Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1128

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Paris
France, s. XV2
1. ff. 1-12v: Full calendar in French in alternating red and blue with major feasts in gold. 2. ff. 13-28v: Pericopes of the Gospels; Oratio ad mariam virginem, Obsecro te…[masculine forms; Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Oratio, O intemerata…orbis terrarum. De te enim…[Wilmart, 494-95]. 3. ff. 29-98v: Hours of the Virgin, use of Paris; after compline the Salve Regina [RH 18147] with versicle, response and prayer, Concede nos famulos tuos quesumus domine deus perpetua mentis… 4. ff. 99-119: Penitential psalms and litany. 5. ff. 119v-123v: Short hours of the Cross. 6. ff. 124-128: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 7. ff. 128v-186: Office of the Dead, use of Paris. 8. ff. 186v-198: [rubric on f. 186] Les quinze ioyes nostre dame, Doulce dame de misericorde…[Leroquais, LH 2:310-11]; Les VII requests nostre seigneur, Doulx dieu doulx pere sainte trinite et ung dieu…[Leroquais, LH 2:309-10]; Sainte vray croix aouree…[Sonet 1876]; ff. 198v-200v, ruled, but blank. Parchment, ff. i (modern paper, with silk glued to the recto) + ii (contemporary parchment, ruled, but blank) + 200 + i (modern paper, with silk glued to the verso); 185 × 130 (82 × 58) mm. 112 2-38(through f. 28) 48 58(+4, f. 40, text) 68 78(+4, f. 57) 86(ff. 63-72; +2, 3, ff. 64-65, a bifolium; + 8, 9, ff. 70-71, two singletons) 9-118 122(ff. 97-98) 13-248 254 262. Occasional catchwords, in the script of the text on ff. 36v, 45v and 106v, and in a bâtarde script on ff. 62v, 72v and 138v. 13 long lines, ruled in pale red ink; pricking usually visible in the lower margins. Written in a gothic book hand in 2 sizes, according to liturgical function. Fifteen large illuminations usually above 3 lines of text, with full borders of blue and gold acanthus leaves, flowers and various other figures. The miniatures, attributed to an associate of Maître François, are: f. 13 (Gospel of John), John on Patmos, and a peacock and another bird in the border; f. 29 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation, in a room with a pendant traceried arch at the top; in the border a bird and a butterfly; f. 43 (Lauds), Visitation, in front of a large church; in the border, a bird and a gold pot with flowers; f. 57 (Prime), Nativity, before a thatched shed leaning against grey masonry; in the border a peacock and another bird; f. 65 (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds, including a shepherdess making a garland; in the border a pelican and another bird; f. 71 (Sext), Adoration of the Magi, and, in the border, a stork and another bird; f. 76v (None), Presentation in the temple; both Mary and Simeon have cloths over their hands; seen through a gold arch, in the border a beetle and a butterfly; f. 82 (Vespers), Flight into Egypt, with falling idol, his arms outstretched, in the background; in the border are a peacock and a butterfly; f. 91 (Compline), Coronation of the Virgin before God the Father, who sits in a gothic throne, while one angel, leaning over a low wall, crowns the Virgin and another angel presents her; a duck and another bird in the border; f. 99 (Penitential psalms), David in prayer; f. 119v (Hours of the Cross), above 4 lines of text, Crucifixion, with Mary and John on Christ’s right, the soldiers on his left, one with a man-faced shield; in the border, a rooster and another bird; f. 124 (Hours of the Holy Spirit), above 4 lines of text, Pentecost with a shower of bright orange-red fire; in the border a hawk and another bird; f. 128v (Office of the Dead), above 4 lines of text, burial service in a churchyard, with the shrouded body in an open coffin, while a man digs the grave and the priests sprinkle the holy water; behind them is a charnel attic above an arcaded cloister; U-shaped frame around the text and miniature formed of logs; in the outer border, a monkey sitting on a stump holding up his foot in front of him; f. 186v (Doulce dame de misericorde), the Virgin, sitting on the floor, nurses the Child who stands on her knee; at the left Joseph approaches pushing the child’s wheeled walker, with a pinwheel toy in his left hand; behind Joseph is a large fireplace, where a fire is burning; a central column in the foreground supports a traceried arch; in the border a peacock and another bird; f. 194 (Doulx dieu doulx pere), Christ, holding a tau-cross, and God the Father, holding an orb, both wearing one cloak, hold up a book, while the Dove hovers between them, and blue clouds swirl at the bottom of the picture; a bird and a gold pot with flowers in the border. Two historiated initials, with bracket borders of blue and gold acanthus leaves: f. 19v (Obsecro te), 7-line, Virgin and Child enthroned between two angels, one with a horn; f. 24 (O intemerata), 4-line, Pietà. In the calendar, roundels at the foot of the recto depict the monthly occupations; roundels at mid-margin on the verso show the zodiac symbols. Band borders running the length of the text in the outer margin, usually between two pink lines, but occasionally with a gold strip on the text side, triggered by the presence of a 2-line initial; when the border is called for on both recto and verso of a leaf, it is traced. 3- and 2-line initials, usually in white-patterned blue against burnished gold grounds with infilling of colored trilobe leaves, or rarely, with an infilling of naturalistic flowers. Occasionally the initial itself may be blue with gold or white shading as if a ribbon or a leaf, set against a brick red ground with infilling of naturalistic flowers or of painted gold acanthus leaves. 1-line initials in burnished gold with infilling of pink or blue against a ground of the other color; ribbon line fillers in the same colors; initials within the text touched in yellow. Rubrics in red. Holes in the upper margins above some of the full page miniatures from protective cloths once sewn in. Bound by Simier in gold tooled black morocco, purple silk endpapers with 2 silver fore edge clasps; gilt edges. Written in France during the second half of the fifteenth century. Priced 6,500 fr. as n. 2555 in a French bookseller’s catalogue (Belin?). Belonged to E. Dwight Church (1835-1908); in his Catalogue…of English Literature (1909), vol. 1, n. 404, with plate of f. 128v. The Church collection was acquired by Henry E. Huntington in 1911. Bibliography: De Ricci, 94.
Abbreviations
Church: Catalogue…of English Literature
A Catalogue of Books consisting of English Literature and Miscellanea…forming a Part of the Library of E. D. Church, compiled and annotated by G. W. Cole (New York 1909)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
RH
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
Sonet
J. Sonet, Répertoire d’incipit de prières en ancien français. Société de publications romanes et françaises 54 (Geneva 1956)
Wilmart
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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