Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 26053

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HERBAL and MEDICAL TRACTS
England, s. XV2
1. ff. 1-17v: [A]brotanum istius herbe due sunt species scilicet Domesticus et agrestis et alio nomine dicitur sichuum Armenicum sed quando simpliciter potius pro domestica intellectus que alio nomine vocatur camphorata que et anglice dicitur Southernwodde et gallice Averoique. Calidus est in secundo gradu et siccus in primo. Archemesia [sic]…Absinthium…Apium…Ameos…Affodillus…[Z]uccoraria…zedoar anglice cetwalle, zirumbet idem, zufe id est ysopus, zinzar id est viride or<?>, zarnet id est [blank], zeg id est attramentum. Explicit. 2. ff. 17v-26: [A]gnus castus, Andra, Salix marinus, Sigillum salamonis, Diptana silvestris folia habens ut atriplex, Rubeum florem…Apium…Anetum…Zodoarum zedewale, zinziber zinziber [sic] anglice Gyngeuer. Explicit. 3. ff. 26v-31: [A]garigus fungus arboris est scilicet abietis. Acacia succus prunellarum immaturarum. Attramentum quedam terra gallica et sunt 2e species et secundum quosdam vitriolum dicitur. Antimonium…Pionia maior et minor debent colligi in yeme. Pigamum anglice wilde Rewe. [ff. 31v-34, blank] 4. ff. 34v-36 [added by a different hand]: De qualitatibus similibus remittentibus, Calidum in 4to, Calidum in 3o…, De qualitatibus contrariis, Calidum in 4to, Frigidum in 4to, De qualitatibus obtundentibus, Humidum in 4to, Calidum in 4toDe qualitatibus Augentibus, Siccum in 4to, Calidum in 4to…; [f. 35v:] Qualitates augentes promovent remissiones secundum merita et retinent proprium gradum. Gradus est excessus alicuius qualitatis notabilis super temperamentum secundum distanciam…ut que est dupla per comparacionem ad primum gradum erit quadrupla per comparacionem ad temperamentum et ita de aliis. [f. 36v, blank] 5. ff. 37-39: [L]argus amans hillaris ridens ruberque coloris/ Cantans carnosus satis audax atque benignus/. Nota quod sanguineus est humidus et calidus. Multum enim appetit quia calidus et multum potest quia humidus. Iste concordat veri et tunc peius se habet propter nimiam humiditatem cum caliditate. Melius enim habet se in autumpno…
The four complexions, each with a verse couplet and a prose text; verses in Thorndike and Kibre, 811.
6. ff. 39-41: De Fleobothomia, Nota quod Fleobothomia tot effectus habet. Mentem sincerat, memoriam probet, vesicam purgat… 7. ff. 41-42: Qualiter homo debet se servare per singulos menses, In mense Ianuarii vinum album ieiunus bibe nullum sanguinem penitus minue a pocionibus que ventrem laxant abstine…
Thorndike and Kibre, 691.
8. f. 42r-v: De 4or temporibus Anni, Estuat Urbanus. Autumpnat Bartholomeus…Estas incipit a festo sancti urbani et durat usque ad festum sancti Bartholomei… 9. f. 43r-v: De vocabulo morborum, Nota quod frenesis impedimentum mentis quia inde leditur mens quia greci mentem frenas vocant vel quia dentibus infredunt… 10. ff. 43v-44v: Nota consideraciones in colleccione urinarum, Sciendum est quod in collectione urinarum viitem a phisicis considerantur scilicet tempus collegendi, quanto sit colligenda… 11. ff. 44v-45: De colore urinarum, Calor intendit urinam quia per eum fit resolucio terrestrium et aquosarum parcium in aereas et igneas colores… 12. ff. 45-46v: De 4or complexionibus hominis, Quia homo est compositus ex appositis elementis et ex 4or contrariis humoribus… 13. ff. 46v-47v: Incipiunt quedam consideraciones ad medicinam pertinentes, Nota quod in primis attendendum est utrum corpus indigeat purgari an non, habundante ergo humore pregandus est nisi impediatur ab hiis, scilicet Etate, Virtute, Complexione… 14. ff. 47v-55: Nota de diversitate purgacionum, Sciendum est quod purgacio Alia fit per vomitum, Alia per urinam, alia per emoroidas, Alia per menstrua, Alia per pessaria, Alia per sudorem…Expliciunt consideraciones ad medicinam pertinentes. 15. ff. 55-67: [I]n medendis corporibus et maxime purgandis sepe molestamur in contramedendis non quia medicina que datur sit incongrua sed quia ab imperitis medicis est oblata. Est ergo opus hoc medendi inventum…Tribus modis medemur scilicet Dissoluendo, Constringendo, Restaurando…Expliciunt consideraciones circa medicinas.
Thorndike and Kibre, 691.
16. ff. 67-76v: Incipit Liber viaticus, [P]erfecte dicuntur temperatina [sic?] que illius qualitatis habent excessum in quibus sunt caliditatis, Frigiditatis, Siccitatis, Humiditatis non invenitur dominium ut aurum…Explicit Liber Viaticus.
Thorndike and Kibre, 1034.
17. ff. 76v-80v: Hic incipit tractatus medicinarum et laxativorum simplicium. Primo de comprimentibus, Incipiendum est a medicinis que purgant comprimendo. Tamarindi sunt fructus cuiusdam arboris qui conquassatur…Expliciunt medicine laxative simplices. 18. ff. 80v-87: [G]audet epar spodio cor mace cerebrum quoque musto/ Pulmo liquoricia splen capare stoma galanga…
Walther, Initia 7108.
19. ff. 87-90: De apio, Apium idem est quod merg sive Smallage. Apium est calidum et siccum. Iram mitigat… 20. ff. 90-92v: Sequitur de nocivis corpori humano in diversis partibus eius, Ista valent cerebro, Cerebro valent fedid<?> in quam oppressione ut in epilencia Serenus aer, Sonus delectabilis, Omne aromaticum… 21. ff. 92v-97: Hec est dieta bona pro colericis, In primis valet eis aer humidus panis frumentatus et digestibilis, potus sit vinum etate quidem medium… 22. ff. 97-102: Nota diversitates passionum in aure, Diverse sunt passiones in aure scilicet dolor cum apostemate, dolor sine apostemate, Vulnus, vermes, casus lapilli, Surditas… 23. ff. 102-103: Ista valent Stomacho, Marrubium scilicet Horehofe, Plantago Plantayne, Ruta Rewe… 24. f. 103: Nota de aceto, Acetum frigidum est in primo gradu et siccum in 2o gradu, habet digerendi et dividendi virtutem Penetrativam ex subtilitate substancie… 25. f. 103v: Four tables of Aqua, Aer, Ignis, Terra with the colors and grades, added by a different hand; f. 104, blank; f. 104v, added in a cursive hand: “A booke of fesyke begynnyng with namys of herbys xx s”; below, another price blacked out “viii s. vi d.”
Paper (similar to Briquet Lettre Y 9183, Brittany 1475; Tëte de boeuf 14193, Antwerp 1464-66; Tëte de boeuf 14237, Namur 1474) with parchment reinforcing strips in the centers of the quires; ff. 104; 210 × 145 (ca. 160 × 105) mm. 1-312(through f. 36) 410 5-812 910. No catchwords. On the first 3 quires the leaves are signed a-f and the indication of quire may follow in either roman or arabic numerals (a, b, c,…; aii, bii…; a3, b3…). On quires 6-8, the leaves are shown by arabic numerals and the quires by the arabic numerals 3-5 (counting from the quire beginning at f. 37) with the designation “quaternus” (1 3 quaternus, 2 3 quaternus…; 1 4 quaternus, 2 4 quaternus…). 29-33 long lines, frame ruled in dry point. Written in a secretary script of academic type; a second person added material on ff. 34v-36 (art. 4) and 103v (art. 25). Space reserved for opening initials, 3- and 2-line. 1-line initials and initials within the text filled in yellow. Bound, s. XV, in doeskin, now white but once dyed pink, over bevelled wooden boards; evidence of a clasp closing to a pin on the center back cover. Pastedowns cut from an English antiphonal, s. XIII, with portions of the office for sext through vespers of Palm Sunday (front pastedown) and prime through none of Passion Sunday (back pastedown); width of text, 185 mm., written in a liturgical gothic hand; square notation on 4-line staves. Written in England. On the upper margin of f. 1, “Smith Lo./ <?> I22 <?>” corrected to “I12” (?). In the collection of the Tollemache family of Helmingham Hall, Suffolk, who began collecting at the turn of the seventeenth century. N. 16 in the old Helmingham catalogue; small paper label on the front pastedown “L.J.VI.21” corrected to “L.J.IV.” For a brief history of the Tollemache collection, see the Sotheby catalogue, 14 June 1965, iii-viii. Tollemache sale, Sotheby’s, 6 June 1961, lot 16 to the Huntington Library.
Secundo folio: Asplena vel splendilio
Bibliography: Chronica, 4.
Abbreviations
Briquet
C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes: dictionnaire historique des marques du papier…1282 jusqu’à 1600, facs. of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. A. Stevenson (Amsterdam 1968)
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
Thorndike and Kibre
L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin. Mediaeval Academy of America Publications 29 (Cambridge Massachusetts, 2nd ed. 1963)
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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