Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 19915

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AUGUSTINE; POMERIUS
England, s. XII/XIII
1. ff. 1-61: Incipit prologus sancti augustini episcopi in enchiridion, Dici non potest dilectissime fili laurenti…[f. 2:] Incipiunt capitula libri sequentis, i, De proprio catholice fidei fundamento; ii, Quid inter sperare et timere…[f. 3:] lxx, De lege quod impleri non possit; lxxi, De baptismo boni hominis vel mali; lxxii, De karitate. Expliciunt capitula. Incipit liber sancti augustini episcopi yponiensis qui dicitur Enchiridion. De proprio fidei catholice fundamento, i, Certum vero propriumque fidei catholice fundamentum christus est…a quo enim quis devictus est huic servus addictus est. [f. 59:] De baptismo boni hominis vel mali, lxxi Non est melior baptismus per manus sancti cuiuslibet hominis…et non ipse sacerdos corpus christi consecrat sed ipse christus per ipsum. [f. 59v:] De caritate, lxxii, Karissimi fratres qui ad ymaginem dei facti sumus…sed cum electis premium vite eterne recipere mereamur quod ipse prestare dignetur qui cum patre et spiritu sancto vivit et regnat deus per omnia secula seculorum. Amen. Explicit liber sancti augustini yponensis episcopi qui vocatur enchiridion.
Aurelii Augustini Opera. CC 46 (Turnholt 1969), “Enchiridion” ed. by E. Evans, pp. 21-112 line 20; the last 2 sections, on baptism and charity, not in printed text.
2. ff. 61-63v: [note, s. XVI, in upper margin: Ex libro D. Paschasii Abbatis Corbiensis ordinis sancti Benedicti ad Placidum abbatem de Sacramento altaris qui claruit temporibus Caroli Crassi imperatoris anno domini 880. Cap. 14] Relatio cuiusdam sapientis de manifesta visione corporis christi, Nemo qui sanctorum vitas et exempla legerit…et sacerdotis desiderium impletur ex miraculo nostraque fides firmaretur ex relatu. De proprietate corporis christi quod sumimus in altari, Vere credere et indubitanter scire debemus…et spirituali intelligentia degustetur. Et ut mirabilius loquar non alia plane quam que nata est de virgine maria…nisi a quo creata est in utero virginis ut verbum caro fieret amen.
B. Paulus, ed., Pascasii Radberti De Corpore et Sanguine Domini. CC Cont. med. 16 (Turnholt 1969) 85-91, 76-77.
3. ff. 63v-66: Unidentified short passages: Contemplatio abbatis macharii, Eo tempore quo fratres accedebant ad sacramenta vidit abbas macharius…et manum suam in sacramentorum distributione super sacerdotis manum ponere. [f. 63v:] De superbia, Omni vitio deterior est superbia propter quod a summis personis summisque viris assumitur…quia tam per virtutes quam per vicia humanam mentem exterminat. [f. 64:] De periurio, Sicut mentiri non potest qui non loquitur sic periurare non poterit qui iurare non appetit…hoc accipit sicut ille cui iuratur intelligit. [f. 64:] Distancia publice et occulte peccandi, Maioris culpe est manifeste quam occulte peccare…de facto suo erubescit ipse si iam iudex fit. [f. 64v:] De tribus peccatorum causis et earum remediis, Satis nos oportet timere tres causas fratres karissimi per quas totus perit mundus…sed hic et in eternum salvus erit deo auxiliante amen. [f. 65v:] De omnipotencia dei, Cum quicquid vult dominus facere et mortem peccatoris non vult…moritur quidem in peccato deo patiente sed nolente. [f. 65v:] Item alia s., Septem sunt gradus quibus abstrahitur peccator a tenebroso puteo perdicionis…et timor dei ne iterum homo iste cadat in puteum. [f. 66:] De triplici spelunca vulpium, Vulpes foveas habent. Per vulpes que tres foveas in quibus se occultent habere dicuntur…hoc est deitatem suam super eum reclinare valit. [f. 66:] Augustinus, Preces valent ad ea impetranda que se precantibus concessurum esse prescivit deus. Item, Homo si nolit omnino non peccat. Sed si peccat aut si non peccat hoc totum etiam prenoscit deus. [f. 66v, ruled, but blank] 4. ff. 67-168v: Incipiunt capitula libri primi, Quod ea sit vite contemplative [added in pencil in the margin: proprietas] ubi deus mundo corde videbitur; ii, De qualitate vite future…[f. 68:] Incipit prologus, Diu multumque renisus sum voluntati tue mi domine studiosissime pontificum iuliane…[f. 70:] Incipit prosperi liber primus de vita contemplativaque activa. Quod ea sit vite contemplative proprietas ubi deus mundo corde videbitur, Contemplativa vita est in qua creatura creatorem suum…sed pro rebus enunciandis verba sunt instituta. Explicit prosperi liber tercius de viciis et virtutibus. [ff. 169-170v, blank]
Julianus Pomerius, De vita contemplativa, here attributed to Prosper of Aquitaine. CPL 998. PL 59:415-520. For a list of manuscripts, HM 19915 not included, see M. L. W. Laistner, “The Influence during the Middle Ages of the Treatise ‘De Vita Contemplativa’ and its surviving Manuscripts,” in Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati, Studi e Testi 122 (Vatican City 1946) 2:344-58.
Parchment, ff. i (contemporary parchment) + 170; 231 × 166 (143 × 100) mm. 1-78 810(through f. 66) 9-218. Catchwords of scribe i in the gutter, and of scribe ii in a small script in the center lower margin. Quire signatures in roman numerals in the middle of the upper margin, first leaf recto, “vii” on f. 49 and “viii” on f. 57; another signature (?) trimmed away in the middle of the lower margin, last leaf verso, f. 24v. 21 long lines; 2 columns of 21 lines in the chapter list to art. 1, ff. 2v-3; ruled in lead, the 2 top and bottom lines full across and an additional narrow double rule in the 3 outer margins through f. 66; thereafter, usually only the single top and bottom line full across and with ruling in the lower margin omitted; slash prick marks in the 3 outer margins; 2 parallel sets of pricking in the outer margin of quire 8. Written in a minuscule script by 2 scribes, both writing above the top line and using the flex mark in punctuation: i, ff. 1-66; ii, ff. 67-168v. Opening initial, f. 3v, 6-line, tan and blue, infilled with stylized vines and leaves in blue, tan, green and orange-red, on a tan ground within a green frame; 2-line initials in light blue, green or orange-red with infilling and extensions of stylized leaves through f. 66; thereafter 5- to 2-line unornamented initials in the same colors, except for a poor attempt at leaf infilling on ff. 123v-124; in art. 4, some folios with 1-line initials within the text filled in red (e.g. ff. 86v-88, 89v-90). Notes in the margins in the scribe’s (?) hand for art. 1, enclosed in decorated and tinted frames, e.g. f. 5, within a ship; f. 6, on a pedestal; f. 36v, supported by grotesques with a dog’s and a rabbit’s head and with fish tails; f. 46, encircled by a dragon sprouting leaves from his mouth. In the lower margin of f. 42, a half figure of Christ (?) blessing, in good style. Crude sketches in lead of a man riding a grotesque on f. 41v, and of dogs’ heads on ff. 139v, 140; sketches for initials on ff. 30, 114v. Instructions to the rubricator frequently remaining, written vertically in the outer margins. Art. 1 corrected in ink in the margins; corrections not entered into the text; art. 4 corrected in lead in the margins; corrections then entered into the text over erasures or carefully rewritten in ink in the margin. Medieval pagination in early form arabic numerals in lead in the middle of the upper margin, ff. 3v-34, [1]-2; foliation in ink, s. XIII/XIV, in roman numerals in the middle of the outer margin verso, i-clxx. Considerable damage from water from f. 155 on. Bound in contemporary white calf (?) over boards (back board gone), sewn onto 4 bands; semi-circular tabs at head and foot of spine, lined with pink deerskin and embroidered around the edges in blue and white; the whole covered, s. XV (?), by a heavy parchment or deerskin wrapper with a fore edge flap (now partially cut off) from the front cover to the back; remains of a pink strap closing to a central pin (now missing) on the back cover; 3 (of 4) bosses on front cover in the characteristic fluted, truncated cone shape of St. Mary’s at Holme Cultram (also on Oxford, Bod. Lib., Lyell 2; see de la Mare, Lyell Cat., entry and pl. 37); holes from former label at bottom center of back cover; bookmark of white skin, now loose, but once tied to a loop at the foot of the spine. Modern red morocco label on spine. Written, ca. 1200, in England. Belonged from an early date to the Cistercian abbey of St. Mary at Holme Cultram, Cumberland: on f. i verso, s. XIIex, “Liber Sancte Marie De Homcoltran. Hec Continentur in hoc volumine Enchiridion Augustini, Prosper De vita contemplativa”; on f. 1, in the lower margin, s. XIII, “Liber sancte Marie de holmo” (see de la Mare, Lyell Cat., pl. 1c); on the same leaf, in the upper margin, the pressmark, s. XV, “liber lxxvius.” Ker, MLGB, 102. Belonged to the Welsh antiquary Robert Davies of Llannerch and Gwysaney (ca. 1658-1710). The earliest known catalogue of the Llannerch manuscripts, dated 1740, lists this manuscript as n. 17 (that number in ink on f. i); the manuscript also appears in the 1778 catalogue as n. 42 (on a paper label on the spine). Later, when the collection had passed through inheritance to Philip Bryan Davies Cooke, a list of its contents was printed by the HMC, 6th Report, pt. I (1887-88); this manuscript on p. 418. When owned by Lt.-Col. Philip Ralph Davies-Cooke (b. 1896), the collection was placed on deposit in the National Library of Wales, 1947-59, where this book bore the number “Gwysaney 2” (in pencil on the front pastedown). For the history of the collection, see H. D. Emanuel, “The Gwysaney Manuscripts,” National Library of Wales Journal 7 (1952) 326-43. Davies-Cooke sale, Sotheby’s, 15 June 1959, lot 197 with a plate of f. 3v to Maggs for the Huntington Library.
Secundo folio: diligenter sciendo
Bibliography: Schenkl 4796. Römer, i, 340. Chronica, 2.
Abbreviations
CC
Corpus christianorum
CC Cont. med.
Corpus christianorum continuatio medievalis
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
CPL
E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, eds., Clavis patrum latinorum. Sacris erudiri 3 (Steenbrugge, 2nd. ed. 1961)
de la Mare, Lyell Cat.
A. de la Mare, Catalogue of the Collection of Medieval Manuscripts bequeathed to the Bodleian Library Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (Oxford 1971)
HMC
Historical Manuscripts Commission
Ker, MLGB
N. R. Ker, Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (London, 2nd ed. 1964)
PL
J. P. Migne, ed., Patrologia latina
Römer
F. Römer, Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der Werke des heiligen Augustinus, II, Großbritannien und Irland. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-Hist. Klasse, Sitzungsberichte 276, 281 (Vienna 1972)
Schenkl
H. Schenkl, Bibliotheca patrum latinorum britannica (Vienna 1891-1908; repr. Hildesheim and New York 1969)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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