Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1132

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rome
Italy, s. XVex
1. ff. 2-13v: General calendar in red and black, including “Festum nivis” (5 August). 2. ff. 14-102 [f. 14, blank]: Office of the Virgin, use of Rome; suffrages of All Saints follow each hour from lauds to compline; Salve regina at the end of compline; weekly and seasonal variations begin f. 83; ff. 102v-104v, ruled, but blank. 3. ff. 105-166v [f. 105, blank]: Office of the Dead, use of Rome; ff. 148v-166v, liturgical variations for All Souls and for a funeral; f. 167, ruled, but blank. 4. f. 167v: [Short Hours of the Cross] Incipit offitium sancte crucis conpilatum a papa iohanne xx Et dedit de indulgentiam [sic] cuilibet devote dicenti vel audienti pro qualibet hora de septem centum dies im perpetum; the remainder of this office has been misbound and is on ff. 232-236v [see art. 7]. 5. ff. 168-198 [f. 168, blank]: [Long Hours of the Passion] Incipit officium beatissime pasionis [sic] domini nostri ihesu christi nazareni crucifixi editum per beatum thomam de aquino; f. 198v, ruled, but blank. 6. ff. 199-229 [f. 199, blank]: Penitential psalms and litany; ends; Bernardus doctor in quodam sermone, Nunquam vidi Nec in scripturis inveni quod devotus virginis dampnaretur. Facto fine pia Laudetur virgo Maria; ff. 229v-231v, ruled, but blank. 7. ff. 232-236v [f. 232, blank]: Short hours of the Cross, misbound; should follow rubric on f. 167v [see art. 4]; ff. 237-238v, ruled, but blank. Parchment, ff. i (contemporary) + 238 (of which f. 1 is a flyleaf) + i (contemporary); 143 × 97 (85 × 45) mm. Collation beginning at f. 2: 112 210(+1) 3-910 1010(through f. 104) 1110(+1, f. 105) 12-1610 17(2 leaves, ff. 166-167, presumably the beginning of a quire whose remaining leaves are now bound at the end as ff. 230-238) 1810(+1, f. 168) 1910 2010(through f. 198) 2110(+1, f. 199) 2210 2310(through f. 229, which shows signs of wear on the verso) plus the leaves which would have completed quire 17: 2 blank leaves (ff. 230-231) conjecturally once the conjuncts of ff. 166-167, a leaf blank on the recto and illuminated on the verso (f. 232), which would be a singleton, as are the other illuminated leaves in this codex, and a gathering of 3 bifolia (ff. 233-238); this would give the normal quire of 10 leaves and an added singleton. The quire was evidently misordered while the book was still in Italian ownership; each illuminated leaf and facing recto have been numbered 1-10 in the same color ink as a note on the back pastedown: “dieci Quadretti”; ff. 232-233 bear the numbers 9 and 10, rather than 5 and 6 as they would have if in their correct position. Catchwords centered in the lower verso, decorated with 4 small flourishes; small marks, occasionally visible in the outer right corner of the recto, were possibly leaf signatures. 12 long lines, ruled in pale brown ink. Written in a round Italian gothic book hand. Five full page miniatures on the versos of inserted leaves, blank on the recto, in a style similar to that of Francesco d’Antonio del Cherico; rectos facing the miniatures with matching full borders and 7-line historiated initials: ff. 14v-15 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation, and Virgin and Child in the initial; borders of dense, richly colored acanthus leaves and black-rayed gold dots, with flowers, birds or other animals, urns, medallions of saints or prophets; on f. 14v, a space reserved for a coat of arms; f. 15 with the coat of arms painted in (see below). On ff. 105v-106 (Office of the Dead), Macarius showing a skeleton standing beside an open vault to 3 kings and a young man with a falcon; the initial encloses a crowned winged skeleton holding a scythe; similar border. On ff. 168v-169 (Office of the Passion), Crucifixion with Mary and John; in the initial the dead Christ on the cross, half-length; similar border. On ff. 199v-200 (Penitential psalms), David slaying Goliath; in the initial David penitent, holding a zither, half-length; similar border. On ff. 232v-233 (Office of the Cross), Kiss of Judas; in the initial, Jesus tied to the pillar; similar border. Secondary initials, 3-line, in white-patterned colors on a gold and colored ground with acanthus leaf marginal extensions and black-rayed gold dots; alternating 2-line red or blue initials with very careful and elaborate penwork in both colors extending the full length of the folio; 1-line initials, red with purple harping or blue with red. Red rubrics throughout. Bound, 1972, in red reverse calf over wooden boards, replacing a previous binding in red velvet; gauffered gilt edges. Written at the end of the fifteenth century, possibly in Florence as suggested by the style of the decoration. The coat of arms on f. 15, apparently original, is that of the Morelli family of Turin; see J. Gelli, 3500 Ex Libris Italiani (Milan 1908) fig. 425: gules two lion’s jambs or in saltire paws to the chief and in chief a chess-rook or. Other arms added later on f. 1v, and covering an earlier escutcheon: azure five mullets of eight points in a cross or (possibly a variant of the arms of the Lancillotti family of Rome). A note, s. XV, on f. i verso reads: Eugenio quarto, 1431, Condulmeria famiglia, Venetus (referring to the election of Gabriele Condulmer of Venice to the papacy in 1431 as Eugenius IV). Source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 95. S. C. Chew, The Pilgrimage of Life (Yale University Press 1962) fig. 140 of f. 105v.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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