Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1248

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PSALTER and PRAYERS
Flanders, 1478
1. ff. 1-4v: Flyleaves with owners’ notes (see below). 2. ff. 5-16v: Calendar with major feasts in red; included are the feasts of the Octave of Thomas of Canterbury (5 January), Milburga (23 February), Richard de Wych (3 April), Elphege (18 April), Fremund (11 May), Brendan (16 may), Dunstan (19 May), Augustine “anglorum” (26 May), Boniface (5 June), Translation of Edmund archbishop (9 June), Translation of Edward martyr (20 June), Albanus (21 June), Mildred (13 July), Kenelm (17 July), Oswald (5 August), Milburga (31 August), Thecla (23 September), Leodegar (2 October), Translation of Edward (13 October), Wulfram (15 October), Frideswide (19 October), Willibrord (7 November), Edmund archbishop (16 November), Edmund kind (20 November), Thomas of Canterbury (29 December, in red); Latin month verses (Walther, Initia 14561). 3. ff. 17-33v [f. 17, blank]: Penitential psalms, gradual psalms with cues only of the first twelve, and litany, including Leodegar, Edmund and Albanus among the martyrs; Cuthbert, Inan (? “inniane”), Duthac and Ternan among the confessors; Lucia, Margaret and Bridget among the virgins; Devota oratio de sacramento, Adoro te latens veritas, Tu qui sub formis vere latitas…[RH 518?]; Alia oratio de sacramento, Ave sanctissimum corpus dominicum in hoc sacramento contentum…[Wilmart, 379, n.] 4. ff. 34-55v: Office of the Dead; the responses at matins are: 1. Credo quod…; 2. Qui lazarum…; 3. Domine quando veneris iudicare terram ubi me abscondam a vultu ire tue quia peccavi nimis in vita mea; 4. Heu michi…; 5. Ne recorderis…; 6. Domine quando veneris iudicare terram secundum actum meum noli me iudicare nichil enim dignum in conspectu tuo egi, Ideo deprecor maiestatem tuam tuam [sic] ut tu deus deleas iniquitatem meam; 7. Peccantem me…; 8. Requiem eternam…; 9. Libera me…de morte. 5. ff. 56-69v [f. 56, blank]: Commendation of souls (Pss. 118, divided into sections, and 138) with the prayers, Tibi domine commendamus…and Misericordiam tuam domine… 6. ff. 70-77: Psalms of the Passion (Pss. 21-30 v. 6, with cues only for Pss. 23, 26 and 29); f. 77v, blank. 7. ff. 78-94: Prayers as follow: O domine Ihesu christe eterna dulcedo te amancium…[HE, 76-80]; Gracias tibi ago domine ihesu christe qui voluisti pro redemptione mundi a iudeis reprobari…; Devota oratio, O bone ihesu o dulcissime ihesu o piissime ihesu o ihesu fili marie virginis plenus misericordia…[Wilmart, ‘Jubilus,’ 267-68]; Deus propicius esto michi peccatori et custos mei omnibus diebus vite mee…[HE, 125]; suffrage of Christopher; Oratio dicenda quando aliquis accipit sacramentum eukaristie, Omnipotens et misericors deus ecce ad sacramentum unigeniti filii domini nostri ihesu christi accedo…; suffrage of Barbara; Utilis oracio et devota, Domine ihesu christe qui septem verba…[Leroquais, LH 2:342]; Oracio multum devota, Crucem coronam spineam…[with versicle, response and prayer; HE, 176-77]; Oracio in honore sancte crucis, Crux salve preciosa o crux salve gloriosa…[with prayer]; In elevacione corporis christi, Ecce salutem mundi verbum patris…; ff. 94v-95v, blank. 8. ff. 96-102v: Suffrages of John the Baptist, Thomas of Canterbury, Erasmus, John the Evangelist, the Holy Face; Oracio dicenda de nocte, Gracias ago tibi domine sancte pater omnipotens eterne deus qui me dignatus es hac nocte custodire…; Oracio pro animabus defunctorum, Avete omnes anime quarum corpora…[with versicle, response and prayer:] Domine ihesu christe salus et liberacio…[Leroquais, LH 2:341]. 9. ff. 103-112 [f. 103, blank]: Oracio ad nostram dominam, Ave mundi spes maria ave mitis ave pia…[RH 1974, with versicle, response and prayer]; Collecta, Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; De beata maria virgine, Ave virgo florens rosa semper decens formosa…[with versicle, response and prayer]; De gloriosa virgine maria, Ave gloriosa virginum regina vitis generosa vite medicina…[RH 1828]; Oracio devota, Stabat mater dolorosa…[RH 19416]; f. 112v, blank. 10. ff. 113-269 [f. 113, blank]: Psalter with 8-part liturgical division; the psalms which appear elsewhere in the book are given here by cue only; ff. 270-271v, containing Pss. 5, 8 though 7, 17, are misbound and should follow f. 116. 11. ff. 269r-v, 272-284v: Ferial canticles; Te deum laudamus…; Quicumque vult…salvus esse non poterit. Anno domini 1478; ff. 285-291v, blank. Parchment, ff. iii (paper) + ii (modern parchment) + i (contemporary parchment) + 291 + iii (paper); 110 × 74 (75 × 44) mm. Collation for ff. 5-285 (ff. 1-4 and 286-291 are contemporary flyleaves): 1-26 38(+1, f. 17) 48 5-610 72(singletons) 810(+1, f. 56) 92(singletons) 108(+8) 1110 128(through f. 95) 136(+5) 148(+1 and 10, ff. 103 and 112) 156(+1, f. 113; original central bifolium now bound in quire 35 as ff. 270-271) 1616(+17, f. 136) 176(+1, f. 137) 1810 196(+1, f. 154) 2010 214(+1, f. 171) 2212 234(+1, f. 188) 2412 254 266(singletons) 278(+1, f. 210) 288 293(singletons?) 302(+1, f. 230) 3114 322(+3) 338(+1 and 2) 348 358(+3 and 4, ff. 270-271) 368. Catchwords faintly inscribed in the script of the text in the inner corners of ff. 53v, 66v, 87v. 18 long lines; no ruling visible up to f. 112v; thereafter ruled in pale red ink. Written by 2 people, both using a bâtarde script: i, ff. 1-112; ii, ff. 114-284v. Ten full page illuminations on inserted singletons, blank on the rectos, in semi-grisaille in a style derived from Vrelant; the first three in rectangular frames of a gold and color strip with borders of dark grey, painted gold and blue acanthus leaves, flowers and berries, and scattered black dots and small gold balls; the seven remaining illuminations, for the Psalter, are in arched compartments, serrated at the top, and framed by a narrow gold strip; outer border of the same style as above. The miniatures, somewhat worn and flaked off, are: f. 17v (Penitential psalms), Last Judgment with Christ sitting on a rainbow, 2 angels with trumpets in the sky, and Mary and John kneeling below, while the dead rise from their graves; (illumination missing for the Office of the Dead? or now misbound before the Penitential psalms?); f. 56v (Commendation of souls), angels carrying a sheet with 3 small naked souls to God the Father, who blesses from an aperture in the sky; (no illumination before the Psalms of the Passion); f. 103v (Ave mundi spes), the Virgin standing on a crescent and holding the Child, with 4 adoring angels around them; f. 113v (Psalter, Beatus vir), David in prayer, his harp lying on the ground; an armorial shield painted silver in the lower border; f. 137v (Dominus illuminatio mea), David pointing to his eyes; f. 154v (Dixi custodiam, vias meas), David kneeling on a path with a road behind him; f. 171v (Dixit insipiens in corde suo), David on his throne with the fool before him; f. 188v (Salvum me fac), David, his hands folded in prayer, waist-deep in water; f. 210v (Exultate deo adiutori nostro), David playing the bells; f. 230v (Cantate domino canticum novum), a group of priests singing before a lectern in a church. Historiated initials in white-patterned grey on cusped gold grounds with full borders, as above: f. 85 (O bone ihesu), 6-line, the baby Jesus sitting naked on a cushion between Catherine and Barbara; f. 88v, 6-line, Christopher fording the river; f. 90, 4-line, Barbara standing beside her tower, which is of her same height; f. 96, 6-line, John the Baptist; f. 97, 6-line, martyrdom of Thomas of Canterbury; f. 98, 5-line, Erasmus with his entrails being wound out of him; f. 99v, 5-line, John the Evangelist with the snaky chalice; f. 100 (Salve sancta facies), 5-line, the Holy Face. Major initials, 6- and 5-line, in white-patterned grey on gold grounds with grey and white trilobe leaf infilling; secondary initials, 2- and 1-line, and line fillers up to f. 112 in burnished gold on blue grounds with pink infilling, or vice versa; after f. 112 (the Psalter), secondary initials in gold on black grounds. Rubrics, only up to f. 112, in orange-tinged red. Bound by Gruel in red morocco, the doublures inlaid with the covers of an eighteenth century armorial calf binding (see below). Written in Flanders, dated 1478 on f. 284v, and perhaps meant for export to England, given the English saints in the calendar; the office of the dead may also have been intended to follow the Sarum liturgical use. On f. 1, the signature “Pedro micault” and a prayer; on ff. 1-5, birth and death notices in Flemish of the Micault family, 1581-1600; places mentioned are Brussels, Mechelen (Malines) and Bruges. On the back flyleaves, ff. 286-288, birth and death notices in French of the Micault family, 1510-1606; places mentioned are Brussels, Utrecht, Rome, Valladolid. Added in a space in the calendar, f. 5, s. XVIII, “Ad numeros libris Christiani Geller Parochi in Lebach” (in the Saarland). Arms, s. XVIII2, of “Joannes D[ei] G[ratia] S[acri] R[omani] I[mperii] Princeps Salm Kyrburg Comes Rheni et Sylv.” (Rietstap, vol. 5, pl. 233), whose lands were in Westphalia, from the covers of a previous binding, now as pastedowns. Belonged to William K. Bixby (1857-1931) of St. Louis; his bookplate on f. i verso; acquired by Henry E. Huntington through G. D. Smith in August 1918. Bibliography: De Ricci, 104.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
HE
C. Wordsworth, ed., Horae Eboracenses. Surtees Society 132 (1920)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Rietstap
J. B. Rietstap, Armorial général (2nd ed. 1884-87; plates 1903-26 and Supplements 1926-51 by V. Rolland and H. Rolland)
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)
Wilmart, ‘Jubilus’
A. Wilmart, “Le ‘Jubilus’ sur le nom de Jesus dit de Saint Bernard,” Ephemerides liturgicae 57 (1943) 1-285

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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