Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 19914

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PASTORAL COLLECTION
England, s. XIIImed
Composite volume
I.
1. ff. 1-2v [flyleaves]: f. 1, an incomplete motet; ff. 1v-2, a complete motet, Maria diceris mater amabilis; f. 2v, a 3-part Kyrie. All are polyphonic music, with notation in separate parts on ff. 1-2 (alternating groups of black and red notes on one line of f. 2), and score notation on f. 2v; in 8 red five-line staves per page for the motets ad 9 for the Kyrie. Written ca. 1350. Listed in RISM B.IV2 pp. 369-71.
II.
2. ff. 3-114: Brevis compilacio supe[r psalterium] [Prologue:] Quisquis ad divine pagine lectionem accedit…[f. 3, Text:] Beatus vir qui non abiit, Homo quando cogitacionem suam ad terrena flectit…sola enim perseverantia accipit bravium. Finis distinctionum post meldensem collectarum. Amen. Explicit compendiosa exposicio super psalterium. [f. 114v, blank]
Michael de Meaux, archbishop of Sens, Stegmüller 5638, but often attributed to Bonaventure and printed in his Opera omnia (Lyons 1668) 1:72-293.
III.
3. ff. 115-158: Incipit speculum sacerdotum secundum magistrum Richardum de leycestria cancellarium Cantebrigensem, [Prologue:] Qui bene presunt presbiteri…Presbiter grece senex latine dicitur…[f. 115v, Text:] Ad manifestationem singulorum prenominatorum per ordinem possunt introduci auctoritates sanctarum scripturarum…Siquid autem residuum fuerit, filiis aaron relinquo. Faciendi quidem libros, nullus est finis. Hic ergo erit consumatus. Finito libro reddatur gloria christo amen. versus. Explicit speculum sacerdotum secundum magistrum Richardum de Leycestria quondam cancellarium Cantebrigensem. [f. 158v, blank]
Richard of Leicester, also known as Richard Wetheringsett (Emden, BRUC, 367 and 679); for a list of manuscripts, see Bloomfield, Virtues and Vices 4583.
4. ff. 159-184: [top line cropped] //In primis igitur ut ab unitate exordiamur innotescendum est, quod scriptum est. Unus deus. Deus unus est. Contra Deut. xix ysay. cxxx. Apostolus ait, sunt multi dii et cetera. Resp. Dicitur deus essencialiter…et hic deo gracias agendo huius summe finem facimus cui nomen numerale imponimus, plura quidem hic omissa in aliis opusculis nostris copiosius sunt exarata. Explicit numerale magistri Willelmi lincolnensis ecclesie cancellarii. Sancta Ositha Deo gracias. [followed by the chapter on the Four Arms of the Cross marked “vacat”; it had already been copied in its correct position on f. 170.]
H. Mackinnon, “The Life and Works of William de Montibus,” unpublished D. Phil. thesis, Oxford, 1959, and “William de Montibus, a medieval Teacher,” in Essays in Medieval History presented to Bertie Wilkinson, ed. T. A. Sandquist and M. R. Powicke (Toronto 1969) 32-45. For a list of the rubrics of the Numerale, see B. Smalley and G. Lacombe, “The Lombard’s Commentary on Isaias and other Fragments,” The New Scholasticism 5 (1931) 147-51.
5. ff. 184v-188v: Ante dies omnes mundi fuit omnis in uno/ Machina momento facta iubente deo…Illic absque metu pax est risus sine fletu/ Absque labore quies et sine nocte dies. Amen.
A verse compendium of the Old and New Testament in 706 lines; it lacks the prose preface with which it sometimes circulates (see London, Brit. Lib., Roy. 6.B.XI, f. 54v); Walther, Initia 1291.
6. ff. 189-200: Incipit tractatus domini pape de contemptu mundi, Domino patri karissimo petro dei gracia portuensi episcopo lotarius…Modicum ocii quod inter multas angustias…Quare de vulva…terrores et punctiones, amaritudines, fames et sitis, frigus et sulphur et ignis ardens a quibus omnibus liberet nos deus. Amen. Explicit tractatus lotharii de contemptu mundi. Sancta Ositha virgo et martir pretiosa miserere supplicibus tuis. Amen. Deo gracias.
M. Maccarrone, ed., Lotharii Cardinalis (Innocentii III) De Miseria Humane Conditionis. Thesaurus Mundi (Lugano 1955). The manuscript shows chapters 9 and 10 of the printed Book I run on; chapters 15 and 16 of the printed Book II in reversed order; chapter 1 of the printed Book III here ends Book II; chapters 2 and 3 were not copied; what is chapter 4 in the printed edition begins Book III in the manuscript. See also R. E. Lewis, ed., Lotario dei Segni (Pope Innocent III), De Miseria Condicionis Humane. The Chaucer Library (Athens, Georgia 1978) with list of manuscripts, including HM 19914.
7. ff. 200v-226v: [Alan of Lille, Summa de arte predicatoria] Incipit compilacio notabilium pro predicantibus utilis et devota, capitulum primum quod scala est perfectus catholici, Vidit iacob scalam a terra usque ad celum attingentem…Nube ergo illi de quo dicitur, Potestati eius quis resistit, et alibi, Regni eius non erit finis. Ad quem pervenire valeamus. Amen. Explicit liber artis predicandi.
PL 210:111-195.
8. ff. 227-228v: Penitentiarius magistri Willelmi de montibus, Bernardus super cantico sermone xvio Confessio eo periculosius noxia quo subtilius vana…[Text:] Peniteas cito peccatorum…Secundum ea que peccaverit homo oportet pretium reddi. Quod gula peccaverit ieiunium// [f. 229:] Explicit penitentiarius magistri Willelmi de montibus sed incompletus. [followed by 2 lines in red ink, erased; f. 229v, blank]
William de Montibus’ didactic poem in its glossed form (with small red suprascript letters tying text to gloss) which runs here for 87 lines and breaks incomplete as shown by the rubric on f. 229; the poem is preceded by a short citation from a sermon of St. Bernard. See H. Mackinnon (art. 4 above), thesis, and loc. cit., 40-45.
IV.
9. ff. 230-334: Incipit proemium Beati gregorii pape in exposicionem Iob. Reverendissimo atque Sanctissimo fratri Leandro coepiscopo Gregorius servus Servorum Dei, [Epistle:] Dudum te frater beatissime in constantinopolitana urbe cognoscens cum me illic sedis apostolice responsa constringerent…Incipiunt moralia beati gregorii pape per contemplacionem sumpta in librum Iob Libri quinque pars prima, [f. 231, Prologue:] Inter multos sepe queritur quis libri beati iob scriptor habeatur. Et alii quidem moysen alii unum ex prophetis scriptorem huius operis fuisse suspicantur. Quia enim in libro geneseos…[f. 234, Text:] Vir erat in terra hus nomine iob. Idcirco sanctus vir ubi habitaverit dicitur…Quia is qui in desiderio carnalis corruptionis exestuat ad fetorem putredinis anhelat. Explicit. Coram quo de quo quid ubi cui quomodo quando/ Dicas provideas ne male peniteas. Expliciunt quedam notabilia moralium beati gregorii excerpta pro utilitate contemplativorum. [followed by an erasure of red ink; f. 334v, blank]
This text follows the organization of Gregory’s work; it does not appear to correspond to any of the works studied by R. Wasselynck, “Les compilations des Moralia in Job du VIIe au XIIe siècle,” RTAM 29 (1962) 5-32, and successive articles.
Parchment (thick and velvety), forming a composite volume, 180 × 135 mm. (but severely cropped) of ff. 334 in 4 parts. I. ff. 1-2v, music copied ca. 1350, functioning here as flyleaves (see above). II. ff. 3-114v; ruled space: 140 × 83 mm. 1-88 910(through f. 76) 10-138 148(-7, 8). Quires signed in roman numerals on the verso of the last leaf, 1-9 and then 1-4. 28-30 long lines, ruled in brown crayon with double bounding lines. Written in a littera textualis. Major initials, ff. 3, 3v and 77, 3-line, light blue patterned in white or red patterned in light blue, both with leaf infilling in red touched with a light green wash; the initial on f. 3 enclosed in a square red frame with a leaf extension the length of the text; slashed initials within the text, underlining, paragraph marks and rubrics in red; running headlines numbering the chapters, and marginal notes at the beginnings of chapters in brown ink. III. ff. 115-228v; ruled space: 147 × 110 mm. 16(+7) 28 38(+8, a half leaf, f. 137) 48 58(+5, a half leaf, f. 151) 6-138 1410(-10). In 2 columns of 40-43 lines, ruled in brown crayon with double bounding lines. Written in littera textualis by 2 people: i, ff. 115-226v, except for ff. 137 and 151, additions, each by a different hand, s. XIV; ii, ff. 227-229v. Initials, 4- to 1-line, placed outside the written space, the first in parted red and blue with stylized acanthus extension and flourishing; the others in combinations of pale blue, red or green; slashed initials in the text, paragraph marks, chapter numbers, underlining, rubrics and running headlines, all in red. On ff. 204-205, pouncing or pricking in lower margins. IV. ff. 229-334v; ruled space: 155 × 120 mm. 18(+1, f. 229) 28 38(+8; the ninth leaf, between ff. 253-254, has been almost entirely cut away) 4-128 138(+9). In 2 columns of 35-36 lines, ruled in lead, with a center line between the columns and a double line in the far left margin; pricking visible in the inner margin. Written in a littera textualis. Opening initial, 3-line, green with red leaf-pattern infilling, and rubric in alternating lines of red and green; secondary initials set into the written space, 3- and 2-line, in plain red or green; tinted initials in the text, rubrics and running headlines in red. Bound, s. XVII, in English brown calf over pasteboards; paper label on the front cover, also s. XVII, “Exposition on the Psalms, Lat. Liber artis praedicandi. Gregorii expositio in Job, et cetera”; edges speckled in red. A composite volume in 4 parts, written in England in the middle of the thirteenth century; all the scribes write above the top line. Although the 1959 Sotheby catalogue (see below) suggests that the manuscript may have belonged to the Augustinians of St. Osyth near Colchester because of the invocations of St. Osyth on ff. 184 and 200 (and possibly in the erasures on ff. 229, 334), there is no formal evidence to this effect. The manuscript was almost certainly in an institutional library in the fifteenth century, since below the rubric on f. 3, a later hand has added “2o folio; causa distinctionis.” Marginal notes by early owners: f. 2, s. XV: “Thoma Northall solvit domino Iohanni Wynton v s. viii d.,” and on f. 334, s. XVI: “prec. xvi s.” followed by an erasure. Belonged to the Welsh antiquary Robert Davies of Llannerch and Gwysaney (ca. 1658-1710). The earliest known catalogue of the Llannerch manuscripts, dated 1740, lists this manuscript as n. 14 (that number in ink on the front pastedown); the manuscript also appears in the 1778 catalogue as n. 69 (the cover of the manuscript has been rebacked, and thus probably lost its label with this designation). Later, when the collection had passed through inheritance to Philip Bryan Davies Cooke, a list of its contents was printed by the HMC, 6th Report, pt. I (1887-88); this manuscript on p. 419. When owned by Lt.-Col. Philip Ralph Davies-Cooke (b. 1896), the collection was placed on deposit in the National Library of Wales, 1947-59, where this book bore the number “Gwysaney 19” (in pencil on the inner front cover). For the history of the collection, see H. D. Emanuel, “The Gwysaney Manuscripts,” National Library of Wales Journal 7 (1952) 326-43. Davies-Cooke sale, Sotheby’s, 15 June 1959, lot 203 to Maggs for the Huntington Library.
Secundo folio: [f. 4, flyleaves included in foliation] causa distinctionis
Bibliography: Schenkl 4797. Chronica, 2. Aspects of Medieval England, n. 39, open at f. 2.
Abbreviations
Aspects of Medieval England
Aspects of Medieval England: Manuscripts for Research in the Huntington Library, an Exhibition prepared for the Medieval Academy of America, 14 April 1972 [San Marino 1972]
Bloomfield, Virtues and Vices
M. W. Bloomfield et al., Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, 1100-1500 A.D. Mediaeval Academy of America Publications 88 (Cambridge Massachusetts 1979)
Chronica
J. Preston, “Medieval Manuscripts at the Huntington: Supplement to De Ricci’s Census,” Chronica: a Newsletter Published by the Medieval Association of the Pacific 21 (1977) 2-9
Emden, BRUC
A. B. Emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Cambridge to 1500 (Cambridge 1963)
HMC
Historical Manuscripts Commission
PL
J. P. Migne, ed., Patrologia latina
RISM
G. Reaney, Manuscripts of Polyphonic Music (c. 1320-1400). Répertoire international des sources musicales, vol. 4, pt. 2 (Munich 1969)
RTAM
Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale
Schenkl
H. Schenkl, Bibliotheca patrum latinorum britannica (Vienna 1891-1908; repr. Hildesheim and New York 1969)
Stegmüller
F. Stegmüller, vols. 9-11 with the assistance of N. Reinhardt, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi (Madrid 1950-80)
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
All rights to the cataloguing and images in Digital Scriptorium reside with the contributing institutions.