Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 136

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BRUT CHRONICLE
England, s. XVmed
1. f. ii verso: [Epitome of English history from William I to Henry VI in 17 rhyming couplets, s. XVIin] Viribus armorum bastardus Willelmus agebat/ Ut rex Anglorum fieret quo iure volebat… 2. f. iv: [added, s. XVIin] Oratio bruti ad dianam, Diva potens nemorum terror silvestribus apris…[6 lines; Walther, Initia 4598]; Responsio diane ad brutum, Brute sub occasum solis trans gallica regna…[8 lines]; Sede sedens ista iudex inflexibilis sta…[4 lines; Walther, Initia 17466]; Epitaphium henrici secundi regis Anglie, Sufficit hic tumulus cui non suffecerat orbis…[10 lines; Walther, Initia 18695]; Epitaphium frederici imperatoris, Si probitas sensus virtutis gratia census…[3 lines; Walther, Initia 17866]; Nullus in orbe fuit homo vivens nec valet esse…[4 lines; part of the above?]; Funis cum lignis a te miser ensis et ignis/ hugo securis equus abstulit omne decus. [part of the above?] 3. ff. 1-158: Here may a man here that England was furst called Albion and thurgh whom it had the name, In the noble lande of Sirrie ther was a noble kyng and myghty and a man of grete renoune that me called Dioclisian…And þan þe kyng entered in to þe toune and rested hym in the Castell tyll þe toune was sette in rewle and in gouernaunce. [f. 156v, Continuation by a later hand:] [A]nd anone after that Rone was goten depe and many other tounes in baase Normandie…[A]fter kynge henry the v regned henry his sone but A childe and not fully A yere olde whos regne begane the first day of septembre// [f. 158v, ruled, but blank]
F. W. D. Brie, ed., The Brut, or the Chronicles of England. EETS os 131 and 136 (London 1906-08) 1-391 through A.D. 1419 and the continuation, 491-97. See also F. W. D. Brie, Geschichte und Quellen der Mittelenglischen Prosachronik The Brute of England oder The Chronicles of England (Marburg 1905) 5, 63, 110-11. For a list of the manuscripts, see L. M. Matheson, “The Middle English Prose Brut: A Location List of the Manuscripts and Early Printed Editions,” AEB 3 (1979) 254-66, including HM 136.
4. ff. 83v-86, 102v-130: [Prophecy added, s. XVIin, by the same hand as art. 1, in the lower margins; preamble:] Notandum est enim quod principalis auctor huius prophetie hic in sequentibus in margine per singula folia scriptum fuit spiritus sanctus qui inspiravit omnia secundum ordinem sicut sunt scripta ab auctore secundario videlicet a Canonico regulari secundum communem opinionem vulgi Quam febribus infirmatus istos versus sequentes composuit. [Rubric:] Per istos 12 versos sequentes ostenditur quomodo auctor iste secundarius dispositus recepit istam prophetiam. [Verses:] Febribus infectus requies fuerat michi lectus…[Commentary, on f. 84 only:] Et est sciendum quod sequens ista prophetia dividitur in tres partes vel distinctiones secundum quod auctor iste secundarius tres pausaciones facit et excusaciones de infirmitate capiti sui…[f. 86:] Ex hirco taurum gignet et cetera. Quere de residuo istius in alio folio 16mo quomodo ibi declarat de principio Regis Edwardi de Wyndesor…[f. 102v:] Sole sagittante frigido boree remeante…Divine legis fiet meditatio regis// [the 17th and last line of this chapter cropped].
T. Wright, Political Poems and Songs relating to English History. RS 14 (London 1859) 1:123-201; HM 136 lacks the last 4 chapters, nor does it contain the 6 verses of distinction 2, chapter 6 occurring, for example, in University of Chicago Library 697, as mentioned by P. Meyvaert, “John Erghome and the Vaticinium Roberti Bridlington,” Speculum 41 (1966) 656-64, especially 661. See also M. J. Curley, “The Cloak of Anonymity and The Prophecy of John of Bridlington,” Modern Philology 77 (1980) 361-69, with a list of the manuscripts, HM 136 not included.
5. f. ix: [Medical recipes, added s. XVIin:] The medycyn off kyng henry the viiith for the pestelens wych hath helyd vxx persons…; For the colik & the stone…; For a mangey hors…; For to stanch blood…
Parchment, ff. i (paper) + v (parchment, of which the first is a former pastedown) + 158 + ix (parchment) + ii (paper); 286 × 190 (208 × 130) mm. 1-198 208(-7, 8). Catchwords underlined in brown ink, and on f. 24v in red ink; quires and leaves signed in letters and roman numerals. 42-39 long lines (44 on ff. 156v-158), frame ruled in dry point, but in ink on ff. 9-16 (quire 2) and ff. 17 and 24v (outer side of outer bifolium of quire 3). Written in a secretary script. On f. 1, C-shaped bar and foliage border in gold, green, blue and pink with black ink sprays terminating in green and gold balls. 2-line initials in blue with red flourishing; plain blue 1-line initials; blue paragraph marks; rubrics in red throughout. Contemporary side notes. Erasure in the lower margin of f. 100v of the text which is also copied in the margin of f. 83v, but here lacking the 6th verse. Notes on front flyleaf vi verso and back flyleaf ix verso: “fol. inscript. s. 26” (?); on f. 1, “pr. 1l 13s 4d.” On back flyleaf viii verso, a large trial calligraphic initial with faces; similar smaller trial flourish on f. 158. Bound, s. XIX, in ¾ English diced russia with marbled boards and endpapers; stains from 2 earlier fore edge clasps on outer leaves; on former pastedowns, stains from wooden boards of a previous binding. Written in England in the middle of the fifteenth century. Twice the name of John Leche, s. XVex or s. XVIin appears, possibly by the same person who copied arts. 1 and 4: on front flyleaf iii, “Liber Johannis Leche”; on back flyleaf i, “Liber Johannis Leche de Wico Malbano in Com. Cestr.” (Nantwich, Cheshire). Other books owned by this and later John Leches are: Oxford, Trinity College 13, 14, 16a and 49; Sotheby’s, 12 December 1966, lot 216; London, Brit. Lib. Add. 41321; Sotheby’s, 6 December 1971, lot 141. A series of scribbles in the same sixteenth century hand in the upper margins of every few leaves throughout the book often contains the name of Dorothy Helbarton: e.g. f. 50, “Thys ys Dorethe helbartun Boke And she wyll apon ym loke”; f. 85, “Mystrys barnarde gave her this boke”; f. 106, “Who gave her thys mare her mother”; f. 120, “Loke on thys boke and tell me woes yt ys turne over and loke”; f. 121, “mystrys dorethe I tell the.” Other sixteenth century notes: back flyleaf vii verso, “Franciscus Dorington huius liber possessor legittimus”; back flyleaf viii verso, birth notices of Arthur Cole (27 November 1519) and Ursula Cole (10 March 1521). Seventeenth century owners: front flyleaves iii and iv, “Joseph Sond”; front flyleaf vi, “Will Persall”; f. 1, “George Culcheth his Booke 1666“ and “1681 J. Bagnalls.” A large “No. (5)” occurs on front flyleaf iii and back flyleaf viii verso. Thorpe catalogue (1836) lot 252; Sir Thomas Phillipps’ name and the date 1858 on front flyleaf iii; his MS 8858. Acquired privately by Henry E. Huntington through A. S. W. Rosenbach in 1923.
Secundo folio: vnder our fadres
Bibliography: De Ricci, 56.
Notes
1 We are indebted to Miss Pamela Robinson for knowledge of the Oxford and London manuscripts.

Abbreviations
AEB
Analytical & Enumerative Bibliography
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
EETS os
Early English Text Society original series
RS
Rolls Series
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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