Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 35300

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BEDE, HISTORIA ECCLESIASTICA; etc.
England, s. XVmed and s. XIIIex
Composite volume
I.
1. f. i verso: Biographical note on Bede in the hand of Robert Elyot. 2. ff. 1-109v: Incipit prefacio venerabilis Bede presbiteri in ecclesiasticam historiam gentis anglorum ad regem Colwulfum, Gloriosissimo Regi Colwlfo Beda famulus christi et presbiter. Historiam gentis anglorum ecclesiasticam…litteris mandare studuimus; [on f. 2r-v, chapter list of Book 1; f. 2v, Text:] Britannia occeani insula quondam albion nomen fuit…et parere semper ante faciem tuam. [followed directly by the last paragraph of the preface:] Preterea omnes…apud omnes fructum pie intercessionis inveniam. Amen. Deo gratias. Finito libro sit laus et gloria christo.
B. Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors, eds., Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People (Oxford 1969); on p. lvii this manuscript is described among those containing “the common text of southern England in the later Middle Ages.” See also M. L. W. Laistner, A Hand-list of Bede Manuscripts (Ithaca 1943) 95. Caedmon’s hymn in Old English in the outer margin of f. 82 in the hand of the scribe.
3. f. 109v: Verses on Bede as follow: Suscipe nostrorum rex historiam populorum/ Quam lege scribe proba cunctos hanc nosse labora/ Scribens in sceda sedet hic sua dogmata Beda/ Ex anglis natus doctissimus atque probatus/ Nam Scripturarum tractando profunda sacrarum/ Mundum doctrinis ceu sol perlustrat opimis [these 6 verses, in a different order, also occur in Oxford, Magdalen College, MS lat. 105]; Scriptor, Nunc pater o Beda tibi supplico tu michi te da/ Hostis ne preda sim per mea crimina feda; [last 2 verses in another hand:] Sancte pater Beda temptantis deprime feda/ Ne sibi sim preda protectoris michi te da. 4. f. 110: Extitit hic Beda doctor venerabilis idem…[7 couplets using the name “Beda” in the different grammatical cases, labelled in the margin “in nominativo casu” (twice), “in genitivo,” etc.; also in the margin, “Isti versus extracti erant de quadam parva rotula doctoris gaskun,” apparently in reference to Thomas Gascoigne (d. 1458); all this in the hand of Robert Elyot]; Iaru non Iarum sancto Bede dedit ortum [in the hand of Robert Elyot]. [f. 110v, blank]
II.
5. ff. 111-130: Incipit prefacio Bede presbiteri in Actus Apostolorum missa Acce episcopo, Domino in christo desiderantissimo et vere beatissimo acce episcopo beda perpetuam in domino salutem. Accepi creberimas beatitudinis tue litteras…, [f. 111v, Text:] Incipit expositio in Actus Apostolorum, Primum quidem sermonem…, De omnibus se dicit christi factis et dictis se scripsisse…cursum consumavi fidem servavi. Amen.
M. L. W. Laistner, ed., Bedae Venerabilis Expositio Actuum Apostolorum et Retractatio. Mediaeval Academy of America Publ. 35 (Cambridge, Mass. 1939) 3-90; this manuscript listed on p. xxxvi, n. 15. See also Laistner, Hand-list, 21.
6. ff. 130-131v: Descriptio situs terre a Beato Beda provinciarum civitatum insularum huic libro conggruendum [sic], Acheldemach est ager sangwinis qui usque monstratur in bely…quod in eo populus stans desuper atque spectans ludos scenicos contemplaretur. Explicit expositio bede presbiteri in Actus Apostolorum.
Laistner, “Nomina regionum atque locorum de Actibus Apostolorum” in Expositio…, 149-58.
7. ff. 131v-170: Incipit in epistola Iacobi Apostoli Exposicio venerabilis Bede presbiteri, Iacobus dei et domini nostri ihesu christi servus duodecim tribubus que sunt in dispersione salutem, Dixit de hoc Iacobo apostolus paulus…Et hoc non ab inicio temporis alicuius sed ante omne seculum et nunc et in omnia secula seculorum. Amen. Amen. Amen. Explicit exposicio venerabilis bede in epistola iude apostoli.
Bede, Commentary on the Catholic Epistles, PL 93:9-130. Laistner, Hand-list, 31.
8. f. 170: [quaestio added in a cursive script:] Queritur utrum virgo maria in concepcione filii sui spiritu sancto in aliquo cooperata fueret…ipsa sola a deo sicud mulier viro commixta unde tota substancia christi filii de matre sua. [added in the same hand, with the author attribution in the margin:] Hugo de Sancto victore, Inter amorem huius mundi et amorem dei hoc distare…bibatur suavissimum poculum caritatis. [f. 170v, blank, except for erased pen trials, including: Edwardus dei gratia Rex Anglie dux ybernie; domine labia mea; Pater noster.]
Parchment, ff. i (contemporary parchment) + 170; 261 × 187 mm. A composite volume in 2 parts. I. s. XVmed, ff. 1-110, ruled space: 182 × 125 mm. 1-138 148(-7, 8). Catchwords in the innermost corner, sometimes enclosed by a scroll (ff. 32v, 40v); quires and leaves signed in letters and roman numerals. 2 columns of 32-40 lines, ruled in ink, usually frame only; pricking occasionally visible in the upper and outer margins. Written in an anglicana formata by 2 (?) scribes, the second somewhat inconsistent: i, ff. 1-8, 47va line 23-109v (except for the last 2 lines); ii, ff. 9-47va line 23. 5- to 3-line parted red and blue initials; full red and blue cascade border and red flourishing on f. 1; bracket borders in the same style for beginnings of other books (omitted for Book 4). 2-line blue initials with red flourishing; 1-line initials alternating red and blue in the chapter lists. Running headlines and chapter numbers added by a contemporary hand. II. s. XIIIex, ff. 111-170, ruled space: 186 × 138 mm. 120 220 320; note, however, that all the leaves appear to be singletons, stitched together and reinforced by a parchment strip wrapped around each gathering. Quires 1 and 2 signed in arabic numerals on the last leaf verso. 2 columns of 40-45 lines written above the top line; ruled in brown crayon and in lead; pricking often visible in the lower and outer margin. Written in an early anglicana script. 5- to 2-line blue initials with red flourishing, different from those in pt. I. The rubrics and some underscoring in the same red as the flourishing. Instructions to the rubricator in crayon. In the upper margin of f. 111 in the hand of the scribe, “Sancti spiritus assit nobis gratia.” Bound, s. XV, in whittawed leather over bevelled wooden boards; 2 fore edge brass clasps catching on the back cover, the straps restored; remains of 2 paper labels on the spine, the upper one illegible, the lower “K.” On the back cover, a label under horn: “V. Beda de gestis Anglorum. Idem super actus apostolorum et epistolas canonicas. 2o fo. et prassini” as is common on books from Syon Abbey. Some modern restoration. Written in England, pt. I in the middle of the fifteenth century and pt. II at the end of the thirteenth. Belonged to Robert Elyot, fellow of All Souls College and vice-provost of Eton until his death in 1499. His characteristic profile face brackets and pointing hands occur mainly in pt. II, e.g., on ff. 121v, 124v, 125 (the hands) and on ff. 150, 155v, 164v (the face); these are in the same orange-tinged red ink as some of the underscoring and marginal notes; the faces, hands, underscoring and notes, including arts. 1 and 4, also occur in black ink (e.g. ff. 134v-135); N. R. Ker, “Robert Elyot’s Books and Annotations,” The Library ser. 5 vol. 30 (1975) 233-37 with plates. Given by him to the Bridgettine abbey of Syon at Isleworth, Middlesex, as attested by the note on f. i verso: “Liber domus Sancti Salvatoris de Syon ex dono magistri Roberti Elyot Anno domini 1490. Orate pro Anima eius.” Identified as K.59 in the early sixteenth century catalogue of that abbey printed by M. Bateson, Catalogue of the Library of Syon Monastery, Isleworth (Cambridge 1898) 87; see Ker, MLGB, 185, and Emden, BRUO, 638. Belonged to Augustine Styward, who wrote his name on f. 1; given by him to the library of the church of St. James in Bury St. Edmunds in the year of its foundation, 1595; on f. i verso, “Augustinus Stywarde dono debit Bibliothecae in Eccelesia D. Jacobi infra villam de Buria S. Edmundi Anno Domini 1595 Augusti 29 et Aetatis sue tricesimo sexto.” Styward also owned Oxford, Bod. Lib., Bodley 130 (SC 27609), a herbarium from Bury. Regarding the Styward family, see W. Rye, Genealogist n.s. 1 (1884) 150-57 and 2 (1885) 34-42. On f. 1, s. XIX, “St. James’ Library in Bury St. Eds.”; on the front pastedown a small round label, “Church Congress Exhibition, 111.”; the same label on New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, MSS 287 and 417. Sold by St. James, Sotheby’s, 12 July 1971, lot 36 with facsimile of the Syon inscription on f. i verso and with a plate of the back cover.
Secundo folio: [f. 3] et prassini; [f. 112] transito necessarium
Bibliography: Schenkl 4959. Chronica, 7.
Abbreviations
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
Emden, BRUO
A. B. Emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 (Oxford 1957-59) and A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford, A.D. 1501-1540 (Oxford 1974)
Ker, MLGB
N. R. Ker, Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (London, 2nd ed. 1964)
PL
J. P. Migne, ed., Patrologia latina
Schenkl
H. Schenkl, Bibliotheca patrum latinorum britannica (Vienna 1891-1908; repr. Hildesheim and New York 1969)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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