Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 31911

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BRACTON, DE LEGIBUS ET CONSUETUDINIBUS ANGLIAE
England, s. XIVin
1. f. ii: [tipped in] Memorandum on the meaning of the name Bengough, dated 10 July 1847 from the Bristol City Library; ff. iii verso-iv verso: Bengough family tree dated 1847 and continued by a later hand through 1887. 2. ff. 1-4v: [added in a different hand] Chapter list to Bracton with divisions into 4 books and with references in roman numerals to quires and in arabic numerals to paragraphs, beginning afresh with each quire. 3. f. 4v: [Prayer:] Deus cui omne cor patet et omnis voluntas loquitur et quem nullum latet secretum…; [note on herbs:] Decoquantur…et ex istis herbis lavetur membrum paciens [sic] unde versus, Salvia castoreum lavendula primula versis/ Nasturtium ruta curant paralitica membra; [verses:] Per subitum saltum Tedaldus fertur in altum/ Ex odio fratrum fit pater ille patrum; De gregorio xo qui ante vocabatur Tedaldus hec dicta sunt; Nescio quid sit amor nec amo nec amor nec amavi/ Set scio si quis amat uritur igne gravi…[10 verses; Walther, Initia 11740]; In die paraceven anno domini Mo ccco dominus Iohannes de Arderne capellanus domini Rogeri de Brabazon in visione vidit hos versus sequents ultra sedem Regis Edwardi tercii in magna aula Westm. scriptos littera crocei coloris, Fellea famina ructuat emphia curia regis/ Aurea lamina conteret omnia pondera regis…[political prophecy in 6 verses; Roger le Brabazon was justice of the King’s Bench in 1296]; Lucius est piscis lupus et tirannis aquarum/ A quo discordat lucius iste parum…[6 verses; Walther, Initia 10431], Hii supradicti versus fuerunt de quodam lucio papa. 4. ff. 5-263: Que sunt Regi necessaria. Incipit liber domini Henrici de Bracton, In rege qui recte regit necessaria sunt duo hec, arma videlicet et leges…[f. 74, rubric added in the margin in a different hand:] Incipit liber secundus, Cum sint quedam crimina capitalia…, [f. 101, rubric added in the margin in a different hand:] Incipit liber 3us, Dictum est supra qualiter possessio…, [f. 195, rubric in the written space in the hand of the scribe:] Incipit liber quartus de iure et proprietate et de tractatu super breve de Recto, de essoinis et dilationibus…, Expedito tractatu de assisis et recognitionibus…qui sunt ad fidem domini Regis sive inde preceptum habuerint sive non. Explicit liber Henrici de Bractoun de legibus et consuetudinibus Anglicanis.
G. E. Woodbine, ed., Bracton on the Laws and Customs of England, trans. with revisions and notes by S. E. Thorne (Harvard University Press and the Selden Society 1968-77); this manuscript not recorded.
5. f. 263: Statute for religious men, 7 Edward I; SR 1:51. 6. f. 263r-v: Extenta manerii; SR 1:242-43. 7. ff. 263v-264: De plumbo, Ceo fet asaver ke fother de plum est de xxx fotmal…Ras de ayl est de xv gleynes e chescon gleyne est de xxv testes. La Centeyne de pesson est de viiixx.
Assize of weights and measures, here without introductory material and in French; SR 1:205.
8. f. 264: Sachez ke quant le quart de furment est vendu per xii deners dunkz peisera le payn a ferxing de Wastel vi livres xvi souz…et ben pount il ceo fere. Ceste assise est generale pur tut Engleterre. Ceste assise fust delivere per les mayns W. benet clerc anno regni regis henrici filii Regis Iohannis xlvo.
Assize of bread and ale, here in French; SR 1:199-200.
9. ff. 264-265: Quam prona sunt estatis studia et quanto vivamus diucius tanto proniora et hec quare plurimi sunt contractus utpote conductiones emptiones venditiones obligationes…[f. 264v:] Cartas igitur obligationes seu conventiones facere proponentes curam subscriptis adhibeant…Ego A. de B. et heredes mei vel assignati totam terram predictam cum pertinentiis sicut prius dictum est prefacto C. de B. et cetera. Explicit ordinacio Cartarum. 10. f. 265: Le dener peisera xx greyns eliz de furment…et le bussel peisera e tendera viii galuns. 11. f. 265r-v: View of frankpledge, in Latin; SR 1:246-47. 12. ff. 265v-267: Magna Carta, 9 Henry III; SR 1, charters, 22-25. 13. f. 267: Metra iuvant animos comprendunt [sic] plurima paucis/ Pristina commemorant hec sunt tria gratia legenti [Walther, Initia 10972]; a copy of a writ of entry brought by William of Sparesholte against Gerald de Insula dated at Winchester, 21 September in the year of “our” reign 13; Diva potens nemorum terror silvestribus apris/ Cui licet amfractus ire per ethereos…, Brute sub occasu solis trans gallica regna/ Insula in occeano est undique clausa mari…[the Versus Bruti ad Dianam and the Responsio Diane in 14 verses; Walther, Initia 4598]. 14. f. 267v: Carta de foresta, 9 Henry III, ending defectively …Nul chasteleyn ou autre tyegne plee de la foreste ou de vert ou//; SR 1, charters, 26-27.
Parchment, ff. i (modern parchment) + iii (modern paper) + 267 + i (modern parchment); 298 × 205 (225-228 × 158-163; ca. 246 × 185 in chapter list) mm. 14 2-2212 2312(-12 with loss of text). Catchwords in inner lower margin. Quire signatures in roman numerals beginning with the text (present quire 2), in ink in the center lower margin, written on the recto of each leaf of the quire in quires 2-14, but on the recto of only the first leaf of the quire in quires 15-23; the quire numbers are repeated in lead in the upper margin of each leaf of all quires. Leaf signatures, where visible, different in each quire, using horizontal or vertical slashes, letters or roman numerals written in lead, red ink or turquoise, and placed at various positions in the lower margin. 2 columns of 46 lines (3 columns of 51 lines in the chapter list), ruled in lead, 3 lines between the columns; round prick marks in the 4 corners of the written space; in quire 2, the 3 lines between columns pricked with slash marks on either side of a round prick mark. Written in an anglicana script; the chapter list (art. 2) and the texts on f. 267r-v (arts. 12, 13) by a second hand, and the short texts on f. 4v (art. 3) by a third scribe. 3- and 2-line blue initials with red flourishing; paragraph marks alternating red and blue; rubrics in red, not completed on ff. 228-234, 254v-263. Considerable marginalia in several contemporary and later hands. Narrow strips of parchment in the outer margins of ff. 74, 101, 190, 195 slashed free on 3 sides to be twisted into fore edge tabs, now torn away except on f. 190. Bound in 1973 in calf with 2 fore edge clasps; previous binding in eighteenth century parchment, spine gilt, green morocco title label. Written in England in the early fourteenth century. On f. 267v, ownership note, s. XV, “P. bonar<?>.” According to the Sotheby catalogue description, the name “W. Mildmay” (perhaps Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer, d. 1589) was written on a detached flyleaf, no longer with the volume. Owned by George Bengough of Bristol in 1847; his notes on ff. ii-iv. Acquired by the Huntington Library from Sotheby’s, 8 July 1970, lot 100.
Secundo folio: [f. 6, Text] intelligatur habitus
Bibliography: Chronica, 7.
Abbreviations
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
SR
Statutes of the Realm (London 1810-28)
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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