Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library
BOOK OF HOURS, undetermined use1. ff. 1-12v: Calendar, rather empty, in French with major feasts in red. 2. ff. 13-20: Pericopes of the Gospels; Oroison A nostre dame, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina aures…[Wilmart, 488-90]; f. 20v, ruled, but blank. 3. ff. 21-25 [f. 21, blank]: Short hours of the Cross; f. 25v, ruled, but blank. 4. ff. 26-30 [f. 26, blank]: Short hours of the Holy Spirit; f. 30v, ruled, but blank. 5. ff. 31-85 [f. 31, blank]: Hours of the Virgin; the antiphons and capitula at prime and at none are: Assumpta est…; Hec est virgo…; Germinavit radix…; Et radicavi…; f. 85v, ruled, but blank. 6. ff. 86-87: Oroison de sainte veronne, Salve sancta facies…and the prayer, Deus qui nobis signastis lumen vultus tui…[HE, 174-75]; f. 87v, ruled, but blank. 7. ff. 88-106v [f. 88, blank]: Penitential psalms and litany, including Blasius, Quentin and Livin among the martyrs; Amand, Vedast, Remigius, Eligius, Aegidius, Audomar, Bertin and Bavo among the confessors; Ursula, Amalberga, Walburga, Dorothea, Anastasia, Agatha, Pisca (for Prisca?), Cita (for Zita?), Gertrude and Adelgundis among the virgins. 8. ff. 107-132 [f. 107, blank]: Office of the Dead; 3 lessons at matins; ff. 132v-134v, ruled, but blank. 9. ff. 135-137v: Mass of the Virgin, Salve sancta parens…; f. 138r-v, ruled, but blank. 10. ff. 139-149v: Prayers as follow: Oroison a nostre dame, Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Oroison A la vierge marie, Salve regina misericordie…[RH 18147] with versicle, response and prayer, Concede nos famulos tuos quesumus domine deus perpetua mentis…; Devote oroison a nostre dame, Inviolata integra et casta…[RH 9094]; Salutacion a nostre dame, Ave regina celorum Ave domina angelorum…[RH 2070]; Deprecation A nostre dame, Regina celi letare…[RH 17170]; S’ensieut moult bonne et devote oroison du saint esperit, Veni creator spiritus…[RH 21204] with versicle, response and prayer, Deus qui corda fidelium…[Bruylants, Oraisons, 2, n. 349]; S’ensieut le psalme de le foy, Quicunque vult salvus esse… 11. ff. 150-160v: Suffrages of the Trinity, Michael, John the Baptist, John the Evangelist, Peter and Paul, All Apostles, James the Greater, Christopher (masculine forms), Sebastian, Lawrence, Anthony abbot, Nicholas, Adrianus, Francis, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Barbara, Margaret; ff. 161-162v, ruled, but blank. Parchment, ff. ii (early parchment; the first formerly the pastedown) + ii (modern parchment) + 162 + i (early parchment, conjunct with the pastedown); 180 × 129 (104 × 71) mm. 112 28 38(+1, f. 21 and 6, f. 26) 410(+1, f. 31) 510(+10, f. 51) 610(+5, f. 57 and 10, f. 62) 710(+3, f. 67 and 8, f. 72) 810(+4, f. 80) 910(+1, f. 88) 108 1110(+1, f. 107) 1210 138(-5, excised by the scribe; through f. 134) 1410(-8 and 10, both excised by the scribe) 15-1610. One catchword survives, in a small cursive hand in the inner corner of f. 117v. 18 long lines, ruled in purple ink with the top and bottom 2 lines full across; pricking visible in all 3 outer margins. Written in 2 sizes of a gothic book hand. Eleven full page miniatures on the versos of inserted singletons, blank on the recto; the miniatures in arched compartments framed by wide, colored bands decorated with lettering, fine arabesques, or painted gold spiky leaves twisted about a blue rod; the outer border consists of thin, long-stemmed multicolored acanthus leaves, symmetrically arranged around flowers, birds, grey grapes, strawberries and occasional figures of men, angels, or grotesques. The miniatures are related in style to those of the Master of Guillebert de Mets and the Master of the Privileges of Ghent,1 but have been repainted in varying degree, perhaps in the seventeenth century: f. 21v (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion with Mary and John; f. 26v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 31v (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation; f. 51v (Prime), Nativity; f. 57v (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; f. 62v (Sext), Presentation in the temple; f. 67v (None), Adoration of the Magi; f. 72v (Vespers), Massacre of the Innocents: a turbaned mother kneels before Herod as soldiers enter with bloody heads of children on the tips of their swords; f. 80v (Compline), Flight into Egypt, with Mary nursing the Baby; f. 88v (Penitential psalms), David in prayer; f. 107v (Office of the Dead), Raising of Lazarus. Historiated initials usually 3-line, enclosed by frames of gold and color strips, and with narrow bracket borders of black ink vine, flowers, strawberries and gold motifs; they have not been repainted: f. 13, 4-line, John seated at a chair, indoors, with the eagle perched on his desk; f. 14, 4-line, Luke; f. 15v, 4-line, Matthew; f. 17, 4-line, Mark; f. 41 (Lauds of the hours of the Virgin), 5-line, Visitation against a diapered background; f. 86 (Salve sancta facies), 6-line, Veronica holding the cloth, against a diapered background; f. 150 (Trinity), 4-line, Gnadenstuhl without the Dove; f. 150v, Michael vanquishing a bright orange devil; f. 151, John the Baptist; f. 151v, John the Evangelist; f. 152, 4-line, Peter and Paul; f. 152v, All Apostles; f. 153, James the Greater; f. 153v, Christopher; f. 154v, Sebastian; f. 156, Lawrence; f. 156v, Anthony abbot; f. 157v, Nicholas; f. 158, Adrianus standing on a lion; f. 158v, Francis receiving the stigmata from a bright orange seraph-crucifix; f. 159, Mary Magdalene; f. 159v, Catherine of Alexandria; f. 160, Barbara; f. 160v, Margaret, coming out of the back of a green-spotted, yellow dragon. Major initials on text pages facing the miniatures, 7- or 6-line, white-patterned blue or pink on burnished gold grounds, with infilling of shaded leaves of many colors; a decorated, wide, burnished gold band in U-shape encloses the written space on 3 sides; the full border does not match that of the inserted miniature pages, but is formed of a dense pattern of acanthus leaves in gold and dark blue, with the ribs picked out by a row of white dots; also in the outer border are flowers, some growing out of pots, grapes, pears, birds and grotesques. On f. 135, a 6-line initial in the same style as above, but with bracket border; a 6-line initial (f. 139), a 5-line initial (f. 143), and the 4-, 3-, and 2-line initials in burnished gold on parted pink and blue grounds, and producing a bracket border to the left of the text; 1-line initials in gold on blue grounds with pink infilling, or vice versa; ribbon line fillers of the same colors. Some flourishes touched in pink on the top-line ascenders or on the bottom-line descenders. Bracket borders in the calendar. Rubrics in pale pink. Note on f. 160v, below the text, in a later hand: “act. x Ja. a. mlii.” Bound, s. XVI, in pink velvet, very worn, over wooden boards; 2 gilt fore edge clasps; gilt edges; offset of binding reinforcement, apparently a document in French, s. XV2, on inside front cover and on the recto of the now lifted pastedown. Written in the middle of the fifteenth century in Flanders; liturgical use undetermined. The miniatures may not have been originally intended for this book, since the borders don’t match; those for sext and none appear reversed, with the Presentation in the Temple preceding the Adoration of the Magi; all the full-page miniatures have been repainted. A possession note on the back flyleaf identifies a late sixteenth century owner as Johannes Hullandt; in another inscription, ca. 1600 (?), Carolus Hullandt “vicecomes Rolariensis villae” (Rousselaere?) gives the book to Catarina van Huerne. On the front flyleaf, f. i verso, are pious phrases and the inscription “Vertu pour guide, Jacqueline van.” On f. ii verso, the inscriptions: “This Book belonged to Queen Mary of Scotland And shee used it at her death upon the Scaffold” (legible only under ultra-violet light), and “The above the Hand writing of King James the [?] 2,” (s. XIX). A letter from Charles Browne Mostyn to Sir Gregory O. Page-Turner dated 1822 repeats this information, adding that the book eventually passed to the Scots College in Paris, where Mostyn obtained it during the Revolution. The letter, once loose in the manuscript, is now shelved as HM 46702. Sold at the Page-Turner sale, Battlesden House, 19 October 1824, probably n. 2524; Samuel Addington sale, Sotheby’s, 24 May 1886, n. 285 to Nattali; belonged to Charles Butler (1821-1910); his sale, Sotheby’s, 18 March 1912, pt. III, n. 2377 to Sabin. Purchased from the Minneapolis bookseller and collector, Edmund D. Brooks by William K. Bixby (1857-1931) of St. Louis (St. Louis Republic, 18 March 1917, Feature section, p. 1). Acquired from him by Henry E. Huntington through G. D. Smith in August 1918. Bibliography: De Ricci, 104.
Flanders, s. XVmed
1 We are indebted to Prof. James Marrow for this identification.
C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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