Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1250

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BOOK OF HOURS, undetermined use
France, s. XVex
1. ff. 1-6v: Full calendar alternating red and blue, with gold for major feasts. 2. ff. 7-14: Pericopes of the Gospels, that of John followed by the prayer, Protector in te sperantium…[Perdrizet, 25]; oratio devota, Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; f. 14v, ruled, but blank. 3. ff. 15-66v: Hours of the Virgin of undetermined use [Prime, ant. O admirable, cap. In omnibus; None, ant. Germinavit, cap. Et radicavi; Vespers, ant. Beata mater, cap. Beata es virgo]; prayers for health and peace from lauds to compline; hours of the Cross and of the Holy Spirit worked in. 4. ff. 67-79v: Penitential psalms and litany. 5. ff. 80-118: Office of the Dead of undetermined use; the responses to the lessons at matins are: Credo quod; Qui lazarum; Requiem eternam dona; Peccantem me; Ne recorderis; Requiem eternam dona; Subvenite sancti dei; Libera me domine de viis inferni; Libera me domine de morte eterna; ff. 118v-121v, ruled, but blank. Parchment, ff. iii (ruled, but blank) + 121; 170 × 115 (94 × 53) mm. 16 28(through f. 14) 3-88 94(through f. 66) 10-158 + unclear structure of ff. 115-121. Evidence of catchwords written in a cursive script in the lower right margin. 21 long lines, ruled in pale red ink. Written in a bâtarde script. Twelve large miniatures, the width of the page, with the 3 lines of text superimposed as if a label at the bottom of the picture; acanthus leaf border across the width of the lower margin. All but one of the miniatures in half-length close-up, highlighted with fine gold hatching in a style influenced by Bourdichon. The miniatures are: f. 15 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation; f. 23 (Lauds), Visitation; f. 32 (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion with Mary, John and others on Christ’s right, the soldiers on his left; f. 33v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost, with all the figures concentrated on the right; f. 34v (Prime), Nativity, the Child lying in a wattle basket or manger; f. 41 (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; f. 46 (Sext), Adoration of the Magi, with the Child reaching out towards the gift; f. 50v (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 55v (Vespers), a mother showing her dead infant to Herod; f. 61v (Compline), Coronation of the Virgin; the crowned Virgin kneeling in prayer before Jesus who wears a tiara; f. 67 (Penitential psalms), Bathsheba bathing in a fountain decorated with a gold cupid, while David watches from a loggia; f. 80 (Office of the Dead), Job on the dunghill. Small miniatures, 10- to 8-line, by a different artist: f. 7 (Gospel of John), John on Patmos; f. 8, Luke at a desk with the ox and Mary behind him; f. 9v, Matthew holding a book on his knees, while looking at another held up by the angel; f. 10v, Mark; f. 11v (Obsecro te), Virgin and Child, with 4 angels supporting a canopy over them. The double set of miniatures in the calendar represents the signs of the zodiac (45 × 25) and the monthly occupations (35 × 40). Band borders on every page, traced through, with acanthus leaves, flowers, birds or insects or grotesques, all in muted shades of grey, pale blue, pink and gold. Compartmentalized bracket borders on ff. 7, 8, 9v, and 10v with acanthus leaves in the usual blue, gold and colors; the bracket border on f. 11v bears the normal acanthus leaves against a solid gold ground. Major initials, 4- and 3-line, as white leaves with gold infilling on a gold-petterned brick-red ground; 2- and 1-line initials in gold on white-patterned blue grounds, or in blue on gold-patterned red grounds, or as white leaves infilled with a bird or insect against a gold-patterned red ground. Ribbon line fillers in blue and white, or in red and gold, or as gold logs. Rubrics in blue. Bound in green velvet, rebacked, over wooden boards; gauffered gilt edges. Written at the end of the fifteenth century in France, but of undetermined liturgical use, with general calendar and litany. On the first front and back flyleaf the same name has been written and crossed out; on the front is also the date “ce 26 Sept. 1811” and several flourishes, all in the same ink as the name. A note in French on the front pastedown discusses text and miniatures. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Grolier Club (1892) n. 24; Cat. (1909) pp. 89-90, where it is said to be in a “modern case of brown morocco”; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1912, pt. IV n. 2351 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 105.
Abbreviations
Hoe: Cat. (1909)
[C. Shipman], A Catalogue of Manuscripts Forming a Portion of the Library of Robert Hoe (New York 1909)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Hoe: Grolier Club (1892)
Catalogue of an Exhibition of Illuminated and Painted Manuscripts together with a few early printed books with illuminations…New York, Grolier Club, April 1892 (New York 1892); De Ricci, p. xv, “At least 66 of the European mss. were from the Hoe collection; others belonged to W. L. Andrews, S. P. Avery, etc.”
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
Perdrizet
P. Perdrizet, Le Calendrier parisien à la fin du moyen âge. Publications de la faculté de lettres de l’Université de Strasbourg 63 (Paris 1933)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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