christi fidelibus ad quos hoc presens scriptum pervenerit Iohannes Vear Armiger salutem in domino sempiternam”; notes in Vear’s hand also on ff. 81, 94, 108. On f. 207v, s. XVII/XVIII, “Will Shallcrosse Booke,” “John Shallcrosses Book,” and “Jhon Shallcross Book Jhon” in a different hand. On the front pastedown, armorial bookplate of Holland House with motto “Vitam impendere vero,” and Huth bookplate with traces of Huth’s original, larger bookplate on the endpaper behind it. Acquired by Henry Huth (1815-78) from Quaritch in 1875; The Huth Library (London 1880) 4:1397. Alfred H. Huth (1850-1910) sale, Sotheby’s, 1 July 1918, pt. VII, lot 7064 to G. D. Smith from whom it was acquired by Henry E. Huntington.
Secundo folio: habeant terras
Bibliography: De Ricci, 78. Legal Manuscripts, n. 6 open at f. 1.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Legal Manuscripts
Legal Manuscripts and Printed Books: a Sequence Illustrating the Development of English and American Law for the Visit of the American Bar Association, July 19, 1935 at the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California (San Marino 1935)
RS
Rolls Series
SR
Statutes of the Realm (London 1810-28)
The Huth Library
The Huth Library: a Catalogue of the Printed Books, Manuscripts, Autograph Letters, and Engravings Collected by Henry Huth (London 1880)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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