Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1343

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GRAND COUTUMIER, in Latin; DECISIONS OF THE NORMAN EXCHEQUER
France, s. XIV1
1. ff. 1-89v: Incipit liber de iuribus et consuetudinibus normannorum, [Second prologue:] Cum ineffrenare cupiditatis malicia humanum genus ardore suo insaciabili teneat irretitum…, [f. 1v, Text:] De iure, Ius itaque quoddam est naturale…[f. 43v:] Incipit secunda pars huius libri De querelis et legibus, Post predicta de querelis agendum est et legibus per quas ipse querele habent terminari…usque ad quindecimum diem post submonitionem factam. Explicit textus consuetudinum normannorum.
The text generally corresponds to that published by E. J. Tardif, Coutumiers de Normandie, vol. 2, “La Summa de Legibus Normannie in curia laicali” (Rouen-Paris 1896, repr. Geneva 1977) 2-341; it contains the end of the chapter “De lege apparenti” and the chapter “De prescriptione” (third family). On ff. 18v-20, the treatise of consanguinity with tables, beginning “Quia tractare intendimus de consanguinitate et eius gradibus de arboribus consanguinitatis exponere ad eius evidenciam pleniorem…”; in the margins, by the same scribe as the main text, are decisions of the Exchequers of Falaise, Rouen and Caen, and a few of the Parliament of Paris, dating up to 1299; also in the margins: on f. 68r-v, letter of the prelates of Normandy to Philip Augustus on matters of patronage, for which see A. Teulet, Layettes du Trésor des Chartes (Paris 1863-66) 1:310-11, n. 828; on f. 76, ordinance of St. Louis on tithes (here, March 1279) and the relative document of Philip IV (1294), for both, see Ordonnances des Roys de France de la Troisième Race, vol. 1, ed. E. J. de Laurière (Paris 1723) 102-03 and 325.
2. ff. 89v-97v: Decisions of the Exchequers of Falaise, Rouen and Caen, 1207-1237.
Similar groups of texts edited by L. A. Warnkoenig, Französische Staats- und Rechtsgeschichte (Basel 1848) 2:70-119.
3. ff. 98-100v: Proceedings of the assize of Rouen, 1205.
Cf. Léchaudé d’Anisy, “Grands rôles des Echiquiers de Normandie,” Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de Normandie 15 [1841?] 151-68.
4. ff. 100v-101v: [added by another hand, in French] Exchequer, session of Michaelmas, 1282, and in Rouen, 1291. 5. ff. 101v-102v: [added by the same hand as art. 4; first prologue and chapter list:] Cum nostra sit intentio in presenti opere iura et instituta normannie in quantum poterimus declarare…et eius que pertinent ad ipsam reprimendam. Capitula prime distinctionis prime partis hec sunt, De iure, De iurisdictione…De lege desrasnie, De legibus.
First prologue, printed by Tardif, op. cit., pp. 1-2. The chapter list in this manuscript lacks 2 headings of chapters which are in the text: “de officio senescalli” (in the text, ff. 3v-4v, between “de iusticiario” and “de officio vicecomitis”) and “de exercitu” (in the text, ff. 17v-18v, between “de forisfacturis” and the treatise on consanguinity, followed in turn by “de successione”).
Parchment, ff. i (modern paper) + 102 + i (modern paper); 220 × 160 (155 × 103) mm. 1-128 136. Catchwords in lower right corner, enclosed in frames, usually retraced in red; quires and leaves signed in red with letters of the alphabet and roman numerals; an arabic “2” marks the beginning of the second half of the quire. 2 columns of 27 lines, ruled in lead with single bounding lines, and all horizontal lines full across. Pricking visible in upper and lower margins, slash form. Text written between, not on, the lines. Written in a gothic book hand. Space reserved, f. 1, ca. 90 × 120 mm., presumably for a miniature. Opening initial, f. 1, 5-line, parted blue and pale green with red leaf filigree as infilling; secondary initials, 2-line, alternating red with purple penwork or blue with red; alternating 1-line red and blue initials in the chapter list. Red rubrics and paragraph marks throughout. On ff. 19-20, 2 columns of 48 lines; on ff. 19v-20, tables of consanguinity. Guide letters and rubrics in black ink in a noting hand in the margins have not been erased. Bound, s. XIX, in English polished brown calf, ruled in blind; same binding on HM 127 and 1342. Written in France in the first half of the fourteenth century. Belonged to Edward Herbert, first Baron Herbert of Cherbury (1583-1648), whose calligraphic monogram, “E” superimposed on an “H,” appears on f. 1, along with the indication of price. He bequeathed his Latin and Greek printed books to Jesus College, Oxford; see C. J. Fordyce and T. M. Knox, “The Library of Jesus College, Oxford,” Proceedings of the Oxford Bibliographical Society 5 pt. 2 (1937) 53-115; the plate following p. 72 shows Herbert’s monogram and price notation. His manuscripts were left to his grandson, Edward, the third Baron; later they belonged to George Charles Herbert, 4th Earl of Powis (1862-1952); his sale, Sotheby’s, 20 March 1923, n. 199 to A. S. W. Rosenbach; acquired from him by Henry E. Huntington in February 1926.
Secundo folio: quod dicitur
Bibliography: De Ricci, 106. Legal Manuscripts, n. 4.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Legal Manuscripts
Legal Manuscripts and Printed Books: a Sequence Illustrating the Development of English and American Law for the Visit of the American Bar Association, July 19, 1935 at the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California (San Marino 1935)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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