Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 25777

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CISTERCIAN BREVIARY
Germany, s. XVin
1. ff. 2-6v: Graded calendar, beginning defectively in March, with numerous astrological entries; major feasts in red or lined through in red; included are the feasts of Cuthbert (20 March), “Resurrectio domini vera” (27 March, 12 lessons), Robert of Molesme (29 April, lined through), Bernard (20 August, in red, 12 lessons), “Defunctorum ordinis nostri” (18 September, in red, commemoration), Wenceslas (28 September), Malachius (5 November, lined through), Edmund Rich (16 November, lined through, 12 lessons), “Commemoratio patrum et matrum” (20 November, in red); added in a later hand are the feasts of Thomas Aquinas (7 March), Hugh of Cluny (29 April), Ivo (19 May), “Anniversarium [?] fratrum et sororum” (20 June), 10,000 Martyrs (22 June), Visitation (2 July), Octave of the Visitation (9 July), “Divisio apostolorum” (15 July), Margaret (erased from 13 July and rewritten for 20 July), Anne (26 July), Simplicius and Faustinus (29 July), Octave of Bernard (27 August), Octave of the Nativity of the Virgin (15 September), Conception (8 December). 2. ff. 7-89v: Temporale, no lessons or pslams, from Advent through the 25th Sunday after Pentecost. 3. ff. 89v-151: Sanctorale, no lessons or psalms, from Stephen through Thomas the Apostle; included are offices or prayers for William of Bourges, Speusippus, (Eleusippus) and Meleusippus, Cuthbert, Robert of Molesme, Hugh of Cluny, Magnus (f. 126v, added in the upper margin), Agapitus (f. 126v, added in the lower margin), Bernard, Wenceslas, Hedwig, Malachius, Edmund Rich. 4. ff. 151-168: Common of saints, no lessons or psalms, with collects under martyrs for (1) Fabian, Sebastian, Denis, John and Paul; (2) Maurice; under confessors for (1) Gregory, Augustine, Silvester, Martin; (2) Ambrose, Peter, Remigius, Nicholas, Julianus, William, Malachius, Edmund, Eligius; (3) Hilary, Remigius, Vedastus, Amandus, Germanus; under virgins for (1) Agnes, Cecilia, Margaret; (2) Catherine, Agatha, Lucia; (3) Scholastica. 5. ff. 168-195: Sixty-three hymns in full for the week, the temporale, the sanctorale, the common of saints and the dedication of a church; a few others by cue only; generally as in the Cistercian breviary printed in Basle, 1484 (GW 5198). 6. ff. 195-203: Monastic canticles for Sundays, Christmas, Easter (Mearns, set 1 in each case), for the common of apostles and martyrs (Mearns, sets 9 and 1), of virgins (Mearns, set 2); canticles de sancta cruce, cues only: Domine audivi, Pro iniquitate, Egressus es (Mearns, p. 89); canticles in dedicatione ecclesie, cues only: Letatus sum, Nisi dominus, Lauda ierusalem (Mearns, p. 89). 7. ff. 203-204: Prayers: pro amico in tribulacione constituto; pro pluvium [sic]; pro serenitate; contra tempestatem. 8. ff. 204-205v: Added material in 4 fifteenth century hands: i, f. 204r-v, antiphons for Paul; ii, f. 204v, antiphons; iii, ff. 204v-205v, rubrics quando de beata virgine antiphona obmittitur and prayer to Anne; iv, f. 205v, office of Mary Magdalene. Parchment, ff. i + 205; 132 × 97 (96-97 × 65-70) mm. 12(ff. i-1) 26(-1) 3-2110 2210(-10). Catchwords in the middle of the lower margin. 18 long lines, ruled in ink, with top and bottom 2 lines full across; slash pricking in outer margins. Written in a gothic book hand in 2 sizes according to liturgical function. Plain 3- to 1-line initials in red; 1-line initials within the text touched with red. Contemporary foliation, i-xx, in brown ink in roman numerals on the versos of ff. 7-26, written between the double rules of the text frame; a second set of foliation, i-lxii, in red ink in roman numerals on the versos of ff. 89-150 (the sanctorale), written in the outside margin; and a third set, 1-15, in red ink in arabic numerals on the versos of ff. 151-165 (the common of saints), written in the middle of the upper margin. Passage on ff. 7-8 and 20v erased. Bound in contemporary German brown panelled calf over wooden boards (the front board badly worm eaten) with 10 bosses (3 of 5 remaining on front cover, and all 5 on back cover) and with brass edging along top, bottom and fore edge of both covers; 2 fore edge clasps of leather and brass, back to front; 3 later notes on spine, including a paper label, “[Miss]ale <?> 5,” barely decipherable due to considerable disintegration along the spine. Written in the early fifteenth century in northern Germany for Cistercian use as shown by the saints of the calendar and the sanctorale. Early, if not first owners were the Cistercians of Riddagshausen in the diocese of Halberstadt, Brunswick; on f. i verso, in green ink in a fifteenth century hand: “<?>r liber perpetue virginis Marie. Sub custodia fratris Iohannis <?> professi ibidem in Riddageshussen.” On f. 1v: “Dis buch gehöret dem Kloster Riddageshausen 1689.” A slip of paper with the number <?>225 is pasted to the inside front cover so that the part with the numbers is visible above the top of the book. In modern pencil, f. i verso: “1136 1 Nov.” With the book is a letter from Dawson’s Book Shop, Los Angeles, dated 15 April 1948, offering it for sale to Mrs. Mary W. T. Dickinson; another slip, signed by her, shows that she had bought it by 29 April of the same year. Received by the Huntington Library in April 1953 as a bequest from Mary Dickinson (d. September 1952).
Secundo folio: [f. 8] Domine deus
Bibliography: Chronica, 4.
Abbreviations
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
GW
Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke (1925- )
Mearns
J. Mearns, The Canticles of the Christian Church, eastern and western, in early and medieval times (Cambridge 1914)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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