Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1157

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rome
Flanders, s. XVex
1. ff. 1-12v: Calendar in red and black, including, in red, the feasts of Basilius (14 June), Remigius and Bavo (1 October), Donatianus (14 October). 2. ff. 13-14v: Ad salutandum faciem christi, Salve sancta facies…[RH 18189] and the prayer, Deus qui nobis signatis lumen vultus tui… 3. ff. 15-22v [f. 15, blank]: Short hours of the Cross. 4. ff. 23-29v [f. 23, blank]: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 5. ff. 30-37 [f. 30, blank]: Mass of the Virgin. 6. ff. 37-42v: Pericopes of the Gospels. 7. ff. 43-120v [f. 43, blank]: Incipiunt hore beate marie virginis secundum usum Romanum; weekly variations of the psalms at matins set into the text before the lessons; suffrages of All Saints and prayers for peace from lauds to compline; Salve Regina follows compline; Advent office begins on f. 112; [added by a contemporary hand, f. 87r-v, before sext with its miniature of the Magi] Si ambulavero in medio tribulacionis vivicabis me…Oremus. Deus qui tres magos orientales…ut michi famulo tuo N.… 8. ff. 121-144v: Prayers as follow: Oracio beate marie virginis, Obsecro te…Et michi famulo tuo N. impetres…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Alia oracio de beata maria, O intemerata…orbis terrarum. De te enim…[Wilmart, 494-95]; Oracio devota ad ihesum christum, O bone ihesu o piissime ihesu…[Allen, Writings, 314-17]; Oracio beati gregorii pape, Domine ihesu christe exaudi oracionem meam quia iam cognosco quod tempus meum prope est…; suffrages of John the Baptist, Peter and Paul, James, Adrianus, Sebastian, Michael, Francis, Anthony abbot, Nicholas, Anne, Mary Magdalene, Catherine of Alexandria, Barbara, Margaret. 9. ff. 145-167v [f. 145, blank]: Penitential psalms and litany. 10. ff. 168-213 [f. 168, blank]: Office of the Dead, use of Rome. 11. ff. 213v-217v: Symbolum athanasii episcopi, Quicumque vult salvus esse…; [added by a second contemporary hand] versus sancti bernardi, Illumina oculos meos…[RH 27912]; f. 217v, 2-line erasure, illegible. Parchment, ff. i (parchment) + 217 and 2 leaves skipped in the foliation, now numbered ff. 87a, 88a + i (parchment); 124 × 90 (70 × 50) mm. 112 28(+3, f. 15) 38(+2, f. 23 and 8, f. 30) 48 58(+4, f. 43) 68 78(+7, f. 63) 88 98(+3, f. 76 and 8, f. 82) 108(+5, f. 88) 118(+1, f. 91 and 5, f. 96) 128(+5, f. 105) 1310(+2, f. 111; through f. 120) 14-168 178(+1, f. 145) 188 198(+7, f. 168) 20-248 256(+7). 15 long lines, ruled in pale red ink. Written in a regular bâtarde script, with prayers added by two different hands on ff. 87r-v and 217r-v. Fifteen full page miniatures on the versos of inserted singletons, blank on the rectos; in slightly arched compartments surrounded by full borders, usually consisting of realistically painted flowers, branchy acanthus leaves, insects, and birds strewn on a gold field, textured through stippling or dabbed paint; matching borders on the facing rectos, with 5-line branchy acanthus leaf initials. The miniatures are: 15v-16 (Hours of the Cross), the Crucifixion, with Mary and John on Jesus’ right, the soldiers on his left; in the border, the Passion in a series of vignettes: Christ at Gethsemane, praying to God in the heavens, with the apostles below; Judas kissing Christ who holds Malchus’ ear; Christ before Pilate and then being lead away; flagellation; the mocking of Christ; the devil handing a rope to Judas as he climbs a tree; the road to Calvary; Judas hanged. On f. 23v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 30v (Mass of the Virgin), the Virgin supporting the Child on a pillow with a canopy above them; ff. 43v-44 (Hours of the Virgin), the Annunciation, and in the border, the tree of Jesse with the generations of Christ, clusters of grapes and grape leaves; f. 63v (Lauds), Visitation in front of a substantial pink house; f. 76v (Prime), Nativity, above a vaulted stone chamber with a pillar; f. 82v (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds with the angel in a multicolored cloudy sky; f. 88v (Sext), Adoration of the Magi; f. 91v (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 96v (Vespers), Massacre of the Innocents, with one mother hitting a soldier with a wooden ladle; f. 105v (Compline), Flight into Egypt: the Virgin, riding a donkey, nurses her Child while a palm tree bends over them, with the soldiers and the cornfield in the background; f. 111v (Advent office), Coronation of the Virgin, who kneels before the Father and the Son, both wearing the same cloak while the Dove hovers between them; f. 145v (Penitential psalms), David in prayer and the angel sheathing his sword; f. 168v (Office of the Dead), a man lying dead on his bed; with an angel protecting his small naked soul from an attacking devil. Twenty-three 7-line miniatures with bracket borders to the left of the text in the same style as the full borders: f. 37 (Gospel of John), John on Patmos; f. 38v, Luke writing at a desk; f. 40, Matthew writing, with the angel at a smaller desk; f. 41v, Mark with the lion; f. 121 (Obsecro te), John supporting the body of Jesus while Mary worships him; f. 125 (O Intemerata), the Virgin, holding the Child, sits within a wattle-enclosed garden; f. 129 (O bone ihesu), the Child, sitting on a large pink cushion wearing a coral necklace and playing with another; f. 131v (prayer of Gregory), Vision of St. Gregory; f. 136, John the Baptist, seated, points to the Lamb; f. 136v, Peter and Paul holding their attributes in a green landscape; f. 137, James with staff, pouch and knapsack; f. 138, Adrianus, with sword, anvil and lion (presumably conflating the Adrianus martyred at Caesarea and the one put to death in Nicomedia); f. 138v, Sebastian, fully clothed, holding arrows; f. 139v, Michael fighting 2 devils; f. 140, Francis showing the stigmata; f. 140v, Anthony abbot, reading, his book propped on a wattle fence and the pig behind him; f. 141v, Nicholas seated before the 3 children in a tub; f. 142, Anne, seated, reading in an enclosed garden, while Mary, kneeling, supports the infant Jesus against Anne’s knees; f. 142v, Mary Magdalene, nude except for a cloth about her waist, praying, the pot and cave behind her, the entire view seen between parted curtains in the foreground; f. 143, Catherine, holding wheel and sword; f. 144, Barbara; f. 144v, Margaret in prison, emerging from the dragon; f. 213 (Athanasian Creed), Athanasius, with bishop’s mitre, sitting before a red drape and holding a book. In the calendar, bracket borders to the left of the text begin each month with square inserts in the upper margin for the sign of the zodiac and in the lower margin for the occupation of the month. Secondary initials, 2- and 1-line, in painted gold on square light-brown grounds with gold tracery; ribbon line fillers in the same colors. Rubrics in pink-tinged red. Bound, s. XIX, in purple velvet, a silver “gothic” fore edge clasp, closing from bottom to top; gilt edges. Written at the end of the fifteenth century probably in Bruges as indicated by the saints in the calendar. Date and source of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 99.
Abbreviations
Allen, Writings
H. E. Allen, Writings Ascribed to Richard Rolle, Hermit of Hampole (New York 1927)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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