Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library
BOOK OF HOURS, use of Paris1. ff. 1-6v: Full calendar in French, alternating entries in red and blue, with major feasts in gold. 2. ff. 7-20v: Passion according to John with the prayer, Deus qui manus tuas et pedes tuos… 3. ff. 21-39v: Pericopes of the Gospels, that of John followed by the prayer, Protector in te sperancium…[Perdrizet, 25]; Oratio devota ad virginem mariam, Obsecro te…et michi famulo tuo impetres…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Alia oratio, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. Inclina mater…[Wilmart, 488-90]; Alia oratio ad virginem mariam, Stabat mater dolorosa…[RH 19416]. 4. ff. 40-113v: Hours of the Virgin, use of Paris; 3 sets of 3 psalms and lessons at matins; the prayer, Ecclesiam tuam quesumus domine…ends the hours from lauds through compline; opening leaf of terce missing before f. 87. 5. ff. 114-118: Short hours of the Cross. 6. ff. 118v-121v: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 7. ff. 122-141v: Penitential psalms, with 2 leaves missing between ff. 124-125 containing Ps. 31, 8-11 and Ps. 37, 1-12; litany includes Denis, Maurice, Eustachius, Eutropius, Valentinus and Lambert among the martyrs; Mellonius, Julianus, Fiacre, Eligius, Aegidius, Remigius and Maurus among the confessors; Opportuna and Genevieve among the virgins. 8. ff. 142-195v: Office of the Dead, use of Paris; lacks opening leaf; Quand on recoit le corps de nostre seigneur ihesucrist, Domine non sum dignus ut intres sub tectum meum sed tu domine qui dixisti…; Quant on l’a receu oroison, Vera perceptio corporis et sanguinis tui… Parchment, ff. iii (paper) + 195 + ii (parchment) + iii (paper); 156 × 108 (93 × 60) mm. 16 28 36(through f. 20) 48 58(+9, f. 37) 62(through f. 39) 7-118 128(-8, after f. 86) 13-158 162(+1 at the beginning, through f. 113) 178(through f. 121) 188(-4, 5, after f. 124) 198 206 218(-1, before f. 142) 22-268 276(+7, f. 195). 14 long lines, ruled in pale red ink. Written in a gothic script. Twelve large miniatures above 5 or 4 lines of text, with both text and miniature enclosed by painted gold architectural borders; the paintings may have been added in the early sixteenth century in the empty spaces reserved for that purpose, since the style of the illuminations and that of the initials seem at variance. The miniatures are: f. 7 (Passion according to John), above 5 lines of text, Betrayal in the Garden with Judas holding the bag of silver in his hand and kissing Jesus on his right cheek; Malchus with his bloody ear crouches below Peter; f. 21 (Gospel of John), above 5 lines of text, John, full-length, holding the snaky chalice, with 2 poisoned prisoners at his feet; f. 40 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation; f. 68 (Lauds), the Tiburtine Sibyl presenting the vision of the Virgin and Child to Augustus; 4 men stand in an arched cloister in the background; f. 81 (Prime), Nativity; opening leaf of terce missing; f. 91 (Sext), flaking, Adoration of the Magi; f. 95v (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 100 (Vespers), Flight into Egypt, with the Holy Family being accompanied by 2 angels; f. 108 (Compline), Dormition of the Virgin; f. 114 (Hours of the Cross), flaking, Crucifixion, with Mary, John and Mary Magdalene on Christ’s right and the soldiers on his left; f. 118v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 122 (Penitential psalms), David sending Uriah into battle; opening leaf for the office of the dead missing. Small miniatures, approximately 45 × 38 mm., enclosed by simple gold frames, while the entire page is framed by painted gold or colored architectural columns, are: f. 23v, Luke, seated in front of an easel painting an image of the Virgin from a smaller one propped above it on the easel, as the winged ox approaches from the left; f. 25v, Matthew, seated writing, with his left hand following the words in a book held by the angel; f. 27v, Mark, writing from 2 books set open on a lectern, with the winged lion below; f. 29 (Obsecro te), Pietà, with John the Baptist presenting a woman to Mary and the dead Christ; f. 34 (O Intemerata), the Virgin, seated, holding the Child with angels playing musical instruments on either side; f. 37v (Stabat mater), Crucifixion with Mary and John. 4- and 3-line initials in white-patterned blue on burnished gold grounds with colored trilobe leaf infilling; 2- and 1-line initials in gold on blue grounds with dark pink infilling, or vice versa; ribbon, dot and flower line fillers in the same colors; initials within the text touched in yellow. Rubrics in a bright orange-red. Two 2-line initials on f. 195r-v in painted gold on square faded maroon grounds; in the lower margin of f. 195 green brush strokes, as if to make a plant; in faded green ink on f. 195v: “finis; christum dominum nostrum.” Bound on the Continent, s. XVIII, in red velvet covered by open-work silver repoussé of 2 lions rampant supporting a blank shield surmounted by a coronet; 2 fore edge clasps, and a chain from front to back cover on the top; red silk endpapers; gilt edges. See R. R. Wark, British Silver in the Huntington Library (Huntington Library 1978) n. 373, for description and plate of binding. For a similar binding, see Christie’s sale catalogue, 4 April 1962, lot 41 with plate. Written in France in the early fifteenth century with illuminations apparently added in the early sixteenth century. The owner at that point may have been a woman named “Jeanne,” as suggested by the illumination on f. 29. Belonged to Robert Hoe, and discussed by him in his Lecture on Bookbinding as a Fine Art, delivered before the Grolier Club, February 26, 1885 (New York: Grolier Club 1886) pl. 63; Grolier Club (1892) n. 47; Exhibition of Silver, Embroidered and Curious Bookbindings (New York: Grolier Club 1903) n. 32; Cat. (1909) pp. 44-45; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1912, pt. III, n. 2072 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 100.
France, s. XVin and s. XVIin
C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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