Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1075

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BIBLE
Netherlands, s. XIIImed
As compared with London, Lambeth Palace, MS 1364 described by Ker, MMBL 1:96-97, this manuscript includes the letter to the Laodiceans, has 2 additional prologues (Deuteronomy and John); it breaks defectively in Apocalypse 6, 9.
Vol. I
1. ff. 1-316: Old Testament: f. 1, Incipit epistola sancti Iheronimi ad paulam [sic] de omnibus div[ine historie libris], Frater ambrosius michi tua manuscula perferens detulit…, Desiderii mei desideratas accepi epistolas…[Stegmüller 284, 285]; f. 5, Genesis; f. 33v, Exodus; f. 56, Leviticus; f. 71v, Numbers; f. 92, Verba que locutus est moyses increpans israel…non surrexit alius propheta similis moysi [Berger, Préfaces 21, prologue to Deuteronomy]; f. 112v, Incipit prologus in libro Iosue, Tandem finito pentatheuco moysi velut grandi fenore…[Stegmüller 311]; f. 126, Judges; f. 140v, Ruth; f. 142v, Incipit prologus in libro Regum, Viginti et duas litteras esse apud hebreos…[Stegmüller 323]; f. 214, Incipit prologus in libro paralipomenon, Si septuaginta interpretum pura et ut ab eis…[Stegmüller 328]; f. 231, Incipit prologus secundi libri paralipomenon, Eusebius iheronimus dominioni et rogationi suis in ihesu christo salutem. Quomodo grecorum historias magis intelligunt…[Stegmüller 327]; 2 Paralipomenon followed without break by the prayer of Manasses, Domine omnipotens deus patrum nostrorum abraham et isaac et iacob et semini eorum iusto…[Stegmüller 93, 2]; f. 253v, Incipit prologus in io libro esdre, Utrum difficilius sit facere quod poscitis…[Stegmüller 330] with Ezra, Nehemiah and 2 Ezra [= 3 Ezra; Stegmüller 94, 1]; f. 277, Incipit prologus in libro Tobie, Chromatio et helyodoro episcopis Ieronimus presbiter in domino salutem. Mirari non desino…[Stegmüller 332]; f. 283v, Incipit prologus libri iudith, Apud hebreos liber iudith inter agiographa legitur…[Stegmüller 335]; f. 291v, Incipit prologus in libro hester, Librum hester variis translationibus esse viciatum…, Rursum in libro hester…[Stegmüller 341 and 343, run on]; f. 299v, Incipit prologus in libro Iob, Cogor per singulos scripture divine libros…, Item alius prologus, Si aut fiscellam iunco texerem…[Stegmüller 344, 357]; f. 316, [added in different hands:] Explicit liber sancte marie de parcho. O dives dives non omni tempore vives tempora preteriunt mori fluentis aque [Walther, Initia 12601]. Stibium stibii est herba odorifera quam ungunt se mulieres et ita tercia filia iob habuit per naturam hoc quod alie mulieres habuerunt per artem [Job 42, 14:…et nomen tertiae Cornustibii]; f. 316v, blank.
Vol. II
ff. 1-206: Old Testament: f. 1, [added, s. XV, in the upper margin:] Incipit secunda pars biblie; f. 1, Psalms with major initials at the usual 8-part division and at Ps. 101; f. 37, Incipit prologus in parabolis salomonis, Iungat epistola quod iungit sacerdocium…[Stegmüller 457]; f. 49, Incipit prologus in libro ecclesiastes, Memini me hoc ferme quinquennio…[Stegmüller 462]; f. 53v, Song of Songs; f. 55v, Incipit prologus in libro sapiencie, Liber sapiencie apud hebreos nusquam est…[Stegmüller 468]; f. 64v, Incipit prologus in libro ecclesiastici, Multorum nobis et magnorum per legem…[biblical introduction treated as prologue]; f. 88v, Incipit prologus in libro ysaie, Nemo cum prophetas versibus viderit…[Stegmüller 482]; f. 115, Incipit prologus in libro ieremie, Ieremias propheta cui hic prologus scribitur…[Stegmüller 487]; Jeremiah followed directly by Lamentations; f. 151, Incipit prologus in baruch, Liber iste qui baruch nomine prenotatur…[Stegmüller 491]; f. 155v, Incipit prologus in ezechiele, Ezechiel propheta cum ioachim rege iuda…[Stegmüller 492]; f. 187v, Incipit prologulus in libro danielis prophete, Danielem prophetam iuxta lxx interpretes…[Stegmüller 494]; f. 199v, Incipit prologus xii prophetarum, Non idem ordo est xii prophetarum…, Item alius prologus, Temporibus ozie et ioathe, achaz et ezechie regum iuda…[Stegmüller 500, 507]; f. 204, Incipit prologus in libro iohel prophete, Sanctus iohel apud hebreos post osee ponitur…, Item alius prologus, Iohel fatuel filius describit terram…[Stegmüller 511, 510]; f. 206, Incipit prologus in libro amos, Ozias rex cum dei religionem sollicite emularetur…, Item alius prologus, Amos propheta pastor et rusticus et ruborum moros…, Item prologus, Hic amos propheta non fuit pater ysaie prophete…[Stegmüller 515, 512, 513]; f. 209v, Incipit prologus abdie prophete, Iacob patriarcha fratrem habuit esau…, Hebrei hunc dicunt…[Stegmüller 519 and 517, run on]; f. 210v, Incipit prologus in libro ione prophete, Sanctum ionam hebrei affirmant filium fuisse…, Item alius prologus, Iona columba et dolens filius amathi…[Stegmüller 524, 521]; f. 212, Incipit prologus michee prophete, Temporibus ioathe et achaz et ezechie regum iuda…[Stegmüller 528]; f. 215v, Incipit prologus in libro naum, Naum prophetam ante adventum regis assyriorum…[Stegmüller 528]; f. 215v, Incipit prologus in libro abachuc, Quatuor prophete in xii prophetarum volumine…[Stegmüller 531]; f. 217v, Incipit prologus in libro sophonie, Tradunt hebrei cuiuscumque prophete pater aut avus…[Stegmüller 534]; f. 219, Incipit prologus aggei prophete, Ieremias propheta ob causam periurii sedechie regis.. [Stegmüller 538]; f. 220v, Incipit prologus in libro zacharie, Anno secundo darii regis persarum…[Stegmüller 539]; f. 225v, Incipit prologus in libro malachie, Deus per moysen populo israel preceperat…[Stegmüller 543]; f. 227v, Incipit prologus in libro io machabeorum, Domino excellentissimo et in cultu christiane religionis strennuissimo [sic] lodowico regi Rabanus…Cum sim promptus animo ad parendum…, Item prologus, Reverentissimo domino et omni caritatis officio dignissimo geroldo sacri palatii archidiacono Rabanus…Memini me in palatio wangionum…, Item prologus, Machabeorum libri duo prenotant prelia…[Stegmüller 547, 553, 551]. 2. ff. 260v-394v: New Testament: f. 260v, Secundus prologus mathei, Matheus cum primo predicasset…[Stegmüller 589] followed by the note, “Require primum prologum post evangelium mathei,” then the text of Matthew, and then, on f. 279, Incipit prologus mathei evangeliste, Matheus ex iudea sicut in ordine primus ponitur…[Stegmüller 590]; f. 279v, Marcus evangelista dei et petri in baptismate filius…[Stegmüller 607, prologue to Mark]; f. 290v, Incipit prologus luce ewangeliste, Lucas syrus natione et antiochenus arte medicus…[Stegmüller 620], Item prologus, Quoniam quidem multi conati sunt…[Luke 1, 1-4 treated as prologue]; f. 309, Prologus iohannis ewangeliste, Hic est iohannes evangelista unus ex discipulis dei…, Item prologus, Phariseorum levite interrogant iohannem…Passio ihesu et sepultura et resurrectio eius [Stegmüller 624, 11016]; f. 322, Incipit prologus epistole pauli ad romanos, Romani sunt partis [sic] ytalie, hii preventi sunt…[Stegmüller 677]; f. 329, Incipit epistola ad corinthios, Corinthii sunt achaici et hii similiter…[Stegmüller 685]; f. 336, Incipit prologus secunde, Post acceptam [sic] penitentiam consolatoriam scribit…[Stegmüller 699]; f. 340v, Incipit epistola ad galatas, Galathe sunt greci, hii verbum veritatis…[Stegmüller 707]; f. 343, Incipit prologus ad ephesios, Ephesii sunt asiani, hii accepto verbo veritatis…[Stegmüller 715]; f. 345v, Incipit prologus ad phylippenses, Philyppenses sunt macedones, hii accepto verbo veritatis…[Stegmüller 728]; f. 347v, Incipit prologus ad colosenses, Colosenses et hii sicut laodicenses…[Stegmüller 736]; f. 349, Incipit prologus ad thessalonicenses, Thessalonicenses sunt macedones in christo ihesu…[Stegmüller 747]; f. 351, Incipit prologus ii, Ad thessalonicenses secundam scribit epistolam…[Stegmüller 752]; f. 351v, Incipit prologus ad tymotheum, Tymotheum instruit et docet…[Stegmüller 765]; f. 353v, Incipit prologus secunde ad eumdem [sic], Item tymotheo scribit de exhortatione mysterii [sic]…[Stegmüller 772]; f. 355, Incipit prologus ad tytum, Tytum commonefacit et instruit…[Stegmüller 780]; f. 356, Epistola pauli ad laodicenses, Paulus apostolus non ab hominibus neque per hominem…[Stegmüller 233]; f. 356, Incipit epistola ad phylemonem, Phylemoni familiares litteras facit…[Stegmüller 783]; f. 356v, Incipit prologus ad hebreos, In primis dicendum est cur apostolus paulus…[Stegmüller 793]; f. 362v, Incipit prologus in actibus apostolorum, Lucas natione syrus cuius laus…[Stegmüller 640]; f. 382v, Incipit prologus, Non ita ordo est apud grecos…[Stegmüller 809]; f. 382v, James; f. 385, 1 Peter; f. 387, 2 Peter; f. 388v, 1 John; f. 390v, 2 John; f. 390v, John; f. 391, Jude; f. 391v, Incipit prologus, Omnes qui pie volunt vivere…[Stegmüller 839]; Apocalypse ending defectively at 6, 9.
Parchment, 221 × 142 (160 × 97) mm. Vol. I: ff. ii (modern paper) + 316 + ii (modern paper); 1-2612 276(-5, 6). Vol. II: ff. ii (modern paper) + 394 + i (modern paper); 1-312(through f. 36) 4-612 7-914 10-2012 2114(through f. 260) 22-2512 2614 27-3212. Catchwords in a small noting hand in the inside lower margin (still present in Vol. I, ff. 24v, 48v, 132v, 168v). Quire signatures in roman numerals in the center lower margin of the last leaf verso, most trimmed away. 2 columns of 40 lines, except vol. II, ff. 261-281 (all of Matthew, Mark to 3, 22) in 40 long lines. Ruled in lead with the top and bottom 2 lines full across, as usually are the 16th, 17th, 24th and 25th lines; additional double rule in the 3 outer margins, often trimmed away; slash prick marks in the 3 outer margins, often trimmed away. Written in gothic book hands above the top line by possibly as many as 6 scribes: i, vol. I, ff. 1-132v; ii, ff. 133-316; iii, vol. II, ff. 1-36 (Psalms); iv, ff. 37-260v (end of Old Testament, with 1 prologue of the New Testament out of sequence); v, ff. 261-339va; vi, ff. 339va-394v. Parted red and blue initials with flourishing in both colors, 10- to 5-line for the books of the bible, and 4- or 3-line for the prologues. In vol. I, 1-line initials alternating red and blue for the chapters; in vol. II, 2-line initials alternating red and blue with flourishing of the other color for the chapters. Running headlines across the opening and chapter numbers placed outside the written space, both alternating red and blue letters. In vol. II, ff. 37-53v (Prov. and Ecclesiastes, quires 4-5) and ff. 261-394v (New Testament, quires 22-32): 7- to 5-line initials in red with red and brown flourishing for the books; 2-line initials in red with brown flourishing for the prologues; 1-line red initials for the chapters; running headlines and chapter numbers in red. Marginalia in several hands. Bound, s. XVIII1, in tan calf with the arms of the Abbey of Parc stamped in gold on front and back; in compartments on the spine, 2 reddish-brown morocco labels with the title Biblia Sacra and the volume number stamped in gold; red speckled edges; arms rubbed out in 1829 at the sale of the books (see below). Written in the Netherlands towards the middle of the thirteenth century. Belonged to the Premonstratensian abbey of Parc near Louvain at least by the fourteenth century, when a note of ownership was inscribed in vol. I, f. 316, “Explicit liber sancte marie de parcho.” Not identified in the inventory of Parc books complied by the abbot Jean Maes in 1635-36 for publication in A. Sanderus, Bibliotheca Belgica Manuscripta (Lille 1641-43/44; rep. London 1967 and Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique, no special 7, Brussels 1972) 2:162-75. During the first half of the eighteenth century the Parc books were rebound in a characteristic tan calf, stamped with the abbey’s arms; of the 2 stamps used, the larger, more ornate stamp was placed on HM 1075. At the same time, another ownership note was done, vol. I, f. 1, lower margin, “Liber Bibliothecae Parcensis [effaced in 1829]; Biblia Sacra ab initio usque ad Job inclusive pars prima; 111 G [?].” Sale of the Parc library, Louvain, 28 October 1829. See E. Van Balberghe, “Les Critères de Provenance des Manuscrits de Parc,” Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique, no special, Contribution à l’Histoire des Bibliothèques et de la Lecture aux Pays-Bas avant 1600 (Brussels 1974). On the front pastedown, a repair note dated August 1835 and signature of John Lee (born Fiott; 1783-1866) of Hartwell House near Aylesbury, Bucks. The endpapers in both volumes were apparently inserted at the time of the repair, since another set seems to be visible beneath them, and since the eighteenth century Parc pressmark, normally on the front pastedown, is no longer visible, not even under Lee’s armorial ex libris: quarterly, 1 and 4, azure 2 bars or, a bend counter-compony gules and or (Lee; Rietstap, vol. 4, pl. 38), 2 and 3, azure a chevron charged with an anchor sable between 3 lozenges or (Fiott); Lee pressmark “Doctors Commons N. 11/93.” Lee sale, Sotheby’s, 8 November 1888, n. 97 to Ridler. John Lee owned at least 2 other books from Parc abbey: New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke Library, MS 374, Peraldus ( Belgium, s. XIII) and a book in the Lee sale, Sotheby’s, 8 November 1888, lot 59, “Aquaevilla de dominicis et festis” ( Belgium, dated 1340). Source and date of acquisition of the present manuscript by Henry E. Huntington unknown.
Secundo folio: [vol. I] (questio-)nibus legis interrogans; [vol. II] pro verba chusi
Bibliography: De Ricci, 88.
Abbreviations
Berger, Préfaces
S. Berger, Les Préfaces jointes aux livres de la Bible dans les manuscrits de la Vulgate (Paris 1902)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Ker, MMBL
N. R. Ker, Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries (Oxford 1969- )
Rietstap
J. B. Rietstap, Armorial général (2nd ed. 1884-87; plates 1903-26 and Supplements 1926-51 by V. Rolland and H. Rolland)
Stegmüller
F. Stegmüller, vols. 9-11 with the assistance of N. Reinhardt, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi (Madrid 1950-80)
Walther, Initia
H. Walther, Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum. Carmina medii aevi posterioris latina 1 (Göttingen 1959)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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