Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1171

View all images for this manuscript

BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rome
France, s. XVIin
1. ff. 1-12v: Full calendar in French with major feasts in red; below the text on the recto are Latin month verses (Walther, Initia 8953) and 4-line stanzas in French, Les vi premiers ans que vit l’homme au monde/…(Latin and French texts printed from the Simon Vostre Hours, use of Rome, 16 September 1498, by F. Soleil, Les Heures Gothiques, Rouen, 1882, pp. 31-37). 2. ff. 13-23v: Examen de conscience pour soy congnoistre a bien se confesser Compose par mastre iehan quentin penitencier de paris, Premierement examine ta conscience sur le peche d’orgueil. Se tu t’es glorifie pour aulcun bien estant en toy…; ff. 23v-24v, prayers added, s. XVII: Pour Implorer la misericorde de Dieu, Ne me traite pas, Seigneur, Selon la grandeur de mes offensez…; oraison, O Dieu qui ne souhaite pas la mort Du pecheur…; oraison, O Dieu qui ëtes L’auteur des Saints desirs et des bonnes actions…; Pour demander a Dieu Une bonne Mort, Prosternez devant le Trône de Vostre adorable majesté, je vienz vous demander, ô mon Dieu, la derniere de toutes les graces…; Pour demander la Victoire de ses Passions, Dieu Saint, Pere de misericordes qui ne m’avez créé que pour servir dans la liberté… 3. ff. 25-36v: Pericopes of the Gospels, that of John followed by the prayers, Protector in te sperantium…[Perdrizet, 25] and Ecclesiam tuam quesumus domine benignus illustra…; Passion according to John, followed by the prayer, Deus qui manus tuas et pedes tuos…; Oratio ad mariam virginem, Salve regina…[RH 18147] with versicle, response and prayer, Interveniat pro nobis quesumus domine iesu criste nunc et in hora mortis…; f. 36r-v, prayer added, s. XVII: Elevation ou Priere Tres devote a Jesu Crist agonisant que chacun peut dire Tous les Jours pour obtenir une heureuse Mort, Adorable Jesus que je me represente comme Si vous pendiez Encore Sur la croix… 4. ff. 37-96v [f. 37, ruled, but blank except for rubric]: Hours of the Virgin, use of Rome, with the short hours of the Cross, the Holy Spirit and the Conception [hymn at matins: Benedicta conceptio virginis matris Marie festivetur cum gaudio…(RH 2427)] worked in; ends with Salve Regina…[RH 18147] and prayers for the dead; ff. 87-91, weekly variations of the psalms at matins; ff. 91-96, Advent office; f. 96r-v, prayers added, s. XVII: Oraison, Dieu tres misericordieux Soutenez ma faiblesse…; Prose…de la Sainte Vierge, Vous Estes Sans Tache, Tres pure et Tres chaste O Marie…[rubric in the outer margin: Inviolata, Integra et Casta]; Oraison, Je vous suplie Seigneur de me pardonner les pechés… 5. ff. 97-110 [f. 97, ruled and blank, except for rubric and added prayers, s. XVII: Antienne a la Sainte Vierge, Sub tuum presidium, Je me mets sous votre protection…; Oraison, Accordez moi Seigneur Dieu s’il vous plaist…]: Penitential psalms and litany, including Berardus, Peter, Accursius, Adjustus and Otho [as one entry] as martyrs; Bonaventure and Jodocus among the confessors; the monks are Benedict, Francis, Anthony, Bernardinus, Dominic, Bernard and Louis; Clare among the virgins. 6. ff. 110v-136: Office of the Dead, use of Rome; f. 136v, ruled, but blank, except for rubric and antiphon. 7. ff. 137-144v: Suffrage of the Trinity; Ad patrem oratio sequitur, Pater de celis deus miserere nobis. Domine sancte pater omnipotens eterne deus qui coequalem consubstancialem…, Domine iesu criste fili dei vivi qui verus…, Domine spiritus sancte deus qui quoequalis [sic]…[HE, 124-25]; suffrage of the Holy Face; Ad mariam virginem oratio, Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Alia oratio ad mariam, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina mater…[Wilmart, 488-90]; Devota contemplatio beate marie virginis iuxta crucem filii sui lacrimantis…, Stabat mater dolorosa…[RH 19416] with versicle, response and prayer, Interveniat pro nobis quesumus domine iesu criste nunc et in hora mortis… 8. ff. 144v-154v: Suffrages of Michael, John the Baptist, John the Evangelist, Peter and Paul, James the Greater, All Apostles, Stephen, Lawrence, Christopher […michi famulo tuo N…], Sebastian, Many Martyrs, Nicholas, Claude, Anthony abbot, Francis, Roch, Anne, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Margaret, Barbara, Apollonia, Genevieve. 9. ff. 154v-174v: Prayers and devotions as follow: S’ensuyvent pluiseurs [sic] devotes louenges, petitions, oroisons et requestes qui a toute personne ayant entendement sont necessaires a dire a nostre seigneur iesu crist, Premierement tu diras au matin quand tu te leveras de ton lit, In matutinis domine meditabor in te quia fuisti adiutor meus, Gratias ago tibi domine omnipotens eterne deus qui me in hac nocte non meis meritis…; Quand tu seras hors de ta maison, Vias tuas domine demonstra michi…[for this and a similar set of prayers through Anima Christi see de la Mare, Lyell Cat., p. 73]; Quand tu prenderas de l’eaue benoite, Asperges me domine ysopo et mundabor…; Quand tu seras devant le crucifix antienne, Salva nos criste salvator per virtutem sancte crucis…with versicle, response and prayer, Crucem tuam adoramus et veneramur domine iesu criste…; Quand le prestre se retourne dy, Spiritus sancti gratia illustret et illuminet…; A l’elevation du corps de nostre seigneur, Anima cristi sanctifica me…[Leroquais, LH 2:340]; Quand on lieve le calice, Ave vere sanguis domini nostri iesu cristi qui de latere eius cum aqua fluxisti…[Wilmart, 378, n.]; Quand on prend le paix, Da pacem domine in diebus nostris…; Quand on voeult recepvoir le corps nostre seigneur iesu crist, Domine non sum dignus ut intres sub tectum meum sed tu domine qui dixisti…; Quand on l’a receu, Vera perceptio corporis et sanguinis tui…; Contre la tempeste, A domo tua domine spiritales nequitie repellantur…; Pour le roy, Deus regnorum et cristiani maxime protector imperii, da servo tuo regi nostro de hoste triumphum…; Pour impetrer graces des pechies, Exaudi quesumus domine supplicium preces et confitentium tibi parce peccatis…; Contre la tentation de la char, Ure igne sancti spiritus renes nostros…; Contre les malvaises pensees, Omnipotens sempiterne deus respice propitius ad preces nostras…; Pour quelque tribulation, Ineffabilem misericordiam tuam domine nobis clementer ostende…; Pour l’amy vivant en tribulation, Deus qui iustificas impium et non vis mortem peccatorum…; Pour ceulx qui sont en voiage, Adesto domine supplicationibus nostris et viam famulorum tuorum…; Pour nos biensfaicteurs, Pretende domine famulis et famulabus tuis dexteram celestis auxilii…; Pour les amis qui sont en necessite, Omnipotens sempiterne deus salus eterna credentium…; Pour le tien amy qui est mort, Suscipe piissime deus in sinu patriarche tui abrahe animam famuli tui N.…; Pour pere et mere, Deus qui nos patrem et matrem honorare precepisti…; Les vii vers sainct gregoire, Domine iesu criste adoro te in cruce pendentem…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Orison tres devote a dieu le pere, Mon benoict dieu ie croy de cueur et confesse de bouche…[Sonet 1150]; Oratio dicenda die sabbati ad honorem intemerate dei genitricis virginis marie, Missus est gabriel angelus ad mariam virginem desponsatam ioseph, nuncians ei verbum, Ave maria gratia plena dominus tecum…[Leroquais, LH 1:95], oratio, Te deprecor ergo mitissimam piissimam misericordissimam speciosissimam dei genitricem mariam semper virginem geminam ut in illo tremendo ac terribili iudicio…; Antiphona, De sororibus beate marie virginis, O nobile ternarium sanctarum sororum trium cuius nomen est maria…with versicle, response and prayer, Deus qui beatas mariam iacobi et mariam salome genitricis tue marie sorores…; Specialis salutatio ad beatam virginem mariam, Ave ancilla trinitatis ave filia sempiterni patris…[RH 1692] with versicle, response and prayer, Deus qui nos conceptionis nativitatis annuntiationis…; Oratio devotissima pro fidelibus defunctis in cimiterio inhumatis, Oratio defunctorum, Avete omnes anime fideles quarum corpora hic et ubique requiescunt…with versicle, response and prayer, Domine iesu criste salus et liberatio fidelium animarum…[the set in Leroquais, LH 2:341]; S’ensuyvent chincq belles oroysons que monseigneur sainct iehan l’evangeliste fist en l’onneur de la vierge marie dont nostre seigneur donne aulcuns benefices…, Mediatrix…, Auxiliatrix…, Reparatrix…, Illuminatrix…, Alleuiatrix…; S’ensuit le chapelet de iesus et de la vierge marie avec les grans tresors de grace inestimable…c’est assavoir que en l’an mil deux cens octante l’ange de dieu s’apparut a ung saint homme nomme iehan de fontaines natif de savoye…, Ave maria gratia plena…, Quem tu virgo castissima angelo nunciante de spiritu sancto concepisti…[ff. 175-177v, ruled, but blank; f. 177, former pastedown]. Parchment, ff. ii (contemporary parchment, ruled, but blank; f. i, former pastedown) + 177 (f. 177, former pastedown); 195 × 140 (125 × 82) mm. 1-46(through f. 24) 54(through f. 28) 68(through f. 36) 78 86 9-138 146(through f. 96) 15-198(through f. 136) 20-238 248(-7) 252. Catchwords written vertically along inner bounding line, usually in the hand of the text, but that on f. 128v in a noting hand; those on ff. 66v and 82v partially erased; quire and leaf signatures occasionally visible as letter of the alphabet and arabic numeral. 23 long lines, ruled in pale brownish ink; pricking usually visible. Written in a bâtarde script. Sixteen full page miniatures, enclosed by various styles of borders: f. 25 (Gospel of John), John on Patmos gazing upwards at the 7-headed beast, enclosed by a painted gold architectural frame; f. 29 (Passion according to John), Betrayal in a crowded garden, with Malchus on his knees and Peter sheathing his sword; the frame around the miniature is painted yellow to resemble the more normal burnished gold strip, with serrated top arch; outer border of multicolored acanthus leaves and flowers on a painted gold ground; in the lower margin, a coat of arms (see below); f. 37v (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation, with the owner kneeling at a prie-dieu, his armor decorated with his heraldic devices, and wearing the collar of the order of St. Michael (see below); the miniature is enclosed in a painted gold architectural frame; f. 44v (Lauds), Visitation, with 2 angels in the background; yellow frame around miniature as on f. 29; geometric border with blue and gold acanthus leaves and colored flowers; f. 52 (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion, with the Sun and the Moon, the 2 Thieves and a large crowd of soldiers; yellow frame around miniature as on f. 29; colored flowers and acanthus leaves against a painted gold ground form the border; f. 53v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost, within a painted gold architectural frame; f. 55 (Hours of the Conception), Mary, her hands together in prayer, surrounded by her attributes; yellow frame around miniature as on f. 29; outer border of flowers and acanthus on painted gold ground; f. 56v (Prime), Nativity, with the Baby lying on the hem of Mary’s cloak; enclosed by a painted gold architectural frame; f. 61 (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; yellow frame around miniature as on f. 29; border of colored flowers and acanthus leaves on a painted gold ground; in the lower margin, the owner’s coat of arms (see below); f. 65v (Sext), Adoration of the Magi; yellow frame around the miniature as on f. 29; geometric border of acanthus leaves and flowers; f. 70 (None), Presentation in the temple, enclosed by a painted gold architectural frame; f. 74v (Vespers), Flight into Egypt with the miracle of the cornfield in the background; enclosed by a painted gold architectural frame; f. 80v (Compline), Dormition of the Virgin, with John holding the palm leaf, Peter an aspergillum, the other apostles crowded about the bed, while Jesus approaches unseen; yellow frame around miniature as on f. 29; colored flowers and acanthus against painted gold ground; f. 97v (Penitential psalms), David watching Bathsheba as she bathes, while 4 women attend her with mirror, comb, ointment (?), and a bowl of fruit; her shoes and stockings lie on the ground; frame is painted gold architectural design; f. 110v (Office of the Dead), the Rich Man at dinner, with Lazarus approaching as the dogs lick his sores; on a larger scale than the other miniatures; enclosed by a painted gold architectural frame; f. 137 (De sancta trinitate), the Trinity as 2 identical figures for the Father and the Son, except that the Son is showing his wounds and the Father holds a globe; they support an open book, with the Dove above them; enclosed by a painted gold architectural frame. Smaller miniatures, 7-line, usually of a saint on a green tile floor, against a brocade cloth of honor, either brick red or blue: f. 26v, Luke; f. 27v, Matthew; f. 28, Mark; f. 31 (Passion according to John), Ecce Homo; f. 34 (Passion according to John), Crucifixion with Mary and John; f. 137v (prayer to the Trinity), the Father seated, holding the globe; f. 138 (prayer to the Trinity), the Son, standing and showing his wounds; f. 138v (prayer to the Trinity), Pentecost; f. 139v (Obsecro te), Pietà; f. 143 (Stabat mater), Crucifixion, in a slightly different pose from that on f. 34; f. 145, 2 miniatures: Michael and John the Baptist, the latter of 6-line height; f. 145v, 2 miniatures: John the Evangelist, and Peter and Paul; f. 146, James the Greater; f. 146v, Stephen; f. 147, Lawrence; f. 147v, Christopher; f. 148v, Sebastian; f. 149, Nicholas; f. 149v, Claude; f. 150v, 2 miniatures: Anthony abbot and Francis receiving the stigmata from the winged crucifix; f. 151, Roch showing sore to the angel; f. 151v, Anne teaching Mary to read; f. 152, Mary Magdalene; f. 152v, 2 miniatures: Catherine of Alexandira and Margaret; f. 153, Barbara; f. 153v, Apollonia; f. 154, Genevieve, with an angel lighting the Saint’s candle as a devil tries to put it out; f. 159v (Mon benoict dieu ie croy de cueur), Christ holding the Eucharist; f. 160v (Missus est angelus gabriel), the Moather and Child. The decoration of the calendar consists of 2 rectangular miniatures, one of the monthly occupation and one of the zodiac symbol, set into band borders along the outer and lower margins of the recto. 4-line initials in shaded pink, blue or brick red on a painted gold ground decorated with black ink dots and commas, the infilling of naturalistic flowers or berries. 2- and 1-line initials in painted gold on alternating blue or brick red grounds; ribbon and log line fillers in these same colors; initials in the text touched in yellow. Rubrics in red. Marginalia, s. XVII, up to f. 46v, with the “argument” of the psalms. Bound, s. XVIImed, in French red morocco with simple gold ruling; strips of manuscript music, s. XIII2, used as binding reinforcement; gilt edges. Written in France in the early sixteenth century. The first owner of the manuscript appears kneeling before the Virgin, wearing his coat of arms, on f. 37v; the same coat of arms, ensigned with the collar of the Order of St. Michael, in the lower margins of ff. 29 and 61: argent 3 lions rampant sable, on an escutcheon azure a fesse or between 6 billets or. An English (?) book dealer’s slip offset onto f. i verso. Bibliography: De Ricci, 102.
Abbreviations
de la Mare, Lyell Cat.
A. de la Mare, Catalogue of the Collection of Medieval Manuscripts bequeathed to the Bodleian Library Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (Oxford 1971)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
HE
C. Wordsworth, ed., Horae Eboracenses. Surtees Society 132 (1920)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
Perdrizet
P. Perdrizet, Le Calendrier parisien à la fin du moyen âge. Publications de la faculté de lettres de l’Université de Strasbourg 63 (Paris 1933)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Sonet
J. Sonet, Répertoire d’incipit de prières en ancien français. Société de publications romanes et françaises 54 (Geneva 1956)
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
All rights to the cataloguing and images in Digital Scriptorium reside with the contributing institutions.