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HM 1344

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BOOK OF HOURS, Sarum use
Flanders, s. XVIin
1. ff. 1-12v: Full calendar, including the feasts of David (1 March), Chad (2 March), Erkenwald (30 April, in red), Crown of Thorns (4 May), John of Beverley (7 May), Etheldreda (23 June), “Festum nivis” (5 August, in red), Transfiguration (6 August), Holy Name (7 August), Etheldreda (17 October), Frideswide (19 October), Winifred (3 November), Translation of Erkenwald (14 November), Osmund (4 December); erasures at 5 January, 29 December (Thomas of Canterbury) and of the qualifier “pape”; Latin month verses at the end of each month [Walther, Initia 8953]. 2. ff. 13-17 [f. 13, blank]: Pericopes of the Gospels, that of John followed by the prayer, Protector in te sperantium…[Perdrizet, 25]; f. 17v, ruled, but blank. 3. ff. 18-33v [f. 18, blank]: Passion according to John; These prayers folewynge ought for to be sayde or ye departe out of your chamber at your uprysynge. De sancta trinitate, Auxiliatrix sis michi trinitas sancta deus in nomine tuo…me indignum famulum tuum N.…; Whan thou goost firste oute of thy house blysse the saynge tus, Crux triumphalis domini nostri ihesu christi ecce vivifice crucis…; Deus qui tres magos orientales…[short version of HE, 75]; Ad crucem, Crucem tuam adoramus et veneramur…[de la Mare, Lyell Cat., 372, n. 75]; Whan the prest tourneth after the lavatorye, Spiritus sancti gratia illustret et illuminet…[de la Mare, Lyell Cat., 398, n. 395]; At the levacion of oure lorde, Anima christi sanctifica me…[Leroquais, LH 2:340; for the succession of this and the 2 preceding prayers, see Lyell MS 30, f. 307v]; Whanne thou entrest in to the church say thus, Domine in multitudine misericordie tue introibo…[beginning as in Ps. 5, 8]; Whan thou takest holy water say thus, Aqua benedicta sit michi salus…; Wan thou begynnest to pray say thus knelynge, Discedite a me maligni…; O bone ihesu tu novisti et potes et vis bonum anime mee…; Ascendat ad te domine deus oratio mea…; Pro carnali dilectione, Domine libera animam meam a carnali dilectione…; Pro temptacione carnis, Domine ihesu christe rex virginum integritatis amator…; Pro vera penitencia oratio, Omnipotens sempiterne deus precor te ut non permittas me perire…; hora prima, Domine deus qui nos ad principium huius diei pervenire fecisti…[through the hours of the day]; Oratio sancti augustini in nocte, Deus pater noster qui ut oremus hortaris…; Oratio sancti anselmi, Domine deus meus si feci ut essem reus tuus…; Pater noster qui es in celis…; Ave maria gratia plena…; Credo in deum patrem omnipotentem…; Confitebor tibi domine ihesu christe…; Suscipere dignare domine deus omnipotens has orationes quas ego indigna peccatrix decantare desidero…; Whan thou resceyvest the pax say thus, Da pacem domine in diebus nostris…; Whan thou shalt receyve the sacrament, Domine non sum dignus ut intres sub tectum meum sed tu domine qui dixisti…; Whan thou haste receyved, Vera perceptio corporis et sanguinis tui…; To gete grace for syn, Exaudi quesumus domine supplicum preces et confitencium…; Ayenst evyll thoughtes, Omnipotens mitissime deus respice propicius ad preces nostras…; For the kynge, Deus regnorum christiane maxime protector imperii da servo tuo N. regi nostro de hoste triumphum…; For thy frendes lyvynge, Deus qui iustificas impium…; For wayfaringe men, Adesto domine supplicationibus nostris et viam famulorum tuorum…; For frendes in sekenes or in necessite, Omnipotens sempiterne deus salus eterna credentium exaudi nos pro famulo tuo seu pro famula tua N.…; For thy fader and moder deed, Deus qui nos patrem et matrem honorare precepisti…; For thy frende dat is dede, Suscipe piissime deus in sinu patriarche tue abrahe animam famuli tui N.…; For all lyvynge and dede, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui vivorum dominaris simul et mortuorum… 4. ff. 34-72v [f. 34, blank]: Incipiunt hore beate marie virginis secundum usum sarum; suffrages after lauds of the Holy Spirit, the Trinity, the Cross, Michael, John the Baptist, Peter and Paul, Andrew, John the Evangelist, Lawrence, Stephen, Thomas of Canterbury (cancelled), Nicholas, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Margaret, Many Apostles, All Saints, for peace; hours of the Cross worked in; following compline are the Salve Regina, the set of versicles, Virgo mater ecclesie…and the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui gloriose virginis et matris marie…[HE, 62-63]. 5. ff. 72v-111v: Prayers as follow: Gaude virgo mater christi que per aurem concepisti…[RH 7013], and the prayer, Deus qui beatissimam virginem mariam in conceptu…[HE, 64]; Gaude flore virginali honoreque speciali…[RH 6810] with the prayer, Dulcissime domine ihesu christe fili dei vivi qui beatissimam gloriosissimam humilem benignam et pulcerrimam virginem mariam matrem tuam…[HE, 66]; De profundis clamavi…with versicles and prayer; O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina mater misericordie…et esto michi miserrime peccatrici…[Wilmart, 488-90]; Alia oratio, Sancta maria dei genitrix semperque virgo benedicta…[HE, 68]; Oratio de virgine maria, Obsecro te…et michi famule tue impetres…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Sancta maria regina celi et terre mater domini nostri iesu christi…; Stella celi extirpavit…[RH 19438] with versicle, response and prayer, Deus misericordie deus pietatis deus indulgentie qui misertus es…; Ad elevationem corporis christi salutatio, Ave verum corpus natum de maria virgine…[Wilmart, 373-76]; Ave ihesu christe verbum patris filius virginis…[Wilmart, 412]; In presentia sacrosancti corporis et sanguinis tui domine iesu christe tibi commendo me miseram famulam tuam N.…[HE, 71-72]; oratio, Domine ihesu christe qui hanc sacratissimam carnem…[Wilmart, 378, n.]; Sancta trinitas unus deus…[HE, 72]; Deus qui superbis resistis et humilibus das gratiam…[HE, 72]; Deus qui liberasti susannam de falso crimine…[HE, 73]; Domine ihesu christe qui me creasti…[HE, 73]; Domine ihesu christe qui solus es sapiencia tu scis que michi peccatrici expediunt…[HE, 73]; Rex iaspar, rex melchior, rex baltasar rogo vos per singula nomina…, with versicle and prayer, Deus illuminator omnium gentium…[HE, 74]; Trium regum trinum munus christus homo deus unus…, with versicle and prayer, Deus qui tres magos orientales…[HE, 74-75]; O Domine iesu christe eterna dulcedo te amancium iubilus…[the 15 O’s of St. Bridget; HE, 76-80]; To all them that before the ymage of pyte devoutly say…, Adoro te domine ihesu christe in cruce pendentem…[Leroquais, LH 2:346, in the order 1-2, 4-7, 3], with versicle and prayer, Benignissime domine iesu christe respice super me miseram peccatricem…; Dominus papa sixtus quartus composuit…, Pie crucifixe redemptor omnium populorum…propicius esto michi peccatrici et exaudi preces famule tue…, followed by 5 prayers referring to the wounds of Christ, each ending “super me N. peccatrice,” and with the final prayer, Deus qui voluisti pro redemptione mundi nasci et circumcidi a iudeis reprobari…[HE, 82-83]; Sequitur oratio sancti bernardini confessoris ordinis minorum, O bone iesu, o dulcis iesu, o iesu fili marie virginis…propicius esto michi peccatrici…[Wilmart, ‘Jubilus’]; O rex gloriose inter sanctos tuos…, with versicle and prayer, Deus qui gloriosissimum nomen iesu cristi…[HE, 84-85]; Sanctifica me domine iesu christe signaculo tue sancte crucis…[de la Mare, Lyell Cat., 62]; Antiphona, Angele qui meus es custos…[Wilmart, 554-58], with versicle and prayer, Deus qui sanctorum angelorum tuorum…, and O sancte angele dei minister celestis imperii…[Wilmart, 552 and 581]; suffrages of James the Greater, James the Less, Sebastian, Christopher, George, Martin, Anthony abbot, Francis, Anne, Barbara, the 11,000 Virgins, Apollonia, All Saints; A devoute prayer in englysshe, O gloriosus iesu, o mekest iesu, O most swettest iesu, I pray the tha I may have true confession…[HE, 85]; O the moost sweteste spouse of my soule crist iesu desiring hertely evermore for to be with the…[HE, 86]; Iste orationes debent dici in agonia mortis per sacerdotem pro infirmo in mutando verba. Et quilibet potest dicere pro semetipso sicut hic stat. Et dic primo kirieleison,…, Oratio, Domine iesu christe per agoniam et orationem tuam sanctissimam…, Tercio dic,…et me famulam tuam…; oratio, Domine iesu christe qui redemisti nos precioso sanguine tuo scribe in aniam mea…; Oratio ad patrem, Pater de celis deus miserere nobis. Domine sancte pater omnipotens eterne deus qui coequalem…, Domine iesu christe fili dei vivi qui es verus…, Domine spiritus sancte deus qui coequalis…[to the Trinity; HE, 124-25]; Oratio bona cotidie dicentibus revelatione divina transmissa uni monaco de bynhym circa annum domini M.cccc.lxxxv…, Deus propicius esto michi peccatrici et esto custos mei omnibus diebus vite mee…[HE, 125]; Ad sanctum gabrielem oratio, Precor te et princeps egregie gabriel fortissime…[Wilmart, 580]; Oracio ad sanctum raphaelem, Auxiliare michi et tu princeps obsecro eximie raphael…[Wilmart, 580-81]; Benedicat me imperialis maiestas…[HE, 88]; A [sic] blyssed trinite fader sonne ond holy goost, thre persones and one god, I byleve with myn herte…[HE, 86-87]; O lorde god almightye all seynge all thynges knowynge wysdome and sapyence of al, I poore synner…[HE, 87-88]. 6. ff. 112-128v [f. 112, blank]: Penitential psalms, gradual psalms (cues only of the first 12), and litany, including Edmund, Denis, Maurice and Gereon among the martyrs; Edward, Albanus, Swithun, Birinus, Erkenwald, Dunstan and Cuthbert among the confessors; Afra, Edith, Osyth, Winifred, Frideswide, Gertrude, Othilia, Bridget, Ursula and Wilgefortis among the virgins; Sequuntur versiculi sancti bernardi, Illumina oculos meos…[RH 27912]; Ihesu fili dei omnium conditor…[3 prayers, each with a Pater noster and an Ave Maria]; Oratio, Omnipotens sempiterne deus parce metuentibus…; Peto domine ihesu christe largire michi in amore tuo…; Domine iesu christe ego cognosco me graviter peccasse…; Oratio, Deus qui culpa offenderis… 7. ff. 129-149 [f. 129, blank]: Office of the Dead, Sarum use, with variations for the liturgical year. 8. ff. 149-159: Commendation of souls (Pss. 118, divided into sections, and 138) with the prayer, Tibi domine commendamus animam…; Avete omnes anime fideles…[Leroquais, LH 2:341]; Oratio ad sanctam crucem, Salve salve rex sanctorum…[RH 18170]; Salve salve iesu bone…[RH 18166]; f. 159v, ruled, but blank. 9. ff. 160-167v: Psalms of the Passion (Pss. 21-30, 6; here all in full); Respice quesumus domine super hanc familiam tuam…; Interveniat pro nobis domine ihesu christe apud tuam clementiam…; Oratio, Beati iohannis apostoli tui et evangeliste quesumus domine deus noster nunc et in hora mortis nostre…[these 3 as one prayer, HE, 115]; Ave benigne ihesu gratia plenus misericordia tecum…[HE, 116]. 10. ff. 167v-177v: Psalter of St. Jerome: Beatus ieronimus hoc modo disposuit…, Verba mea auribus percipe…, and the prayer, Dona michi queso omnipotens deus ut per hanc sacrosanctam psalterii celestis melodiam…[HE, 116-23]. 11. ff. 177v-183: Oratio ad sanctum ieronimum antiphona, Ave amator quam famose…, with versicle and prayer, Deus qui gloriosum confessorem tuum ieronimum…; Oratio sancti gregorii pape, Dominator domine deus omnipotens qui es trinitas in filio [sic]…[PL 101:589-591]; Incipit rosarium beate marie virginis, Ave maria gratia plena…; f. 183v, ruled, but blank. Parchment, ff. iii (modern parchment) + 183 + iii (modern parchment); 215 × 160 (126 × 90) mm. 1-26 38(+1, f. 13 and 6, f. 18) 48 54(-4) 68(+1, f. 34 and 7, f. 40) 78 86(+1, f. 52, and 5, f. 56 and 8, f. 59) 96(+2, f. 62 and 5, f. 65 and 8, f. 68) 10-148 158(+3, f. 112) 168 178(+3, f. 129) 18-238. 20 long lines, ruled in pale red ink. Written in a gothic book hand. Twelve full page illuminations of mediocre quality on the verso of inserted singletons, blank on the recto, except for 6 lines of text on f. 40. Full borders on the miniature page and the facing text page usually of naturalistic flowers, birds and insects against a thin yellow-gold wash. The miniatures are: f. 13v (Gospel of John), John on Patmos, the eagle holding his pen case, with a vision of the Virgin and Child on a crescent in the sky; in the lower margin, John in the pot of oil; f. 18v (Passion according to John), Man of Sorrows sitting on the inner edge of the tomb with the emblems of the Passion around him; historiated margins on ff. 18v-19 depict Gethsemane, Betrayal, Christ before Pilate, Flagellation, Mocking of Christ, Road to Calvary and Veronica, Nailing to the Cross, and Pietà; f. 34v (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation; in the margins of ff. 34v-35, the tree of Jesse; f. 40v (Lauds), Visitation; f. 52v (Prime), Nativity; in the margins of ff. 52v-53, gothic architecture with a peasant dance across the lower border of f. 52v; f. 56v (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; f. 59v (Sext), Adoration of the Magi, one of whom is black; in the margins of ff. 59v-60, gothic architecture; f. 62v (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 65v (Vespers), Massacre of the Innocents; f. 68v (Compline), Flight into Egypt, with the miracle of the cornfield in the background; f. 112v (Penitential psalms), Last Judgment with Christ sitting on a rainbow, Mary and John on either side and, below them, the resurrection of the dead and a hell-mouth; f. 129v (Office of the Dead), Raising of Lazarus; in the borders on ff. 129v-130, gothic architecture forming compartments containing skulls or hooded monks. Small miniatures, 7-line, with C-shaped strewn borders: f. 15, Luke; f. 15v, Matthew with a compartmentalized border filled with naturalistic flowers; f. 16v, Mark; f. 24v (to the Trinity), Gnadenstuhl; f. 75 (O Intemerata), Mary and John at the foot of the cross; f. 149 (Commendation of souls), an angel protecting the small naked soul of a dead man from the devil; f. 160 (Psalms of the passion), Jesus kneeling in prayer on the cross, his hands tied together, while God the Father watches from above; f. 168 (Psalter of St. Jerome), Jerome beating his chest with a rock before a crucifix, with the lion beside him; f. 178 (Prayer of St. Gregory, Dominator domine), Mass of St. Gregory; f. 180v (Rosary), Mary and Child on a crescent in a mandorla formed of the beads of a rosary. Major initials, 5-line, as brown or dark green branches against variously colored grounds; that on f. 35 (Hours of the Virgin) in white-patterned blue with red and gold infilling against a brown and gold ground. Secondary initials, 2- and 1-line, in shaded white leaf patterns against a gold-decorated terra cotta ground; ribbon line fillers in the same colors. Rubrics in pale red. Bound, s. XIX, by Riviere in black morocco, decorated with various tools, gold dots and circular inlays of light brown morocco; gilt edges. Written in the early sixteenth century in Flanders for export to England; a number of feminine forms (ff. 31, 75v, 78v, 82, 84v, 92v, 93, 95v, 106v, 108v) indicate that it was intended for a woman. Obtained by Henry E. Huntington from A. S. W. Rosenbach in 1926. Bibliography: De Ricci, 107.
Abbreviations
de la Mare, Lyell Cat.
A. de la Mare, Catalogue of the Collection of Medieval Manuscripts bequeathed to the Bodleian Library Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (Oxford 1971)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
HE
C. Wordsworth, ed., Horae Eboracenses. Surtees Society 132 (1920)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
Perdrizet
P. Perdrizet, Le Calendrier parisien à la fin du moyen âge. Publications de la faculté de lettres de l’Université de Strasbourg 63 (Paris 1933)
PL
J. P. Migne, ed., Patrologia latina
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)
Wilmart, ‘Jubilus’
A. Wilmart, “Le ‘Jubilus’ sur le nom de Jesus dit de Saint Bernard,” Ephemerides liturgicae 57 (1943) 1-285

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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