Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1069

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BIBLE
Italy, s. XIIImed
Bible in the standard order; note, however: 3 Kings ending at 4 Kings 1, 18; Ps. 151 present; Ecclesiasticus followed by the prayer of Solomon; Daniel ending at 14, 41. There are 56 prologues: none in the Old Testament after the introduction to the Minor Prophets, and one for each of the Catholic Epistles. 1. ff. 1-275: Old Testament: f. 1, Frater ambrosius tua michi munuscula perferens detulit…, Incipit prephatio, D[esiderii] mei desideratas accepi epistolas…[Stegmüller 284, 285]; f. 3v, Genesis; f. 17v, Exodus; f. 28, Leviticus; f. 35v, Numbers; f. 46, Deuteronomy; f. 55v, Incipit prephatio sancti ieronimi in libro iosue benum, Tandem finito pantatheuco [sic] moysi velud grandi fenore…[Stegmüller 311]; f. 62v, Judges; f. 70, Ruth; f. 71, Incipit proemium libri regum, Viginti duas esse litteras apud hebreos…[Stegmüller 323]; 3 Kings ends with 4 Kings 1, 1-18; f. 108v, Incipit prologus sancti ieronimi in paralippomenon libro primo, Si septuaginta interpretum pura et ut ab eis…[Stegmüller 328]; f. 126v, Incipit prephatio sancti ieronimi presbiteri in libro esdre, Utrum difficilius sit facere quod poscitis…[Stegmüller 330] with Ezra, Nehemiah [here called 2 Ezra], 2 Ezra [= 3 Ezra; Stegmüller 94, 1]; f. 138, Incipit prologus sancti ieronimi in tobia, Chromatio et heliodoro episcopis hieronimus presbiter in domino salutem. Mirari non desino…[Stegmüller 332]; f. 140v, Incipit prologus in libro iudith, Apud hebros [sic] liber iudith inter agiographa legitur…[Stegmüller 335]; f. 144, Incipit prologus in libro hester, Librum hester variis translatoribus constat esse vitiatum…, [Rursum in libro hester] Alfabetum ex mineo usque ad thetam…[Stegmüller 341 and 343, run on]; f. 147v, Incipit prologus sancti iheronimi in libro iob, Cogor per singulos scripture divine libros…, Si aut fiscellam iunco texerem…, Iob exemplar patientie misteria…[Stegmüller 344, 357, 350]; f. 155, Incipit origo prophetie david regis psalmorum, David filius iesse cum esset in regno suo…, Item aliud, Psalterium Rome dudum positus emendaram…[Stegmüller 414, 430]; f. 172v, Pusillus eram inter fratres meos…[Stegmüller 105, 3]; f. 173, Iungat epistola quos iungit sacerdotium…[Stegmüller 457, prologue to Proverbs]; f. 178v, Ecclesiastes; f. 180v, Song of Songs; f. 182, Wisdom; f. 186, Ecclesiasticus followed by the prayer of Solomon, Et inclinavit salomon genus sua in conspectu totius ecclesie israel…[de Bruyne, Sommaires, 562]; f. 198, Nemo cum prophetas versibus viderit esse descriptos…[Stegmüller 482, prologue to Isaiah]; f. 211v, Incipit prephatio sancti iheronimi in iheremia propheta, Hieremias propheta cui hic prologus scribitur…[Stegmüller 487]; Jeremiah followed by Lamentations; f. 227v, de oratione et sacrificio pro vita nabuchodonosor [Rubric for Baruch]; f. 229v, Incipit prephatio sancti iheronimi in ezehiele [sic] propheta, Hiezechiel propheta cum ioachim rege iuda captivus…[Stegmüller 492]; f. 243v, Incipit danihel propheta primo prologus, Danielem prophetam iuxta lxx interpretes…[Stegmüller 494], lacking the last verse, Dan. 14, 42; f. 249v, Incipit prologus sancti iheronimi in libro xii prophetarum, Non idem est ordo prophetarum xii apud hebreos…[Stegmüller 500]; f. 249v, Hosea; f. 251v, Joel; f. 252, Amos; f. 253v, Obadiah; f. 254, Jonah; f. 254v, Micah; f. 255v, Nahum; f. 256, Habakkuk; f. 256v, Zephaniah; f. 257, Haggai; f. 257v, Zechariah; f. 259v, Malachi; f. 260v, 1-2 Maccabees. 2. ff. 275v-276v: Columns and arches as for canon tables; no text. 3. ff. 277-350: New Testament: f. 277, Incipit prephatio sancti iheronimi presbiteri in libro quator evangeliorum, Beatissimo pape damasso [sic] hieronimus salutem in christo. Amen. Novum opus facere me cogis…, Item aliud argumentum, Plures fuisse qui evangelia scripserunt ut lucas evangeliste [sic] testatur…nenias mortuis magis hereticis quam ecclesiasticis vivis canendas, Item aliud, Matheus sicut in ordine primus ponitur evangelium in iudea…[Stegmüller 595, 596, 590]; f. 287, Incipit prologus secundum marcum, Marcus ihesu christi dilectus evangelista et petri in baptismate filius…[Stegmüller 607]; f. 293, Incipit prologus in evangelio luce, Lucas syrus antiocensis arte medicus discipulus apostolorum…[Stegmüller 615]; f. 303, Incipit prologus in evangelio secundum iohannem, Iohannes evangelista unus ex discipulis dei…[Stegmüller 624]; f. 310, Incipit prephatio sancti iheronimi in epistola ad Romanos, Epistole pauli ad romanos causa hec est…, Item aliud, Primum queritur quare post evangelia que suplementum legis sunt…, Alium proemium, Romani sunt qui ex iudeis gentibus crediderant…, Argumentum, Romani sunt partes ytalie. Hi preventi sunt…[Stegmüller 651, 670, 674, 677]; f. 314v, Incipit argumentum, Corinthii sunt achaici et hi similiter…[Stegmüller 685]; f. 318, Incipit argumentum in epistola ad corinthios secunda, Post actam penitentiam consulatoriam scribit…[Stegmüller 699]; f. 320v, Incipit argumentum in epistola ad galathas, Galathe sunt greci. Hii verbum veritatis…[Stegmüller 707]; f. 322, Incipit prologus, Ephesii sunt asiani. Hi accepto verbo…[Stegmüller 715]; f. 323, Incipit argumentum in epistola ad philippum, Philipenses sunt macedones. Hi accepto verbo veritatis…[Stegmüller 728]; f. 324, Incipit argumentum in epistola ad colosenses, Colosenses et hi sicut laodicenses…[Stegmüller 736]; f. 325, Incipit prologus ad thesalonicenses, Thessalonicenses sunt macedones qui accepto verbo veritatis…[Stegmüller 747]; f. 326, Incipit argumentum in epistola ii ad thesalonicenses, Ad thessalonicenses secundam scribit apostolus…[Stegmüller 752]; f. 326, Incipit argumentum in epistola ad timotheum, Timotheum instruit et docet…[Stegmüller 765]; f. 327, Incipit argumentum, Item timotheo scribit de exortatione martirii…[Stegmüller 772, prologue to 2 Timothy]; f. 328, Incipit argumentum, Titum commonefacit et instruit…[Stegmüller 780]; f. 328v, Incipit argumentum, Phylemoni familiares litteras facit…[Stegmüller 783]; f. 328v, Incipit argumentum in epistola ad hebreos, In primis dicendum est cur apostolus paulus…[Stegmüller 793]; f. 331v, Incipit prologus in actibus apostolorum, Lucas natione syrus cuius laus…, Item aliud, Actus apostolorum nudam quidem sonare videtur…[Stegmüller 640, 631]; f. 341, Argumentum in epistola iacobi, Iacobus apostolus sanctum instruit [sic] clerum…, Incipit prologus vii epistolarum canonicarum, Non ita ordo est apud grecos qui integre sapiunt…[Stegmüller 806, 809]; f. 342, Incipit argumentum in epistola petri, Simon petrus filius iohannis, provincie galilee vico bethsaida, frater andree apostoli [beginning of Stegmüller 815]; f. 343, Argumentum, Per fidem huic mundo sapientes mortuos esse declarat…[Stegmüller 818, prologue to 2 Pet.]; f. 344, Argumentum, Rationem verbi quod deus ipse…[Stegmüller 822, prologue to 1 John]; f. 345, Incipit argumentum, Usque adeo ad sanctam feminam…[Stegmüller 823, prologue to 2 John]; f. 345, Argumentum in epistola iohannis iii, Gaium pietatis causa extollitur…[Stegmüller 824]; f. 345, Argumentum, Iudas apostolus frater iacobi de corruptoribus…[Stegmüller 825, prologue to Jude]; f. 345v, Incipit prephatio sancti iheronimi in apocalipsi, Iohannes apostolus et evangelista a domino christo electus…, Incipit argumentum, Apocalipsis iohannis tot habet sacramenta…[Stegmüller 835, 829]; ff. 350v-358v, blank. Parchment, ff. i (early modern paper) + 358 + i (early modern paper); 240 × 157 (151 × 84) mm. 1-2610 27-288(through f. 276) 29-3510 368(-4, 6, 7, 8; plus one leaf each attached to stubs of 6 and 8; text is complete) 37-392(these 6 leaves blank). Catchwords in the center of the lower margin or the inside lower margin, trimmed except on quires 25-26 and 33-35. 2 columns of 60 lines ruled in lead with single bounding lines at the sides, triple bounding lines between the columns, and a narrow double rule across the upper margin for running headlines; slash prick marks in the 3 outer margins. Written in round gothic script. Signed by Vivianus (Sanus?) of Cremona (see below), who may have been the scribe or the artist. Eighty-six historiated or ornamented initials, 17- to 5-line, usually in shaded blue, green, orange or beige, infilled with historiation or stylized vegetation in the same colors, the whole set against stippled gold grounds, outlined in shaded green, sometimes with the letter itself or its extension formed of a biting animal, in a romanesque style with some reflections of Byzantine technique. The initials are: f. 1 (Jerome’s letter), 23-line, Jerome at his desk, with extension the length of the text; f. 3 (prologue), vegetation; f. 3v (Gen.), in 8 compartments with God blessing among angels at the top, the 6 days of Creation, and in the single lower frame, the Fall, Adam and Eve kneeling before God, and the Expulsion; f. 17v (Ex.), Moses holding the tablets; f. 28 (Lev.), Moses kneeling in prayer as the hand of God reaches down to him; f. 35v (Num.), letter composed of an animal; f. 46 (Deut.), in a second style, a stippled gold letter on a patterned colored ground; f. 56 (Jos.), Joshua, half-length; f. 62v (Jud.), bust of Juda (?); f. 70 (Ruth), in the second style, a gold letter on a colored ground; f. 71 (1 Reg.), bust of Samuel (?); f. 81v (2 Reg.), bust of David; f. 90 (3 Reg.), vegetation; f. 99v (4 Reg.), 3 Kings; f. 109 (1 Par.), animals entwined to form the letter; f. 117 (2 Par.), bust of Solomon; f. 126v (1 Esdr.), blue letter being bitten by an animal; f. 129v (Neh.), bust of Nehemiah; f. 133v (2 Esdr.), bust of a man within the animal-formed letter; f. 138 (Tob.), blue letter with braid infilling; f. 140v (Judith), letter composed of a twisting, biting animal; f. 144v (Esther), blue letter with braid infilling; f. 148 (Job), bust of Job; f. 155v (Ps. 1), 21-line, a 2 compartment initial with God blessing above and David playing his instrument below; f. 158 (Ps. 26), bust of David; f. 159v (Ps. 38), David reading and pointing to his mouth; f. 161v (Ps. 52), the half naked fool with his stick; f. 163 (Ps. 68), letter itself composed of an animal gushing water down from the top compartment on to David in the lower, as he raises his arm in protection; ff. 165, 167 (Pss. 80, 97), David playing an instrument; f. 169 (Ps. 109), vegetation; f. 173 (prologue to Prov.), blue letter terminating in orange leaves; f. 173 (Prov.), Solomon; f. 178v (Ecclesiastes), letter as a biting animal enclosing Solomon; f. 180v (Cant.), the bridegroom embracing the bride; f. 182 (Sap.), Wisdom as a woman wearing a veil on her head; f. 186 (Ecclesiasticus), Solomon (?) as an old man holding a book; f. 198v (Is.), Isaiah being sawn in two; f. 211v (Jer.), bust of Jeremiah; ff. 226v, 227v, 229 (Lam., Bar., Bar., 6, 1), vegetation; f. 229v (prologue to Ezek.), in the second style, a gold initial infilled with vegetation; f. 229v (Ezek.), bust of Ezekiel; f. 244 (Dan.), letter composed partially of animals with vegetation infilling; ff. 249v, 251v (Hos., Joel), letters partially composed of animals, enclosing the prophets; f. 252 (Amos), bust of Amos; f. 253v (Obad.), Obadiah asleep; f. 254 (Jon.), vegetation; ff. 254v, 255v, 256, 256v (Mich., Nah., Hab., Zeph.), the individual prophets; f. 257 and 257v (Hagg., Zech.), letters with braid infilling; f. 259v (Mal.), in the second style, a gold letter on a particolored ground; f. 260v (1 Macc.), bust of a man; f. 269 (2 Macc.), as above, with braid infilled letter; f. 278 (Mt.), letter composed of a curved animal; f. 287 (Mk.), 22-line, letter formed of a long lean blue lion; f. 293 (Lk.), vegetation; f. 302 (John), blue letter terminating in a biting animal; ff. 311, 314v (Rom., 1 Cor.), in the second style, bust of Paul in a gold initial on a white-patterned blue ground; f. 318 (2 Cor.), vegetation; ff. 320v, 322 (Gal., Eph.), bust of Paul on a gold background; f. 323 (Phil.), in the second style, bust of Paul within a gold initial on a colored ground; ff. 324, 325 (Col., 1 Thess.), bust of Paul on a gold background; f. 326 (2 Thess.), vegetation; ff. 326, 327 (1 and 2 Tim.), in the second style, gold initials on white-patterned blue grounds with maroon infilling; f. 328 and 328v (Tit., Philem.), busts of Paul on gold backgrounds; f. 328v (Heb.), vegetation; f. 331v (Acts), bust of a man in a braid infilled initial; f. 341v (James), blue letter infilled with braid; f. 342v (1 Pet.), bust of Peter; f. 343v (2 Pet.), letter composed of an animal; f. 344 (1 John), with a biting animal at the bottom of the letter; f. 345 (2 John), in the second style, a gold initial on a colored ground; f. 345 (3 John), letter formed of an animal; f. 345 (Jude), in the second style, a gold letter on a blue ground; f. 345v (Apoc.), John writing within a letter partially formed of a biting animal. Initials for the prologues usually in the second style: a gold letter on a white-patterned blue and beige ground, 11- to 5-line. 2- and 1-line initials alternating red with blue flourishing and blue with red; however, in Job, Psalms and Ecclesiastes (ff. 148-197v) and in the New Testament (ff. 277-350), 2-line initials alternating gold with blue flourishing and blue with red, and 1-line initials alternating blue and gold, except in Psalms, which alternates 1-line initials in blue and silver. Running headlines, chapter numbers and paragraph marks alternating red and blue, except in Job, Psalms, Ecclesiastes and the New Testament, where they alternate blue and gold. Very elaborate penwork flourishes off the paragraph marks set in the margins to indicate chapter divisions, sometimes as animals spewing forth multicolored flourishes from their mouths, e.g. ff. 333, 344v, 348v. Rubrics generally in red, but left uncompleted on ff. 164-211, and supplied in gold on ff. 180v-181. On the otherwise blank leaves between the Old and New Testaments, ff. 275v-276v, columns and arches as are usual for canon tables, in blue, green, maroon, orange and brown. Bound, s. XVII-XVIII?, in beige doe skin over cardboard; gauffered gilt edges. Written in Italy, probably Venice or Padua, towards the middle of the thirteenth century. The scribe or artist Vivianus (Sanus?) of Cremona wrote his name and home town in gold letters in the margins next to the illuminations on ff. 1 and 3v. On f. 1,
“Laudibus huius he   felix letare cremo  
  ri   na.”
qui meruit fie   patrie generisque coro  

On f. 3v, “Materiam superat opus excellens viviani/ Cuius facta probant mores in pectore sani.” A 12-line erased inscription, s. XV(?), on f. 350v begins “Ista biblia est conventui Velletri…” In the W. F. Fowle sale, Sotheby’s, 13 June 1870, lot 140 to Samuel Addington; his sale, Sotheby’s, 24 May 1886, lot 29 to B. F. Stevens. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Grolier Club (1892) n. 3 with a plate of f. 155v; Bierstadt (1895) pp. 11-12; Cat. (1909) pp. 6-7; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1911, pt. I, n. 2116 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown.
Secundo folio: tanta fabrilia fabri
Bibliography: De Ricci, 87.
Abbreviations
Hoe: Bierstadt (1895)
O. A. Bierstadt, The Library of Robert Hoe: a Contribution to the History of Bibliophilism in America (New York 1895)
Hoe: Cat. (1909)
[C. Shipman], A Catalogue of Manuscripts Forming a Portion of the Library of Robert Hoe (New York 1909)
de Bruyne, Sommaires
[D. de Bruyne], Sommaires, divisions, et rubriques de la Bible latine (Namur 1914)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Hoe: Grolier Club (1892)
Catalogue of an Exhibition of Illuminated and Painted Manuscripts together with a few early printed books with illuminations…New York, Grolier Club, April 1892 (New York 1892); De Ricci, p. xv, “At least 66 of the European mss. were from the Hoe collection; others belonged to W. L. Andrews, S. P. Avery, etc.”
Stegmüller
F. Stegmüller, vols. 9-11 with the assistance of N. Reinhardt, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi (Madrid 1950-80)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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