Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1181

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rome
France, s. XV/XVI
1. ff. 1-6v: Full calendar with an entry for each day, alternating red and blue with major feasts in gold. 2. ff. 7-11: Pericopes of the Gospels. 3. ff. 11v-16: Oratio ad beatam virginem mariam, Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Alia oratio ad beatam virginem mariam, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina aures tue pietatis…[masculine forms; Wilmart, 488-90]; f. 16v, ruled, but blank. 4. ff. 17-67v: Hours of the Virgin, use of Rome, with weekly variations of the psalms at matins set into the text before the lessons; opening leaf of prime missing between ff. 39-40; suffrage of All Saints and prayer for peace from lauds to compline; Salve Regina follows compline, with versicle, response and the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui gloriose virginis matris marie…; Advent office begins on f. 62. 5. ff. 68-70v: Oratio valde devota ad ihesum christum, O bone ihesu o dulcis ihesu o piissime ihesu…[Wilmart, ‘Jubilus’]; Incipiunt septem versus sancti bernardi, O bone ihesu, Illumina oculos meos…[RH 27912; breaks imperfectly after the fifth holy name “Deloy,” after f. 69]; prayer beginning imperfectly in its heading: //et fut aportee au noble empereur charlemaine. Sensuit l’oraison, Benedictio dei patris cum angelis suis…[Leroquais, LH 1:170]; Nam et si ambulavero…; O Domine ihesu christe pastor bone per hanc passionem tuam…; Alia Oratio, Ave verum corpus…[Wilmart, 373-76]; Alia oratio, O Passio magna, o profunda vulnera… 6. ff. 71-72v: Short hours of the Cross, beginning imperfectly: //sti mundum. Vers. Omnes terra adoret… 7. ff. 73-75v: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 8. ff. 76-88v: Penitential psalms and litany. 9. ff. 89-119v: Office of the Dead, use of Rome. 10. ff. 120-135: Suffrages of Michael, John the Evangelist, Peter and Paul, James, Bartholomew, Stephen, Lawrence, Sebastian, Christopher […me famulo tuo N…], Ivo, Nicholas, Claude, Anthony abbot, the 10,000 Martyrs, Leonard, Anne, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Margaret, Barbara, Apollonia, Avia, Genevieve, the 11,000 Virgins. 11. ff. 135-143v: Septem orationes beati gregorii, O domine ihesu christe adoro te in cruce pendentem…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Les xv Ioyes de nostre dame, Doulce dame de misericorde…[Sonet 458]; Les sept Requestes a nostre seigneur Ihesucrist, Doulx dieu doulx pere saincte trinite ung seul dieu…[Sonet 504]; Saincte vraye croix aouree…[Sonet 1876]; Pape Boniface a donne a tous ceulx qui diront devotement…, Domine Ihesu christe qui hanc sacratissimam carnem…; Quant on veult recepvoir le corps de nostre seigneur ihesucrist, Domine non sum dignus ut intres sub tectum meum, sed tu domine…; Quant on l’a receu, Vera perceptio corporis et sanguinis tui… Parchment, ff. i (paper) + i (parchment) + 143 + i (parchment) + i (paper); 175 × 120 (107 × 60) mm. 16 28 32(to f. 16) 4-58 68(-8) 7-98 108(-7) 118(-1) 12-198 202. Catchwords written vertically along the inner bounding line. 22 long lines ruled in pale red ink. Written in a bâtarde script. Thirteen full page miniatures, in painted gold architectural frames, often with colored marble panels or columns: f. 7, John on Patmos, with the devil hiding behind the rocks, attempting to steal the inkwell, and God and angels above; f. 11v (Obsecro te), Virgin and Child, enthroned, with angels playing instruments on either side; f. 17 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation, with the Dove resting on Mary’s head; f. 31 (Lauds), Visitation; illumination missing at prime, between ff. 39-40; f. 43 (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; f. 46v (Sext), Adoration of the Magi, one of whom is black; f. 50 (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 53 (Vespers), Flight into Egypt with Mary nursing the Child and an angel following behind; f. 58v (Compline), Assumption of the Virgin, standing on a crescent and rising into heaven supported by 2 angels; illumination missing for the Hours of the Cross, between ff. 70-71; f. 73 (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 76 (Penitential psalms), Bathsheba bathing as David watches from a window; f. 89 (Office of the Dead), Job on the dunghill; f. 124v, Christopher with the Christ Child standing on his shoulders. Thirty-two smaller miniatures, 11- or 10-line: f. 8v, Luke; f. 9v, Matthew; f. 10v, Mark; f. 14v (O Intemerata), Pietà; f. 68 (O bone ihesu), Man of Sorrows; f. 69v (Illumina oculos meos), Bernard holding the devil by a cord around his neck; f. 120, Michael; f. 120v, John the Evangelist with the chalice; f. 121, Peter and Paul; f. 121v, James, with staff, pouch, book and a shell on his hat; f. 122, Bartholomew holding a knife and a book; f. 122v, Stephen; f. 123, Lawrence; f. 123v, Sebastian; f. 126, Ivo holding legal papers; f. 126v, Nicholas; f. 127, Claude as a bishop, blessing; f. 128, Anthony abbot; f. 129, 10,000 Martyrs; f. 129v, Leonard, with book and fetters; f. 130, Anne teaching Mary to read; f. 130v, Mary Magdalene; f. 131, Catherine; f. 131v, Margaret; f. 132, Barbara; f. 133, Apollonia; f. 133v, Avia, in prison with Mary bringing the Eucharist to her; f. 134, Genevieve (unfinished or badly rubbed); f. 134v, 11,000 Virgins, lead by Ursula and a bishop; f. 135 (7 O’s), Gregory; f. 136 (15 Joys), Virgin and Child; f. 140 (7 Requests), God the Father. Major initials, 6-line, in white-patterned blue with infilling on gold ground of a realistic flower, the whole set against a red ground; 2- and 1-line painted gold initials against alternating brick-red or blue square grounds; line fillers in the same colors. Compartmentalized band borders the length of the text in outer margins of every page, traced through. Rubrics in a deep rose color. In the calendar, illustrations of the monthly occupations with the zodiac symbols usually in monochrome blue set on the lighter blue of the sky; traced geometric borders as above. On f. ii recto, a small sketch of a man’s head in profile. Bound, s. XVII1, in French red morocco with the arms and monogram of Philippe de Béthune; see J. Guigard, Nouvel Armorial du Bibliophile (Paris 1890) 2:56; marbled endpapers; gilt edges. Written in France at the turn of the fifteenth century for owners whose monograms BL and BI (?) tied with a lovers’ knot, appear 24 times in the borders; one of the B’s may indicate Bartholomew, a suffrage of that saint being included in this book. Owned by Philippe, comte de Béthune (d. 1649) whose books passed to his son Hippolyte; he, in turn, bequeathed them to Louis XIV in 1658. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Cat. (1909) pp. 95-96; at that time kept in a wrapper of dark red striped silk and satin; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1912, pt. IV, n. 2337 to G. D. Smith. Precise date and source of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 104.
Abbreviations
Hoe: Cat. (1909)
[C. Shipman], A Catalogue of Manuscripts Forming a Portion of the Library of Robert Hoe (New York 1909)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Sonet
J. Sonet, Répertoire d’incipit de prières en ancien français. Société de publications romanes et françaises 54 (Geneva 1956)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)
Wilmart, ‘Jubilus’
A. Wilmart, “Le ‘Jubilus’ sur le nom de Jesus dit de Saint Bernard,” Ephemerides liturgicae 57 (1943) 1-285

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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