Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1083

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BIBLE
Italy, s. XIII1
Bible in the usual order with 66 prologues (of which approx. 2/3 correspond to those listed in Ker, MMBL 1:96-97 regarding London, Lambeth Palace MS 1364); of the frequent apocryphal additions to Bibles, only the prayer of Solomon is present, but marked “va-cat.” 1. ff. 1-257: Old Testament: f. 1, Incipit epistola sancti Ieronimi ad paulinum presbiterum de omnibus divine historie libris, Frater ambrosius tua michi munuscula perferens detulit…, Desiderii mei desideratas accepi epistolas…[Stegmüller 284, 285]; f. 3, Genesis; f. 16v, Exodus; f. 28, Leviticus; f. 36, Numbers; f. 47, Deuteronomy; f. 56v, Ihesus filius nave in typum domini…, Incipit prologus in libro iosue, Tandem finito penthateuco moysi velut grandi fenore…[Stegmüller 307, 311]; f. 63v, Judges; f. 69v, Ruth; f. 70v, Incipit prologus beati ieronimi in libris regum, Viginti et duas esse litteras apud hebreos…[Stegmüller 323]; f. 102, Incipit prefatio sancti ieronimi presbiteri in libros paralipomenon, Si septuaginta interpretum pura et ut ab eis…[Stegmüller 382]; f. 119v, Incipit prologus in libros hesdre, Utrum difficilius sit facere quod poscitis…[Stegmüller 330]; f. 126, Incipit prologus sancti ieronimi presbiteri in librum tobie, Chromatio et heliodoro episcopis ieronimus presbiter in domino salutem. Mirari non desino exactionis vestre…[Stegmüller 332]; f. 128v, Incipit prologus sancti ieronimi in librum Iudith, Apud hebreos liber iudith inter agiographa…[Stegmüller 335]; f. 132, Incipit prologus in librum hester, Librum hester variis translatoribus constat esse viciatum…[Stegmüller 341]; f. 135v, Incipit prefatio sancti Ieronimi presbiteri in librum Iob, Cogor per singulos scripture divine libros…, Incipit prologus eiusdem, Iob quoque exemplar patientie…[Stegmüller 344, 350]; f. 143, Psalms; f. 159, Hieronimus prologus incipit super parabolis, Iungat epistula quos iungit sacerdotium…[Stegmüller 457]; f. 165, Ecclesiastes; f. 167, Song of Songs; f. 168, Liber sapientie apud hebreos nusquam est…[Stegmüller 468]; f. 172v, Multorum nobis…[biblical introduction to Ecclesiasticus treated as prologue]; f. 184v, [Et inclinavit Salo]mon genua sua in conspectu tocius ecclesie…[prayer of Solomon, with the first line erased and the entire section marked “va-cat” in a contemporary hand; de Bruyne, Sommaires, 562]; f. 184v, Nemo cum prophetas versibus viderit…[Stegmüller 482, prologue to Isaiah]; f. 197v, Ieremias propheta cui hic prologus scribitur…[Stegmüller 487]; Jeremiah followed by Lamentations on f. 211v; the historical note, Et factum est…, missing, although space was reserved for it; f. 213, Liber site qui baruch prenotatur…[Stegmüller 491]; f. 214v, Ezechiel propheta cum ioachim rege iuda…[Stegmüller 492]; f. 227v, Danielem prophetam iuxta septuaginta interpretes…[Stegmüller 494]; f. 233, Non idem ordo est duodecim prophetarum…[Stegmüller 500, prologue to the Minor Prophets]; f. 234v, Ioel filius fatuhel describit terram…, In hoc propheta idcirco nec reges…quibus osee prophetaverat et ipse prophetavit [Stegmüller 510, 508]; f. 235v, Amos pastor et rusticus et ruborum mora distringens…[Stegmüller 512]; f. 237, Abdias qui interpretatur servus domini…[Stegmüller 516]; f. 237, Ionas interpretatur columba pulcherrima naufragio…[Stegmüller 522]; f. 237v, Micheas de morasthi coheres christi…[Stegmüller 525]; f. 238v, Naum consolator urbis…[Stegmüller 527]; f. 239, Abacuc luctator fortissimus et rigidus…[Stegmüller 529]; f. 239v, Sophonias speculator et archanorum dei cognitor…[Stegmüller 532]; f. 240v, Aggeus festivus et letus qui seminavit in lacrimis…[Stegmüller 535]; f. 240v, Zacharias memor domini sui multiplex…[Stegmüller 540]; f. 243, Malachias aperte et in fine…[Stegmüller 544]; f. 243v, Machabeorum libri duo prenotant prelia…[Stegmüller 551]. 2. ff. 257-324: New Testament: f. 257, Matheus ex iudeis sicut in ordine primus ponitur…[Stegmüller 590]; f. 265v, Marcus evangelista dei electus et petri in baptismate filius…[Stegmüller 607]; f. 271, Lucas antiochensis natione syrus arte medicus…, Quoniam quidem multi conati sunt…[Stegmüller 620 and Lk. 1, 1-4 treated as prologue]; f. 280v, Hic est iohannes evangelista unus ex discipulis dei…[Stegmüller 624]; f. 288, Epistole pauli ad romanos causa hec est…, Primum queritur quare post evangelia…, Romani sunt qui ex iudeis gentilibusque…, Romani sunt in partibus italie, hii preventi sunt…[Stegmüller 651, 670, 675, 677, prologues to Romans]; f. 292, Corinthi sunt achaici et hi similiter…[Stegmüller 685]; f. 295v, Post actam penitentiam consolatoriam scribit…[Stegmüller 699, prologue to 2 Cor.]; f. 297v, Galathe sunt greci. Hi verbum veritatis…[Stegmüller 707]; f. 299, Ephesii sunt asiani. Hii accepto verbo…[Stegmüller 715]; f. 300, Philippenses sunt macedones. Hii accepto verbo…[Stegmüller 728]; f. 301, Colossenses et hii sicut laodicenses…[Stegmüller 736]; f. 301v, Thessalonicenses sunt macedones, qui in christo ihesu…[Stegmüller 747]; f. 302v, Ad Thessalonicenses secundam scribit epistolam…[Stegmüller 752]; f. 303, Timotheum instruit et docet…[Stegmüller 765]; f. 303v, Item timotheo scribit de exhortatione martyrii…[Stegmüller 772]; f. 304v, Titum commonefacit et instruit…[Stegmüller 780]; f. 305, Philemoni familiares litteras facit…[Stegmüller 783]; f. 305, In primis dicendum est cur apostolus paulus…[Stegmüller 793, prologue to Hebrews]; f. 307v, Lucas natione syrus cuius laus…[Stegmüller 640, prologue to Acts]; f. 316v, Non ita ordo est apud grecos…, Iacobus petrus iohannes iudas septem epistolas…, Iacobus apostolus sanctum instruit clerum…[Stegmüller 809, 807, 806, prologues to James]; f. 317v, Discipulos salvatoris invictos toto orbe…[Stegmüller 816 without first line, prologue to 1 Peter]; f. 318v, Simon petrus per fidem huic mundo mortuos esse declarat…[Stegmüller 819, prologue to 2 Peter]; f. 319, Rationem verbi et quod deus ipse…[Stegmüller 822, prologue to 1 John]; f. 320, Isque [sic] adeo ad sanctam feminam…[Stegmüller 823, prologue to 2 John]; f. 320, Gaium pietatis cause extollit…[Stegmüller 824, prologue to 3 John]; f. 320, Iudas apostolus fratres de corruptionibus [sic]…[Stegmüller 825]; f. 320v, Iohannes apostolus et evangelista…, Apocalipsis iohannis tot habet sacramenta…[Stegmüller 834, 829, prologues to Apocalpyse]. 3. ff. 325-352: Hic sunt interpretationes hebreorum nominum incipientium per a litteram, Aac apprehendes vel apprehensio…Zucim consiliantes eos vel consiatores [sic] eorum [Stegmüller 7709]. 4. ff. 352v-354v: List of readings for the Mass, for the temporale from the first Sunday in Advent through the 26th Sunday after Pentecost, and for the sanctorale, from Andrew through Saturninus. 5. f. 354v: List of the books of the Bible, with the number of chapters in each, added in another hand. Parchment, ff. i (washed parchment; see below) + 354 + i (washed parchment; see below); 208 × 134 (140 × 97; 160 × 115 for art. 4) mm. 1-1212 1314(through f. 158v, the end of Psalms) 14-2612 2710(through f. 324) 2812 2916 302. Catchwords variously in inside lower margin or in center of lower margin; catchword for quire 28 (in the Interpretationes) decorated with brown ink flourishes. 2 columns of 57 lines; 3 columns of 55-60 lines in the Interpretationes; 2 columns of 60 lines in art. 4. Ruled in lead, single horizontal bounding lines, double vertical bounding lines, and triple rules between the columns; art. 4 ruled in ink. Round prick marks visible in the lower margins of a few leaves (e.g. ff. 121-144). Written in a small gothic book hand using brown ink, in places badly flaking. 12- to 15-line parted red and blue initials with red and blue flourishing; 2-line initials outside the written space in red with blue flourishing or in blue with red; 1-line initials alternating red and blue; 2-line unornamented initials in red and 1-line initials touched in red in the Interpretationes. Running headlines, chapter numbers placed in the margins, and paragraph marks alternating red and blue. Rubrics frequently omitted. Marginal notes in contemporary and later hands. On the front flyleaf recto, an inscription in red capitals, s. XIX, “Sacra Biblia,” and on the verso of the same leaf, “Sacra Biblia ad usum Petrarchae” (see below); a scrap of paper, also s. XIX, inserted between ff. 160-161 reads “Postilla di mano del Petrarca,” apparently in reference to the otherwise missing verse supplied in the margin of f. 161 for Prov. 13, 13. Bound in 1972 in brown leather over bevelled wooden boards, with a single fore edge clasp. Pastedowns and flyleaves of washed parchment from the previous binding: the text is a commentary on the gospel of John, chapters 2 and 3, written in Italy, s. XIV, approx. 265 × 197 (220 × 155) mm., 2 columns of 48 (?) lines, lemmata underlined in red, initials within the text touched in red. Formerly bound in parchment, apparently the same as the flyleaves, over boards, and sewn on 3 thongs; boards and parchment retained in Library files. Written in Italy in the first half of the thirteenth century. A note, s. XIII, on f. 2v, “Hic eusebius fuit de cremona ut narat Cirillus in epistola ad augustinum” suggests, through its orthography and interest in Cremona, early ownership, if not origin in northern Italy. Wrongly said to have belonged to Petrarch and to have been among the books from his house near Milan, and to have been left by him to the Carthusians of Garegnano. In certain copies of Giacomo Filippo Tomasini, Petrarcha redivivus (2nd ed., Padua 1650) 281-86, a list of 114 codices, which, ostensibly having belonged to Petrarch, are said to have been bought in Padua by a “Marchese Linterno”; HM 1083 is n. 3 in that list. Of these presumed 114 codices, 26 later belonged to the Visconti di Modrone; ceded in 1834 by Duke Carlo Visconti di Modrone (d. 1836) to the Milanese engineer Giuseppe Bruschetti (1793-1871), who sold them to the bookdealer Gaetano Schiepatti; his sale catalogue of the Linterno codices issued in 1865. Offered to, but refused by the Italian government, because of their false attribution of ownership to Petrarch. Bought by another Milanese bookdealer, Luigi Arrigoni; HM 1083 is n. 2 in his sale catalogue (1883). At Arrigoni’s death (1886), the remaining Linterno codices acquired by J. Rosenthal; placed by him at auction. Sotheby’s, 12 April 1899; HM 1083 as lot 538 to Quaritch. Belonged to John Boyd Thacher (1847-1909) of New York; his sale, Anderson, New York, 8 January 1914, pt. II, n. 254 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown.
Secundo folio: de ea vel manifestius
Bibliography: De Ricci, 90. B. L. Ullman, “Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States,” IMU 5 (1962) n. 83. For the thorough study of the provenance of the Linterno codices, see G. Billanovich, “Nuovi autografi (autentici) e vecchi autografi (falsi) del Petrarca,” IMU 22 (1979) 223-38, especially pp. 236-38 for the present location of 14 of the codices, and pp. 237-38 for HM 1083. D. Dutschke, Census of Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Padua 1986) n. 113.
Abbreviations
de Bruyne, Sommaires
[D. de Bruyne], Sommaires, divisions, et rubriques de la Bible latine (Namur 1914)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
IMU
Italia medioevale e umanistica
Ker, MMBL
N. R. Ker, Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries (Oxford 1969- )
Stegmüller
F. Stegmüller, vols. 9-11 with the assistance of N. Reinhardt, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi (Madrid 1950-80)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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