Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 264

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GENEALOGICAL CHRONICLE OF THE KINGS OF ENGLAND, roll
England, s. XV3/4
[col. a; Adam and Eve:] Temporum summam lineamque descendentem ab exordio mundi cum successionibus quorundam regnorum et regum ad eruditionem futurorum duximus annotare…[col. b:] Formatus itaque Adam homo primus de limo terre extra paradisum in agro damasceno sexto die seculi et in paradisum translatus…[col. a; Arthur, ends:]…anno gracie dxxo anno decimo Cardici regis west saxonum surrexit apud Britones Arturus Belligis quasi octodenus qui contra saxones duodecies victor extitit// [col. b, ends:]…Qui eo pacto bellum suscipiunt ut illi pro patria pugnent// [At least one membrane lacking. The chronicle continues with Egbert on the dorse of the bottom, col. a:] //Anno gracie dccc Egbertus filius Alcumundi sub reguli filii Osse de stirpe Yne regis cepit regnare et regnavit xxxvii annis…[dorse, col. b:] //Anno gracie dccc xxxvi Ethelwolphus sive Athulphus cepit regnare et regnavit xxii annis…[dorse, col. a ends, Edward IV:]…obiit in Francia et sepultus est Westmonasterium iacens iuxta sanctum Edwardum in tumba aurea cuius anime propicietur deus. [dorse, col. b, ends:]…Et humfridus dux Gloucestrie protector Anglie. Et xxiiio anno regni sui accepit in uxorem margaretam filiam ducis Andegavie. Tunc Eboraci erat regens regni francie. [Remainder of this membrane and all of the next, i.e. the dorse of membranes 2 and 1, blank, save that at the end of membrane 1 is an incomplete and apparently discarded draft of the lineage of Edward III and his children, without text.]
Chronicle in roll form from Adam to Edward IV, in parallel columns connecting the history of the kings of Britain to Roman and biblical history through the Arthurian legends. The text ends at 23 Henry VI (1444), but the genealogical lineage continues to “Edwardus quartus Rex Anglie et vi hibernie” (reg. 1461-83). His face is colored in, but none of his children are shown. A single roundel descending from Henry VI, left blank originally, has “Edwardus” added to it in a contemporary hand. Occasional additional genealogical notes entered by a contemporary hand. Regarding chronicles on rolls, see the discussion of Lyell 33 and related manuscripts in de la Mare, Lyell Cat., 80-85. HM 264 differs from that group, and is closer in format to Cambridge, Trinity College MS R. 4. 52 (incomplete) and to Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University, Houghton Library, bMS Typ 40 (between 1461-64?) with which HM 264 shares the artist and possibly the scribe; see Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts (forthcoming).
Parchment, a roll of 5 membranes glued end to end, and now folded in 9½ double leaves, numbered into 38 sections; 4420 × 310 mm. (columns approx. 100 mm. wide). 2 outer columns of text with wider third center column for lineage, except sect. 17 before “Constantine,” written in 33 long lines across the sheet. Ruled across the parchment in dry point, faded vertical double bounding rules in red ink. Written in a bastard secretary hand. Three tinted drawings in roundels: in sect. 1, 65 mm. in diameter, Adam and Eve on either side of the tree, around which is twisted the devil as a snake with a woman’s head; in sect. 2, 48 mm. in diameter, Noah pruning a vine; in sect. 2, 40 mm. in diameter, a T-O world map, somewhat damaged. Genealogical lineage between the columns with portraits of kings by one artist in 2 postures: frontal with crown and forked beard, or semi-profile with crown and no beard; portraits of queens in a single posture; early monarchs occasionally signified by a crown alone. Portraits are in double red roundels; offspring in single red roundels. Male names written in brown ink, female in red. Line of primary descent in blue ink. In sect. 26, William I is singled out with a triple crown and a 3-line initial. Two opening initials in sect. 1, 6-line, one in blue-green, the other in blue, both with red flourishing; 2-line initials alternating in red and blue, infilled with a yellow wash; 1-line initials daubed in yellow. The first membrane badly worm-eaten and backed with muslin. Bound for H. C. Levis in red morocco by Riviere and Son with the membranes folded concertina-fashion and the writing parallel to the fore edge. Written in England after the accession of Edward IV in March 1461 and perhaps before his marriage in May 1464 (a roundel with Elizabeth not included, as in other similar manuscripts). Sold in 1917 by J. and J. Leighton to Howard C. Levis whose armorial book plate is on the front pastedown; motto, “Deo Juvante.” Source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 65.
Abbreviations
de la Mare, Lyell Cat.
A. de la Mare, Catalogue of the Collection of Medieval Manuscripts bequeathed to the Bodleian Library Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (Oxford 1971)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts
K. L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts (forthcoming vol. 6 in A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, ed. J. J. G. Alexander; London)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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