Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1336

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MEDICAL RECIPES, in English
England, s. XVmed
1. f. 1: For ye Emerawdis…, For alle maner hote gowtte
Two medical recipes, possibly the last of a series begun on a previous quire, now missing.
2. ff. 1-2v: Here begynnyn ye namys of herbis in latyn & also in englis, Artamessia, Matertera, Mater herbarum [bracketed to:] Moderworte…
Latin-English herbal glossary of approximately 130 entries.
3. ff. 2v-18v, 29-34v: Forto make water of lyne, Recipe Notmuges glowes galingale ye seed of ye cardmoyn…& if you felle it sore ley yerto rotes stampid welle of smalache & do yus tille you be hole.
Approximately 220 recipes in no readily discernible order, giving recipes for the same illness or affliction in various places; included are several nonmedical recipes: pigments (f. 3v), an incantation against the “fallynge euylle” (ff. 8v-9), red or green sealing wax (f. 12), a charm against being deceived in the market place (f. 13), rat poison (f. 14), ink and glue for parchment (f. 15), indices to determine if a sick person will die (f. 32).
4. ff. 19-28v: //tak sowpernewode & hony eysel & powne yt togeder…For alle manere brosynge, nyme persely rote & al & sowrebred//
A quire from another manuscript, beginning and ending defectively, and lacking its center bifolium, now containing approximately 168 recipes, arranged somewhat more systematically than those of art. 3, here proceeding roughly from the head downwards and treating each subject in one place; the latter part of this text lists beneficial herbs and harmful behaviours for different parts of the body; non-medical recipes in this section: indices to determine if a sick person will die (f. 27), rat poison, egg-white ink legible only by candle light, method of preparing eggs so hard that they will not break when thrown against a wall, herbs to make chickens seem dead, means of making a man seem headless, how to make white crows (these 6 on f. 27v).
5. ff. 34v-35: Of thundrynge in diuerse tymis of ye ȝere, If it thundire in ye monthe Ianeuere it betoknyth gret wyndis & habundance of fruet & gret batelle…If it thundere in ye monthe of decembre it toknith finalle pace & good reste & pese amonge cristen men.
Similar text in M. Förster, “Beiträge zur mittelalterlichen Volkskunde,” Archiv für das Studium der Neueren Sprachen 128 (1912) 287-88.
6. f. 35: Howe diuerse ȝeres oftyn fallyn throw chonging of dais, If sunday falle on ye kalendes of Ianereuer [sic] yat signifieth hot somer…If kalendes of Ianeuere falle on saterday copiouse wyndis drie somere dere qwhet diuerse seknesse.
Similar, but shorter text in Förster, p. 295.
7. f. 35: Good dais to be lat blode, Hosoeuer blede on ye rith hande ye xvii day of marche…also hoso bled on sent lamberte day he xalle not haue ye fallynge euyll god scheld vs yerfro. 8. f. 35r-v: In ye ȝere arn xxxii perlouse dais, In qwich if a man falle seke he xalle not liue…In ye monthe of Ianeuere ius, ii, iiii, v, xv, x, xviii day…In ye monthe of Decembre vi, vii, xv day.
Similar text of the dies nefastae or egyptiacae in W. R. Dawson, ed., A Leech-book or Collection of Medical Recipes of the Fifteenth Century (London 1934) 328.
9. ff. 35v-36: How ye xalle be gouernd euery month in ye ȝere, In ye monthe of Ianeuere qwhit wyn is good to drynke & blodletynge forebere for ye vii perlouse dais, in ye monthe of feuerere potages of hokkes to etyn is goode…and hoso gouerne his yat monthe welle it xalle be gret hele to hym all ye next ȝere folwyng on warentise. Explicit goode gouernanse quod symon. Nunc scripsi totum pro christo da michi potum. Iste liber constat Roberto Taylour de Boxforde. Omnibus omnia non mea sompnia dicere possum. Quod symon Wysbech scolaris cantabrig. inceptor canonum et legens sive studens in iure canonico. Symon Wysbech studens in iure canonico. Hec predicta scripsit benedicatur deus. [f. 36v, blank]
Similar text in Dawson, pp. 58-62.
Parchment, ff. i (modern parchment) + i (medieval parchment) + 36 + i (medieval parchment) + i (modern parchment); 216-219 × 145 (167-178 × 110) mm. 110 28(through f. 18) 312(-6, 7) 48; leaves signed in roman numerals. 30-34 long lines, frame ruled in ink. Written by Symon Wysbech in an anglicana script; 1-line initials beginning art. 2 slashed in red; rubrics, paragraph marks and line fillers in red. Rough sketch of 2 faces, f. 13. In quire 3 (ff. 19-28) of separate origin, no leaf signatures, ruling or red decoration; copied by a different hand. Bound, s. XIX, in green parchment over pasteboards, gold tooled. Flyleaves, once the wrappers of the book, from a late fourteenth century or early fifteenth century English liturgical book, possibly a missal: “Ite missa est” on the front flyleaf and blessing for meals on the back flyleaf; 208 × 145 (160 × 105) mm., 20 long lines, 2- and 1-line red initials, red decoration along the outer border of the back flyleaf. Written in England, both the main text and the inserted quire (ff. 19-28), in the middle of the fifteenth century. The main text copied for Robert Taylor of Boxford (Suffolk) by Symon Wysbech, a student of canon law at Cambridge (not identified in Emden, BRUC); Wysbech’s name and English forms such as “xalle,” “qwich” point to East Anglia. On the modern front flyleaf, a description of the manuscript, signed “T” (or “J”?), possibly copied from a bookdealer’s catalogue, referring to “Bohn, a former possessor”; this may be Henry George Bohn (1796-1884), the bookdealer, publisher and bibliographer. HM 1336, however, does not appear in his famous “Guinea” catalogue (1841) nor in his sales by Sotheby’s, 10 February 1868 or 9 May 1870. Erased inscription, ca. 1900, on the front pastedown, “J. M. Da Costa from B. Coxe.” Acquired by Henry E. Huntington from A. S. W. Rosenbach in February 1926.
Secundo folio: lentigo
Bibliography: De Ricci, 105.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Emden, BRUC
A. B. Emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Cambridge to 1500 (Cambridge 1963)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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