Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library
GREGORY IX, DECRETALS, etc.1. ff. 1-241v: [Prologue:] Gregorius Episcopus servus servorum dei Dilectis filiis doctoribus et scolaribus universis parisius bononieque commorantibus salutem et apostolicam benedictionem. Rex pacificus pia miseracione disposuit…[f. 1v, Text:] Innocencius iiius in concilio generali, De summa trinitate et fide catholica Rubrica, Firmiter credimus et simpliciter confitemur…Indignum est et a romane ecclesie consuetudine alienum ut pro spiritualibus facere quis homagium compellatur. Expliciunt decretales deo gracias.
France, s. XIIIex
A. Friedberg, ed., Corpus iuris canonici (Leipzig 1879, repr. Graz 1959) 2:6-928.1 2. ff. 1-241v: [Prologue to gloss:] In huius libri principio quinque sunt precipue prenotanda videlicet que sit intentio…[f. 1v, Gloss to text:] Firmiter, ideo dicit firmiter quia ordo fidei nostre probari non potest…et si interveniret nullam obligationem de iure vel de facto inducit supra de pactis pactiones. Bernardus. Explicit apparatus decretalium.
Gloss of Bernardus Parmensis de Botone on the Decretals of Gregory IX; Schulte, 2:115. This manuscript contains all the variants of Bernardus’ later redactions listed by S. Kuttner and B. Smalley, “The ‘Glossa Ordinaria’ to the Gregorian Decretals,” English Historical Review 60 (1945) 97-105, except for the reference to Octavian’s consecration. See also S. Kuttner, “Notes on the Glossa ordinaria of Bernard of Parma,” Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law 11 (1981) 86-93. 3. ff. 241v-251v: [Prologue:] Gregorius episcopus servus dei dilectis filiis universitati magistrorum et scolarium parisius salutem et apostolicam benedictionem. Cum nuper in generali concilio lugdunensi…[Text:] De summa trinitate et fide catholica, Fide [added: -li] ac devota professione fatemur…ab ea non possint nisi per sedem apostolicam absolutionis beneficium obtinere. Expliciunt constituciones nove gregorii xi.
J. Alberigo et al., eds., Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta (Bologna 1973) 314-31. 4. ff. 241v-255: [Prologue to gloss:] Gregorius iste priusquam papa fieret vocabatur thealdus…[Gloss to text:] Fidei primo dicit quod spiritus sanctus eternaliter procedit…Apostolica secus esset si hoc dictum non fuisset ut supra c. nuper. Expliciunt glose guillelmi durandi super constitucionibus gregorii x in generali consilio lugdunensi.
Gloss of Guillelmus Durantis on the Decretals of Gregory X; Schulte, 2:154. See also M. Bertram, “Zur wissenschaftlichen Bearbeitung der Konstitutionen Gregors X.,” Quellen und Forschungen aus italienischen Archiven und Bibliotheken 53 (1973) 459-67 at 464-65; L. Boyle, “The Date of the Commentary of William Duranti on the Constitutions of the Second Council of Lyons,” Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law 4 (1974) 39-47. 5. ff. 255-262: [Prologue to gloss:] In nomine domini amen. Quoniam natura rerum introductum est ut plura sint negocia quam vocabula…[f. 255v, Gloss to text:] De summa trinitate et fide catholica, Fideli fuerunt quidam et adhuc sunt hodie…sunt excommunicati ut in c. tua nos alii incendiarii sunt excommunicandi xxiii q. ultima pessimam. Expliciunt glose ordinarie novarum constitucionum domini gregorii pape decimi a garsia iuris civilis et canonici professore composite Anno domini Mo cco lxxxiio.
Gloss of Iohannes Garsias Hispanus on the Decretals of Gregory X; Schulte, 2:161, See also S. Kuttner, “Decretalistica,” Zeitschrift für Rechtsgeschichte Kan. Abt. 23 (1937) 436-70 at 459 n. 1. 6. ff. 262v-270v: [Prologue:] Nicholaus servus servorum dei dilectis filiis suis universitati magistrorum et scolarium parisius salutem et apostolicam benedictionem. Cum quasdam constituciones super certis articulis duxerimus promulgandas…[Text:] De electione et electi potestate Rubrica, Cupientes ecclesiarum vacationibus periculosis occurrere…vel prefata premissa tua humili confessione aliisque circumstanciis mansuetudine temporandi. Datum rome apud sanctum petrum xo kalendas aprilis Pontificatus nostri anno tercio.
J. F. von Schulte, “Die Dekretalen zwischen den ‘Decretales Gregorii IX’ und ‘Liber VI. Bonifacii VIII’…,” Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaft (Vienna) 55 (1867) 701-69 at 719-21. 7. ff. 262-268: [Prologue of gloss:] In nomine domini amen. Licet ad occurrendum ecclesiarum vacationibus essent multa…[Gloss to text:] Cupientes et cetera. Hec decretalis valde utilis est quia ad expeditionem ecclesiarum dummodo curia servet eam…Equitas canonum, hanc equitatem colliges per iura allegata in glosa proxima. Explicit apparatus domini nicholai.
Gloss of Iohannes Garsias Hispanus on Cupientes, as in, e.g., Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Latin MS 280, ff. 3-16 (but ending differently). See A. García y García, “Canonistas gallegos medievales,” Compostellanum 16 (1971) 101-24 at 119-20. 8. ff. 270v-273v: Incipiunt nove constituciones alexandri iiiiti pape ad perpetuam rei memoriam de Rescriptis, Cum per illam generalem clausulam quidam alii frequenter apostolicis inseritur litteris…Nec premissi per ea se ulterius iuvare valerat ulterium. Nulli genere et cetera, nostre revocationis et cetera, si autem et cetera. Datum anagnie xv kalendas septembris pontificatus nostri anno primo. Expliciunt constituciones alexandri iiiiti.
Schulte, “Die Dekretalen…,” 713-14, regarding Erlangen, Universitätsbibliothek, MS 464. 9. f. 273v: Incipiunt constituciones clementis pape iiiiti, Clemens episcopus servus servorum dei ad perpetuam rei memoriam. Sepe accidisse precipimus quod nonnulli clerici in suis partibus vinculo excommunicationis ast<?>e apostate aut irregulares seu alii suscepti- [catchword:] -one sacr<?>//
Schulte, “Die Dekretalen…,” 714-16. 10. f. 274r-v: Table of contents, added in a later hand, to the Decretals and to the Liber Sextus (not mentioning VI.4.2); there is no other evidence that the Liber Sextus was ever part of this volume. 11. back flyleaf: [added, s. XVmed or ex] Thre flourys in a nyȝt can spryng/ From euery floure a streme rennyng/ A clerk among the flourys lyyng/ Hem fond but noȝt durst say nor syng/ For drede of the mone.
IMEV 3708.5. Printed by G. Warner in the Dyson Perrins catalogue (see below) and by Hanna, “Addenda,” n. 55. Parchment, ff. ii (modern parchment) + ii (contemporary parchment) + 274 + i (contemporary parchment) + ii (modern parchment); 448-453 × 270 (204-241 × 120-137 for text frame, 337-481 × 218-247 including gloss) mm. 1-410 512 6-1110 1212(-10, 11, 12, through f. 121) 136 14-1510 1612 17-2410 2512 2610 2712(+13, f. 274). Catchwords to following text (not to the gloss) in inside corner, enclosed in light brown ink frames washed in yellow. Leaf signatures in letters, variously with a single stroke or an “x” above, below or alongside the letter; through quire 16, the signatures are in red, thereafter in the ink of the text; the leaf following the middle of the quire often marked with an “x.” Quire signatures in a late medieval hand in the lower right corner of the first leaf recto, from A to Dd, with f. 274 marked Ee. 2 columns of 20-48 lines for the text; typically 92-104 lines for the gloss; slash prick marks visible in the upper and lower margins. Written in a round Italianate gothic script, with a somewhat smaller size for the gloss, using a brown or light black ink. Five miniatures by Maître Honoré, approximately 65 × 60 mm. in blue and maroon frames, edged in gold, with gold oak leaves along the outer sides, and with half or ¾ border extensions of colored trilobe leaves. See G. Warner in the Dyson Perrins catalogue (see below), quoting Sir Sydney Cockerell, and Eric G. Millar, An Illuminated Manuscript of La Somme le Roy attributed to the Parisian Miniaturist Honoré (Roxburghe Club 1953) 12; also mentioned by C. Nordenfalk, “Maître Honoré and Maître Pucelle,” Apollo 79 (1964) 357. Other law books associated with this atelier are a Justinian, formerly Chester Beatty MS 67 and later in the Major J. R. Abbey collection (sold, Sotheby’s, 4 June 1974, lot 2917) as well as copies of the Decretum of Gratian in Tours, Bibliothèque Municipale, MS 558, one formerly Yates Thompson MS 88, one in Copenhagen, Kongelige Bibliotek, Thott 160.2o and another of which only 2 leaves survive, formerly in the collection of Sir Sydney Cockerell. The miniatures are: f. 1, Gregory IX receiving a book from one of a group of ecclesiastics; f. 64, a judge, seated, between a man and a woman, each with an advocate; f. 122, a priest celebrating mass, while a layman is ejected from that part of the church reserved for clerics; f. 173v, a bishop performing a marriage; f. 191, a seated pope listening to a monk kneeling before him, as others stand behind. On f. 121v, a miniature, 113 × 78 mm., added during the first half of the fourteenth century by an English artist, showing the Virgin and Child under a gothic arch, and to their left, under another arch, Agnes standing, holding book and sword, with her lamb at her feet; below the miniature (instructions to the artist?), “Sanctissima Agnes virgo et martir gloriosa ad cuius dextrum stat [“a dextris” cancelled] agnus nive candidior.” On f. 1r-v, 3 historiated initials, 7- to 4-line, of a seated doctor instructing students, of a seated king, and of the Trinity, with Father and Son side by side as the Dove descends between them. Other books of the Decretals begin with 6- or 5-line initials, in white-patterned pink on blue grounds, or vice versa, infilled with colored trilobe leaves; 3-line initials in similar style, some with partial borders, often ending in drolleries or infilled with busts of many kinds: men clean-shaven or bearded, women with or without elaborate headdresses, kings, queens, a figure with a wing-like cap, rabbits, dogs; 4-line initials, placed outside the written space, in blue with red flourishing; 2-line initials in the same colors; 1-line initials within the text in red or washed in yellow; red paragraph marks; running headlines across the opening in red and blue numbering the books of the Decretals only. “Corr. in textu” in the lower margin of the last leaf verso of each quire. Considerable marginalia in contemporary French hands, and in contemporary and later English hands (on f. 92v, a note dated 1470); running headlines giving the subject in the upper right corner of each leaf recto in an English hand. Modern fore edge tabs. First leaf defective along the inner margin, with some loss of text; now hinged. Bound in 1903 by Douglas Cockerell, in wooden boards with red morocco spine decorated in gilt and blind with the initials of Michael Tomkinson (see below), 2 3-part braided straps to catches on the front cover. Rust marks from chain hasps on top and bottom center of f. iii, once the pastedown. Written during the last years of the thirteenth century possibly in Avignon or Montpellier, or by a southern scribe working in Paris, and painted in Paris by Maître Honoré. Concerning a similar group of legal manuscripts, see the review by C. Nordenfalk in Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 43 (1980) 318-37, especially pp. 336-37, of A. Melnikas, The Corpus of the Miniatures in the Manuscripts of the Decretum Gratiani (Rome 1975); another manuscript written by a southern scribe and illuminated by Maître Honoré is Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University, Houghton Library, fMS Typ 228, Augustine, De civitate dei. A terminus post quem for the copying of HM 19999 is the date of composition of art. 5, 1282, as noticed in the explicit on f. 262. Contemporary notes of an early owner in a French hand, but soon acquired by an Englishman, as shown by the numerous notes in early fourteenth century anglicana, and by the miniature added by an English artist on f. 121v. In the spandrels of the arches in this miniature are what may represent coats of arms: gules, a fess or (in the 2 outer spandrels); azure, a cross saltire or (in the center); this last may be intended for the arms of St. Albans abbey, although a St. Albans provenance seems doubtful and the volume was not listed by Ker, MLGB; the choice of Agnes in the miniature suggests particular devotion on the part of an individual or institutional owner. Owned before 1436 by William Meelys, rector of Tarporley, Cheshire: on f. iv verso, “Decretales apparate F. de dono Magistri Willelmi Meelys, rectoris de Tarpurley pro anima sua ex procuracione <?> David Bromfelde anno domini Mo cccc xxxvi”; on the contemporary back flyleaf, “Constat Willelmo Meeles [cancelled: “1450”?].” A draft of a letter on f. iv recto includes a mention of Chester and the date 1470. In a fifteenth century hand on the back flyleaf, “Percy [?] de Burscho [?] desiderat emere istum librum cum bello troianorum et libro de passione christi,” and, in the upper margin of f. 274, in possibly the same hand, “frater p., precio 1 x 1i.” Belonged to Richard Bulkeley, archdeacon of Merioneth (1483-ca. 1500) and Anglesey (1504 until his death in 1524); see J. Le Neve, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300-1541, pt. XI, The Welsh Dioceses, comp. by B. Jones (University of London 1965) 10-11, and Emden, BRUO, p. 303: on f. 274v, over an erasure (?), “Constat ricardo bulkeley archidiacono Meryoneth”; on f. iv recto, “Precario conceditur domino Iohanni Gwyn ad tempus per Ricardum bulkeley archidiaconum Anglesey,” and “Constat fratri Ricardo Bulkeley Teste reddatur ad Signum ea quod servi.” Belonged to John Ruskin (1819-1900) by 1857, when he discussed its decoration in his Elements of Drawing (London 1857) 301-02; Ruskin’s bookplate on the inside front cover. His estate inherited by Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Severn, who sold this manuscript ca. 1903 to Michael Tomkinson (1841-1922?), of Franche Hall, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, for whom the book was rebound; sold by Tomkinson in 1911 to C. W. Dyson Perrins (1864-1958). Dyson Perrins sale, Sotheby’s, 29 November 1960, lot 109 with reproductions of the miniatures on ff. 1, 64, 122, 173v on pl. 15. Acquired at that time by the Huntington Library.
Secundo folio: [Text:] et sanguis; [Gloss:] omnia nonBibliography: Burlington Fine Arts Club, An Exhibition of Illuminated Manuscripts (London 1908) n. 93 open at f. 122. G. F. Warner, Descriptive Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts in the Library of C. W. Dyson Perrins (Oxford 1920) 1:99-100 and pl. 40 of the miniature and text (not gloss) of f. 64. J. S. Dearden, “John Ruskin, the Collector, with a catalogue of the Illuminated and Other Manuscripts formerly in his Collection,” The Library ser. 5 vol. 21 (1966) pp. 136-37 n. 22. Aspects of Medieval England, n. 21 open at f. 122. Chronica, 3.
1 We are grateful to Dr. Thomas M. Izbicki for the bibliography on the texts in this manuscript.
C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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