Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1150

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Chartres
France, s. XVex
1. ff. 1-6v: Calendar in French with major feasts in red; included are the feasts of Launomar (19 January), Lubin (14 March), Emanus (16 May), Ivo (21 May), Caraunus (28 May), Anianus (10 June), Carileffus (1 July), Evurtius (7 September), Lubin (15 September), Solemnius (24 September), Anianus (7 December). 2. ff. 7-8v: Prayers as follow: O Maria piissima stella maris clarissima mater misericordie…[RH 13213]; Memento obsecro dulcis maria et domina illius venerande stacionis…[masculine forms]; Deus dator gaudii largitor solacii…; Inviolata integra et casta…[RH 9094]. 3. ff. 9-11v: Pericopes of the Gospels (but missing the pericope from John); Antiphona de virgine maria, Salve regina…[RH 18147] and the prayer, Concede nos famulos tuos quesumus domine deus perpetua mentis et corporis sanitate gaudere…; antiphona Tempore paschale, Regina celi letare…[RH 17170]. 4. ff. 12-49: Hours of the Virgin, use of Chartres; psalms at matins are Pss. 8, 18, 23, 44, 45, 86, 95, 96, 97, with no intermediary rubrics for the days of the week or for the nocturns. 5. ff. 49v-51: Short hours of the Cross. 6. ff. 51v-53: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 7. ff. 53v-65: Penitential psalms and litany, including Caraunus and Piatus among the martyrs; Renatus, Sentinus (?), Gilderic, Maturinus and Avertinus (sic, for Aventius?) among the confessors; Rosa, Genevieve and Radegundis among the virgins. 8. ff. 65v-95v: Office of the Dead, use of Chartres; Quiconques dira ceste oroison en ung cymetere…, Avete omnes anime fideles…with versicle, response and prayer, Domine ihesu christe salus et liberatio…[Leroquais, LH 2:341]. 9. ff. 96-112v: Suffrage of one’s guardian angel; Antiphona de sancto michaele archangelo, Sancte michael archangele domini nostri ihesu christi qui venisti in adiutorio populo dei…; Oracio devotissima de vulneribus christi, Omnibus consideratis Paradisus voluptatis…[Johannes Lemovicensis; Wilmart, 584, n. to p. 527] with the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui unigenitum filium tuum dominum nostrum ihesum christum crucem coronam spineam…; Oracio ante corpus cristi, Adoro te domine ihesu christe quem confiteor esse deum verum…; Domine ihesu christe propter illam amarissimam passionem…; Ave domine ihesu christe verbum patris…[Wilmart, 412]; Domine ihesu christe qui hanc sacratissimam carnem…[Wilmart, 378, n.]; Sequitur oracio ad patrem, Adoro te deus pater ingenite…, Postea dicat, Credo in deum patrem et cetera, Respice quesumus domine super hanc familiam tuam…, Oratio ad filium, Adoro te domine ihesu christe unicum dei filium…, Oracio, Omnipotens sempiterne deus dirige actus nostros in beneplacito tuo…, Postea dicatur, Credo in spiritum sanctum et cetera, Oracio ad spiritum sanctum, Adoro te spiritus paraclite deum verum procedentem ab utroque…, Oracio, Mentes nostras quesumus domine paraclitus spiritus sanctus…, Veni creator spiritus mentes tuorum visita…[RH 21204]; Deus qui corda fidelium sancti spiritus…; Sequitur oracio devotissima de vita et passione domini nostri ihesu christi, Tu domine ihesu christe qui pro nobis miseris peccatoribus dignatus es homo fieri…; Secuntur quindecim oraciones preclarissime sancte brigide…, O domine ihesu christe eterna dulcedo te amancium iubilus…[HE, 76-80], followed by a related rubric, Responsio crucifixi talis est, Quicumque per circulum unius anni predictas quindecim orationes… 10. ff. 113-124: De sancto michaele archangelo oratio, Deus propicius esto michi peccatori…[HE, 125] with versicles, responses and prayer, Beati archangeli tui michaelis intercessione sussulti…; oratio quando dicitur Sanctus, Auxiliatrix esto michi sancta trinitas…; Salutacio coram sacratissimo corpore domini nostri Ihesu cristi, Ave verum corpus natum de maria virgine…[Wilmart, 373-76]; Salutacio ad elevacionem sanguinis cristi, Ave sanguis preciosi corporis…with versicle, response and prayer, Deus qui nobis sub sacramento mirabili…; antiphona, Anima christi sanctifica me…[Leroquais, LH 2:340]; Alia oratio, Ave preciosissimum et sanctissimum corpus domini nostri ihesu christi in ara crucis…; Ave domine ihesu christe verbum patris…[as on f. 101r-v; Wilmart, 412]; oracio valde devota, Domine ihesu christe qui hanc sacratissimam carnem…[as on ff. 101v-102; Wilmart, 378, n.]; Oracio de eodem, Domine ihesu christe fili dei vivi qui pro peccatoribus corpus tuum…; Conditor et redemptor corporis et anime esto michi medicus et custos…; supplicatio ad Requirendum misericordiam deo, Miserere mei domine et exaudi oracionem meam…[the 9 Miserere’s] and the verse, Ave domine ihesu doce me facere voluntatem tuam quia deus meus es tu; oratio, Obsecro te…et michi famule tue…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Oratio de Beata maria virgine, Ave cuius conceptio…[RH 1744] with versicle, response and prayer, Deus cuius conceptionis nativitatis…; De Sancta maria, Stabat mater dolorosa…[RH 19416] and the prayer, Saluto te sancta domina virgo maria celorum regina ea salutacione…; Oracio edita a beato gregorio, Domine Ihesu christe redemptor mundi deffende me de manu inimicorum…da michi famule tue… 11. ff. 124-136: Oracio de omnibus sanctis, Omnes sancti cherubim et seraphim throni quoque et dominaciones…; de omnibus apostolis, Sancti apostoli dilecti dei vos elegit deus in salutem populi sui…; de sanctis martiribus, Gloriosissimi milites sancti martires christi qui pro eius nomine…; Antiphona de sanctissimis confessoribus, O Inextinguibiles lucerne mundi confessores cristi…; Antiphona de omnibus sanctis virginibus, Inestimabilis et immense glorie sancte virgines christi duplici sorte beate…pro me peccatrice…; suffrages of John the Baptist, John the Evangelist [Sancte iohannes evangelista qui cuncta que habere poteras…], Eutropius, Stephen, Denis, Sebastian, George, Benedict, Francis, Anthony abbot, Nicholas, Martin, Joachim, Anne, Avia, Catherine of Alexandria, Mary Magdalene, Barbara, Apollonia, Opportuna, Fiacre, Maturinus, James the Greater [O adiutor omnium seculorum o decus apostolorum…] 12. ff. 136-141v: Passion according to John. 13. ff. 141v-146: Suffrages of Peter, Paul, Andrew, John the Evangelist [Iste est iohannes qui supra pectus domini…], James the Greater [O adiutor omnium seculorum o decus apostolorum…as on ff. 135v-136], Bartholomew, Matthew the Evangelist, Thomas the Apostle, Philip and James the Less, Simon and Jude, Matthias the Apostle, Barnabas, Mark, Luke, the Innocents. 14. ff. 146v-162v: Oratio devotissima ad deum directa, Domine deus omnipotens qui trinus es et unus, qui es semper in omnibus…[Wilmart, 573-77]; Alia oratio ad conditorem cunctorum, Conditor celi et terre Rex regum et dominus dominancium…respices me famulam tuam…; suffrages of Leonard, Lupus, the Tears of Christ, Renatus, Cosmas and Damian, Margaret; Secuntur versus Sancti Bernardi, Illumina oculos meos…[RH 27912] followed by the prayer, Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui ezechieli [sic] regi…; Deus pater qui creasti Mundum et Illuminasti, Suscipe me penitentem, Et illumina meam mentem…[RH 4477]; Consideratio continua nostre vite presentis, Quis capiti det Rivos aquarum Et oculis fontem lacrimarum…; suffrage of Christopher […michi famule tue N.…]; suffrage of Lawrence; O domine ihesu christe adoro te in cruce pendentem…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Gracias et laudes tibi ago domine deus meus misericordia mea qui me dignatus es creare… Parchment, ff. ii (paper) + iv (parchment, of which the first was the pastedown) + 162 + ii (paper); 173 × 115 (100 × 54) mm. 18 28(-1, the Gospel of John) 3-208 214(-4). One catchword, f. 15v, in the script of the text, written horizontally, to the right of the inner bounding line. 20 long lines through f. 127v (quire 16), thereafter 21 long lines; ruled in a very faint brownish ink. Written in a bâtarde script in 2 sizes according to liturgical function. Twelve large miniatures above 3 lines of text in squared frames, in an unusual style, the figures being painted with large heads and in dark tones, possibly by more than one artist. The miniatures are: f. 12 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation; f. 30 (Prime), Nativity; f. 33v (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; f. 36v (Sext), Adoration of the Magi; f. 39 (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 42 (Vespers), Flight into Egypt; f. 46 (Compline), Coronation of the Virgin by 2 angels before God the Father; f. 49v (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion, with the 2 thieves painted in what would have been the upper portion of the outer border; f. 51v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; in the outer border 2 small strips from an earlier manuscript of geometric blue and gold acanthus design were glued over blank parchment before the illumination was painted; f. 53v (Penitential psalms), David enthroned, his counselors and harp behind him, watching a gentleman handing the letter to Uriah; outer border with glued-in strips as on f. 51v; f. 65v (Office of the Dead), Job on the dunghill; f. 161 (the 7 O’s of Gregory), Vision of St. Gregory at Mass; outer border composed of rectangles containing flowers and the initials R, E, GI contracted (?) and N against a painted gold ground. Four historiated full borders: the border for John missing; f. 9, Luke, in the initial M, with the ox in a compartment of the border, which also includes a grotesque playing bagpipes and two half-snail, halfputto figures gathering strawberries; f. 9v, Matthew and his angel, whose wings extend into the initial’s space, the initial, therefore, compressed into a small 1-line space of that area; with ox and snail-putti traced through from the recto; f. 10v, Mark in the border, his lion crouching on a bookstand in the space reserved for the initial; in the outer border 2 putti sitting in cherry trees, picking the fruit; f. 23v (Lauds), Visitation, with a grotesque playing an instrument in the border. Small miniatures, ca. 50 × 30 mm., placed in the band border which runs the length of the text, in the outer margin; where applicable, the flowered portions of the border are traced through from recto to verso; the miniatures are: f. 11 (Salve regina), Virgin and Child; f. 102 (Adoro te deus pater), Jesus holding a globe and blessing; f. 102v (Adoro te domine ihesu christe), Man of Sorrows; f. 103 (Adoro te spiritus paraclite), Pentecost; f. 113 (Deus propicius esto michi peccatori), Michael holding a scale with 2 small naked souls, and vanquishing the devil; f. 118 (Obsecro te), the Virgin holding the infant Jesus already covered with his wounds; f. 120v (Ave cuius conceptio), the Virgin as Queen of Heaven, nursing the Child, in a crescent; f. 121 (Stabat mater dolorosa), Pietà; f. 126, John the Baptist pointing to the haloed Lamb whose front hooves are hooked over the edge of the miniature; f. 127, John the Evangelist holding the snaky chalice; f. 127v, Eutropius in bishop’s garb, being beheaded; f. 128, Stephen with stones and book; f. 128v, Denis holding his severed head; f. 129, Sebastian; f. 129v, 2 miniatures: George and Benedict; f. 130, 2 miniatures: Francis receiving the stigmata from the winged crucifix, and Anthony abbot; f. 130v, Nicholas; f. 131, Martin; f. 131v, 2 miniatures: Joachim holding a staff, the other hand hooked on his belt, and Anne teaching the Virgin to read; f. 132, Avia in prison receiving the Eucharist from the Virgin; f. 132v, Catherine of Alexandria; f. 133, Mary Magdalene; f. 133v, Barbara; f. 134, Apollonia; f. 134v, Opportuna in her habit as abbess; f. 135, 2 miniatures: Fiacre dressed as a hermit and holding his spade and a book, and Maturinus with his shepherd’s crook and the sheep in the background; f. 135v, James the Greater with a pilgrim’s staff; f. 136 (Passion according to John), full border, in dark tones, possibly by a different artist, with successive vignettes of the Agony in the Garden, Christ washing the Apostles’ feet, and the Last Supper; f. 136v (idem), Judas kissing Jesus who is about to heal Malchus’ ear; f. 137 (idem), Christ, blindfolded, being slapped by a group of men; f. 137v (idem), Christ before Caiaphas; f. 138 (idem), Christ before Pilate; f. 138v (idem), Scourging at the pillar; f. 139 (idem), Mockery of Christ; f. 139v (idem), Pilate washing his hands; f. 140 (idem), Road to Calvary, and Christ being stripped of the seamless tunic; f. 140v (idem), Crucifixion with Mary, John and Mary Magdalene, and Stephaton offering the vinegar-soaked sponge; f. 141 (idem), Deposition from the Cross; f. 141v (idem), Entombment and in another miniature, Peter; f. 142, 2 miniatures: Paul and Andrew; f. 142v, John the Evangelist holding a shepherd’s crook; f. 143, Bartholomew holding a knife; f. 143v, 2 miniatures: Matthew the Evangelist holding a book and a halberd, and Thomas the Apostle holding a book and a lance; f. 144, Philip holding a tau-cross, and James the Less (or Philip again?) holding a Greek cross on a staff; f. 144v, 2 miniatures: Simon holding a falchion, and Matthias holding an ax; f. 145, Barnabas in prison, holding a book, presumably the gospel of Matthew; f. 145v, Mark; f. 146, Luke; f. 146v (Domine deus omnipotens qui es trinus et unus), Gnadenstuhl; f. 149v (Conditor celi), Christ on a rainbow showing his wounds; f. 151v, 2 miniatures: Leonard with his fetters, and Lupus in bishop’s garb; f. 152v, Renatus, the full length of the band border, in bishop’s garb; f. 153, 2 miniatures: Cosmas and Damianus, and Margaret; f. 160, Christopher; f. 160v, Lawrence. Simple band border on f. 96 (Rogo te sancte angele). 6-line initial on f. 11 (Salve Regina) formed by a 2-headed snake biting branches with both mouths. 4- and 3-line initials in white-shaded blue, red or grey infilled with naturalistic flowers, set against a painted gold ground; 3-line initials in gold-decorated red on square blue grounds; 2- and 1-line initials in painted gold on blue or brick red grounds; ribbon line fillers in the same colors; initials within the text touched in yellow. Rubrics in a very pale pink. Bound, s. XIX, in purple morocco by Koehler; silver fore edge clasp closing from back to front; gilt edges. Written at the end of the fifteenth century in France with the use of Chartres in the hours of the Virgin and in the office of the dead; the saints of the calendar also suggest Chartres. The first owner may have been a woman as the prayers occasionally contain feminine forms (ff. 119v, 123v, 125v, 150, 160). A note on f. ii reads “Je suis a Demoiselle Jeanne de Malherbe, 1567.” Belonged to A. Firmin Didot (1790-1876); his sale, Paris, 16 June 1883, n. 12 to Labitte. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Grolier Club (1892) n. 58; Cat. (1909) pp. 57-59; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1912, pt. III, n. 2071 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 99.
Abbreviations
Hoe: Cat. (1909)
[C. Shipman], A Catalogue of Manuscripts Forming a Portion of the Library of Robert Hoe (New York 1909)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Hoe: Grolier Club (1892)
Catalogue of an Exhibition of Illuminated and Painted Manuscripts together with a few early printed books with illuminations…New York, Grolier Club, April 1892 (New York 1892); De Ricci, p. xv, “At least 66 of the European mss. were from the Hoe collection; others belonged to W. L. Andrews, S. P. Avery, etc.”
HE
C. Wordsworth, ed., Horae Eboracenses. Surtees Society 132 (1920)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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