Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1146

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Troyes
France, s. XVex
1. ff. 1-12v: Calendar in French with major feasts in red; included are entries for Frodobert (8 January), Sabinianus martyr (24 January, in red), Sabina (29 January), Helen (4 May, in red), Mastidia (7 May, in red), “Saint loup de troyes” (29 July, in red), Tancha (10 October), Sabinianus and Potentianus bishops and martyrs (19 October). 2. ff. 13-20v: Pericopes of the Gospels, that of John followed by the prayer, Protector in te sperantium…[Perdrizet, 25]; Salve regina…[HE, 62]; antiphona, Inviolata integra et casta es maria…[RH 9094]; Ad beatam mariam virginem, Regina celi letare…[RH 17170]. 3. ff. 21-24v: Short hours of the Cross. 4. ff. 25-28v: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 5. ff. 29-93v: Hours of the Virgin, use of Troyes; Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. De te enim…[Wilmart, 494-95]; f. 94r-v, ruled, but blank. 6. ff. 95-115v: Penitential psalms and litany, including Desiderius, Sabinianus martyr, Leodegar, George, Julianus, Sabinianus bishop and martyr, Potentianus, Quentin, Christopher, Crispin and Crispinian among the martyrs; Lupus, Julianus, Frodobert, Fidolus and Paul among the confessors; Helen, Mastidia, Julia, Bridget, Sabina, Maura, Potentiana, Petronilla, Juliana, Susanna and Columba among the virgins. 7. ff. 116-164v: Office of the Dead, use of Troyes. Parchment, ff. iii (paper) + 164 + iii (paper); 184 × 128 (103 × 62) mm. 1-26 38(through f. 20) 48(through f. 28) 5-128 132(through f. 94) 14-218 224 232. Evidence of a catchword, now almost entirely cropped, on f. 134v, written in a cursive script in the center lower margin. 15 long lines, ruled in brownish ink. Written in a gothic book hand in 2 sizes according to liturgical function. Thirteen large miniatures above 4 lines of text, in arched compartments with tops decorated in a variety of manners; the outer borders usually geometric, enclosing spaces of dark background. The miniatures are: f. 13 (Gospel of John), John on Patmos; f. 21 (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion; f. 25 (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 29 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation, as if in the cloister of a church; border with a diagonal gold trellis against a natural parchment ground, with flowers and grotesques; f. 41v (Lauds), Visitation, with castles and fantastic rock formations in the background; f. 53v (Prime), Nativity; f. 60 (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; in the outer border a square gold trellis, with a gold picket fence across the bottom; f. 64v (Sext), Adoration of the Magi, one of whom is black; f. 68v (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 73 (Vespers), Flight into Egypt, in the background the miracle of the cornfield and a falling idol; f. 80 (Compline), Coronation of the Virgin by an angel while Jesus, holding globe and cross, blesses; f. 95 (Penitential psalms), David in prayer, looking up at a bright orange angel who holds an unsheathed sword; God the Father appears in an opening of the clouds directly above David; f. 116 (Office of the Dead), Job on the dunghill with his friends, with a building fallen into ruins behind him; in the outer border a diagonal gold trellis formed by criss-crossed branches. 4-line initials in white-patterned blue against a burnished gold ground with colored trilobe leaf infilling, or as painted gold shaded branches against a maroon ground with naturalistic flowers in the infilling; 2-line initials in white-patterned blue against a gold ground with trilobe leaf infilling; 1-line initials, ribbon and dot line fillers in burnished gold and white-patterned blue and dark pink; initials in the text touched in yellow; rubrics in red. Traced borders on every page running the length of the text, comprised of black ivy spray, blue and gold acanthus, flowers and an occasional bird, insect or grotesque. Bound, s. XVII-XVIII, in French black morocco, lettered on the spine “Heures Antique [sic] P.C.” (see below); marbled endpapers; gilt edges. Written at the end of the fifteenth century in France, for use in the area of Troyes, according to the use of the hours of the Virgin and the office of the dead, and according to the saints in the calendar and litany. Given on 19 May 1700 by the Reverend Father F. Rose, O.S.B., to P. Chalopin (the “P.C.” lettered on the spine), according to notes on ff. 1 and 164v. Later belonged to Bronod, Avocat au Conseil, whose bookplate (ca. 1750) is on the front pastedown. Further notes on the lower margins of ff. 1-4 state that Bronod bequeathed the volume to his son who in turn left it to his relative, Charpentier de Boisgibault, Conseiller du Roy. M. Charpentier de Boisgibault left it to his son-in-law, Masson de St. Amand, Conseiller du Roy and later Prefet du Département de l’Eure and member of the Legion of Honor, who was knighted in 1808. On f. 4 are two seals in red wax, being those of Pierre Gilles Masson, Trésorier General de la Marine in 1680 and of Masson de St. Amand, his grandson, in 1808. Sold by Sotheby’s, 21 March 1910 lot 427 to Hornstein. Belonged to Beverly Chew (1850-1924); his morocco book label on the front pastedown. Acquired by Henry E. Huntington in 1912. Bibliography: De Ricci, 98.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
HE
C. Wordsworth, ed., Horae Eboracenses. Surtees Society 132 (1920)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
Perdrizet
P. Perdrizet, Le Calendrier parisien à la fin du moyen âge. Publications de la faculté de lettres de l’Université de Strasbourg 63 (Paris 1933)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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