Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 128

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PRICK OF CONSCIENCE; PIERS PLOWMAN; etc.
England, s. XVin
1. ff. 1-16v, 25-32v, 17-24v (these 2 quires reversed in binding), 33-94; [Prick of Conscience] Here bugynneþ þe prologe on the Prikke of consciencie þat ferst telleþ of goddes power, The myght of the fadur of heuene/ the wyt of the sone wyth hys ȝyftes seuene…[f. 4v:] Here bigynneþ þe ferste part of þis book þat telleþ of mannys wrecchidnesse, The ferste part of þis book is soþnesse/ ys ymad of manny wrecchidnesse ffor whan god al þyng had mad of nought/ than of þe foulest matere man was wrought…[f. 10v:] Here bigynneþ þe secunde part þat telleþ of þe condycioun & of þe unstablenesse of this world, Al þis world as ymay vndurtake/ our lord god made for mannys sake…[f. 26v:] Here bigynneþ þe þridde part of þis book þat telleþ of deþ, Deþ is þe most dreadful þing that is/ in all the world as þe bok witnesseþ ywys…[f. 20v:] Here bigynneþ þe feorþ part of þis book þat telleþ of purgatorie, Many man spekeþ as he in boke redeþ/ of the place of purgatory ac fewe it dredeþ…[f. 42v:] Here bigynneþ þe fifþe party of this book, In this party me may of ten thynges rede/ the whiche towcheþ þe grete day of drede…[f. 69v:] Here bigynneþ þe sixte party of þis book þat spekeþ of þe peynes of helle, Many man spekeþ and telleþ of helle/ ac the peynes þerof fewe con telle…[f. 77v:] Here bigynneþ þe seuenþe party of þis book þat telleþ openly of þe ioyes of heuene, Many men coueyten the blys of heuene/ ac fewe þe right wey þeder draweþ euene…To þe which he vs brynge/ that for our loue maked all þynge. Amen. Here endet þ prikke of conscience. [f. 94v, blank]
IMEV 3429; Southern Recension; R. Morris, ed., The Pricke of Conscience. The Philological Society (Berlin 1863), from London, Brit. Lib., Cotton Galba E. ix; see also Stacy Waters, “The Pricke of Conscience: The Southern Recension, Book V,” unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Edinburgh, 1976; Allen, Writings, 373, n. and 539-40; R. E. Lewis and A. McIntosh, A Descriptive Guide to the Manuscripts of the ‘Prick of Conscience.’ Medium Aevum monographs n.s. 12 (Oxford 1982) 146-47.
2. ff. 96r-v, 95: //than drede went wyȝtly and warnede fals/ and badde hym fle for fere and his felawes alle…Or togreden after goddes men. Whan ȝe delen doles/ In aduenture ȝe hauen ȝoure hire here. And ȝoure heuene als/ Nesciat sinistra manus quid faciat dextra. [f. 95v, blank]
Fragment of Piers Plowman, B-text, ii, 208-iii, 72. IMEV 1459. Leaves rejected by scribe and order reversed; see R. B. Haselden, “The Fragment of Piers Plowman in Ashburnham No. CXXX,” Modern Philology 29 (1932) 391-94, and pl. of ff. 96, 121.
3. ff. 97-112v: Dominica prima adventus domini sequencia, Salus eterna. Istam sequenciam cantat ecclesia dominica prima adventus domini quia in ea memoria agitur de adventu. Salus fidei generis est integritas corporis. Et dicitur de hoc sal…Sed certe debet vocari ita et non eta, ut ipsi greci testantur. Et scribitur hoc nomen IHC cum tribus literis propter misterium ternarii numeri.
An exposition of sequences which presents some similarities to the printed text, Expositio sequentiarum secundum usum Sarum [Cologne: H. Quentell, 1495]; Copinger 2386.
4. ff. 113-205: [Piers Plowman, B-text] In a someres seysoun whan set was the sunne/ y schoop me into shrowdes as y a sheep were…and sende me hap and hele tyl y haue peris þe ploghman/ and siþ he gradde after grace tyl y gan awake. Explicit visio petri ploughman.
Corrections in the hand of the scribe over erasures; text on ff. 156-161v disordered. IMEV 1459; W. W. Skeat, ed., The Vision of William Concerning Piers the Plowman, by William Langland. EETS os 38 (London 1869) particularly xxi-xxiii for description of HM 128; G. Kane and E. T. Donaldson, eds., Piers Plowman: The B Version (London 1975), from Cambridge, Trinity College B.15.17, with variants also from this manuscript; see pp. 9-10 for description of HM 128. See also R. W. Chambers, “The Manuscripts of Piers Plowman in the Huntington Library and their Value for Fixing the Text of the Poem,” HLB 8 (1935) 1-25.
5. ff. 205-216: [Siege of Jerusalem] Here begynneth þe seege of ierusaleem & how it was destroyed, In tyberyes tyme the trewe emperowr/ Sere cesar hym seluen seysyd in rome…Wente synggyng awey & lefte woo there/ And hool reedyn to rome yblessyd be god almyȝty. Amen.
IMEV 1583; E. Kölbing and M. Day, eds., The Siege of Jerusalem. EETS os 188 (London 1932), from Oxford, Bod. Lib., Laud misc. 656, with variants also from this manuscript; see pp. viii-ix for description of HM 128. G. Guddat-Figge, Catalogue of Manuscripts containing Middle English Romances (Munich 1976) 303-04.
6. ff. 216v-219: [How the Good Wife Taught her Daughter] The goode wif taught hir doughter fele tyme & ofte gode woman for to be, Doughter ȝif þou wilt ben a wif & wiseliche werch/ Loke þat þou loue well god & holy cherch…Her blessyng mote þou haue & wele mote þou thryue. Wele is þe childe þat thryue may my der childe. Explicit expliciat ludere scriptor eat.
IMEV 671; T. F. Mustanoja, ed., The Good Wife Taught her Daughter; The Good Wyfe wold a Pylgremage; The Thewis of Gud Women (Helsinki 1948), with Cambridge, Emmanuel College, MS I.4.31 as the basis; HM 126 also edited in full; see pp. 102-05* for description. Also printed from this manuscript by F. Madden, ed., How the Goode Wif thaught hir Doughter (London 1838); by W. C. Hazlitt, Remains of the Early Popular Poetry of England (London 1864) 1:180-92; by C. Hindley, The Old Book Collector’s Miscellany (London 1872; reprint of Madden) 2:1.
Parchment, ff. i (contemporary parchment) + 219 + i (contemporary parchment); the foliation originally included the first flyleaf; in the 1930s the foliation changed to begin with the first leaf of the text, therefore many printed references to this manuscript advance by 1 the current foliation. 240 × 168 (205 × 135; 205 × 140 in art. 3) mm. 1-278 (quires 3 and 4 reversed) 28 (3 leaves of uncertain structure). 40 long lines in arts. 1, 2, 4; 2 columns of 61 lines in art. 3; 55-65 lines in art. 5; 30 lines in art. 6. Ruling in lead, most of which is no longer visible, with single bounding lines. Written possibly by as many as 6 scribes in anglicana scripts with occasional secretary forms; Latin quotations in art. 1 in a bastard anglicana: i, ff. 1-94, first 22 lines of f. 96, 113-120 (art. 1, parts of 2 and 4); ii, f. 95 and the remainder of f. 96r-v (art. 2); iii, ff. 97-112v (art. 3); iv, ff. 121-205 (remainder of art. 4); v, ff. 205-216 (art. 5); vi, ff. 216v-219 (art. 6). Opening initial by skilled hand, f. 1, 8-line parted red and blue, infilled with vine and leaves, and extended along the inner margin by a red and blue cascade. Opening initial, f. 113, 12-line parted red and blue with flourishing of both colors. In art. 1, the Parts begin with 6- to 4-line parted red and blue initials and flourishing of both colors; in arts. 1, 2 and 4, 3- and 2-line initials in blue with red flourishing; paragraph marks of both colors; Latin biblical verses underlined in red; running headlines, often cropped. In arts. 3, 5 and 6, red initials, 3- and 2-line, and red paragraph marks. In art. 5, lines numbered by 5’s, s. XVIII or XIX. Bound, s. XVI, in English stamped calf over wooden boards; the roll is of Oldham’s class HM.a (17-23); 2 fore edge clasps closing to catches on edge of back cover, one survives; rebacked. Pastedowns: front: //penitencia et satisfactione substiterit in finibus istis…Cum ergo hiis angustiis//; back: //pius ihesus quam ipsum pro pace vel gratia hominis…responderes id quod etsi imperitis rerum videatur//; they are fragments from the letters of John of Salisbury,1 ed. W. J. Millor and C. N. L. Brooke (Oxford 1979) v. 2, pp. 104 line 18-110 line 4 and pp. 200 line 9-206 line 4; England, s. XIVex, most of 2 folios, in 2 columns of 42+ lines, each column 81 mm. wide, ruled in lead, written in an anglicana script. Written in England, in southwest Warwickshire, in the beginning of the fifteenth century. On the front pastedown, s. XVI, “Robert or William langland made pers ploughman”; beneath this, in the hand of John Bale, “Robertus Langlande natus in comitatu Salopie in villa Mortymers Clybery in the claylande, within viii myles of Malborne hylles, scripsit, peers ploughman, li. 1. In somer season whan set was sunne”; see R. B. Haselden and H. C. Schulz, “Note on the Inscription in HM 128,” HLB 8 (1935) 26-27, suggesting that the manuscript which John Bale refers to in his Index Britanniae Scriptorum (ed. R. L. Poole, Oxford 1902, p. 509) as being in the possession of William Sparke may be identified with HM 128; see O. Cargill, “The Langland Myth,” PMLA 50 (1935) 45 on the possible identity of William Sparke, and G. Kane, Piers Plowman: The Evidence for Authorship (London 1965) 37-42 and pl. 3 of the front pastedown of HM 128. Names of other possible early owners are: f. i, s. XVI, “Richard Rychard”; f. 101, s. XV/XVI, “Alleksander London [or Loudon?]”; f. 144v, s. XV, “cysley”; f. 149, s. XV, “betoun brygges” and, in the same hand, f. 153, “Maude.” On f. i verso, a list of the contents of the book, dated in imitative medieval arabic numerals 1751; the same hand has occasionally annotated the manuscript, e.g. regarding the order of ff. 95-96, and on f. 92, across from Prick of Conscience, line 9138, “The other MS ends here.” “The other MS” is probably London, Brit. Lib., Egerton 657 which breaks defectively at line 9138. Both Egerton 657 and HM 128 belonged to Adam Clarke (1760?-1832); HM 128 in the Catalogue of the Collection of Dr. Adam Clarke, complied by J. B. B. Clarke (London 1835) pp. 69-70, n. CXXIX (this number on the spine); his sale, Sotheby’s, 20 June 1836, lot 352 to Thorpe; Thorpe Catalogue (1836) Suppl. n. 509. Acquired by Clifton W. Loscombe before 1838 (when F. Madden used it for his edition of art. 6); his sale, Sotheby’s, 19 June 1854, lot 1167 to Upham for the fourth Earl of Ashburnham (1797-1878); see the Catalogue of the Manuscripts at Ashburnham Place (London n.d.), Appendix, n. CXXX; Ashburnham sale, Sotheby’s, 1 May 1899, lot 78 to Quaritch; Quaritch Catalogue 193 (1899) n. 54. In January 1918 Henry E. Huntington selected this and other books from the collection of Ross C. Winans, at the time in the hands of G. D. Smith.
Secundo folio: the harde peynes
Bibliography: De Ricci, 54.
Notes
1 We thank Dr. A. I. Doyle for this identification.

Abbreviations
Allen, Writings
H. E. Allen, Writings Ascribed to Richard Rolle, Hermit of Hampole (New York 1927)
Copinger
W. A. Copinger, Supplement to Hain’s Repertorium bibliographicum (London 1895-1902)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
EETS os
Early English Text Society original series
HLB
Huntington Library Bulletin (nn. 1-11, May 1931-April 1937; superseded by Huntington Library Quarterly)
IMEV
C. Brown and R. H. Robbins, Index of Middle English Verse (New York 1943) and Supplement by R. H. Robbins and J. L. Cutler (Lexington 1965)
PMLA
Publications of the Modern Language Association of America

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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