Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1080

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BIBLE
Florence, 1452-53
Bible with 85 prologues; text includes the prayer of Manasses, and 2 Ezra (= 3 Ezra; Stegmüller 94, 1) followed by the Psalms (Pss. 69 and 85, 4-87, 6 not copied, apparently because of scribal error) and 7 Old Testament and 2 New Testament canticles; prayer of Solomon after Ecclesiasticus. 1. ff. 2-367v: Old Testament: f. 2, Epistola Beati Iheronymi ad Paulinum Presbiterum de Studio Scripturorum, Frater ambrosius tua michi munuscula perferens detulit…, Incipit prologus in pentatheucum, Desiderii mei desideratas accepi epistolas…[Stegmüller 284, 285]; f. 5, Genesis; f. 22, Exodus; f. 36, Leviticus; f. 45v, Numbers; f. 59, Deuteronomy; f. 72, Incipit prologus beati hieronimi in librum iosue, Tandem finito pentateuco moysi…, Item alius prologus, Iesus filius nave typum domini…[Stegmüller 311, 307]; f. 80v, Judges; f. 89v, Ruth; f. 91, Explicit liber Ruth per me Nicolaum berti de gentiluzis de sancto geminiano notarium die xiia novembris Mccccliio tunc etatis lxiiiior annorum. Nichil impossibile est amori. Incipit prologus sancti hieronimi presbiteri in libros regum, Viginti et duas esse litteras apud hebreos…[Stegmüller 323]; f. 103v, Incipit liber regum secundus. Nichil amantibus durum; f. 137, Incipit prologus sancti hieronimi presbiteri in libro paralipomenon, Si septuaginta interpretum pura et ab eis…[Stegmüller 328]; f. 137, Sequitur Paralipomenon liber primus die quinto decembris Mccccli per Nicolaum; after 2 Paralipomenon, f. 160v, Incipit oratio manasses, Domine omnipotens deus patrum nostrorum abraham ysaac et iacob et semini eorum iusto…[Stegmüller 93, 2]; f. 160v, Incipit prefatio sancti hieronimi presbiteri in libros esdre, Utrum difficilius sit facere quod poscitis…[Stegmüller 330]; f. 161, Explicit prefatio. Scripsit nicolaus berti de gentilucis de sancto Geminiano notarius florentie die sedecimo decembris anni domini nostri iesuchristi Mcccclii ad laudem dei a quo est ut nil amantibus durum; f. 165, Explicit liber primus esdre die xviiia decembris Mcccclii; f. 170v, Explicit liber secundus esdre [= Nehemiah] die xx decembris Mccccli. Incipit liber tertius esdre [Stegmüller 94, 1]; f. 176, Incipit prologus in librum psalmorum, Eusebius hieronimus soffronio salutem. Scio quosdam putare psalterium in quinque libros…, Argumentum, David filius iesse cum esset in regno suo quattuor elegit…, Prefatio sancti hieronimi super psalmos, Psalterium rome dudum positus emendaram…, Canticum psalmorum animas decorat invitat angelos…, Psalterium ita est quasi magna domus…[Stegmüller 443, 414, 430, 369, 427]; Pss. 69 and 85, 4-87, 6 not copied (scribal error?); f. 199, Old Testament and New Testament canticles: Confitebor tibi domine…, Ego dixi in dimidio dierum meorum…, Exultavit cor meum…, Cantemus domino…, Domine audivi auditionem…, Audite celi…, Benedicite omnia opera domini…, Benedictus dominus deus israel…, Nunc dimittis…; the psalms, including the sections of Ps. 118, and the canticles numbered straight through with Nunc dimittis as 177; f. 201, Incipit prologus in librum tobie, Chromatio et helyodoro episcopis hieronimus presbiter in domino salutem. Mirari non desino…[Stegmüller 332]; f. 204v, Explicit liber thobie die v Ianuarii Mcccclii. Incipit prologus in librum Iudith, Apud hebreos liber iudith inter agiographa legitur…[Stegmüller 335]; f. 209v, Incipit prologus sancti hieronimi presbiteri in libro hester, Librum hester variis translatoribus constat esse viciatum…[Stegmüller 341]; the observations on the canonicity of certain passages of Esther in red ink; f. 214v, Incipit prologus sancti hieronimi presbiteri in librum iob, In terra quidem habitasse iob…, Item alius prologus, Si aut fiscellam iunco texerem…, Item alius prologus, Cogor per singulos divine scripture libros…[Stegmüller 349, 357, 344]; f. 225, Explicit liber iob die xiiii Ianuarii Mcccclii. Incipit prologus beati hieronimi in libros salomonis, Iungat epistola quos iungit sacerdotium…, Item alius prologus, Tribus nominibus vocatum salomonem fuisse…, Alius prologus, Tres libros salomonis id est proverbia ecclesiasten…[Stegmüller 457, 456, 455]; f. 225v, Incipiunt parabole salomonis. Nichil amantibus durum; f. 233v, Incipit prologus in ecclesiastes, Memini me ante hoc ferme quinquennium…[Stegmüller 462]; f. 233v, Incipit liber ecclesiastes die xviiii Ianuarii Mocccclio. Nichil amantibus durum; f. 236v, Song of Songs; f. 238, Incipit prologus in librum sapientie, Liber sapientie apud hebreos nusquam est…[Stegmüller 468]; f. 243v, Incipit prologus super ecclesiasticum, Multorum nobis et magnorum per legem…[biblical introduction treated as prologue]; f. 259v, Explicit ecclesiasticus die ultimo ianuarii Mcccclii. Incipit oratio salomonis, Et inclinavit salomon genua sua…[de Bruyne, Sommaires, 562]; f. 259v, Incipit prologus in esaiam prophetam, Nemo cum prophetas versibus viderit…[Stegmüller 482]; f. 278, Incipit prologus in hieremiam prophetam, Ieremias propheta cui hic prologus scribitur…[Stegmüller 487]; f. 299v, Lamentations; f. 301, Expliciunt lamentationes ieremie prophete per nicolaum berti martini de gentiluçis de sancto geminiano civem et notarium florentinum die xx [in a different ink:] iiiia februarii Mcccclii. Deo gratias. Incipit oratio ieremie, Recordare domine quid acciderit nobis…[Lam. 5, 1-22]; f. 301v, Incipit prologus beati hieronimi presbiteri in baruch, Liber iste qui baruch nomine prenotatur…[Stegmüller 491]; f. 304, Incipit prologus in ezechielem prophetam, Ezechiel propheta cum ioachim rege iuda…[Stegmüller 492]; f. 323, Incipit prologus in danihelem prophetam, Danihelem prophetam iuxta lxxta interpretes…[Stegmüller 494]; f. 331, Incipit prologus in librum xiicim prophetarum, [N]on idem est ordo duodecim prophetarum…, Alius prologus in osee prophetam, [T]emporibus ozie et ioathan achaz et ezechie regum iuda…, Item alius prologus, [R]egule sunt he sub quibus significationibus…, Incipit argumentum, Osee crebro nominat effraym samariam…[Stegmüller 500, 507, 501, 506]; f. 333v, Incipit prologus in ioel propheta, Sanctus iohel apud hebreos post osee…, Alius prologus, Iohel filius phatuel describit terram…[Stegmüller 511 and, run on, Stegmüller 510 and 508 its 2 parts reversed]; f. 335, Incipit prologus in amos prophetam, Amos pastor et rusticus et ruborum mora…, Alius prologus, Ozias rex cum dei religionem sollicite emularetur…[Stegmüller 512, 515]; f. 337, Incipit prologus in abdiam prophetam, Iacob patriarcha fratrem habuit esau…, Alius prologus sive argumentum, Hebrei hunc esse dicunt…[Stegmüller 519, 517]; f. 337v, Incipit prologus in ionam prophetam, Sanctum ionam hebrei affirmant filium fuisse…[Stegmüller 524]; f. 338v, Incipit prologus in micheam prophetam, Temporibus ioathe et achaz et ezechie regum iuda…, Incipit argumentum, Micheas de morasti coheres christi…[Stegmüller 526, 525]; f. 340, Incipit prologus naum prophetam, Naum prophetam ante adventum regis assyriorum…[Stegmüller 528]; f. 340v, Incipit prologus in abacuch propheta, Quatuor prophete in duodecim prophetarum volumine…, Incipit in abacuch propheta argumentum, Abacuch luctator fortis et rigidus…[Stegmüller 531, 529]; f. 342, Incipit prologus in sophoniam prophetam, Tradunt hebrei cuiuscumque prophete pater aut avus…, Alius prologus in sophoniam prophetam, Iosiam regem iude cuius temporibus…, Argumentum, Sophonias speculator et archanorum domini cognitor…[Stegmüller 534 written as 2 prologues, 532]; f. 343, Incipit prologus in aggeum prophetam, Iheremias propheta ob causam periurii sedechie regis…, Argumentum in aggeo propheta, Aggeus festivus et letus qui seminavit in lacrimis…[Stegmüller 538, 535]; f. 344, Incipit prologus in zachariam prophetam, In anno secundo darii regis medorum…, Argumentum in zacharia propheta, Zacharias memor domini sui multiplex in prophetia…[Stegmüller 539, 540]; f. 347, Incipit prologus in malachiam prophetam, Deus per moysen populo israel preceperat…, Argumentum in malachiam prophetam, Malachias aperte et in fine omnium prophetarum…[Stegmüller 543, 544]; f. 348, Incipit prologus in libros machabeorum, Machabeorum libri duo prenotant prelia…, Item alius prologus, Machabeorum libri licet non habeantur in canone hebreorum…[Stegmüller 551, 552]; f. 367v, Explicit liber machabeorum secundus. Scripsit nicolaus berti de gentilucis de sancto geminiano civis florentinus pater amantii et francisci. Complevitque die sabbati xviiii mai Mccccliiio post completum et scriptum testamentum novum ad laudem et gloriam omnipotentis dei qui ex sua superhabundanti gratia donavit michi velle et perficere. 2. ff. 368-462v: New Testament: f. 368, Incipit prologus in evangelio secundum matheum, Matheus sicut in ordine primus ponitur…[Stegmüller 590]; f. 380, Incipit prologus sancti hieronimi presbiteri in evangelium secundum marchum, Marcus evangelista dei electus et petri in baptismate filius…[Stegmüller 607]; f. 387v, Incipit prologus sancti hieronimi presbiteri in evangelium secundum lucam, Lucas natione syrus antiocenus arte medicus…[Stegmüller 620], Incipit argumentum, Quoniam quidem multi conati sunt…[Luke 1, 1-4 treated as prologue]; f. 388, Incipit evangelium secundum lucam die xiiiia martii Mcccclii per nicolaum berti; f. 401, Incipit prologus in evangelium secundum Iohannem, Hic est iohannes evangelista unus ex discipulis domini…[Stegmüller 624]; f. 410v, Explicit evangelium secundum iohannem die xxv martii Mccccliii dominica olivarum. Incipit prologus sancti hieronimi in epistolas pauli. Scripsit nicolaus berti, Primum queritur quare post evangelia…, Incipit prologus in epistolam ad romanos, Romani sunt qui ex iudeis gentilibusque…, Incipit argumentum, Romani sunt in partibus italie. Hi preventi sunt…, Aliud argumentum, Romani qui in urbe romana ihesum christum crediderant…[Stegmüller 670, 674, 677, 675]; f. 416, Incipit prologus in epistolam primam ad corinthios, Epistola prima ad corinthios multas causas diversasque complectitur…, Incipit argumentum, Corinthii sunt achaici. Et hi similiter…[Stegmüller 690, 685]; f. 421, Incipit prologus in secundam, In secunda ad corinthios epistola quasi in parte superiori…, Incipit argumentum, Post actam penitentiam consolatoriam scribit eis…[Stegmüller 697, 699]; f. 424v, Incipit prologus in epistolam ad galathas, Galathe sunt greci, hi verbum veritatis…[Stegmüller 707]; f. 426, Incipit argumentum in epistolam ad ephesios, Ephesii sunt asiani. Hi accepto verbo…[Stegmüller 715]; f. 427v, Incipit argumentum in epistolam ad philippenses, Philippenses sunt macedones, hi accepto verbo…[Stegmüller 728]; f. 429, Incipit argumentum in epistolam ad colosenses, Colosenses et hi sicut laodicenses…[Stegmüller 736]; f. 430, Incipit argumentum in epistolam ad thesalonicenses primam, Thesalonicenses sunt macedones. Hi accepto verbo…[Stegmüller 747]; f. 431, Incipit argumentum in epistola ad thesalonicenses secunda, Ad thesalonicenses secundam epistolam scribit…[Stegmüller 752]; f. 431v, Incipit argumentum in epistolam ad timotheum, Timotheum instruit et docet…[Stegmüller 765]; f. 433, Incipit argumentum in epistolam ad timotheum secundam, Item timotheo scribit de exhortatione martyrii…[Stegmüller 772]; f. 433v, Incipit argumentum in epistolam ad titum, Titum commonefacit et instruit…[Stegmüller 780]; f. 434, Incipit argumentum in epistolam ad filemonem, Philemoni familiares litteras facit…[Stegmüller 783]; f. 434v, Prologus sancti hieronimi in epistolam ad hebreos, In primis dicendum est cur apostolus paulus…[Stegmüller 793]; f. 438, Sequitus [sic] prologus sancti hieronimi presbiteri in actus apostolorum, Canit psalmista, Ambulabunt a virtutibus in virtutes…, Actus apostolorum nudam quidem sonare videntur…, Item alius prologus, Lucas antiocensis natione syrus cuius laus…, Item alius prologus, Lucas evangelista apostolorum actus sicut evangelia…[Stegmüller 633 and 631 run on, 640, 639]; f. 451v, Incipit prologus sancti hieronimi presbiteri in epistolas canonicas, Non ita est ordo apud grecos…[Stegmüller 809]; f. 451v, James; f. 452v, Argumentum, Simon petrus filius iohannis provincia galilee…[Stegmüller 816, prologue to 1 Peter]; f. 454, 2 Peter; f. 455, 1 John; f. 456, 2 John; f. 456, 3 John; f. 456v, Argumentum in epistolam iude, Iudas frater iacobi fratres de corruptoribus…[Stegmüller 825]; f. 456v, Prologus hieronimi in apocalipsi iohannis apostoli, Iohannes apostolus et evangelista a domino…[Stegmüller 835]; f. 462v, Explicit liber apocalipsis iohannis apostoli per nicolaum berti de gentilucis de sancto geminiano notarium die xxi aprilis Moccccliiio. Deo gratias. Amen. 3. ff. 463-489: Aaz apprehendens vel apprehensio…Çorobabel aliena translatio vel ortus in bambilonem sive iste princeps translationis aut iste magister confusionis [Stegmüller 7709, without the last 3 entries]; f. 489v, ruled, but blank. Parchment, ff. 489 + i (contemporary parchment); 336 × 243 (212 × 155) mm. 12(1 is pastedown) 24 3-3610 3712 3810(through f. 367) 39-4710 486(-6; through f. 462) 4910 508 518(+1). Catchwords horizontally in the inside lower margin. 2 columns of 56 lines ruled in light brown ink, double bounding lines at the sides and single lines top and bottom; additional double rule in upper margin for running headlines. Written in a gothic script, showing humanistic influence in its spacing, in 1452-53, when he was 64 years old, by Ser Niccolò Berti Martini de’ Gentiluzi (ca. 1388-1468) of San Gimignano, a notary in Florence, who worked for the bookseller Vespasiano da Bisticci, and who was the father of 2 sons, Amanzio and Francesco, also notaries. HM 1080 bears 14 signed and dated notices throughout its text, often with a motto, and twice with the motto alone (ff. 103v, 225v). The dated notes are: f. 91, 12 November 1452; f. 137, 5 December 1451 (sic; in error?); f. 161, 18 December 1452; f. 165, 18 December 1452; f. 170v, 20 December 1451 (sic; in error?); f. 204v, 5 January 1452 (old style); f. 225, 14 January 1452 (o.s.); f. 233v, 18 January 1451 (sic; in error?); f. 259v, 31 January 1452 (o.s.); f. 301, 24 February 1452 (o.s.); f. 367v, 19 May 1453 (“post completum et scriptum testamentum novum”); f. 388, 14 March 1452 (o.s.); f. 410v, 25 March 1453; f. 462v, 21 April 1453. Other manuscripts signed by Niccolò Berti are1: Florence, Bibl. Laurenziana, Fiesole 46, Sermons and letters of St. Leo, 1461 (as “N.”); London, Brit. Lib., Burney 289, Confessions of Augustine, 1427 (as “N.”); Harley 2461, Seneca, Tragedies, (“…liber explicit per me Niccolaum Berti de gentilucis de sancto geminiano Notarium Florentinum. Scriptus dum essem cum pott. Sancti Cassiani inceptus die 5 mensis decembris 1416 et finitus die 2 Februarii dicti anni”); Harley 3445, Gregory Nazianzenus, 1448 (as “Nicolaus”); Oxford, Bod. Lib., Canon. Pat. lat. 138, Lactantius, Institutiones Divinae, 1458 (as “N. Berti.”); among unsigned manuscripts attributed to Niccolò Berti by Dr. A. C. de la Mare is Bernard Rosenthal Cat. 23 (1972) n. 76, Jerome, Letters, ca. 1430 (private collection, England). Full page miniature of mediocre quality, f. 1v, added perhaps late in the fifteenth century, of the Expulsion from the Garden of Eden. Opening page for the Old Testament, f. 5, with Genesis initial I the length of the text and almost the width of the first column (215 × 40 mm.), in fine gold strapwork expanding to a central quatrefoil with a bust of Moses holding the tablets of the Law, the whole initial embellished with white vine stem and occasional crosshatched bands, set against a ground of white-dotted blue, olive green and dusky pink, which includes birds and faces; full border of similar white vine stem with birds, dragonflies, putti and a coat of arms (see below). Similar opening page to the New Testament, f. 368, somewhat rubbed, with gold initials, 14-line for the text, and 7-line for the prologue. Similar 18-line initial for the general prologue, f. 2, and for remaining books and prologues, 14- to 7-line; 3-line blue initials for chapters placed outside the written space; 1-line blue initials for versals in the Psalms; 1-line red initials in the Interpretationes. First words of each chapter or psalm in pale red ink; rubrics in the same shade. Chapter numbers and running headlines in blue. Column left blank, f. 256vb, with the scribe’s note “non defficit aliquid sed fuit inadvertencia”; also by the scribe are nota bene marks as a pair of eyes (e.g. ff. 310v, 419, 427) or as a set of 4 dots. Bound, s. XVIII, in red morocco over wooden boards, gold tooled with dentelle patterns and floral motifs at the angles, and a large circular flower and eagle center decoration; 2 fore edge clasps (1 remains), closing front to back; red and green sprinkled edges. Written in Italy, probably Florence, over approximately 7 months’ time in 1452-53 by Niccolò Berti de’ Gentiluzi. Coat of arms on f. 5, azure, a castle with 4 towers argent. Sotheby’s, 31 July 1912, n. 197 to Quaritch. Quaritch Cat. 321 (December 1912) n. 253. Belonged to Herschel V. Jones (1861-1928) of Minneapolis. Acquired privately from him by Henry E. Huntington in February 1918.
Secundo folio: [f. 3] est et in tres
Bibliography: De Ricci, 89.
Notes
1 We are grateful to Dr. A. C. de la Mare for the following information.

Abbreviations
de Bruyne, Sommaires
[D. de Bruyne], Sommaires, divisions, et rubriques de la Bible latine (Namur 1914)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Stegmüller
F. Stegmüller, vols. 9-11 with the assistance of N. Reinhardt, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi (Madrid 1950-80)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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