Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


HM 1036

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VIRGIL, GEORGICS and AENEID
Italy, s. XV1
1. f. 1: [added in a later cursive hand] Familię Nobiles Romanorum, Hostilii, Iunii ex quibus Brutus, Vallerii…Curiacii, Papirii, Romelii. Familie eorundem plebeie, Sergii, Antonii, Licinii…Terrentii, Aurelii, Porcii. 2. f. 1: [added in the same hand as art. 1; Vita Livii] Titus Livius auctor presentis operis hystoriographus…in monasterio sancte Iustine cum huiuscemodi saxo incisis litteris.
E. Pellegrin, ed., “Notes sur quelques manuscrits de textes classiques latins conservés à la Bibliothèque Vaticane,” Revue d’Histoire des Textes 1 (1971) 190.
3. f. 1: [added in the same hand as art. 1, 2; excerpt from Jerome, Epistula 53 ad Paulum] Idem in prologo genesis, Ad Titum Livium lacteo eloquentie fonte manantem [sic]…ut urbem tantam ingressi aliud extra urbem quererent.
I. Hilberg, ed., S. Hieronymi Epistulae. CSEL 54 (Vienna 1910) 443-44.
4. f. 1: [added in a humanistic hand] Descriptio gratiarum per porcelium Vatem Romanum, Sunt nudę carites niveo de marmore at illas/ Diva columna suis edibus intus habet…Inde aliter cecus placida sub matre cupido/ Inde voluptates inde alimenta dei.
Same poem in Vatican, Pal. lat. 907, f. 103v, in 10 verses; here in 12 verses attributed to Giovanni Antonio Porcelli Pandoni (ca. 1405-after January 1485), protégé of Pius II.
5. f. 1v: [added in a cursive hand, s. XVI] Mauri Servii Honorati Gamatici [?] In tria Virgilii opera expositio incipit et Primo In Bucolica, Bucolica ut ferunt inde dicta a custodia boum…fluctu tam littora. Necque saxosas inter decurrunt flumina valles.
G. Thilo, ed., Servii grammatici qui feruntur in Vergilii Bucolica et Georgica Commentarii (Leipzig 1887) 1-4.
6. ff. 2-37v: [Virgil, Georgics; Ps. Ovid, Argumentum Georgicon:] Versus ovidii super libro Gergicorum [sic] virgilii primo, Quid faciat letas segetes que sidera servet…Et docuit messes cum magno fedore [sic] reddi. [Text:] Publii maronis vergilii Georgicorum liber primus, Quid faciat letas segetes quo sidere terram…Corporaque ipsa bovum frondoso desere luco [erased catchword:] Post ubi//
R. A. B. Mynors, ed., P. Vergili Maronis opera (Oxford 1969) 29-100, breaking defectively in 4, 543; Ps. Ovidian argument in A. Riese, ed., Anthologia latina (Leipzig 1894-1906) n. 2.
7. ff. 38-204: [Virgil, Aeneid; Argumentum generale:] Primum habet libicam veniant ut troes in urbem…Ultimum imponit bello turni nece finem. [Ps. Ovid, Argumentum libri primi] Eneas primo libie depellitur oris…Excidium troie iussus narrare parabat. [Text:] Arma virumque cano troie qui primus ab horis…Nudus in ignota palinure iacebis harena// [after f. 104, 2 leaves missing, Book 6, 1-105:] //Unum oro quando hic inferni ianua regis…Vitaque cum gemitu fugit indignata sub umbras.
Mynors, 103-422; Ps. Ovidian arguments in Anthol. lat., n. 1.
8. f. 204: [Praefatio Aeneidis] Ille ego qui quondam gracili modulatus avena…Gratum opus agricolis At nec horrentia martis. Arma virumque cano.
C. Hardie, ed., Vitae Vergilianae Antiquae (Oxford 1966) 16.
9. f. 204r-v: Aut ignibus egro dedere/ Iamque adeo super unus eram cum limina veste…Talia iactabam et furiata mente ferebar/ Cum michi se non ante, alia.
Aeneid, 2, 566-589, the episode of the encounter with Helen in burning Troy, supposedly suppressed by Virgil’s friends, Tucca and Varius, and thus not copied in the normal sequence on f. 61; here copied straight on after art.8.
10. f. 204v: Nocte pluit tota redeunt spectacula mane/ Divisum imperium cum iove cesar habens [2 verses; Anthol. lat., n. 256]; Hos ego versiculos feci tulit alter honorem/ Sic vos non vobis vellera fertis oves/ Sic vos non vobis mellificatis apes [3 verses; Anthol. lat. n. 257; 2 verses added in the margin in a noting hand:] Sic vos non vobis fertis aratra boves/ Sic vos non vobis nidificatis aves; [space] Meonium quisquis romanus nescit homerum…Hec grais constant singula trina michi [6 verses; Anthol. lat. n. 674a]; [space] Sus iuvenis serpens casum venere sub unum…Hic fremit ille gemit sibilat hic moriens [4 verses; Anthol. lat. n. 160, footnote]. 11. f. 205: [Martial, Epigrammata, 1, 19] Si memini fuerant tibi quatuor helia dentes…Nil istic quod agat tertia tussis habet.
W. Heraeus, ed., M. Valerii Martialis Epigrammaton liber (Leipzig 1929) 15.
12. ff. 205-206: Ergone supremis potuit vox improba verbis…Laudetur vigeat placeat relegatur ametur [36 verses; Anthol. lat. n. 672]; [space] Mantua me genuit calabri rapuere tenet nunc…[12 distichs with epitaphs of Virgil, Anthol. lat. nn. 506 bis-516, 518; followed straight on by:] Cedite romani scriptores cedite grai/ Nescio quid maius nascitur yliade [2 verses; Propertius, Elegiae, 3, 32, 65-66; Anthol. lat. n. 264]; Defensor patrie iuvenum fortissimus ethor [sic]…Condidit et merens hac tumulavit humo [10 verses; Anthol. lat. n. 631]; Hic iacet arpinas manibus tumulatus amici…Tullius eternis vulneribus lacerat [6 verses; Anthol. lat. n. 603]; Corpus in hoc tumulo magni ciceronis humatum…Suppliciisque [sic] datis prestiti incolumen [6 verses; Anthol. lat. n. 604]. 13. f. 206v: [28 verses added in a humanistic hand; Carmen in honorem Pii secundi papae?] Quid miser invidia Martini tempora carpis…Et sua Pius nostris secula quisque probet. 14. f. 207r-v: [Gellius, Noctes Atticae, 10, 16] Augelius [sic] notium acticarum libro 9 foliis 115, Reprehendit higinus virgilium correcturumque eum fuisse putavit quod in libro vi scriptum est…de pirrho importune missus est quem virgilius procul dubio exempturus inquit.
P. K. Marshall, ed., A. Gellii Noctes Atticae (Oxford 1968) 1:318-20.
Parchment, ff. iii (modern paper) + 207 + iii (modern paper); 342 × 232 (200 × 112) mm. Collation beginning with f. 2: 1-28 3-410(through f. 37) 5-128 138(-4, 5 after f. 104) 14-178 186 19-258 266. Catchwords, some cropped, in the center of the lower margin in the script of the text. 31 long lines, ruled in lead, triple bounding lines on the left, single bounding lines on the right. Written in a formal gothic book hand with words well spaced but in the tradition of littera bononiensis. Two miniatures by different artists: that on f. 2 (Georgics), 90 × 85 mm., in a simple blue frame done by the more competent artist, of a peasant ploughing his field with 2 oxen; in the hills behind, a deer and a castle; the 3-line initial beginning the Georgics set in the upper right corner of the miniature; L-shaped border of lush blue, green, dusky pink, lavender and orange acanthus leaves growing out from and around a narrow colored bar, with a putto sitting in the leaves at the top; the whole decorated with gold balls. The second miniature, f. 38 (Aeneid), 140 × 65 mm., enclosed in a frame of the same acanthus border as above and placed in the lower margin, done in a linear fashion with very little modelling, and depicting Aeneas (?) in armor, holding a standard, or an eagle displayed sable, and riding a white horse towards the sea, where 2 galleons are afloat. The 8-line historiated initial beginning the Aeneid, set directly above the miniature, shows the crenellated walls of Troy in flames; border in the same style of acanthus leaves along the inner margin. Initials for the book divisions of the Georgics and the Aeneid and the initials for the first arguments of the 2 works, usually 14-line (but possibly 18-to 2-line), in white-patterned and self-shaded blue, dusky pink or orange infilled with colored acanthus leaves on painted gold or black grounds, the whole placed on burnished gold grounds and decorated with gold balls. Initials for arguments, 4- to 2-line (that on f. 204, 6-line) in burnished gold with fine blue harping and beading. On ff. 204v-206, 2-line initials alternating red with purple harping and beading or blue with red; 1-line initials, alternating red and blue with appropriate color penwork on f. 206, and without flourishing on f. 205v; versals washed in yellow throughout (but erased on f. 124); alternating red and blue paragraph marks. On f. 180v, sketch of a face in profile bracketing Book 11, vv. 425-427. Books normally begin on rectos, occasionally causing preceding blank leaves or pages, e.g. ff. 51r-v, 77v, 104v. Running headlines in roman numerals in a cursive script, possibly in the ink of the text; interlinear glosses, perhaps contemporary; some side notes in pale red ink in a humanistic script; considerable marginalia in a noting hand for Book 6, ff. 105-117v. Early foliation 2-4 and 9-12 on current ff. 3-5 and 10-13 (current foliation includes the flyleaf); other foliation, s. XVI?, begins at 17 on current f. 2, suggesting the loss of 2 quires, perhaps containing the Bucolics. On f. 206v, written over by the present text, are as many as 3 erased texts: 2 short prose pieces and 14 lines of verse beginning: Hic iacet in tumba princeps generosa columba/ Cabri tu es dictus <?> benedictus/ Fronte…Propter Luctamen sit tibi salus amen. Medical recipe added on f. 207v in a noting hand. Bound by J. Leighton in brown morocco; gilt edges. Written in Italy, perhaps in Florence as suggested by the style of the initials, in the first half of the fifteenth century. Belonged to William Morris (1834-96); his bookplate on the front pastedown and cataloguing notes in the hand of Sir Sydney Cockerell tipped in the front of the volume. Morris’ manuscripts sold at his death to Richard Bennett; this manuscript among those re-sold by Bennett, Sotheby’s, 5 December 1898 n. 1194 to Heppinstal. Purchased by Henry E. Huntington from the Ross C. Winans collection through G. D. Smith in January 1918.
Secundo folio: Ac prius ignotum
Bibliography: De Ricci, “Handlist” 108. De Ricci, 82.
Abbreviations
Anthol. lat.
A. Riese, ed., Anthologia latina sive poesis latinae supplementum, I, Carmina in codicibus scripta (Leipzig 1894-1906)
CSEL
Corpus scriptorum ecclesiasticorum latinorum
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
De Ricci, “Handlist”
S. De Ricci, “A Handlist of Latin Classical Manuscripts in American Libraries,” Philological Quarterly 1 (1922) 100-08

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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