Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 850

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CHOIR BREVIARY
Spain, 1592
1. ff. 1-73: Offices of the common of saints and the dedication of a church. 2. ff. 73-77: Office of the Virgin. 3. ff. 77-78v: Office of Francis. 4. ff. 78v-83: Office of the Conception of the Virgin, and antiphon for many virgins at vespers; ends: Acabose año del Señor 1592. 5. f. 83r-v: [added by a later hand over erasures of 2 previous hands, neither original] Office of Torquatus.
Through this first part of the volume a later hand, s. XVII, has marked various sections as “Bonus” or “Nihil reputat”; in the latter case, the text was then scraped off and a new text copied in; on f. 2v, the marginal note against “Deo patri sit gloria, eiusque soli filio cum spirito paraclito…” reads: “Este final no se da por que es muy antiguo y en su lugar se da Deo patri simulque filio tibique sancte spiritus sicut fuit…”
6. ff. 84-118: Ad invitatorium psalmus, Venite exultemus…; Te deum…; psalms and canticles for lauds on Sunday; alternative psalms for Christmas (Pss. 71, 84, 88), Epiphany (Pss. 65, 85), Ascension (Pss. 29, 102), Pentecost (Pss. 67, 103), Transfiguration (Pss. 28, 75), for St. Lawrence (Ps. 16). 7. ff. 118-119: Offices pro non virgine and of Joachim. 8. f. 119r-v: [added by a later hand in pale ink on damaged parchment] Offices of or prayers to John of Capistrano, Louis of Toulouse and Bonaventure. 9. f. 119v: Table of contents for the entire volume, copied straight on, with references to folio numbers. 10. back pastedown: [added] Prayer to Anthony of Padua.
Parchment (prepared in the southern manner), ff. 119; 545 × 380 (480 × 280) mm. 1-108 112(+1; through f. 83) 12-158 164. 17 long lines, ruled vertically in dry point and horizontally in lead (?), with decorative red rules separating the lines of text; on ff. 1-83, where liturgical use calls for a smaller script, an extra line has been ruled for the top of the minims; on ff. 84-119, 2 narrow red fillets full across in upper and lower margin frame the text; pricking visible in inner and outer margins. Two main scribes, both using a gothic liturgical book hand: i, ff. 1-83; ii, ff. 84-119v and some corrections in the first part, e.g. on f. 51v; later material added by 2 other people: iii, ff. 83r-v (now erased) and 119r-v, in a round cursive script; iv, f. 83r-v (art. 5) and some of the corrections in the first part, e.g. on f. 37, in a cursive script; other corrections by copyist v in a gothic hand on ff. 18v-19, 71v-72, for example; and by copyist vi, in a cursive hand, for example on f. 48. In the first part, ff. 1-83: opening initial, f. 1v, 4-line parted red and blue, its outlines carefully pricked, on a purple penwork ground with a C-shaped border of red strapwork and purple pen flourishes in an acanthus leaf and flower design; f. 79, 4-line parted red and blue initial with full floral border, possibly unfinished, or purple penwork with some touches of red and yellow; f. 78v, a large strapwork initial, elaborately flourished in the same purple penwork as above and including the monograms of Jesus, Mary and Francis. 2- and 1-line initials usually red with purple penwork, but occasionally in blue with red; the first letter after a 2-line initial, and 1-line initials within the text filled in yellow; blue paragraph marks; rubrics, running headlines and foliation (an early series in roman numerals mostly cropped; now in modern form arabic numerals), all in red. In the second part, ff. 84-119: opening initial, f. 84, 3-line parted red and blue on a simple red penwork ground; 2-line initials in red on simple brown ink grounds; plain red 1-line initials and rubrics. Evidence of many fore edge tabs, sewn on, in both parts. The lower outer corners severely damaged on ff. 43-72 and 82-91 with some contemporary repairs and rewriting on patches. Bound in leather over heavy wooden boards; 2 rosette centerpieces and evidence of 8 cornerpieces, with 2 remaining; originally with 2 fore edge straps closing to hooks on the edge of the back cover; metal rests on the lower edges. Written in Spain in 1592 for a Franciscan convent as shown by the presence of an office for Francis in the original hand; later additions on f. 119r-v attest to continued Franciscan ownership. The added office for Torquatus on f. 83r-v suggests that at least by then the book may have been in Guadix. Date and source of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown.
Secundo folio: Laudate dominum
Bibliography: De Ricci, 75.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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