Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 19916

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GUILLELMUS DURANTIS, SPECULUM IUDICIALE
England, s. XIV1/4
ff. 1-295v: [Prologue] In nomine domini et gloriose virginis matris eius incipit speculum iudiciale a magistro Guillelmo duranti compositum. Rubrica, Reverendo in christo patri ac domino suo octobono dei gratia sancti adriani diacono cardinali magister guillelmus duranti domini pape subdiaconus et capellanus…De throno procedunt fulgura, voces, atque tonutrua…[f. 2, Text:] Quoniam parum esset nosce iura foreprodita nisi persone quarum causa prodita sunt note essent…Pensans insuper non ministri meritum, sed ministerii effectum favorem profecto non querentes humanum sed solum bravium sempiternum. Ad quod nos perducat qui sine fine vivit et regnat. Amen.
Several early editions; Schulte, 2:148-52.
Parchment, ff. i (early parchment) + iv (paper) + 295 + iv (paper); 405 × 270 (330 × 210) mm. 1-2412 2510(-8, 9, 10, excised). Quires signed in modern form arabic numerals on the first leaf recto; contemporary quire and leaf signatures: a-z, the tironian 7 and the “cum” abbreviation indicating the quire, and i-vii indicating the leaf. Catchwords in the inner corner, enclosed in a small ink frame. 2 columns of 75 lines, ruled in brown crayon. Written in a small semi-quadrata textura. Opening historiated initial, 50 × 58 mm., depicting a doctor with an open book on his lectern, teaching 2 students, against a burnished gold background, from which grows a C-shaped frame of pink and blue segments, cusped corners, a grotesque, daisy buds, and occasional gold motifs. Major initials for the book divisions on ff. 2, 78v, 192v, 204, 9- to 5-line, in parted red and blue with void infilling of leaves produced by red crosshatching, and with filigree and cascades of both colors; 2-line blue initials with red penwork. Paragraph marks alternating red and blue, in bracket shape when at the left of the text. Rubrics and running headlines in red and ink of the text. Genealogical diagram, f. 284; simple profile-head brackets by annotator, e.g. ff. 197, 200; f. 135a, ruled, but blank with note on f. 134v, “Hic nichil deficit”; copious marginal notes in several hands of the third quarter of the fourteenth century. On f. 295v, Latin and English verses in a mid-fourteenth century hand: “Nulli crostico [?] reor esse fidem neque dico/ hosti pro modico fit amicus hostis amico./ O vos causidici qui linguas venditis issy aliter hic cy [Walther, Initia 13058]/ vos vocat infernus vous [?] resput ordo supernus.” The English verses are: “Twenty wynter glad and blyth/ Twenty wynter pe and pryf/ Twenty wynter stond in stede/ Twenty wynter byde py bede” [IMEV 3815.3]. Also in the lower margin on f. 295v, a statement regarding the distance between the earth and the sky, pronounced by “quidam Bacalarius in theologia (?) in predicatione sua in ministerio sancti Pauli London.” Bound, s. XVII, in English speckled calf, with gilt-tooled spine; rebacked, original spine laid down; stains suggest that a former binding included 2 fore edge clasps. Two leaves, once used as pastedowns to judge from the stains (although not in this manuscript), and formerly laid in this volume, have been removed and catalogued as HM 46015. Written in England in the first quarter of the fourteenth century. It appears similar in style of production, script and decoration to portions of a copy of the Apparatus on the Sext ( Oxford, Bod. Lib., Lat. misc. b.16, ff. 1-72v, 151-276); for a reproduction from that manuscript, see Pächt and Alexander, 3, pl. 63, n. 610b; see also Sotheby’s, 15 June 1959, lot 199. Erased inscriptions on f. 295: “Liber magistri Richardi Langton Rectoris de Lythe,” and, in a second hand, “<?> mense <?> xvi”; Richard Langton, a bachelor in canon law, flourished 1457-58 (Emden, BRUO, 1100); Lythe is in Yorkshire. Belonged to the Welsh antiquary Robert Davies of Llannerch and Gwysaney (ca. 1658-1710). The earliest known catalogue of the Llannerch manuscripts, dated 1740, lists this manuscript as n. 3 (that number in ink on f. i); the manuscript also appears in the 1778 catalogue as n. 2 (on a paper label on the spine). Later when the collection had passed through inheritance to Philip Bryan Davies Cooke, a list of its contents was printed by the HMC, 6th Report, pt. I (1887-88); this manuscript on p. 419. When owned by Lt.-Col. Philip Ralph Davies-Cooke (b. 1896), the collection was placed on deposit in the National Library of Wales, 1947-59, where this book bore the number “Gwysaney 6” (in pencil on the front pastedown). For the history of the collection, see H. D. Emanuel, “The Gwysaney Manuscripts,” National Library of Wales Journal 7 (1952) 326-43. Davies-Cooke sale, Sotheby’s, 15 June 1959, lot 205 to Maggs for the Huntington Library.
Secundo folio: principiis quibus licet
Bibliography: Chronica, 3.
Abbreviations
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
Emden, BRUO
A. B. Emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 (Oxford 1957-59) and A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford, A.D. 1501-1540 (Oxford 1974)
HMC
Historical Manuscripts Commission
IMEV
C. Brown and R. H. Robbins, Index of Middle English Verse (New York 1943) and Supplement by R. H. Robbins and J. L. Cutler (Lexington 1965)
Pächt and Alexander
O. Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford (Oxford 1966-73)
Schulte
J. F. von Schulte, Die Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des canonischen Rechts von Gratian bis auf die Gegenwart (Stuttgart 1875-80)
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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