Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1169

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Langres
France, s. XVex
1. ff. 1-12v: Calendar in French with major feasts in blue ink, those of lesser importance in red, the others in the ink of the text; included are the feasts of Gregory “lingonensis episcopus” (4 January), Hilary “pictavensis episcopus” (13 January), the Holy Triplets: Speusippus, Eleusippus and Meleusippus (17 January, in red), Translation of Desiderius (19 January), Translation of Benignus (26 April), Desiderius “lingonesis” (23 May, in red), Mamas (17 August, in blue), Dedication of the church of Langres (26 August, in red), Invention of the Holy Triplets (18 September), Translation of Mamas (10 October, in blue), Benignus (3 November). 2. ff. 13-17: Orationes dicende a sacerdote ante celebrationem misse, Summe sacerdos et vere pontifex eterne rex glorie domine ihesu christe, qui temetipsum deo patri pro nobis peccatoribus in ara crucis obtulisti…, Oratio, Deus qui de indignis dignos facis…, Alia, O lux mentium repelle a me stulticie noctem…, Alia Oratio, Omnipotens et misericors deus ecce accedo ad sacramentum corporis et sanguinis…, Ad filium Oratio, Ihesu dulcissime sit michi sacrum corpus tuum et sanguis…, Ad filium, Domine ihesu christe fili dei vivi te suppliciter queso et devotissime deprecor ut hodie…, Ad spiritum sanctum, Accende illumina et sanctifica me vas tuum…; Post misse celebrationem sacerdos exutus gracias sequentes dicat, psalmus, Benedicite sacerdotes domini et cetera, Laudate dominum in sanctis eius et cetera, Nunc dimittis servum tuum domine…, Antiphona, Trium puerorum cantemus hymnum quem cantabant in camino…, Oratio, Deus qui tribus pueris mitigasti flammas ignium…, Alia, Da nobis quesumus omnipotens deus viciorum nostrorum flammas extinguere…; Alia oratio, Actiones nostras quesumus domine visitando preveni… 3. ff. 17-19: Alie orationes dicende post misse celebrationem, Quicquid ego indignus et miser peccator in hac missarum celebratione deliqui…; Alia, Auge in nobis domine quesumus per sancta sacramenta que sumpsimus…; Alia Oratio, Gratias tibi ago domine sancte pater omnipotens eterne deus qui me indignissimum peccatorem…; Ad beatam mariam, Serenissima atque inclita mater domini nostri ihesu christi, sancta maria virgo perpetua…; Item alia oratio post missam dicendam, Omnipotens sempiterne deus conservator animarum mundique redemptor…; f. 19v, ruled, but blank. 4. ff. 20-59: Hours of the Virgin, use of Langres; weekly variations of the psalms at matins set into the text before the lessons; short hours of the Cross and of the Holy Spirit worked in (but missing the illuminated opening leaf of the hours of the Cross, after f. 37); Advent office begins on f. 58v; f. 59v, ruled, but blank. 5. ff. 60-73v: Penitential psalms and litany including Mamas, Benignus, Lazarus, Gengulph, Desiderius, Achatius, Speusippus, Eleusippus, Meleusippus, and John and Paul among the martyrs; Lupus, Hubert and Bernardinus among the confessors; Radegundis, Juliana, Genevieve, Libaria, Rosa and Regina among the virgins. 6. ff. 74-97v: Office of the Dead, use of Langres; Sequuntur commendationes defunctorum, Subvenite sancti dei…, Oratio, Tibi domine commendamus…, Alia Oratio, Misericordiam tuam domine sancte pater…, antiphon, psalm, In exitu…, and prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui humano corpori animam…, antiphon, psalm, Dilexi…, and prayer, Diri vulneris novitate percussi…, Oratio, Deus cui soli competit medicinam preparare…, Partem beate resurrectionis obtineant… 7. ff. 98-110v: Secuntur orationes ad devotionem dicende. Primo de beata maria, Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Alia Oratio, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. De te enim…[Wilmart, 494-95]; Alia oratio ad beatissimam virginem, Stabat mater dolorosa…[RH 19416]; Oratio sancti thome de aquino, Concede michi queso omnipotens deus que tibi placita sunt…[Doyle, “Thomas Aquinas”]; Contemplatio sancti anselmi ad dominum ihesum crucifixum, Respice domine sancte pater de sanctuario tuo…[PL 158:756D-759A, passim]; Secuntur septem orationes sancti gregorii, O domine ihesu christe adoro te in cruce pendentem…[Leroquais, LH 2:346 in the order printed]; Secuntur septem versus sancti bernardi, Illumina oculos meos…[RH 27912] and the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui ezechie regi…; suffrages of Desiderius and Denis; ff. 111-113v, ruled, but blank. Parchment, ff. ii (modern parchment) + 113 (with 14 bis and 49 bis) + iii (modern parchment); 196 × 136 (110 × 69) mm. 1-26 38(through f. 19) 4-58 68(-3, after f. 37) 7-88 92(through f. 59) 10-158 166. 20 long lines, ruled in pale red ink; pricking occasionally visible along the outer margin. Written in 2 sizes of a bâtarde script, according to liturgical function. Eleven large miniatures above 4 lines of text, enclosed by simple painted gold frames; the outer borders usually compartmentalized. The miniatures, seen at close range, are: f. 20 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation in a Renaissance loggia; the outer border of multicolored acanthus, flowers, insects and birds against a painted gold ground, decorated with black ink dots and commas; f. 31 (Lauds), Visitation; the opening leaf of the hours of the Cross, presumably with illumination, missing after f. 37; f. 38 (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 39 (Prime), Nativity; f. 43 (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; f. 46 (Sext), Adoration of the Magi; the outer border consists of a large gold branch in a U-shaped frame on which perch a fly, a frog and birds, against a dark blue ground set about with blue-grey flowers and acanthus leaves; f. 49 (None), Presentation in the temple, with Joseph holding the candle and the offering of doves; f. 51 (Vespers), Flight into Egypt; f. 55 (Compline), Coronation of the Virgin by an angel, while she kneels before the enthroned Christ, and a host of red angels watches from behind a low wall; f. 60 (Penitential psalms), Last Judgment, with Christ on the rainbow and an angel at either side blowing a horn; the dead are depicted at close range in the immediate foreground; f. 74 (Office of the Dead), Raising of Lazarus, who is helped out of his tomb by a turbaned man, while bystanders, their hands folded in prayer, watch; 2 small figures in the windows of a half-timbered house gaze down at the scene; outer border as on f. 20. A full compartmentalized border on f. 98 (Obsecro te). 4-line initials in white-patterned blue or orangetinged pink on a burnished gold ground with trilobe leaf infilling; the infilling on f. 43 contains a naturalistic flower; 2- and 1-line initials in burnished gold on alternating dark pink or blue grounds with infilling of the other color; ribbon line fillers in the same colors; initials in the text touched in yellow. Rubrics in a rather orange-colored red. Bound by F. Bedford in brown morocco with gold tooling; gilt edges. Written at the end of the fifteenth century in France, for use in Langres, as indicated by the liturgical forms of the hours of the Virgin and the office of the Dead, and by the saints of the calendar and the litany. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Grolier Club (1892) n. 22; Cat. (1909) pp. 71-72; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1912, pt. IV, n. 2346 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 102. P. Kallenburg, O. Carm., Fontes Liturgiae Carmelitanae. Textus et Studia Historica Carmelitana 5 (Rome 1962) 263, erroneously listing HM 1169 as Carmelite.
Abbreviations
Hoe: Cat. (1909)
[C. Shipman], A Catalogue of Manuscripts Forming a Portion of the Library of Robert Hoe (New York 1909)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Doyle, “Thomas Aquinas”
A. I. Doyle, “A Prayer Attributed to St. Thomas Aquinas,” Dominican Studies 1 (1948) 229-38
Hoe: Grolier Club (1892)
Catalogue of an Exhibition of Illuminated and Painted Manuscripts together with a few early printed books with illuminations…New York, Grolier Club, April 1892 (New York 1892); De Ricci, p. xv, “At least 66 of the European mss. were from the Hoe collection; others belonged to W. L. Andrews, S. P. Avery, etc.”
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
PL
J. P. Migne, ed., Patrologia latina
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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