Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1166

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rouen
France, s. XV2
1. ff. 1-12v: Calendar in French, with major feasts in red; included are the feasts of Valeric (1 April), Hugh (9 April), Eutropius (30 April), Martialis (3 July, in red), Firmin (25 September), Nicasius (11 October), Mellonius (22 October), Romanus (23 October, in red), Ursinus (30 December). 2. ff. 13-28v: Pericopes of the Gospels, that of John followed by the prayers, Protector in te sperantium…[Perdrizet, 25], and Ecclesiam tuam quesumus domine…; Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. De te enim…[Wilmart, 494-95]; suffrage of Mary Magdalene. 3. ff. 29-72v: Hours of the Virgin, use of Rouen; suffrage after lauds of Catherine of Alexandria; suffrage after compline of Lawrence, added in a contemporary bâtarde script. 4. ff. 73-90v: Penitential psalms and litany, including Denis, Maurice and Eustachius among the martyrs; Mellonius, Romanus and Fiacre among the confessors; Honorina among the virgins. 5. ff. 91-94: Short hours of the Cross. 6. ff. 94v-97v: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 7. ff. 98-128v: Office of the Dead, with responses to the lessons as in Sarum use. 8. ff. 129-136v: Prayers as follow: Doulce dame de misericorde…[Leroquais, LH 2:310-11]; Doulx dieu doulx pere sainte trinite…[Leroquais, LH 2:309-10]; Saincte vraie croix aouree…[Sonet 1876]. Parchment, ff. i (parchment) + 136 + iii (parchment); 172 × 122 (88 × 60; on ff. 129-136, 90 × 65) mm. 112 2-38(through f. 28) 4-88 94(through f. 72) 10-168(through f. 128) 178. No catchwords or signatures visible. 14 long lines up to f. 128v, thereafter 16 long lines; ruled in pale red ink; pricking occasionally visible in the outer margin. Written in a gothic book hand, in 2 sizes according to liturgical function. Seven miniatures in arched compartments with serrated tops, above 3 lines of text; both text and miniature enclosed by a U-shaped frame of pink, blue and gold segments, narrower along the inner margin; outer border of black ivy spray, blue and gold acanthus, flowers and berries. The miniatures are: f. 28, Mary Magdalene standing on a green tile floor, holding her jar of ointment; behind her is a blue brocade cloth; f. 29 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation, with the angel holding a scroll and the Dove descending from a silvered window; f. 51v, Catherine of Alexandria with the stock portrait of the owner, a woman in a pink dress and squared black headdress, kneeling before her; f. 73 (Penitential psalms), David praying to God the Father who blesses from a deep blue starry aperture in the sky; f. 91 (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion in a carefully centered scene with the sun and the moon above, and, below, to Christ’s right, Mary, John and Mary Magdalene, and the soldiers to his left; f. 94v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 98 (Office of the Dead), Funeral service in a church, with 2 mourners in black near the coffin and priests in front of a lectern in the foreground. Bracket borders of the same style as the full borders on the opening pages of the individual hours of the Virgin and on ff. 129, 133. 3-line initials in blue or dark pink on a gold ground, infilled with colored trilobe leaves; 2-line initials in gold on dark pink or blue grounds with infilling of the other color, and marginal sprays of black ink and gold motifs; 1-line initials in the same style, but without marginal sprays; ribbon line fillers and small flowers for the same purpose also in blue, dark pink and gold; initials in the text touched in yellow. Rubrics in red. Bound, s. XVIex, in French red morocco with a simple tooled and painted fanfare design; holes from 2 fore edge ties; gilt edges. Written in the second half of the fifteenth century for use in Rouen, to judge from the liturgical use of the hours of the Virgin, and from the saints in the calendar and the litany. On f. i is the note “ex libris joannis baptistae de mydorge,” possibly written by the same person who filled the 3 back flyleaves with birth notices of Monsieur Mydorge, sieur de Fretay, of his wife, Marie le Bossu, the date of their marriage and the birth and baptism (at the “fons de St. Paul de Paris”) of their 12 children, with dates from 1511 to 1561. Monsieur Mydorge, in listing his children’s godparents includes his mother, Catherine Asselin, presumably of the well-known family originating in Rouen; this may account for the presence of a fifteenth century book of hours of the use of Rouen in Paris by the early to mid 1500s. Other names on these leaves place Monsieur Mydorge in the upper administrative echelons of his time: Olivier, Brette, Bochetel, Abra de Raconis, Bourdin, Rapoël, Bragelongne (a book of hours of the use of Rouen belonging to a “Magdalene de Brageloigne” is Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 77). The complete list of names is: Monsieur Mydorge sieur de fretay; Damoiselle Marie le bossu; monsieur Morler du Muse au tresor des ligues; demoiselle Marie Mauque; Claude olivier sieur de Barynuillier; Anne le bossu; Edmond Brette greffier des auditeurs du Chatelet de paris; monsieur le bossu sieur de Montyon (father-in-law of the writer); Jeanne olivier; Jehan Mydorge; Jehan le bossu Archidiacre de Jozes (?); Jaques bochetel secretaire du roy et tresorier de la maison; Catherine Asselin; Galois de Mydorge esveques sieur de fretay commissaire ordinaire de l’artillerie ; Gaston Mydorge; Monsieur de Nancy; Gaston olivier grand Archidiacre d’angers; Monsieur Ariole de la planche cure de deneze en Anjou; Madame Marie Mauque; Sarra Mydorge; Jacques olivier archidiacre Doutremarne en l’eglise d’Angers prieur de l’appy en picardie; Madame denise Brette; Monsieur savignac receveur des generaux des Monnoies et de l’hotel dieu; Estienne Mydorge; galois de raconis Commissaire <?> de l’artillerie et lieutenant a paris de Monsieur le grand M. de d<?>dle; Estienne de la planche l’un des quatre esauffesmes de France; Damoiselle Bochetel; Monsieur bourdin conseilleur du roy et secretaire de ses finances; Marie Mydorge; Monsieur le bossu sieur de Montyon (brother-in-law of the writer); Madame la receveuse de l’escurye du roy lyomec (?); Madame la tresoriere de Raconis; Audebert Mydorge; Monsieur Audebert Catin sieur de Clermont; Monsieur francois d’abra dit Raconis tresorier <?> de l’armee (?) et des <?> payes de picardie; Anne Mydorge; Monsieur le commissaire de Raconis; Marguerite Mydorge; Monsieur lyomec (?) sieur de Cueilly receveur de l’escurie du roy; Marguerite pichon; Monsieur le seche; Marie Mydorge; Monsieur de Vandargene; Damoiselle Catherine Rappouel; Monsieur Coigne; Phyles le bossu; Monsieur de villebrosse; Abraham Mydorge; Monsieur Johanne conseiller et argentier du roy; Antoine fayer conseiller du roy et tresorier de le <?> de la guerre; Damoiselle Lamie (?) le bossu; Lois Midorge; Monsieur re<damaged> sieur de villebrosse; Monsieur de grantrue (?) receveur des tailles de paris; Demoiselle Catherine de bragelongne; Monsieur Rappouel conseiller du Roy au Chatelet de paris; Rachel Mydorge; Monsieur le bossu sieur de Montyon advocat au parlemen; Damoiselle Brigide d’abra; Catherine de Raconis. Later belonged to Collin Armstrong; his sale, Anderson, New York, 26 October 1909, pt. II, n. 1170 with plate (catalogue not available to us) to G. Wells. Date and source of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 101.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
Perdrizet
P. Perdrizet, Le Calendrier parisien à la fin du moyen âge. Publications de la faculté de lettres de l’Université de Strasbourg 63 (Paris 1933)
Sonet
J. Sonet, Répertoire d’incipit de prières en ancien français. Société de publications romanes et françaises 54 (Geneva 1956)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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