Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 26298

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GUILLELMUS DURANTIS, RATIONALE DIVINORUM OFFICIORUM
Italy (?), s. XIVin;
England, s. XV1
1. ff. 1-8: [Chapter list and subject index, alphabetical through the first two letters, with references given to the book, treatise and lettered section of the text] Hic incipiunt rubrice libris Rationalis divinorum officiorum qui s. liber dividitur in 8 partes…Zona sive cingulum quid sunt nomina, 3 parte tractato 3. laus sit deo. [f. 8v, ruled, but blank] 2. ff. 9-253v: [Prologue] Racionale divinorum officiorum incipit Rubrica. Quecumque in ecclesiasticis officiis rebus as ornamentis consistunt…[f. 10, Text:] Prius est ut de ecclesia et eius partibus videamus…ut apud misericordissimum iudicem pro peccatis meis devotas orationes effundant. Explicit rationale divinorum officiorum.
Schulte, 2:155.
Parchment, ff. iii (modern paper) + i (contemporary parchment) + 253 + ii (modern paper); 315 × 215 mm. Art. 1, the quire containing the index on ff. 1-8, was added in England, s. XV1: written space, 235 × 145 mm., 2 columns of 46 lines, English book hand, 2-line blue initials with red penwork. Art. 2, the main text: written space, 235 × 137 mm. 2 columns of 50 lines, ruled in lead with a narrow space allotted in the inner and outer margin for notes; pricking visible in upper and lower margin. Collation beginning with the index: 1-308 3112 + one leaf added at the end. Catchwords in unadorned frames in lower right corner. Signatures occasionally present as letters and roman numerals (on the index), or as a series of slashes, or as both progressive letters and roman numerals (ai, bii, ciii, diiii on ff. 217-220). Main text written in a gothic book hand with southern features, using olive-brown ink. On ff. 127v and 168, lightly written pecia marks to the left of the text in ink frames, as follows: f. 127v, “Finis xxx pet.” on Book 5, treatise 4, across from the section of text reading: “…ita exultant hodie christiani deiectis perversis imperatoribus qui ecclesiam persequebantur in odium nominis christiani. In VI feria fit commemoratio passionis domini…”; on f. 168, “Finis xl pet.” on Book 6, treatise 29, across from the section of text reading: “…nisi forte mortis periculo iminente, omnis igitur ecclesie protes quoniam per anni circulum…” Historiated initial, f. 9, 10-line, grey on blue ground with author in bishop’s dress holding his book; dusky pink background patterned in white; stylized acanthus leaf and ball extensions along the length of the text, with some touches of burnished gold. The 8 nonhistoriated initials beginning each book are similar in style (ff. 10, 29v, 38v, 50v, 113, 134v, 223, 245). Secondary initials, 3-line, alternate red and blue with swirled flourishing of the opposite color, and occasionally with both colors in the flourishes. The 2 colors alternate in the paragraph marks and running headlines across the opening. Rubrics in red throughout. A careful round gothic hand has corrected the text and has filled in the marginal notes in the allotted space. An English cursive hand, s. XV, has added some marginal notes, has extended the running headlines to include the treatise number and subject, and has divided the text of each treatise into the lettered sections which are used in the index. The letters progress according to the length of each treatise, e.g. Book 3, treatise 31 covers a-z, aa-zz, aaa-ddd. On f. iii verso, an English hand, s. XV, has noted: “Wilelmus Durhant [corrected to “Durandus” by a seventeenth century hand] erat nomen compilatoris huius libri ut dictum est.” Bound, s. XIX, in English black morocco over bevelled wooden boards; large brass fore edge clasp closing to the top; gilt edges; marbled endpapers. The pecia marks and the initials would suggest this manuscript was written in Bologna; the script, however, is not Bolognese letter and resembles more that of southern France, s. XIVin. By the beginning of the fifteenth century, the manuscript was in England, as shown by the index on ff. 1-8, the marginalia and 2 erased possession marks on f. iv recto (3 or 4 lines) and verso (1 line), both in an English hand; f. iv as read with the use of a reagent by H. C. Schulz and J. F. Preston in 1962: “Iste liber <?> xi pat’ ’pno/dno Thome [inserted] Arch<?> quinque libri pr<?>/ trad pry <?> forth anno <?> xci”; f. iv verso: “Iste liber [erased].” Belonged to Charles John Wilson, 3rd Baron Nunburnholme (1904-74); his sale, Sotheby’s, 11 December 1961, lot 161. Acquired by the Huntington Library at that time.
Secundo folio: [f. 10, Text] quarum institutio
Bibliography: Chronica, 5.
Abbreviations
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
Schulte
J. F. von Schulte, Die Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des canonischen Rechts von Gratian bis auf die Gegenwart (Stuttgart 1875-80)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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