Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 35

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JOÃO FREIRE, PORTOLAN ATLAS
Portugal (?), 1546
Atlas containing 7 nautical charts: 1. Baltic Sea and Scandinavian peninsula 2. Western Europe and part of northern Africa 3. Mediterranean from Gibraltar to Aegean Sea 4. Eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea 5. Atlantic Ocean, northwest coast of Africa, and Portugal 6. Gulf of Guinea and West African coast 7. North Atlantic Ocean, Newfoundland and neighboring coast Parchment, ff. ii (modern paper) + 7 (parchment mounted on heavy paper) + ii (paper watermarked 1838); 557 × 461 (351 × 273) mm. Folios arranged sequentially with stubs. Small black borders on 3 sides with decorative markings. Black and red ink for nomenclature in a minuscule script with area names in display script; land masses outlined in green, with islands painted gold, red, or blue; each chart has from 6 to 13 compass roses and the usual 32 rhumb line network in black, red, and green ink for the principal directions; each chart has a numbered latitude scale (except charts 1 and 7), but no longitude; an unnumbered scale of distance on each chart; charts are colorfully decorated with vignettes of cities, coats of arms, ships, and other illustrations. Bound, ca. 1840, in French half roan; each chart appears to have been cropped and is mounted on heavy paper with labels in a nineteenth century French hand tipped in under each chart. Chart 7 is inscribed “joham freire a fez era de .546,” which recent scholars, such as Armando Cortesão, feel indicates the year 1546 (contrary to the opinions of Guglielmo Libri and others). Endpapers bear numbers “970,” “171,” “D. 1. 1563*”; atlas is first known in the library of Baron Taylor in 1841-42 (not in his 1848 sale). Sale of Guglielmo Libri (1803-69), Sotheby’s, 28 March 1859, n. 827, with reproduction of chart 7 on pl. 33 to Quaritch. There is no Huth ex libris, as mentioned in this sequence in PMC 1:153, nor are there any marks or signs that it ever existed in this volume. Sir Thomas Phillipps’ number “23856” and shelfmark “a.61 181” (altered from “449”) are on flyleaf; Phillipps’ sale, Sotheby’s, 26 June 1919, n. 528, to Campbell (nom de guerre of Thomas Fitzroy Fenwick). Obtained privately by A. S. W. Rosenbach for Henry E. Huntington in 1924. Bibliography: Harrisse, Découverte, 237-41. Cortesão, Cartografia. 2:192-95 with reproductions of chart 4 on pl. 12 and chart 7 on pl. 10. De Ricci, 42. Wagner, Portolan Atlases, 6-7. PAC, 96, n. 294. R. A. Skelton, “The Cartography of the Voyage” in The Cabot Voyages and Bristol Discovery under Henry VII, Hakluyt Society, Works, 2d series, vol. 120 (Cambridge 1962), 308, 313-14. Ganong, 401. PMC, 1:153-54 with reproduction of entire atlas on pls. 75-78 (chart 6 in color).
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Ganong
W. F. Ganong, Crucial Maps in the Early Cartography and Place-Nomenclature of the Atlantic Coast of Canada [Toronto 1964]
Harrisse, Découverte
H. Harrisse, Découverte et évolution cartographique de Terre-Neuve et des pays circonvoisins 1497-1501-1769 (London 1900)
PAC
Canada. Public Archives. Sixteenth-Century Maps Relating to Canada; a check-list and bibliography (Ottawa 1956)
PMC
A. Cortesão and A. Teixeira da Mota, Portugaliae monumenta cartographica (Lisbon 1960-[62])
Wagner, Portolan Atlases
H. R. Wagner, “The Portolan Atlases of American Interest in the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery” in Essays offered to Herbert Putnam, ed. by W. W. Bishop and A. Keogh (New Haven 1929) 498-509; repr. issued separately cited in this catalogue

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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