Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 31151

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AUGUSTINE, AGAINST HERESY
England, s. XII2/4
1. ff. 5-52v: Aurelii augustini liber primus incipit contra epistolas iuliani et aliorum de heresi pelagiorum, Noveram te quidem fama celeberrima predicante…et ut petant providenter instruit et petentes clementer exaudit. Explicit liber aurelii augustini contra epistolas iuliani et aliorum de heresi paelagianorum.
PL 44:549-638.
2. ff. 53-55v: Incipit sermo arrianorum, Dominus noster ihesus christus deus unigenitus primogenitus totius creationis…per unigenitum eius filium deum et salvatorem nostrum in spiritu sancto nunc et per omnia secula seculorum amen. Explicit sermo arrianorum.
PL 42:677-684.
3. ff. 55v-70: Aurelii Augustini doctoris contra istam arrianorum perfidiam liber incipit, Eorum precedenti disputationi hac disputatione respondeo…ne nimis longum faceremus hoc opus nostrum. Quod tandem isto fine concludimus. Explicit liber Augustini doctoris respondentis contra Arrianorum perfidiam.
PL 42:683-708.
4. ff. 70-108: Incipit eiusdem contra adversarium legis et prophetarum liber unus, Librum quem misistis fratres dilectissimi nescio cuius hęretici inventum…Que si dominus voluerit quantotius explicare curabo.
PL 42:603-666.
5. ff. 108-136: Incipit beati augustini de genesi contra manicheos liber primus, Si eligerent manichei quos deciperent eligeremus et nos…et sine aliquo preiudicio diligentioris tractationis que michi videbantur exposui. [ff. 136v-138v, ruled, but blank]
PL 34:173-220.
6. ff. 139-162: Aurelii Augustini Doctoris Contra Pelagianos et Celestianos Hereticos Hypponosticon Liber Incipit, Adversarii catholicę fidei dum contra regulam varitatis…nisi gratia per ihesum christum dominum nostrum subvenerit salutaris. [f. 157v:] Augustinus contra pelagianos de prędestinatione divina, Addere etiam hoc quam maxime huic operi oportet…gratiam predestinationis indebitam prorogare. Amen.
Ps. Augustine. CPL 381. PL 45:1611-1648 (Bks. 1-4), 1657-1664 (Bk. 6).
7. ff. 162-172v: Contra Felicianum arrianum, Extorsisti michi dilectissime fili optate ut de unitate trinitatis…Tunc separatus est a zizaniis segetem cum iustis cęperit adhibere mercedem.
Virgilius Thapsensis. CPL 808. PL 42:1157-1172.
Parchment, ff. 174 (of which 1 is the pastedown, 2-4 front flyleaves, 173 back flyleaf, 174 pastedown); 318 × 200 (229 × 137) mm. i4 1-168 176(through f. 138) 18-198 206 218 224 ii2. Catchwords occasionally in lower right margin, cropped. 2 columns of 36 lines, ruled in lead, single vertical bounding lines, central rule between the columns; exterior prickings visible. Written by 4 scribes in good book hands: i, ff. 5-52v; ii, ff. 53-136; iii, ff. 139-157v; iv, ff. 157v-172v. See E. Parker McLachlan, “The Scriptorium of Bury St. Edmunds in the Third and Fourth Decades of the Twelfth Century: Books in Three Related Hands and Their Decoration,” Mediaeval Studies 40 (1978) 328-48 and plates, esp. p. 334 listing HM 31151 among the manuscripts of Group B, whose scribes share related elements with one of the two distinctive Bury hands. Major initials, 8- to 3-lines, of varying quality, in red, purple, green or blue occasionally with small leafy tendrils in the same color or with touches of another color; those after f. 139, with scribes iii and iv, of finer execution; up to f. 56, 1-line initials within the text in colors; ff. 56-97, 2- and 1-line initials in red only; thereafter in the ink of the text. Ink drawings in the lower margins of ff. 57, 58v (reproduced in the 1968 Sotheby catalogue, see below) and 106v respectively of a lion, a dragon and a pointing hand; smaller sketches or trials in lead on ff. 107v, a shrine, and 108, a dragon and a lion. On ff. 3v-4, effaced drawings of an archer (f. 3v, mainly in lead, the head only in ink) and a king (f. 4, in ink, approx. 16 cm. high), probably a sketch of the martyrdom of St. Edmund, but apparently extraneous to this manuscript; see E. Parker McLachlan, pp. 339 n. 52 and 343-44. Contemporary running headlines; rubrics in red; corrections over large erased passages, e.g. on ff. 93, 94; nota bene hands e.g. on ff. 22, 61, 78; face brackets on ff. 59, 80v; frequent marginal notes in lead. Foliated in early form arabic numerals in crayon in the upper margin recto of arts. 3-7, beginning afresh with “1” at each article. On ff. 1v-2, pen trials, s. XV, “In my beginninge god,” “Jhesus of nazareth kynge of the Jews.” Bound, s. XII/XIII, at Bury St. Edmunds in parchment over oak boards, square edges flush with the book block, semi-circular tubs at head and foot of spine. Fore edge clasp on later medieval pink leather strap fastening to pin on center back. Brass chain staple and one iron link at the center lower edge of the front cover. Remains of a whittawed leather chemise under rear pastedown. Plate of the binding in the 1968 Sotheby catalogue (see below). Regarding Bury bindings, see G. Pollard, “The Construction of English Twelfth Century Bindings,” The Library. Transactions of the Bibliographical Society, ser. 5, 17 (1962) 1-22, pls. I-II. In a red box made by J. S. Wilson and Sons, Cambridge. Written at Bury St. Edmunds in the second quarter of the twelfth century. Regarding the Bury scriptorium, see E. Parker [McLachlan], “The Scriptorium of Bury St. Edmunds in the Twelfth Century,” unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of London 1965. Identifiable with no. xlii in the twelfth century catalogue of the abbey, ed. M. R. James, On the Abbey of S. Edmund at Bury. Cambridge Antiquarian Society Octavo Publ. 28 (Cambridge 1895) 23-32. Regarding the library see Ker, MLGB, 16-22 and R. Thomson, “The Library of Bury St. Edmunds in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries,” Speculum 47 (1972) 617-45. The table of contents on the pastedown, the Bury pressmark “A.10” on the pastedown and on f. 5, and the note on the pastedown “In custodia.s. laugham [?]” are in the hand of the fourteenth century Bury armarius Henry of Kirkestede; see R. H. Rouse, “Bostonus Buriensis and the Author of the Catalogus scriptorum ecclesiae,” Speculum 41 (1966) 471-99. The contents of the manuscript are itemized in the thirteenth century Franciscan Registrum Anglie de libris doctorum et auctorum veterum, and in Kirkestede’s “Catalogus scriptorum ecclesiae,” items I.3, 22, 165, 186, 226, 366, 373. Upon the Dissolution the manuscript appears to have been acquired from the Bury library by Sir Nicholas Bacon, Lord Keeper, who owned lands at Redgrave, Suffolk, that had belonged to the abbey. The property was acquired towards the end of the seventeenth century by Sir John Holt (1642-1709), whose niece married, ca. 1750, Thomas Wilson, ancestor of George Holt Wilson of Redgrave Hall, Suffolk. This manuscript and 2 others from Bury (another volume of Augustine, the companion to HM 31151, now Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University, Houghton Library, Richardson MS 26, and one of Jerome, now London, Brit. Lib., Egerton MS 3776) were in the G. H. Wilson sale, Sotheby’s, 21 July 1910, lot 159 (both Augustines) to Quaritch. Quaritch Catalogue 321 (1912) n. 249 (both Augustines) with a plate of the Harvard volume, and Quaritch Catalogue 357 (1920) n. 380 (both Augustines) to A. Chester Beatty (1875-1968). See E. G. Millar, The Library of A. Chester Beatty (Oxford 1927-30) 1:94-95 with plate 73 of Western MS 25 (the Harvard volume) and 1:96-97 with plate 74 of Western MS 26 (HM 31151), f. 139. The 2 Augustines were divided at the Chester Beatty sale, Sotheby’s, 7 June 1932, when the volume now at Harvard was sold as lot 6, with a plate; the present Augustine, HM 31151, was acquired by the Huntington Library in the Chester Beatty sale, Sotheby’s, 3 December 1968, lot 6 with plates of f. 139, the binding, and the drawing of the dragon on f. 58v.
Secundo folio: que in paradiso
Bibliography: Römer, i, 330. Chronica, 7.
Abbreviations
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
CPL
E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, eds., Clavis patrum latinorum. Sacris erudiri 3 (Steenbrugge, 2nd. ed. 1961)
Ker, MLGB
N. R. Ker, Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (London, 2nd ed. 1964)
PL
J. P. Migne, ed., Patrologia latina
Römer
F. Römer, Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der Werke des heiligen Augustinus, II, Großbritannien und Irland. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-Hist. Klasse, Sitzungsberichte 276, 281 (Vienna 1972)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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