Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1038

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OVID, WORKS
Italy, s. XVex
1. ff. 1-43: [Ovid, Ars amatoria] Si quis in hoc artem populo non novit amandi…[f. 15, Book 2:] D[icite Io Paean] et Io bis dicite Paean…[f. 28v, Book 3:] Prima [sic] dedi danais in amazones arma supersunt…Inscribant foliis [sic] Naso magister erat. Finis. [ff. 43v-44v, blank]
E. J. Kenney, ed., P. Ovidii Nasonis Amores, Medicamina Faciei Femineae, Ars Amatoria, Remedia Amoris (Oxford 1961) 113-200.
2. ff. 45-59v: [Ovid, De remedio amoris] Legerat huius amor titulum nomenque libelli…[f. 52, Book 2:] Hactenus invidiae respondimus attrabe [sic] lora…Carmine sanati foemina virque meo. Finis. [f. 60r-v, blank]
Kenney (1961) 205-37.
3. ff. 61-133; [Ovid, Heroides] Hanc tua Penelope lento tibi mittit Ulyxes…Ut mihi Leucadie fata petantur aquae.
H. Dorrie, ed., Epistulae Heroidum (Berlin 1971) 47-286, 314-29; the letter of Sappho to Phaonis is at the end, and the letters of Oenone and Canace are preceded by the introductory couplets: f. 71v, “Nympha suo Paridi quamvis suus esse recusat/ Mittit ab Idaeis verba legenda iugis,” and f. 89 “[A]eolis Aeolide quam non habet ipsa salutem/ Mittit et armata verba notata manu.”
4. f. 133r-v: [Biographical note on Sappho] Sapho Simonis ut alii putant Eumeni, ut alii Erigii ut alii ecripti…ex leucade se deiecit.
From Suidas, Lexicon (Basle [1564]), col. 873, lines 1-23, with some variation. The note is followed by 4 couplets relating to Sappho from Antipater Sydonius, Ausonius, Papinius and Horace.
5. ff. 133v-140: [Biographical note on Aulus Sabinus, including 2 quotations from Ovid, and responses to 3 letters of the Heroides attributed to Sabinus] A[ulus] Sabi[n]us eques Romanus celeberrimus vatesque Nasonis temporibus floruit…; [Ovid, Amores, 2, 18, vv. 27-34:] Quam cito de toto tediit celer orbe sabinus…Dat votum phoebo Lesbis amica Lyrae; [Ovid, Ex Ponto, 4, 16, vv. 13-16:] Et qui penelope rescribere iussit Ulyxem…Deseruit celeri morte sabinus opus; [f. 134, Ulysses to Penelope:] Pertulit ad miserum tandem tua casus Ulyxem…; [f. 136v, Demophoon to Phyllis:] Phyllidi Demophoon patria dimittit ab urbe…; [f. 138v, Paris to Oenone:] Quae satis apta tibi tam iuste nympha querenti…Sive tuos vigiles pellere sine meos. [f. 140v, blank]
For the responses to the Heroides, attributed to Aulus Sabinus, see Publii Ovidii Nasonis quae extant Opera Omnia, ed. N. E. Lemaire (Paris 1820) 1:17-25, 43-49, 115-21.
6. ff. 141-186v: [Ovid, Amores] Qui modo nasonis fueramus quinque libelli…Arma gravi numero violentaque bella parabam…[f. 156, Book 2:] Hec [sic] quoque composui pelignis natus aquosis…[f. 171v, Book 3:] Stat venus [sic] et multos incidia [sic] silva per annos…Post mea mansurum fata superstes opus.
Kenney (1961) 5-100.
7. f. 187r-v: [Ps. Ovid, Pulex] Parve pulex et amara Lues inimica puellis…Et iam nil mallet quam sibi me socium.
F. W. Lenz, “De Pulice Libellus,” Maia 14 (1962) 299-333.
8. ff. 187v-189: [Ps. Ovid, Philomena] Dulcis amica veni noctis solatia prestans…Seu semper sileant sive sonare queant.
For a critical edition of the text and a list of manuscripts, including HM 1038, see P. Klopsch, “Carmen de philomela,” Literatur und Sprache im Europäischen Mittelalter: Festschrift für Karl Langosch zum 70 Geburtstag, ed. A. Önnerfors, J. Rathofer, F. Wagner (Darmstadt 1973) 173-94.
9. ff. 189-191: [Ovid, Medicamina faciei] Discite que faciem commendat [sic] cura puellae…Contereret teneris illineretque genis.
Kenney (1961) 103-07.
10. ff. 191-194: [Ps. Ovid, Nux] Nux ego iuncta viae cum sim sine crimine vitae…Parcite sic coeptum perficiatis iter.
F. W. Lenz, ed., P. Ovidii Nasonis Halieutica Fragmenta, Nux, Incerti Consolatio ad Liviam. Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum Paravianum (Turin 1956) 127-56.
11. ff. 194v-203: [Ps. Ovid, Ad Liviam Augustam Consolatio] Visa diu felix mater modo dicta neronum…Livia funestam dedecet esse domum. Finis. [f. 203v, blank]
Lenz (1956) 177-210.
Parchment, prepared in the Italian manner, ff. i (modern paper) + ii (modern parchment) + 203 + ii (modern parchment) + i (modern paper); 150 × 76 (103 × 53) mm. 1-58, the structure of quires 6 and 7, ff. 41-56 is unclear, but may be the normal 8-leaf gatherings, 8-168 176 18-258 264(+1 in the second half). Catchwords appear only on quires 1, 4, and 5, where they are written vertically along the inner bounding lines, and again on quire 7, written horizontally across the lower right margin. 28 lines of verse. Ruling in faint ink occasionally visible, with double bounding lines, presumably intended for the verse initials but not used systematically; written above the top line. Written in a cursive humanistic script by a scribe identified as Clemens Salernitanus by Dr. A. C. de la Mare. For a discussion of the scribe and the manuscripts he copied in either his cursive style, as HM 1038, or in a more formal script, see Alexander and de la Mare, Italian Manuscripts…of Major J. R. Abbey, 84-85, regarding J.A. 3183. Decoration in the style of Cristoforo Majorana. Opening leaf with a full border in camaïeu d’or against a maroon ground with elaborate candelabras and decorations on 3 sides; in the lower border, against a blue and green ground, the first owner’s coat of arms (see below); 8-line foliate initial shaded in gold against a green ground. Three full borders on ff. 45, 61 and 141 of multicolored candelabra, decorated with festoons of beads and mythological creatures against a framed blue background; 8-line historiated initials, perhaps more finely done than the borders; in the lower margin of f. 141 the same coat of arms as f. 1 (see below). Of all 4 folios (1, 45, 61, 141) the beginning words of the poems in gold square capitals against framed yellow grounds. On ff. 156, 171v, 187 and 194v, lateral borders along left margin consisting of the same style candelabra with some blue shading with 6- or 4-line initials: that on f. 156 with a satyr, the others foliate; beginning words of poems in gold square capitals against colored grounds. Secondary initials, 4-, 3- or 1-line, set in variously colored square frames, usually burnished but occasionally painted gold. Space reserved for rubrics. Bound by Lortic, s. XIX, in citron morocco with purple and green onlays; doublures of turquoise morocco, gold tooled in a branch pattern; gilt edges. Written in Naples where Clemens Salernitanus is known to have worked: T. De Marinis, La Biblioteca napoletana dei Re d’Aragona (Milan 1947-52) 1:66 identified the hand of this scribe with a Clemente Genovesi da Salerno mentioned in a Neapolitan document of 1487, who copied a “Trattato di mascalcia,” now lost. HM 1038 shares script, decoration and pocket-size format with several other manuscripts of classical texts, such as the Martial mentioned above (formerly J. A. 3183, now belonging to B. S. Cron of Kew, England, Add. MS 7), an Ovid and a Virgil ( Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery W. 385 and 400), a Florus (Vatican, Barb. lat. 7; signed), and a Tibullus and Virgil ( Wolfenbüttel, Herzog-August Bibliothek 63.5 Aug. 8o; signed). This manuscript was apparently copied from the edition of Ovid printed by Hermann Liechtenstein in Vicenza, 1480 (Hain-Copinger 12141). Overall order is similar, in blocks: the printed text gives Heroides, the Sappho material, the Sabinus material, Amores, (here ff. 61-186v); Ars amatoria, De remedio amoris (here ff. 1-59v); Ibis, Fasti, De tristibus, Ex Ponto (not in this manuscript); Pulex, Philomena, Medicamina faciei, Nux, Ad Liviam (here ff. 187-203). De remedio amoris is divided into 2 books, both in the manuscript and in the 1480 edition. The 2 match in the presence or absence of supplemental material: 2 introductory couplets in the Heroides, the sections on Sappho and Sabinus, three responsory letters. They correspond in variant readings, in spellings (except for greater frequency of the diphthong ae in the printed text), and capitalization. The occasional incorrect initial in the manuscript (ff. 89, 168, 170, 180v) may be due to the fact that the initials were not printed in the 1480 edition, but left blank to be filled in by hand. This correspondence was first observed by M. D. Reeve. On ff. 1 and 141 of HM 1038, the arms of the original owner: quarterly 1 and 4, or three bars sable, 2 and 3 gules two bars and 9 martlets argent 3, 3, and 3. On f. 203 the erased inscription, s. XVI: Dono accepit Augustinus Amodeus a Domino Dominico Seglia. Later owned by Ambroise Firmin Didot (1790-1876); his sale, Paris, 9 June 1881, n. 7 to Techener; Baron François Florentin Achille Seillière (1813-73); his sales, Paris, 1890, n. 1221, and 1893, n. 146. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Bierstadt (1895) p. 18; Cat. (1909) pp. 152-53; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1911, pt. I, n. 2169 to G. D. Smith. Precise date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown.
Secundo folio: Scit bene
Bibliography: De Ricci, 83.
Abbreviations
Alexander and de la Mare, Italian Manuscripts…of Major J. R. Abbey
J. J. G. Alexander and A. C. de la Mare, The Italian Manuscripts in the Library of Major J. R. Abbey (New York and London 1969)
Hoe: Bierstadt (1895)
O. A. Bierstadt, The Library of Robert Hoe: a Contribution to the History of Bibliophilism in America (New York 1895)
Hoe: Cat. (1909)
[C. Shipman], A Catalogue of Manuscripts Forming a Portion of the Library of Robert Hoe (New York 1909)
Copinger
W. A. Copinger, Supplement to Hain’s Repertorium bibliographicum (London 1895-1902)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
Hain
L. F. T. Hain, Repertorium bibliographicum (Stuttgart etc. 1826-38)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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