Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1174

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rome
Flanders, s. XVex
1. ff. 1-13 [f. 1, blank]: Calendar in red and black including, in red, the feasts of Basilius (14 June), Remigius and Bavo (1 October) and Donatianus (14 October); f. 13v, blank. 2. ff. 14-21 [f. 14, blank]: Short hours of the Cross; f. 21v, ruled, but blank. 3. ff. 22-28 [f. 22, blank]: Short hours of the Holy Spirit; f. 28v, ruled, but blank. 4. ff. 29-35v [f. 29, blank]: Mass of the Virgin. 5. ff. 36-41v: Pericopes of the Gospels. 6. ff. 42-121v [f. 42, blank]: Incipiunt hore beate marie virginis secundum usum Romanum; weekly variations of the psalms at matins set into the text before the lessons; suffrages of All Saints and prayers for peace from lauds to compline; Advent office begins on f. 114; f. 122r-v, ruled, but blank. 7. ff. 123-143 [f. 123, blank]: Penitential psalms and litany including Victor, Quentin, Eustachius, Maurice and Denis, all with companions, among the martyrs; among the confessors Bavo, Remigius, Eligius, Aegidius, Audomar, Livin and Amand; among the virgins Bridget, Genevieve and Apollonia; f. 143v, ruled, but blank. 8. ff. 144-188v [f. 144, blank]: Office of the Dead, use of Rome. 9. ff. 189-206v: Incipit canticum athanasii, Quicumque vult salvus esse…; Oracio ad beatam virginem mariam, Obsecro te…et michi famulo tuo impetres…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Alia oracio de virgine maria, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina mater…[masculine forms; Wilmart, 488-90]; de virgine maria, Stabat mater dolorosa…[RH 19416] with the prayer, Interveniat quesumus domine ihesu christe…; suffrages of Sebastian, James, Anthony of Padua, Michael, Francis, Jerome, Peter and Paul. Parchment, ff. i (contemporary parchment, ruled r-v for a calendar, and conjunct with f. 3) + 206 + iv (contemporary parchment, the last 2 ruled for text); 165 × 117 (100 × 64) mm. 18(-1, 2) 28 38(+1, f. 14 and 9, f. 22) 48(+6, f. 29) 58 68(+2, f. 42) 78 88(+5, f. 62) 98 108(+1, f. 75 and 7, f. 81) 118(+3, f. 87 and 9, f. 95) 128(+5, f. 99) 138(+5, f. 108) 148 152(ff. 121-122) 168(+1, f. 123) 178 188(+5, f. 144) 19-228 238(to f. 188) 24-258 262. 16 long lines, ruled in pale red ink. Written in a rounded gothic book hand. Thirteen full page miniatures on the versos of inserted singletons, blank on the recto, usually with full borders of painted gold strewn with realistic flowers (some in bright orange), berries, insects and birds; matching borders on the facing page with 5-line acanthus leaf initials against square colored grounds and a flower in the infilling. The miniatures are: f. 14v (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion, with Mary and John on either side, and horsemen as spectators, partially hidden by a hill in the immediate foreground; the miniature is superimposed on a columned fountain with a swan swimming in its waters and landscape visible beyond, presumably in reference to the Fountain of Paradise; the facing page, f. 15, with the normal border as described above. On f. 22v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; the facing border, f. 23, divided into compartments by gold columns and arches, each space occupied by a flower, the lower one by the Holy Spirit as a Dove holding a scroll. On f. 29v (Mass of the Virgin), from an archetype of Roger van der Weyden, the Virgin nursing the Child, with beads and flowers in the border; the facing border hold holy objects in shelves, and a peacock on a table in the lower border; f. 42v (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation; the Virgin interrupted at her prayers in a small side chapel by the Archangel and 4 smaller angels who salute her from the nave of the church as the dove descends from above; the same composition occurs, for example, in a prayerbook in the Kassel Landesbibliothek, Mss. math. et art. 50; see A. W. Biermann, “Die Miniaturenhandschriften des Kardinals Albrecht von Brandenburg (1514-1545),” Aachener Kunstblätter 46 (1975) 15-310, fig. 153; f. 62v (Lauds), Visitation in the courtyard of a manor house; f. 75v (Prime), Nativity in a barn looking out on to an orderly city street; f. 81v (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; f. 87v (Sext), Adoration of the Magi, of which one is black, with a black servant; f. 93v (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 99v (Vespers), Massacre of the Innocents; f. 108v (Compline), Flight into Egypt; f. 123v (Penitential psalms), Last Judgment, with Christ on a rainbow, the olive branch and the sword to the right and left of his head, and the elect beside him, while below the dead are rising from the cemeteries; a bird, possibly a pelican, in the lower borders of the opening; another example of this composition is in Vienna, Nationalbib. 1858, f. 105v reproduced in the Bulletin de la Société française de reproductions de manuscrits à peintures 2 (1912) pl. 22; f. 144v (Office of the Dead), Raising of Lazarus, with a skull in each of the 2 lower borders of the opening. Smaller miniatures, 7-line, with bracket borders to the left of the text, of painted gold ground strewn with flowers, branchy acanthus leaves, strawberries and insects. The miniatures are: f. 36, John with the eagle holding his inkwell; f. 37v, Luke painting; f. 39, Matthew; f. 40v, Mark; f. 193 (Obsecro te), the Virgin and Child; f. 197 (O Intemerata), Mary and John; f. 199v (Stabat mater), Pietà, with John rubbing his red, swollen eyes; f. 201v, Sebastian, clothed, holding the bow and arrows; f. 202v, James with a staff and open book; f. 203, Anthony of Padua holding a book on which a diminutive Christ Child sits; f. 204, Michael; f. 204v, Francis receiving the stigmata; f. 205, Jerome; f. 206, Peter and Paul. Band borders of the same style, the length of the text, in the outer margin, at the occurrence of a 2-line initial. 2- and 1-line initials alternate grey-and-white leaf designs against brown-and-gold square grounds, or vice versa; ribbon line fillers in the same colors. Rubrics in red. Each month of the calendar written across an opening, both sides with bracket borders in the outer margins so as to almost enclose the opening; in the lower margins, framed by gold columns and arches are, on the verso a monthly occupation, and on the facing recto, a smaller occupation scene continuing the activity of the first and divided by a column from the adjacent zodiac symbol. Bound, s. XVII, possibly in the Low Countries, with elaborate gold tooling in a lacy pattern around a central panel enclosing an oval with a flower vase; orange Dutch gilt paper pastedowns; gauffered gilt edges; in a slip case intended for a larger book. Written in Flanders, possibly in Bruges to judge by the saints in the calendar. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Grolier Club (1892) n. 35; Cat. (1909) pp. 67-68 (at that time kept in a cloth case with brass clasps, lined with blue satin); his sale, Anderson, New York, 1912, pt. III, n. 2076, with a plate of f. 29v, to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 103.
Abbreviations
Hoe: Cat. (1909)
[C. Shipman], A Catalogue of Manuscripts Forming a Portion of the Library of Robert Hoe (New York 1909)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Hoe: Grolier Club (1892)
Catalogue of an Exhibition of Illuminated and Painted Manuscripts together with a few early printed books with illuminations…New York, Grolier Club, April 1892 (New York 1892); De Ricci, p. xv, “At least 66 of the European mss. were from the Hoe collection; others belonged to W. L. Andrews, S. P. Avery, etc.”
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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