Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 134

View all images for this manuscript

WYCLIFFITE NEW TESTAMENT
England, s. XV1
1. f. 1: [Portion of a table of readings from the Epistles and Gospels arranged for the liturgical year, here only the last 6 entries for the proper of saints] //Seynte edmund king, Ecclesiastes xxxi, b, blessid is a as on seynt valentyn dai in feverer; luce xiiii, f, if ony man comeþ ende by my disciple…Seynt lyne pope & martyr, ebreus v, a, Ech bishop taken ende of melchisedech; luce xixo, b a worþi man went ende up to iherusalem.
Forshall and Madden 4:696.
2. ff. 1-160v: Here bigynneþ a prolog on mathew, Mathew þat was of iudee, as he is set first in ordre of þe gospellers, so he wroot first þe gospel in iudee…[f. lv, Text:] Capitulum 1m, The booc of þe generacioun of ihesu crist þe sone of David þe sone of abraham…he seiþ þat beriþ witnessing of þes þingis, ȝhe amen. I come soone amen come þou lord ihesu þe grace of oure lord ihesu crist be wiþ ȝou alle amen. [added:] Finito libro sit laus et gloria christo. [added:] Amen I pray god.
Forshall and Madden, vol. 4, the New Testament in the later Wycliffite version in the normal order of the Vulgate, excluding the letter to the Laodiceans and with Jerome’s prologues for each book. In the outer and inner margins, letters in red indicate beginnings of the lessons, while a double red slash shows the end; in the text itself, the appropriate beginning and ending words are scored through in red, to implement the table of Epistle and Gospel readings of art. 1. Contemporary corrections to the text in the margins, possibly enclosed in red or blue frames (e.g. ff. 38v, 64, 96v, 102v). For lists of manuscripts, see Forshall and Madden 1:xxxix-lxiv and C. Lindberg, “Manuscripts and Versions of the Wycliffite Bible,” Studia Neophilologica 42 (1970) 333-47, including HM 134.
Parchment, ff. ii (early modern paper) + 160 + ii (early modern paper); 201 × 145 (160 × 103) mm. Loss of text in art. 1 suggests possible missing quire (of four leaves?) at the beginning of the volume. 18(-1 through 6) 2-208 216. Catchwords in the extreme inner corner of each verso; those at the end of a quire centered below the second column and often enclosed by red ink frames (e.g. ff. 2v, 10v, 18v); quire and leaf signatures presumably of letters and roman numerals scarcely visible on ff. 78, 109, 125 and 155-157 only. 2 columns of 38-36 lines, frame ruled in ink with single bounding lines; in the margins, another frame of single rules, except in the lower margin where a double rule serves to position the catchwords; running headlines along the rule in the upper margin; faint horizontal rules in lead on ff. 9v-11v delineating space for the minims. Pricking occasionally visible in the 3 outer margins. Written in a small textura semi-quadrata. Competent 6- or 5-line parted red and blue initials infilled with void leaf designs (e.g. ff. 1v, 23, 36v) and with red and violet flourishing on the initial and terminating the cascade borders which run the length of the text and occasionally across the upper margin (e.g. f. 74). 3-line blue initials with red flourishing at the prologues and chapters; red paragraph marks, rubrics and running headlines, these last set off by blue paragraph marks. Erased geometric design on f. 9v and stick figure on f. 39v. Many notes in the margins, now erased, include: in one hand of the end of the fifteenth or early sixteenth century: f. 10, “thomas Movld”; f. 35v, “Thomas”; f. 99, “Thomas S [?]”; in the second hand possibly of the seventeenth century: f. 28v, “Thomas smith is”; f. 125v, “Thomas <?> and <?> owner of this booke for he <?>”; a later hand: f. lv, “<?> Oxonbridge [?] page 4 <?> this translacion in English <?>”; f. 57v (not erased), “this is in the Siriac but it is not in the Greeke” and “this is neither in the Siriac nor in the Greeke.” Some stains from damp. Bound, s. XVIII, in tan calf, gold tooled with a crest of a sheaf of wheat stamped on both covers and along the spine; gilt edges. Written in England in the first half of the fifteenth century. Possible early owners were the Thomas Mould and the Thomas Smith who signed their names in the margins of the book. Armorial bookplate of Sir Ashton Lever on the front pastedown; probably to be identified with n. 286 in his sale, Sotheby’s, 29 May 1786. Bought October 1920 by Quaritch; Quaritch Handlist, February 1923 n. 6 (?). Acquired by Henry E. Huntington from Sessler. Bibliography: De Ricci, 56.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Forshall and Madden
J. Forshall and F. Madden, eds., The Holy Bible…in the Earliest English Versions Made from the Latin Vulgate by John Wycliffe and his Followers (Oxford 1850)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
All rights to the cataloguing and images in Digital Scriptorium reside with the contributing institutions.