Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1074

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BIBLE
France, s. XIII3/4
Generally similar to the thirteenth century French bibles described by Ker, MMBL 1:96-97 regarding London, Lambeth Palace MS 1364, but here lacking the prologue to 2 Paralipomenon and with 9 additional prologues for the Minor Prophets. 1. ff. 1-415v: Old Testament: f. 1, Incipit epistola ieronimi ad paulinum de omnibus divine historie libris, Frater ambrosius michi tua munuscula perferens detulit…, Incipit prologus sancti ieronimi presbiteri in pentatheuco, Desiderii mei desiderates accepi epistolas…[Stegmüller 284, 285]; f. 4v, Genesis; f. 26, Exodus; f. 43v, Leviticus; f. 55v, Numbers; f. 72v, Deuteronomy; f. 86v, Incipit prologus in libro iosue, Tandem finito pentatheuco moysi velud grandi fenore…[Stegmüller 311]; f. 97, Judges; f. 107, Ruth; f. 108v, Incipit prologus in libro Regum, Viginti et duas litteras esse apud hebreos…[Stegmüller 323]; f. 157, Incipit prologus in libro paralipomenon, Si septuaginta interpretum pura et ut ab eis…[Stegmüller 328]; 2 Paralipomenon followed without break by the prayer of Manasses, Domine omnipotens deus patrum nostrorum abraham et isaac et iacob et semini eorum iusto…[Stegmüller 93, 2]; f. 180v, Incipit prologus esdre in primo libro, Utrum difficilius sit facere quod poscitis…[Stegmüller 330] with Ezra, Nehemiah, 2 Ezra [= 3 Ezra; Stegmüller 94, 1]; f. 196v, Incipit prologus in libro thobie, Chramatio [sic] et helyodoro episcopis ieronimus presbiter in domino salutem. Mirari non desino…[Stegmüller 332]; f. 200, Incipit prologus in libro iudith, Apud hebreos liber iudith inter agyographa legitur…[Stegmüller 335]; f. 205v, Incipit prologus in libro hester, Librum hester variis translatoribus constat esse viciatum…, Rursum in libro hester…[Stegmüller 341 and 343, run on]; f. 210, Incipit prologus in libro iob, Cogor per singulos divine scripture libros…, Item alius prologus, Si autem fiscella in [sic] iunco texerem…[Stegmüller 344, 357]; f. 222, Psalms, with blank spaces left on ff. 221r-v and 250-251v even though the Psalter is not contained on separate quires; f. 252, Incipit prologus in proverbia salomonis, Iungat epistola quos iungit sacerdotium…[Stegmüller 457]; f. 260v, Incipit prologus in ecclesiastem, Memini me hoc ferme quinquennio…[Stegmüller 462]; f. 264, Song of Songs; f. 266v, Incipit prologus in librum sapientie, Liber sapientie apud hebreos nusquam est…[Stegmüller 468]; f. 273, Incipit prologus in ecclesiastico, Multorum nobis et magnorum per legem…[biblical introduction treated as prologue]; f. 290, Incipit prologus in ysaiam prophetam, Nemo cum prophetas versibus viderit esse descriptos…[Stegmüller 482]; f. 310, Incipit prologus ieremie prophete, Ieremias propheta cui hic prologus scribitur…[Stegmüller 487]; f. 333, Lamentations; f. 335, Incipit prologus in baruc, Liber iste qui baruch nomine prenotatur…[Stegmüller 491]; f. 338, Incipit prologus in librum ezechielis prophete, Ezechiel propheta cum ioachim rege iuda…[Stegmüller 492]; f. 359v, Incipit prologus danielis prophete, Danielem prophetam iuxta lxx interpretes…[Stegmüller 494], lacking the last verse, Dan. 14, 42; f. 369, Incipit prologus in xii prophetas, Non idem ordo est xii prophetarum…, Item alius prologus, Temporibus ozie et ioathe achaz et ezechie regum iuda…[Stegmüller 500, 507]; f. 372, Incipit prologus in iohel propheta, Sanctus iohel apud hebreos post osee ponitur…, Alius prologus, Iohel filius phatuel describit terram…[Stegmüller 511, 510]; f. 373v, Incipit prologus in amos propheta, Ozias rex cum dei religionem sollicite emularetur…, Item alius prologus, Amos propheta rusticus et ruborum moros…, Item alius prologus, Hic amos propheta non fuit pater ysaie…[Stegmüller 515, 512, 513]; f. 376v, Incipit prologus abdie prophete, Iacob patriarcha fratrem habuit esau…, Item alius prologus, Hebrei hunc dicunt…, Item alius prologus, Abdias qui interpretatur servus domini…[Stegmüller 519, 517, 516]; f. 377, Incipit prologus in iona propheta, Sanctum ionam hebrei affirmant filium…, Item alius prologus, Iona columba et dolens filius amathi…, Alius prologus, Ona [sic] columba pulcherrima naufragio suo…[Stegmüller 524, 521, 522]; f. 378, Incipit prologus michee prophete, Temporibus ioathe et achaz et ezechie regum iuda…, Item alius prologus, Micheas de morasthim coheres christi…[Stegmüller 526, 525]; f. 380, Incipit prologus in naum, Naum prophetam ante adventum regis assyriorum…, Item alius prologus, Naum consolator orbis increpat civitatem…[Stegmüller 528, 527]; f. 381, Incipit prologus abachuch prophete, Quatuor prophete in xii prophetarum volumine sunt…, Item alius prologus, Abacuch luctator fortissimus et rigidus…[Stegmüller 531, 529]; f. 382, Incipit prologus sophonie prophete, Tradunt hebrei cuiuscumque prophete pater aut avus…, Item alius prologus, Sophonias speculator et archanorum dei cognitor…[Stegmüller 534, 532]; f. 383v, Incipit prologus aggei prophete, Ieremias propheta ob hanc causam periurii sedechie regis…, Item alius prologus, Aggeus festivus et letus qui seminavit in lacrimis…[Stegmüller 538, 535]; f. 384v, Incipit prologus zacharie prophete, Anno secundo darii regis medorum…, Alius prologus, Zacharias memor domini sui multiplex in prophetia…[Stegmüller 539, 540]; f. 388v, Incipit prologus in malachia propheta, Deus per moysen populo israel preceperat…, Alius prologus, Malachias latine interpretatur angelus…[Stegmüller 543, 545]; f. 390, Incipit prologus in libro machabeorum io, Domino excellentissimo et in cultu christiane religionis strenuissimo ludovico regi rabanus…Cum sim promptus animorum [sic] ad parendum…, Alius prologus, Reverentissimo et omni caritatis officio dignissimo geroldo sacri palacii archidiacono rabanus…Memini me in palacio wangionum…, Alius prologus, Machabeorum libri duo prenotant prelia…[Stegmüller 547, 553, 551]; f. 416r-v, blank. 2. ff. 416 bis-530: New Testament: f. 416 bis, Incipit prologus, Matheus ex iudea sicut in ordine primus…, Item alius prologus, Matheus cum primo predicasset…[Stegmüller 590, 589]; f. 430v, Incipit prologus in librum marci evangeliste, Marcus evangelista dei electus et petri in baptismate filius…[Stegmüller 607]; f. 441, Incipit prologus in evangelium secundum lucam, Quoniam quidem multi conati sunt…[Luke, 1, 1-4 treated as prologue], Lucas syrus natione anthiochensis arte medicus…[Stegmüller 620]; f. 457v, Incipit prologus in librum iohannis evangeliste, Hic est Iohannes evangelista unus ex discipulis dei…[Stegmüller 624]; f. 469v, Incipit prologus [rubbed], Romani sunt in partes ytalie, hii preventi sunt…[Stegmüller 677, prologue to Romans]; f. 475v, Incipit epistola ad corinthios, Chorinthii sunt achaici et hii similiter…[Stegmüller 685]; f. 481, Incipit prologus in iia, Post actam penitentiam consolatoriam scribit eis…[Stegmüller 699]; f. 485, Incipit prologus in epistola ad galatas, Galate sunt greci. Hii verbum veritatis…[Stegmüller 707]; f. 487, Incipit prologus in epistola ad ephesios, Ephesii sunt asiani. Hii accepto verbo veritatis…[Stegmüller 715]; f. 488v, Incipit epistola ad philippenses, Philippenses sunt macedones. Hii accepto verbo…[Stegmüller 728]; f. 490, Incipit prologus in epistola ad colocenses, Colocenses et hii sicut laodicenses…[Stegmüller 736]; f. 491v, Incipit prologus, Thessalonicenses sunt macedones in christo ihesu…[Stegmüller 747]; f. 492v, Incipit prologus in epistola ad [thessalonicenses], Ad thessalonicenses secundam scribit epistolam…[Stegmüller 752]; f. 493, Incipit prologus in epistola ad thimotheum, Timotheum instituit [sic] et docet…[Stegmüller 765]; f. 494v, Incipit prologus in epistola ad thimotheum, Item timotheo scribit de exhortatione martirii…, Timotheum instruit et docet…[Stegmüller 772 and 765, run on]; f. 495v, Incipit prologus in epistola ad titum, Titum commonefacit et instruit…[Stegmüller 780]; f. 496, Incipit prologus in epistola ad philemonem, Phylemoni familiares litteras facit…[Stegmüller 783]; f. 496v, Incipit prologus in epistola ad hebreos, In primis dicendum est cur apostolus paulus…[Stegmüller 793]; f. 501, Incipit prologus in actus apostolorum, Lucas anthiocensis natione syrus cuius laus…[Stegmüller 640]; f. 516, Incipit prologus in epistola petri, Non ita est ordo apud grecos…[Stegmüller 809]; f. 516, James; f. 517v, 1 Peter; f. 519, 2 Peter; f. 520, 1 John; f. 521v, 2 John; f. 521v, 3 John; f. 522, Jude; f. 522, Incipit prologus super apocalipsis, Omnes qui pie volunt vivere…[Stegmüller 839]. 3. f. 530r-v: List of books of the Bible, added in a later hand. 4. ff. 532-569 [“531” omitted in foliation]: Incipiunt interpretationes hebreorum nominum secundum ordinem alphabeti. Et primo post dupplex a sequitur b que est prima consonans reperta post dupplicem a. Et sic de aliis, Aad [sic] apprehendens vel apprehensio…Muzim [sic] consiliantes eos vel consiliatores eorum [Stegmüller 7709]; f. 569v, blank. Parchment, ff. i (modern paper) + 569 (+ 159 bis and 416 bis; the numbers 266 and 531 omitted) + i (modern paper); 174 × 119 (121 × 78 in the bible; 120 × 90 in the Interpretationes) mm. 1-924 1024(-21, no loss of text) 118 12-1424 1522 1624 1724(-24, no loss of text) 1824 194(through f. 416) 2020 21-2324 2424(-24, through f. 530, no loss of text) 2524 2614. Quire and leaf signatures in letters, [a]-i, and roman numerals in the lower right corner of quires 15-24; signatures in letters, a-b, and roman numerals in the center of the lower margin in the Interpretationes, quires 25-26. 2 columns of 47-51 lines in the bible and 3 columns of 51 lines in the Interpretationes, ruled in lead; additional double rules in the upper and lower margins; slash prick marks visible in the lower margin of a few leaves. Written in a gothic book hand. Eighty historiated initials, 12- to 3-line, in blue, maroon and gold with border extensions in the same colors and frequently surmounted by birds; the initials, attributed by Branner, Manuscript Painting p. 213 to the Gautier Lebaube atelier in Paris, are: f. 1 (prologue), Jerome writing; f. 4v (Gen.), the days of the Creation in mandorlas, the seventh being the creation of Eve; below, a Crucifixion with Mary and John; f. 26 (Ex.), Moses receiving the tablets; f. 43v (Lev.), offering of an animal at an altar; f. 55v (Num.), God appearing to 2 men; f. 72v (Deut.), Moses preaching; f. 86v (Jos.), God speaking to Joshua; f. 97 (Jud.), God speaking to Gideon who holds sword and shield; f. 107 (Ruth), a 2-compartment initial, Naomi and Elimelech; f. 109 (1 Reg.), Philistine king ordering the beheading of the son of Heli; f. 122 (2 Reg.), soldier and porter carrying a large box on his shoulders; f. 133 (3 Reg.), attendant bringing Abishag to David; f. 145v (4 Reg.), Ahaziah falling out of the tower; f. 157v (1 Par.), 2 figures, seated; f. 167 (2 Par.), Solomon seated on his throne; f. 181 (1 Esdr.), a 2-compartment initial with God above and Cyrus below; f. 185 (Neh.), executioner preparing to behead a kneeling man; f. 190v (2 Esdr.), asperging the altar; f. 196v (Tob.), Tobit and the swallow; f. 200v (Judith), Judith beheading Holofernes; f. 205v (Esther), a 2-compartment initial with Esther imploring Ahasuerus above, and the hanged Haman below; f. 211 (Job), Job on a dunghill, and his wife; f. 222 (Ps. 1), a 2-compartment initial with David playing his harp above, and David beheading Goliath below; f. 226 (Ps. 26), God blessing David; f. 229 (Ps. 38), David pointing to his mouth; f. 232 (Ps. 52), the fool eating his bread and holding a club; f. 234v (Ps. 68), a 2-compartment initial with God blessing above, and David waist deep in water below; f. 238 (Ps. 80), David ringing bells; f. 241 (Ps. 97), clerics singing; f. 244 (Ps. 109), the Father and the Son seated with the Dove between them; f. 252 (Prov.), Solomon flogging Rehoboam; f. 260v (Ecclesiastes), a man presenting a gold cup to a king; f. 264 (Cant.), Virgin and Child; f. 266v (Sap.), Solomon giving a sword to a man; f. 273 (Ecclesiasticus), Ecclesia holding a cross and a chalice; f. 290v (Is.), Isaiah being sawn in two; f. 310 (Jer.), the prophet holding a scroll; f. 335 (Bar.), Baruch writing; f. 338 (Ezek.), Ezekiel and his vision of the Tetramorph; f. 360 (Dan.), Daniel in the lions’ den; f. 369 (Hos.), Hosea and Gomer; ff. 372v, 374, 376v (Joel, Amos, Obad.), the prophets holding scrolls; f. 377v (Jon.), a 2-compartment initial with Jonah emerging from the whale’s mouth below, and Nineveh above; ff. 378, 380, 381v, 382v (Mich., Nah., Hab., Zeph.), the prophets holding scrolls; ff. 384, 385 (Hagg., Zech.), the prophets standing in the columns of their letter I’s; f. 389 (Mal.), the prophet holding a scroll; f. 390v (1 Macc.), soldiers; f. 416 (Mt.), rod of Jesse; f. 431 (Mk.), the evangelist standing on his lion; f. 441 (Lk.), Zechariah censing an altar; f. 457v (prologue to John), eagle; f. 457v (John), the evangelist; ff. 469, 475v, 481, 485, 487, 488v, 490, 491v, 492v, 493, 494v, 495v, 496v (the first 13 Pauline epistles), Paul, seated, holding a sword; f. 496v (Hebr.), Paul and a disciple talking; f. 501 (Acts), Ascension; f. 516 (James), James standing; ff. 517v, 519 (1 and 2 Pet.), Peter, seated, holding a key; ff. 520 and 2 on 521v (1, 2, 3 John), John holding a palm branch (?); f. 522 (Jude), Jude standing; f. 523 (Apoc.), John writing with the 7 churches of Asia behind him. Prologues introduced by 3-line rinceau initials, often surmounted by birds; 9- to 4-line gold initials on white-patterned blue and maroon grounds/infilling; 2-line initials alternating red with blue flourishing or blue with red, and continuing into red and blue cascade borders; 1-line initials in the psalter and in the Interpretationes alternating red and blue. Chapter numbers in roman numerals and running headlines across the opening, both alternating red and blue letters. Rubrics not always filled in. Gold initials on white-patterned beige or blue grounds with infilling of the other color, possibly added later (s. XIV?): 9-line on ff. 405v (2 Macc.) and 532 (Interpretationes), and 5- to 3-line in the Interpretationes. Additions and corrections in several hands; eighteenth (?) century foliation, mainly trimmed away. Bound, s. XVIII, in French brown mottled calf, gold tooled; gilt edges. Written in France, probably Paris, in the third quarter of the thirteenth century. On f. 530 (erased), s. XV/XVI, “Ista biblia est de libreria magistri Iacobi morelli notarii et secretarii domini nostri regis. Morel,” followed by his notary mark; the name and mark appear also on ff. 221, 250, 569. Erased circular bookstamp on f. 1 with impression through onto the following leaves. Bookplate of Brayton Ives (1840-1914); his sale, American Art Association, New York, 5 March 1891, n. 618. Belonged to Charles Baker of New York; his sale, Anderson, New York, 17 February 1919, n. 645 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown.
Secundo folio: quia videbant eum
Bibliography: De Ricci, 88.
Abbreviations
Branner, Manuscript Painting
R. Branner, Manuscript Painting in Paris during the Reign of Saint Louis: a Study of Styles (Berkeley 1977)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Ker, MMBL
N. R. Ker, Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries (Oxford 1969- )
Stegmüller
F. Stegmüller, vols. 9-11 with the assistance of N. Reinhardt, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi (Madrid 1950-80)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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