Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1170

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rome
France, s. XVex
1. ff. 1-6v: Calendar, written in 2 columns, with an entry for each day, alternating red and blue; major feasts in gold. 2. ff. 7-10v: Pericopes of the Gospels. 3. ff. 10v-14: Oratio de beata maria, Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Oratio de beata maria, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina mater…[masculine forms; Wilmart, 488-90]; f. 14v, ruled, but blank. 4. ff. 15-53v: Hours of the Virgin, use of Rome, beginning imperfectly: //damus ante deum ploremus coram domino…; suffrages of All Saints from lauds to compline; weekly variations of the psalms at matins follow the hours; Advent office begins on f. 50. 5. ff. 54-65v: Penitential psalms and litany, including a number of northern saints: Denis, Eustachius, Eutropius, Remigius, Eligius, Aegidius, Julianus, Lubin, Sulpice, Maurus, and, among the virgins, Genevieve. 6. ff. 66-67v: Short hours of the Cross. 7. ff. 68-69v: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 8. ff. 70-92v: Office of the Dead, use of Rome. 9. ff. 93-98v: Suffrages of the Trinity, Michael, John the Baptist, Peter and Paul, Sebastian, Nicholas, Anthony abbot, Anne, Catherine of Alexandria, Barbara, Margaret, Avia; ff. 99-100v, ruled, but blank except for ownership notes (see below) and, on ff. 99v and 100, 2 prayers added, s. XVI: Priere avant Le Repas. L’Eternel qui crea toutes choses de Rien benisse par sa bonte…[dated 1561]; Apres Le Repas. Seigneur Dieu Pere nourrissier de toute creature… Parchment, ff. iv (modern paper with silk glued to the recto of the first) + i (contemporary parchment) + 100 + i (contemporary parchment) + iv (modern paper with silk glued to the verso of the last); 210 × 140 (125 × 68) mm. 16 28 38(-1) 4-98 108(-2, 4, 6, with loss of text in each case; ff. 70-74) 118 124 136(to f. 92) 148. 23 long lines, ruled in pale red ink. Written in a gothic liturgical book hand. Twelve large miniatures, enclosed within gold columns and a gothic arch, above 4 lines of text; the first 6 borders are compartmentalized with blue and gold acanthus leaves, flowers, strawberries and an occasional grotesque; the second 6 borders have the same acanthus leaf, flowers and grotesques, but against an even gold background. The miniatures are: f. 7 (John the Evangelist), in the cauldron of oil in open countryside; f. 20v (Lauds), Visitation; f. 27v (Prime), Nativity; f. 30 (Terce), Annuciation to the shepherds; f. 33 (Sext), Adoration of the Magi; f. 35v (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 38 (Vespers), Flight into Egypt; f. 42v (Compline), Coronation of the Virgin by God the Father with 2 angels in the background; f. 54 (Penitential psalms), Bathsheba bathing as David watches from a window; f. 66 (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion, with Mary, John and others on Christ’s right, the soldiers on his left, and the sun and the moon above; f. 68 (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost, with small tongues of flame descending from the Dove to the apostles and Mary; f. 70 (Office of the Dead), Job on the dunghill. Seventeen smaller miniatures, 12-line, also framed by golden columns and arches, with compartmentalized bracket borders; the miniatures for the suffrages are placed in the upper left area of the written space: f. 8, Luke; f. 9, Matthew; f. 10, Mark; f. 10v (Obsecro te), Virgin and Child; f. 13 (O Intemerata), Pietà; f. 93 (Trinity), God the Father and the Son as identical Christ-like figures, wearing one cloak, and the Dove above them; the remaining saints shown with their usual attributes; f. 98v (Avia), as a young girl in prison, receiving the Eucharist from the Virgin and an angel. 3- and 2-line initials in painted gold outlined in red against square blue grounds patterned in white; 1-line initials in painted gold on alternating blue or brownish red square grounds; line fillers in the same colors. Rubrics in blue. Traced compartmentalized band borders the length of the text in the outer margin of every page. In the calendar, the monthly occupations and the zodiac symbols placed at the top of the folio and divided from one another by golden arches; geometric borders in the outer and lower margins. Bound by Vogel in blue morocco in “Cathedral” style; green silk endpapers; gilt edges. Written in France at the end of the fifteenth century. Various ownership notes in the book: on f. v verso, somewhat erased, “Phylippes Lyset (?)” and a flourish, possibly the same as that following the prayer and date of 1561 on f. 99v; f. 15, illegible; on f. 99, below an erasure, “Damoyselle Francoyse regnier Dame Des Loges” and “Ces presentes appartiennent De <?> a Damoyselle Anne de grugellin Dame Du grand et petis Valluer (?)”; on f. 100v, birth and marriage notices for a Catherine of the Grugellin family, and of her children, dating from 1550 to 1570. On the front pastedown, the modern German book plate of Adelrich Benziger. Source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 102.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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