Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1346

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BOOK OF HOURS, Sarum use
England, s. XIV1
1. ff. 1-6v: Calendar, with major feasts in blue, secondary in red, and lesser in ink of text; the entries of the most important feasts have been traced over in gold; note the feasts of Cuthbert (20 March), Augustine of Canterbury (26 May, in red), Boniface (5 June, in red), Albanus (22 June, in red), Etheldreda (23 June, in red), Translation of Thomas of Canterbury (7 July, in red), Translation of Cuthbert (4 September), Translation of Edward confessor (13 October, in red), Frideswide (19 October, in red), Edmund archbishop (16 November, in blue), Edmund king (20 November, in blue); entries added in a later hand are: “Sancti Dunstani archiepiscopi. Obitus domini Johannis de Clifford militis” (19 May), and “Obitus thome de schobholl Anno domini M CCC lxv [?]” (17 July). 2. ff. 7-84v: Hours of the Virgin, Sarum use, missing the opening leaves of matins (before f. 7), lauds (before f. 22), terce (before f. 55), none (before f. 65), vespers (before f. 69) and compline (before f. 77); suffrages after lauds of the Holy Spirit, the Trinity, the Cross, Michael, John the Baptist, Peter and Paul, John the Evangelist, Edmund king and martyr, Lawrence, Stephen, Nicholas, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Margaret, All Saints, for peace; after compline are the Salve Regina and the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui gloriose virginis et matris marie corpus et animam…[HE, 62-63]. 3. ff. 85-118v: Penitential psalms, gradual psalms and litany, including Edmund king, Oswald, Albanus, Denis and Maurice among the martyrs; Dunstan, Hilary, Martialis, Leonard, Maurus and Botulph among the confessors; Etheldreda, Sexburga, Anne, Anastasia, Mildred, Thecla and Frideswide among the virgins. 4. ff. 119-184v: Office of the Dead, Sarum use; one leaf missing before f. 131 with loss of text. 5. ff. 185-186: [added, s. XIV-XV] Un apostolie fu iadis ke out une mere ke mout fu tenu par prode femme de tote gent…en la manere cum vous avez fet serrunt sauvez. Dieu seit gracie. Oratio, Deus qui es nostra redemptio in terra promissionis…
A version of this trental printed from MS Ff.6.15 by P. Meyer, “Les Manuscrits français de Cambridge,” Romania 15 (1886) 236-357, esp. pp. 282-83; the prayer for deliverance of the soul and the Holy Land printed by R. W. Pfaff, “The English Devotion of St. Gregory’s Trental,” Speculum 49 (1974) 75-90, esp. pp. 82-83.
6. f. 186v: [added, s. XIV-XV, in a different hand from above] Les advousouns que sonnt en les mayns mon sieur le c. de D., iii portionns en l’esglise de Dodsam, l’esglise de Sotton Courtenay…[listing 35 churches, chapels and chantries, mainly in Somersetshire and Devonshire, with a few in Berkshire such as Sutton Courtenay; 3 are later additions]; Les Advousouns des esglises que serraunt en les mayns mon sieur le count,…[lists another 3]. 7. f. 187: [added, s. XVin] Prophecia hermerici ab origine mundi vi m D xxxvi. Est hermericus in historia almannorum sicut merelinus in historia Britanorum. Lilium in meliori parte annis multisque remanebit et veniet in terram leonis…et filius hominis accipiet signum mirabile et transibit ad terram promissionis. Exposicio eiusdem hermerici: Lilium Rex Francie, leo Flandria, Filius leonis dux Flandrie…
A version of the prophecy of the Lily, the Lion and the Son of Man is printed by J. H. Todd, The Last Age of the Church by John Wyclyffe (Dublin 1840) p. lxxxiv; see also Ward, Cat. of Romances 1:314, passim; and R. Taylor, Political Prophecy in England (New York 1911) 61, n. 21.
8. f. 187v: [added, s. XVin, in the same hand as the prophecy] Ces sont les pointz par out le Pape Iohannes [XXIII] feu deposez par la generalle conseille c’est a ssavoir par ses Cardinals legats et cubiculers la veille de corpus christi l’an du grace M CCCC xv…Item que le dit Pape enpoisona les deux Antecessers c’est a ssavoir Innocentz et urban.
Parchment, ff. ii (early parchment) + 187 + ii (early parchment); 190 × 115 (113 × 72, measurement of the ruling immediately surrounding the written space) mm. 16 212(-1) 312(-5) 410 58 612(-9, before f. 55) 712(-8, before f. 65) 812(-1, before f. 69 and -10, before f. 77) 96(through f. 84) 10-1112 1210(through f. 118) 1312 1412(-1, before f. 131) 15-1712 188(through f. 185) ff. 186-187, contemporary flyleaves. Catchwords in the script of the text (ff. 38v, 165v) or in a small noting hand (17v, 28v, 141v) and usually covered by the decoration. Leaf signatures, when present, in varying systems: ff. 32-33, slashes (roman numerals?) in the far right corner; ff. 58-63, letter of the alphabet and roman numerals; ff. 97-102, roman numerals within a space formed by the ruling; ff. 131-135, roman numerals in the center lower margin. 12 long lines, with complex ruling which includes horizontal rules for the text, bounding lines around the text space, a narrow ruled strip in the 3 outer margins and additional rules at the outer edge of all 3 outer margins; all ruling, both horizontal and vertical, is formed of 2 parallel lines, pink and green. Pricking in the intersections of the marginal strips, but no longer present in the outer margins. Written in a gothic book hand, set between the rules. Five historiated initials survive (presumably of an original 11), to some extent mutilated by effacing and by slashing with a knife: opening leaves of matins and lauds, before ff. 7 and 22 respectively, missing; f. 47 (Prime), 7-line, Christ before Pilate, but all the faces are completely scraped off; opening leaf of terce, before f. 55, missing; f. 60 (Sext), 6-line, Crucifixion, the face of a kneeling figure at the right is scraped, and the leaf bears a large Y-shaped knife slash; opening leaves for none, vespers and compline, before ff. 65, 69 and 77 respectively, missing; f. 85 (Penitential psalms), 7-line, by a more capable artist, Christ enthroned holding globe and blessing, slashed with a knife; f. 103 (Gradual psalms), 5-line, a figure, kneeling before an altar, prays to God who appears above; the face of the figure is obliterated; f. 119 (Office of the Dead), 7-line, Funeral mass with a woman watching; slashed by a knife; f. 137 (the first lesson of the Office of the Dead), 2-line, a face. 2-line initials in white-decorated blue or pink on grounds of the other color, filled with colored trilobe leaves on a gold ground. 1-line initials in gold against blue or pink grounds and infilling of the other color. Ribbon line fillers in blue, pink, gold and orange-tinged red decorated with geometric designs, trilobe leaves or grotesques. Rubrics in red. Full borders on all pages: up to f. 38v (end of quire 4), they consist of cusped pink and blue segments across the top and the sides, with a large grotesque forming the lower border; from f. 39 on at the occurrence of a 2-line initial, the borders are of pink and blue segments in bracket form, with the fourth side given by a single-strand colored vine; after f. 38v, pages without 2-line initials have full borders solely of the single-strand colored vine. 2 coats of arms and various grotesques or decorative elements across the lower margin of every page. The borders in the calendar consist of wide bands broken by medallions of faces in the outer border, and of the monthly occupation and signs of the zodiac in the lower margin; birds perch along the cusping of the outer border, which terminates in a grotesque in the upper right corner; one coat of arms in each lower border of the calendar. Bound in old black leather over bevelled wooden boards. Written in England in the first half of the fourteenth century; it has been suggested that the “count de D.” on f. 186v is to be identified with Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devonshire (d. 1419). See J. Backhouse, The Madresfield Hours (The Roxburghe Club, 1975), especially Appendix, pp. 30-33, for a list of 24 other books of hours made for English owners between about 1240 and the middle of the fourteenth century (this manuscript not listed). On the front pastedown, a square label bearing, within a blue circle, the pressmark “A. III. 72.” Quaritch Gen. Cat. (1880) n. 8557; Howell Wills sale, London, 1894, n. 375 to Quaritch. Quaritch catalogues: 144 (1894) n. 33; 149 (1895) n. 11; 154 (1895) n. 167; 193 (1899) n. 173; 211 (1902) n. 62. Belonged to George Clifford Thomas (1839-1909); his Catalogue (Philadelphia 1907) p. 33. Obtained by Henry E. Huntington from A. S. W. Rosenbach in February 1926. Bibliography: De Ricci, 108.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
HE
C. Wordsworth, ed., Horae Eboracenses. Surtees Society 132 (1920)
Ward, Cat. of Romances
H. L. D. Ward, vol. 3 by J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London 1883-1910)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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