Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1342

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HISTORICAL MISCELLANY
England (?), s. XVmed
1. ff. 1v-2v: Copia littere magni teucri misse domino pape, Magno sacerdoti romanorum iuxta merita dilectionem. Nuper auribus nostris intonuit quod in partibus italie ad preces et ad postulaciones venetorum in basilicis nostris [sic] facitis publice divulgari quod quicumque sumpserit arma contra nos et nostros suorum in seculo remissionem peccatorum eisque beatam vitam promittitis in futurum…intendimus pertransire et septentrionem plagam presertim circa croaciam et dalmaciam visitare. Datum Anno Machameti Mo in introitu Mensis Celidon. [f. 3, blank]
The letter protests hostilities of the Venetians against those who descend from the Trojans, progenitors also of the Romans, and against those who accept Christ as a prophet; it threatens war to avenge the loss of Crete.
2. f. 3v: List of the contents of the manuscript, with 3 additions in a later hand: “copia littere magni teucri ad papam in folio precedenti [placed before the original entries]; Item de dedicacione ecclesie Westmonasterii per beatum petrum; Item tractatus de pestilencia orta in Anglia anno millesimo ccc xlviiio” [these 2 entries written at the end of the list, but with a tie mark to their relative position in the manuscript; the treatise on the plague in England was apparently never copied]. 3. ff. 4-15v: Incipit vita Ade, Post casum luciferi qui superbia inflatus ait, Ponam sedem meam in aquilone…[f. 6:] Cum autem Adam et Eva expulsi essent de paradiso voluptatis fecerunt tabernaculum…simul cum corpore et anima numquam de cetero morientur sed regnabunt per infinita secula seculorum. Amen. Explicit vita ade.
W. Meyer, ed., “Vita Adae et Evae,” Abhandlungen der Münchner Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philos.-Philol. Klasse, 14.3 (1878) 187-250; S. Harrison Thomson, “A Fifth Recension of the Latin ‘Vita Ade et Eve’,” Studi Medievali ser. 3, vol. 6 (1933) 271-78, printing part of the text from this manuscript. See also M. E. B. Halford, “The Apocryphal Vita Adae et Evae: Some comments on the manuscript tradition,” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 82 (1981) 417-27, listing 73 manuscripts, including HM 1342.
4. ff. 16-23v: [title added in the margin, de invencione veronice] In diebus Tyberii claudii sub tetracho poncio pilato traditus fuit christus Iudeis…ipse regit nos et det nobis adiutorem et perducat nos ad vitam eternam qui es laudabilis et benedictus et gloriosus in secula seculorum. Amen. Et sic est finis.
Related by M. R. James, The Apocryphal New Testament (Oxford 1924) 159-60 as “Vengence of the Saviour.”
5. ff. 24-63v: [title added in the margin, Gesta Romanorum moralizata] Pompeyus rex dives et potens valde unicam filiam pulcherrimam habebat…et sic eternam coronam finaliter optineamus Quod nobis concedat deus noster iesus christus in secula seculorum. Amen. Et sic est finis huius.
H. Oesterley, ed., Gesta Romanorum (Berlin 1872); the chapter sequence of this manuscript appears most similar to Oesterley’s III, Cod. Götting. Luneb. 46, fol.; see his pp. 16-17. Following the Göttingen chapter numbers, this manuscript is in the following order: 1-6; 8; 7; 9-17; ff. 35v-36v, the moralization alone, relating to the Balance (not the one printed by Oesterley on pp. 331-34); 19-26; 43; 45; 27-29; 33-35; f. 50r-v, unidentified, although beginning in the same manner as 36; 30-32; 36-42; 44; f. 60r-v, unidentified, referring to Alexander; 47-49. See J. T. Welter, L’Exemplum dans la littérature religieuse et didactique du moyen âge (Paris 1927) 373 n. to supplement Oesterley’s list of manuscripts.
6. ff. 64-65: [added by a different hand] De dedicacione [word expunged] ecclesie Westmonasterii per beatum petrum Apostolum angelis eidem ministrantibus nocte dominica xi kalendis Aprilis Anno domini vic iiiito, [T]empore quo rex Adelbertus qui regnavit in Cancia predicante beato Augustino fidei sacramenta susceperat…mox tam diu artis caruit beneficio donec confessus reatum et ablatum restituerat et promittere correccionem.
Ailred of Rievaulx, Vita Sancti Edwardi Regis; PL 195:755-757.
7. ff. 65-67: [added by the same hand as art. 6] Item de revelacione beati Petri Apostoli ac de Dedicacione ecclesie Westmonasterii et de litteris inclusi cuiusdam ad sanctum et gloriosum regem Edwardum directis, [E]rat vir quidam dilectus deo et hominibus qui Specu subterraneo multis annis inclusus suorum erat…quia non solum ut supra diximus celestis visionis oraculo sed etiam antiquissimi attestacione miraculi istum ei didicit pre omnibus cariorem.
Ailred of Rievaulx, Vita Sancti Edwardi Regis; PL 195:752-755.
8. f. 67v: hii versus scribuntur Rome in porta sancte marie transtiberim, Roma vetus veteres dum te rexere quirites…
Walther, Initia 16879.
9. ff. 68-99v: [entitled in the contents list, f. 3v, Cronica de fundatoribus et mirabilibus Rome] Sicud dicit orosius in cronica sua quod a mundi creatione usque ad urbem conditam…[f. 99v, De pynea que stabat in Roma,…:] Ita quod a longe quasi aureus mons videbatur cuius pulchritudo ad huc cernitur ad sanctum// [Catchword, “petrum”; f. 100r-v, blank except for the rubric Indulgentie at the top of f. 100]
Apparently breaks defectively with the end of this quire. The compilation is mainly of historical nature with at least certain sections derived from the later versions of the Mirabilia Romae; it contains: a chronology, a mention of the kingdoms of Babylon, Carthage, Greece and Rome; a history of Rome beginning (f. 70v) with Aeneas; from f. 75 on, a description of Rome discussing: Muri, Porte, Arcus triumphales, Pontes, Montes, Palatia, Capitolium, Templa (including the Coloseum as “templum solis”), and Caballi marmorei; on f. 82v, a return to the historical material, from the kings of Rome through a relatively long section on the Punic wars; the vision of the Virgin and Child (Ara Coeli) shown to Octavianus by the Tiburtine Sibyl; Cimiteria; information on the Tiber, including a reference to a flood on 30 November 1422; descriptions of the offices of Primicerius, Secunderius, Nomenculator, Arcarius, Secellarius and Bibliothecarius; on the Columns of Antoninus and Trajan; on the pine cone said to have covered the opening in the roof of the Pantheon. Orosius is the only source cited by name.
10. ff. 101-113: [list of the churches in Rome with their relics and indulgences] Sanctus Silvester scribit in cronica sua quod Rome fuerunt mille quingente quinque ecclesie…in via pelegrinacionis degressu vel ingressu ab omnibus peccatis mortalibus et venialibus veraciter est absolutus. Amen. Et sic est finis harum indulgenciarum. Deo gracias. Amen. [f. 113v, blank] 11. ff. 114-132: [entitled in the contents list, f. 3v, Cronica de translacione Imperii Romani ad almanos] Multipharie multisque modis dominus universorum in diebus sue carnis dignatus est honorare Romanum imperium…[f. 118, lines 9-11] sicud scriptum est oculos habent et non videbunt et cetera. Sunt quidem temporis huius clerici et layci…sic ego nullam puto admiscuisse falsitatem petens veniam cum humilitate de <cancellation> erratis. Amen deo gracias sic est finis huius voluminis. [ff. 132v-133v, blank]
H. Grundmann, ed., Alexander von Roes, De translatione imperii und Jordanus von Osnabrück, De prerogativa romani imperii. Veroffentlichungen der Forschungsinstitute an der Universität Leipzig (Leipzig 1930). This manuscript lacks the prologue to Jordanus of Osnabrück’s treatise and runs straight on into the work of Alexander of Roes, ending incompletely at p. 33 line 25 of the printed text.
12. ff. 134-165v: Section on Catholic hierarchy, broken down as follows: [f. 134: on papal jurisdiction] In urbe Romana sunt Quatuor ecclesie patriarchales sive Cathedrales…; [ff. 134v-137v: list of Christian emperors and kings] Imperatores christiani sunt duo scilicet Imperator Romanorum…; [ff. 137v-139v: list of types of religious orders] Infrascripti sunt ordines Religiosorum per Romanam ecclesiam approbati…; [ff. 139v-165v: Provincial] In civitate Romana sunt quinque ecclesie que patriarchales dicuntur…Archiepiscopus Cambaliensis in dominio tartarorum creatus de novo per dominum C. papam quintum. Et sic est finis huius provinciale.
The Provincial includes lists of presbiter and deacon cardinals, archbishops with their suffragans, a passage on the dignity of Jerusalem, and a list of bishops of the Holy Land. A slightly variant form of the Liber Provincialis appears in Matthew Paris, Chronica Majora, RS 57 pt. 6 (1857) 446-63.
13. ff. 166-175v: [Johannes Jacobi, Regimen contra pestilentiam] Ad honorem sancte trinitatis ac virginis gloriose et ad utilitatem rei publice ac pro conservacione sanorum et reformacione lapsorum volo aliquid de pestilencia scribere ex dictis medicorum magis autenticorum breviter complilandi [sic]…Et hec dicta quo ad pestilenciam sufficiant. Ergo si quis <cancellation> se rexerit secundum modum predictum huius morbi contagiosi seu pestilencie periculo evadere poterat Prestante domino nostro ihesu christo sine quo nichil potest fieri qui est benedictus in seculorum secula. Amen. Et sic est finis.
Edited, although in a form different from HM 1342, by K. Sudhoff, “Pestschriften aus den ersten 150 Jahren nach der Epidemie des ‘schwarzen Todes’ 1348. XVIII, Pestschriften aus Frankreich, Spanien und England,” Archiv für Geschichte der Medizin 17 (1925) 12-139, and especially 23-29. On the authorship of the treatise, see A. Klebs and K. Sudhoff, Die ersten gedruckten Pestschriften (Munich 1926) 141-59.
14. ff. 176-187: [Peter of Eboli; title added in the margin, Nomina balneorum in terra laboris] Incipiunt nomina et virtutes Balneorum putheoli et Bayarum sicud in libro decimo Oribasii vetustissimi Medici continentur, [Prologue:] [I]nter opes operum deus est laudandus in illis…[Text:] De Balneo Sudatorii, Absque liquore domus bene sudatoria dicta…Pauper in augusto nemo poeta fuit/ Ebolei vatis cesar reminiscere vestri [sic]/ Ut possit nati scribere facta tui.
For an edition of the text, see J. M. D’Amato, “Prolegomena to a critical edition of the Illustrated Medieval Poem De Balneis Terre Laboris by Peter of Eboli (Petrus de Ebulo),” unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1975. For a list of manuscripts, see C. M. Kauffman, The Baths of Pozzuoli: A Study of the Medieval Illuminations of Peter of Eboli’s Poem (Oxford 1959) 21-22.
15. f. 187v: Diagram of the vices from Avaricia to Dolus.
Paper with deckle edges (a variety of watermarks, of which the most probably identifiable is Briquet, Fleur 6385, Vicenza 1429; some of the other watermarks may also be Italian); ff. i (modern paper) + 187 (ff. 1-3, contemporary parchment flyleaves) + i (modern paper); 225 × 145 (approx. 140 × 90) mm. Collation beginning at f. 4: 112(through f. 15) 28(through f. 23) 3-512 68(through f. 67) 7-812 98(through f. 99) 1014(through f. 113) 1112 128(through f. 133) 1310 1412 1510(through f. 165) 1610(through f. 175) 1712. Catchwords only occasionally present, written horizontally in inner corner. 24-27 long lines, frame ruled in dry point or faintly in lead with single bounding lines; pricking visible in all 4 margins. Possibly as many as 8 cursive hands: i, f. 3v; ii, ff. 4-15v; iii, ff. 16-23 and 134-165v; iv, ff. 24-63; v, ff. 68-99v and 114-132; vi, ff. 101-113; vii, ff. 166-175v; viii, ff. 176-187. Initials, 2- and 1-line, in ink of text, sometimes with cadel decoration; on ff. 24-28, touches of red in the opening initials, initials in the text and lines through the rubrics. The later additions to the text, ff. 1v-2v, 3v, 64-67, 187(note) and other marginalia by at least 2 hands are in an English script; ff. 1v-2v and 64-67 have 32-33 long lines to the page, ruled in lead; the script is a textura quadrata; rubrics in red. Bound, s. XIX, in English polished brown calf, ruled in blind; same binding on HM 127 and 1343. Written after 30 November 1422 when a flood of the Tiber, mentioned of f. 99, occurred. The manuscript may have been written in Italy given the watermark and the subject matter, but was in England soon thereafter as shown by the added material in distinctly English hands, some of which pertains to Westminster; it is attributed to Westminster by Ker, MLGB, 197, with a question mark. Belonged to Edward Herbert, first Baron Herbert of Cherbury (1583-1648), whose calligraphic monogram, “E” superimposed on an “H,” appears on f. 4; his indication of price is on f. 1. He bequeathed his Latin and Greek printed books to Jesus College, Oxford; see C. J. Fordyce and T. M. Knox, “The Library of Jesus College, Oxford,” Proceedings of the Oxford Bibliographical Society 5.2 (1937) 53-115; the plate following p. 72 shows Herbert’s monogram and price notation. Herbert’s manuscripts were left to his grandson, Edward, the third Baron; later they belonged to George Charles Herbert, 4th Earl of Powis (1862-1952); his sale, Sotheby’s, 20 March 1923, lot 338 to Rosenbach; acquired from him by Henry E. Huntington in February 1926.
Secundo folio: [f. 5, Text] gloria quanto
Bibliography: De Ricci, 106.
Abbreviations
Briquet
C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes: dictionnaire historique des marques du papier…1282 jusqu’à 1600, facs. of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. A. Stevenson (Amsterdam 1968)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Ker, MLGB
N. R. Ker, Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (London, 2nd ed. 1964)
PL
J. P. Migne, ed., Patrologia latina
RS
Rolls Series
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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