Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 147

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THE BOOK OF VICES AND VIRTUES
England, s. XIV/XV
1. f. i: [added, s. XVIin] Account of the bounds of Cranborne Chase (a strip of land in Dorsetshire, Wiltshire and Hampshire), transcribed and discussed by Francis, pp. lxiii-lxviii. 2. ff. 1-113v: In þe name of þe fadre and of þe sone and of þe holy gost here ben þe ten comaundements of oure lord, þe first comaundement þat god comaundide was þis þou schalt not have dyuerse goddes…þat he vs lede in to his felawschippe þere þat is lifwiþouten ende. so mote it be. Amen. Here endeþ þ bok of vices & vertues.
Jolliffe A.1 (b). W. Nelson Francis, ed., The Book of Vices and Virtues. EETS os 217 (London 1942) from this manuscript; frontispiece reproduces HM 147, f. 1.
3. f. 114: [Christmas carol added in the same hand as art. 1] welcum welcum welcum christe redemtor omneum. Now ys cum owre saueowre/ and now hathe mare borne a flowre…Offryng with grete honnowre & reuerens/ Adoraverunt puerum.
IMEV 2334. Printed 3 times from this manuscript, the only known copy: H. C. Schulz, “A Christmas Carol,” HLB 6 (1934) 165-67; C. Brown, ed., Religious Lyrics of the XVth Century (Oxford 1939) 122 and note, p. 319; R. L. Greene, The Early English Carols, 2nd ed. (Oxford 1977) 5 and notes, pp. 334 and 344.
Parchment, ff. 1 (contemporary parchment) + 116 (f. 116 now back pastedown); 268-271 × 189 (198 × 118) mm. 1-148 154(4 now back pastedown). Catchwords in lower right margin; quire and leaf signatures in letters and arabic numerals. 42 long lines ruled in lead; some pricking visible in outer margins, particularly of quire 3. Written in an anglicana formata script. Opening leaf, f. 1, large letter þ trailing down 12-13 lines, formed of shaded leaves on a stippled gold ground; stiff U-shaped gold and color border expanding into regularly positioned strapwork, and decorated with blue, orange, green and pink leaves and flowers, including barbed multifoils, daisy buds and carnation buds; across the upper border, closing off the U, is a trailing vine of daisy buds. 19 other similar initials and bar borders the length of the text only, with trailing vines across upper and lower margins, one of daisy or carnation buds, the other of ivy leaves in color and gold. 5- to 2-line gold initials on white-patterned blue/pink grounds decorated on the cusped edges with 2 or 3 small blue or pink balls. Alternating red and blue paragraph marks, also used to set off the running headlines; jigsaw line fillers of the same colors. Contemporary repairs on portions of f. 17 (bearing the signature) and of f. 45 (where the border decorations continues from the leaf on to the repair). Corrector’s mark on f. 66. On f. 114v, a recipe written by the same person who wrote arts. 1 and 3. Marginalia in a fifteenth and in a late sixteenth century hand. Bound, s. XVI, in English stamped calf with Oldham’s roll HMc (5), recorded for 1539 and 1553, and with another unidentified roll; on both covers, the initials “T.M.”; remains of 2 fore edge catches; rebacked. Written in England at the turn of the fourteenth century. Owners’ notes in the book include: f. 113v, “Md de i libr. rem. in cus. Egidie Tanner [?] de fabul. cantuar. in festo sancti Gregorii pape Anno domini Ml CCCC[?] lxiido”; f. 116, now the pastedown, s. XV/XVI, “I. Tonk” (or “Touk”?); f. i verso, s. XVII, “Robertus Paynell de Grayes Inne Norfolciensis verus est dominus huius libri excellentissimi ultra omne pretium”; also on f. i verso, “Dec. 5th 1777. This curious MS was presented to Dr. Ducarel by Mr. Frank Smythies of Colchester.” Armorial book plate of Andrew Coltee Ducarel (1713-85) on the front pastedown; his sale, Sotheby’s, 3 April 1786, lot 1445 to Ingilby. Not identified in the descriptions of Ingilby manuscripts in HMC, Sixth Report, Appendix (1877) 352-95; sale of Lt. Col. Sir William Henry Ingilby, Bart. (1874-1950), Sotheby’s, 21 October 1920, lot 23 to Maggs, Cat. 404 (1921) n. 23 with plate of f. 1. Acquired from Maggs by Henry E. Huntington in March 1924. The incorrect mention in De Ricci of a fifteenth century owner, Nicholas Leigh, is probably due to confusion with lot 105 of the Ingilby sale, a Livre des Vices et des Vertues, which had also belonged to Ducarel, and is now Oxford, Bod. Lib., Lyell 47.
Secundo folio: lawes askeþ
Bibliography: De Ricci, 59.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
EETS os
Early English Text Society original series
HLB
Huntington Library Bulletin (nn. 1-11, May 1931-April 1937; superseded by Huntington Library Quarterly)
HMC
Historical Manuscripts Commission
IMEV
C. Brown and R. H. Robbins, Index of Middle English Verse (New York 1943) and Supplement by R. H. Robbins and J. L. Cutler (Lexington 1965)
Jolliffe
P. S. Jolliffe, A Check-list of Middle English Prose Writings of Spiritual Guidance. Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, Toronto, Subsidia Mediaevalia 2 (Toronto 1974)
Oldham
J. B. Oldham, English Blind-Stamped Bindings (Cambridge 1952)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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