Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1163

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Paris
France, s. XV2
1. ff. 1-12v: Full calendar in French of the type printed by Perdrizet, alternating red and blue entries even for the more important feasts. 2. ff. 13-22: [f. 13, blank; f. 13v, illuminated; f. 14, rubric only:] Passio domini nostri ihesu christi secundum iohannem, In illo tempore, Apprehendit pylatus ihesum…[catena mainly from John 19; see de la Mare, Lyell Cat., 65-66, and the prayer:] Deus qui manus tuas et pedes tuos…; pericopes of the Gospels. 3. ff. 22v-36v: Obsecro te…Et michi famulo tuo N. impetres…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Alia devota oratio de beata maria, O [I]ntemerata…orbis terrarum. De te enim…[Wilmart, 494-95]; Alia oratio de virgine maria, O [I]ntemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina aures…[Wilmart, 488-90]; Devote contemplation de nostre damefaicte a la requeste de charles roy de france, par le glorieux confesseur monseigneur saint gregoire pape le quel octroya et donna…, Stabat mater dolorosa…[RH 19416]; S’ensuivent v devots verses salutaires de la vierge marie mere de dieu, Ave cuius conceptio…[RH 1744, and the prayer:] Deus qui nos concepcionis, nativitatis…; A pascha usque ad pentecostem antiphona, Regina celi letare…[RH 17170, with versicle, response and the prayer:] Graciam tuam quesumus domine mentibus nostris infunde… 4. ff. 37-107: Hours of the Virgin, use of Paris; psalms and lessons at matins for the 3 nocturns; hours from lauds through compline end with the prayer, Ecclesiam tuam quesumus domine…, by cue only after lauds; short hours of the Cross and the Holy Spirit worked in; ff. 107v-109v, ruled, but blank. 5. ff. 110-129: Penitential psalms and litany, including Maurice, Denis, Eustachius, Fabianus and Julianus among the martyrs; Julianus, Eligius and Brictius among the confessors; Anne and Radegundis (but not Genevieve) among the virgins. 6. ff. 129v-161: Office of the Dead, use of Paris. 7. ff. 161-169v: S’ensuivent les vii verses saint bernard, Lesquelz quiconques devotemente les dira le iour une foiz, iamais de mort soubdaine ne mourra, O Bone ihesu, Illumina oculos meos…[RH 27912, with the prayer:] Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui ezechie regi…; Pape boniface donna ii mille anset la fit fer philippe roy de france, Domine ihesu christe qui hanc sacratissimam carnem…[Wilmart, 378, n.]; S’ensuit cy apres certaines oroysons de nostre seigneur moult devotes, Et primierement, Ie te salue ihesu crist parolle du pere, filz de la vierge…[Sonet 875]; Saint Benoist pape fit ceste oroyson, L’an mil trois cens et xxxvii, Lequel donna et octroya a toute personnesi comme il fut revele a ung sainct homme nomme saint Iehan crisostome docteur de l’eglise Et monseigneur saint gregoire…, Tres piteux et benigne redempteur ihesus ie te supplie et requier en grand humilite et recordation…[Sonet 2235]; Oroyson a nostre dame, O tres certaine esperance deffenderesse de tous maulx [sic] qui cy actendent glorieuse vierge marie…[Sonet 1538]. 8. ff. 170-201v: Suffrages of the Trinity (Libera nos salva nos iustifica nos…), Michael, John the Baptist, Peter and Paul (Petrus apostolus et paulus doctor gentium…), John the Evangelist (Iohannes apostolus et evangelista virgo est electus…), Christopher, Martin, Nicholas, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Margaret, All Saints, the Trinity (Te deum patrem ingenitum, te filium…), All Angels (these 2 suffrages with prayer designated “oratio ut supra”), Peter (Angelus domini astitit et lumen…), Paul (Sancte paule apostole predicator veritatis et doctor gencium…), Andrew, John the Evangelist (antiphon as above), Thomas the Apostle, Many Apostles, Stephen, Lawrence, Gregory, Blasius, Sebastian, Denis, Gervasius and Protasius, Cosmas and Damianus, Many Martyrs, Anthony abbot, Augustine, Benedict, Maurus, Fiacre, Lazarus (preceded by an indulgence granted by John III), Claude, Many Confessors, Cecilia, Agnes, Apollonia, Avia, Opportuna, Genevieve, Anne; De nostre dame par toute l’annee antienne, Salve regina misericordie…[RH 18147, with versicle, response and prayer:] Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui gloriose virginis marie corpus et animam…; Le lundi et le ieude Antienne, Ave regina celorum ave domina angelorum…[RH 2070]; Le mardi et le vendredi, Virgo parens christi paritura deum genuisti…[RH 21842?]; Le ieudi et le samedi antienne, Alma redemptoris mater que pervia celi porta manens [sic]…[RH 861]; of the Cross, for peace, the Eucharist, Martha. Parchment, ff. ii (modern parchment) + 201 + ii (modern parchment); 162 × 106 (77 × 53) mm. 1-26 3(ff. 13-16, of unclear structure; f. 13 almost certainly a singleton) 4-58 64(through f. 36) 78 88(-8, excised) 98 108(-1 and 2, excised) 11-158 164(through f. 109) 17-228 2312(through f. 169) 24-278. Most catchwords are present, written in the script of the text across the center of the lower margin, on f. 51v written vertically along the inner bounding line. 14 long lines, ruled in pale red ink. Written in a bâtarde script in 2 sizes according to liturgical function. Fifteen large miniatures, usually above 3 lines of text in arched compartments, surrounded by full borders of blue and gold acanthus, flowers, green pears, strawberries, and a particularly large number of grotesques, frequently obscene. The miniatures have been discussed by Claude Schaefer, “Recherches sur l’iconologie et la stylistique de l’art de Jean Fouquet,” Thèse présentée devant l’Université de Paris, IV, 24 February 1971, 2:268-70 and 3:pl. 119-122 (all the miniatures reproduced). The miniature on f. 13v closest to the work of Fouquet; the others, in varying degree, represent styles of Fouquet and Jean Colombe and appear to be products of Fouquet’s workshop. The miniatures are: f. 13v (added singleton; the original intent was evidently to paint the miniature for the catena from John directly on the quire leaf, as f. 14 contains only the rubric on the last three lines, leaving the normal miniature space blank), full page miniature, God the Father, holding the orb, and seated in glory, in shades of purple and gold, and, in the corners, the symbols of the 4 Evangelists; f. 22v (Obsecro te), Pietà, with a coat of arms in the border (see below); f. 37 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation in a church; f. 62 (Lauds), Visitation, with a coat of arms in the border (see below); f. 74v (Hours of the Cross), Betrayal in the garden, at night, in the left background a woman holds up a lantern, while Judas with the bag of silver in his hand kisses Jesus, and Malchus crouches on the ground; f. 76 (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 77v (Prime), Nativity; f. 83v (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds, one of whom is dressed in white; f. 88 (Sext), Adoration of the Magi, 2 of whom already kneel before the Infant, their crowns on the ground, while the third approaches at the head of a large crowd; f. 92v (None), Flight into Egypt; f. 97 (Vespers), Dormition of the Virgin, with Jesus in a yellow aperture above holding her soul, represented as a small child dressed in white; f. 101 (Compline), Assumption of the Virgin, who is dressed in white and supported by pink angels; f. 110 (Penitential psalms), David killing Goliath; historiated initial on this page of David playing his harp; f. 129v (Office of the Dead), Job on the dunghill with his friends standing before him; f. 170 (suffrage to the Trinity), above 2 lines of text, Gnadenstuhl, on the same model as the miniature on f. 13v. 3-line initial on f. 22v as pink acanthus leaves against a golden acanthus leaf ground with a coat of arms as infilling (see below); the initial on f. 97 formed of white acanthus leaves; that on f. 110 contains an image of David. Other 3-line, and the 2- and 1-line initials in maroon or blue decorated with gold leafy swirls against backgrounds of the other color, also decorated with painted gold leaves. Ribbon line fillers in the same colors. Initials in the text touched in yellow. Rubrics in pale red. Band borders in the outer margin running the length of the text at the presence of 2-line initials, and traced when appropriate, consisting of blue and gold acanthus, flowers, green pears and strawberries. Bound in brown morocco to a Duodo design by Thibaron-Echaubard and Wampflug, with gold stamped monogram “I C C”; parchment doublures; gilt edges. Written in France ca. 1480 for a member of the family of Malet de Graville, whose coat of arms appears in the margin of f. 62 (Rietstap, vol. 4, pl. 127); added to the initial on f. 22v are the arms of the Balzac family, seigneurs d’Entragues (Rietstap, vol. 1, pl. 116); the original owners may have been Louis Malet and his wife, Jeanne de Balzac; their daughter, Anne, married Pierre de Balzac in 1505. The book may have passed to Pierre’s son-in-law, Claude d’Urfé; see A. Vernet, “Les Manuscrits de Claude d’Urfé (1501-1558) au Château de la Bastie,” Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres: Comptes-Rendus (1976) 81-97. His library was bought in 1777 by the Duc de La Vallière; this manuscript, however, does not appear in the Duc’s 1784 sale. E. M. Bancel sale, Paris, 8 May 1882, n. 13 to Baron de Beurnonville; his sale, Paris, 16 February 1885, pp. 14-18 to the bookseller D. Morgand (Inv. 23092); Dodd and Mead and Co., Catalogue 11 (October 1885), pp. 27-28. Acquired by E. Dwight Church (1835-1908); in his Catalogue…of English Literature (1909) vol. 1, n. 402 with a plate of f. 101. The Church collection was acquired by Henry E. Huntington in 1911. Bibliography: De Ricci, 101. N. Reynaud, Jean Fouquet, Les Dossiers du Département des Peintures. Editions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris 1981) 55 and footnote 163.
Abbreviations
Church: Catalogue…of English Literature
A Catalogue of Books consisting of English Literature and Miscellanea…forming a Part of the Library of E. D. Church, compiled and annotated by G. W. Cole (New York 1909)
de la Mare, Lyell Cat.
A. de la Mare, Catalogue of the Collection of Medieval Manuscripts bequeathed to the Bodleian Library Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (Oxford 1971)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
Perdrizet
P. Perdrizet, Le Calendrier parisien à la fin du moyen âge. Publications de la faculté de lettres de l’Université de Strasbourg 63 (Paris 1933)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Rietstap
J. B. Rietstap, Armorial général (2nd ed. 1884-87; plates 1903-26 and Supplements 1926-51 by V. Rolland and H. Rolland)
Sonet
J. Sonet, Répertoire d’incipit de prières en ancien français. Société de publications romanes et françaises 54 (Geneva 1956)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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