Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


EL 7 H 8

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JOHANNES HISPANUS; MARTIN OF TROPPAU
England, 1368
1. ff. 1-18: Incipit prologus Iohannis yspani origine professoris iuris canonici et civilis in summam numcupatam flos decretorum, Quoniam inter cetera que utilia fore previdi legistis et decretistis…Incipit flos decretorum, Humanum genus duobus modis regitur. Tractaturus magister Gracianus de iure canonico incipiens a capite…quia nolebat ad novum proferre de hac materia in qua non solum verborum sed eciam novitas sentenciarum est prophana. Explicit summa numcupata flos decretorum.
Schulte, 2:107-08.
2. f. 18r-v: Ad honorem dei et gloriose virginis Marie et beati Petri apostolorum principis et omnium sanctorum Simon de Wederore de Trenge frater domus de Assherugge ordinis sancti Augustini Lincolniensis diocesis hunc librum scripsit…tertio kalendas Iulii littera dominicali .a. Anno domini Millesimo CCCmo lxviiimo…atque in extremo examine districte subiacet ulcioni. Fiat fiat. Amen. [A note below the colophon in the hand of the scribe, perhaps referring to Ps. 126, 1:] nisi et cetera. [ff. 19-21v, ruled, but blank]
H. C. Schulz, “The Monastic Library and Scriptorium at Ashridge,” HLQ 1 (1938) 305-11, with the colophon printed in full.
3. ff. 22-23: Incipiunt tituli libri primi decretalium a domino Gregorio papa IXno compilatarum, De summa trinitate et fide catholica 1, De constitucionibus 2,…De verborum significacionibus 40, De regulis iuris 41. Expliciunt rubrice sive tituli decretalium. 4. ff. 23v-31v: Incipiunt capitula tabule martiniane decreti et decretalium secundum ordinem alphabeti compilate, Aaron 1, Abbas 2,…Zelus 3, Zizania 4. Expliciunt capitula alphabeti decreti et decretalium quod martiniana numcupatur. Deo gracias. [f. 31v, the same colophon and following note as in art. 2.]
Alphabetical table of chapters with some cross-referencing (e.g. “Cirurgia, vide in medicina”); references are in arabic numerals to chapters, or by sigla “e.c.” (eodem capitulo) or “c.s.” (capitulo sequente).
5. ff. 32-277v: Incipit prologus in tabulam martinianam decreti et decretalium a fratre martino ordinis predicatorum domini pape penitentiario et capellano secundum ordinem alphabeti compilatam, Inter alia que ad fidelium christi doctrinam scripta sunt ius canonicum ad ipsorum doctrinam et consolacionem conscriptum reperitur. Iuris vero canonici doctrina ad hoc est tradita…[f. 32v, Text:] Incipit tabula martiniana decreti et decretalium secundum ordinem alphabeti compilata, Aaron. Quod aaron sacerdocium approbatur dis. xxii. Sacro sancta. Item suo sacerdotio…Quod sinenda sunt utraque crescere usque ad messem iudicii extremi et tunc angeli colligent zizaniam in fasciculos ad comburendum xxiii questio 1 paragrapho 1 ante fi. Quod zizaniam inimicus homo superseminare dicitur quando diabolus inter cardinales discordiam facit. Extravagantes 1 titulus vi de electione Licet. Amen Amen. Explicit alphabetum decreti et decretalium quod martiniana numccupatur. Deo gracias. [ff. 227v-278, the same colophon and following note as in art. 2; ff. 278v-296v, blank as contemporary notes on ff. 285v and 287v attest, “…vana folia…”].
Schulte, 2:137-38. Kaeppeli, SOPMA 2973.
Parchment, ff. i (early modern paper) + i (contemporary parchment) + 296 + i (early modern paper); 400 × 260 (263 × 175) mm. 112 210(-8) 3-414 512 (this irregularity noted, f. 61v, “xii folia et vi folia in uno [quaterno]”) 6-914 10-1512 16-2214 and 9 leaves bound too tightly to collate. Catchwords in lower right corner, usually in a frame. Quires and leaves neatly signed in a double sequence of early form arabic numerals (1.1, 1.2…, 2.1, 2.2…) in the center lower margin within a narrow ruled space; the quires also numbered in romans in the inner left corner of the first leaf recto. In the first 2 quires the leaves paginated quire by quire in lead in the inner corner. 2 columns of 36 lines with frame rules in brown ink, and line rules in lead, often doubled to delineate the space for the minims. Double rules to the left of each column form space for initials; narrow strips ruled in the outer and lower margins. Pricking visible in the 3 outer margins. Quires marked in the upper recto of the first leaf: “correctum per totum quaternum.” Written in textura semi-quadrata by Simon de Wederore; see art. 2. At the opening of the prologue, f. 32, a 10-line miniature, the width of one column, showing the author as a monk in black praying before the Virgin and Child against a triangle of gold, the rest of the background in a red diaper pattern, the outer corners decorated with daisy buds; below, the opening initial “I,” 15-line, parted gold and blue with fine purple and red flourishing extending the length of the written space. On f. 32v, opening page of the text, 9-line initial in pink patterned in white against a blue ground with infilling of trilobe leaves on a stipled gold ground, bar frame on four sides of text in segments of patterned pink, blue or gold, with trilobe leaf marginal extensions and a few bud flowers. Major initials for the first letter of each alphabetical section, 7-or 5-line (e.g. ff. 52, 57), parted red and blue, infilling of void leaves decorated in purple on a red ground, full-length red and blue cascade ending in penwork flourishes, some penwork in purple. Secondary initials, 4-line, similar style. 2-line initials, blue, with red flourishing, with infilling often of grotesque or human faces, which occasionally pertain to the subject (e.g. on f. 103, “ermofrodites,” 2 faces, 1 male and 1 female; on f. 202, “planctus,” a man crying; on f. 228, “rex,” a king); animal head regularly just outside letter. Alternating red and blue 1-line initials and paragraph marks; some paragraph marks in green; rubrics in red. Nota marks often with elaborate designs of trees (e.g. f. 10) or manicules; occasional sketches in the ascenders of the top line. The lower margin in the index, ff. 22-31, decorated with purple “saws”; the same design alternately purple or red as line fillers in the index. Guide numbers in the margins in lead. A note in red in the upper margin of f. 18, s. XVmed-ex, partially cropped: Bartholomeus de casibus decretorum multo plenior et apertior est ut patet intuenti habetur in librario. Bound, ca. 1840, in red morocco with the Bridgewater crest stamped in gold on both covers; gilt edges. Written in 1368 by Simon de Wederore of Tring, Hertfordshire, a brother of the house of the Boni Homines (“Bonshommes”) at Ashridge (see arts. 2, 4 and 5 for his repeated colophon, and Ker, MLGB, 5). A note in English on f. 294v, counting the blank leaves at the end of the volume, is dated 22 September 1591 and signed R. Combe and E. Combe. “R. Combe” may be the Richard Combes (nephew of Thomas Waterhouse, rector of Ashridge at the time of the Dissolution), to whom Queen Elizabeth (then princess) granted the land and buildings of Ashridge in 1557; the property was purchased by Sir Thomas Egerton in 1604. On f. 1, the inscription “ex dono Richardi Combe Armigeri” in the hand of John Egerton (1622-86), 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, as well as the Bridgewater pressmark “L:CC:B:2/15” on the same folio. Acquired with the Bridgewater Library by Henry E. Huntington in 1917 (see pp. 5-7).
Secundo folio: ecclesie negocia
De Ricci, 129. Aspects of Medieval England, n. 19, open at f. 32. E. Searle, “The Calendar, Martyrology and Customal of the Boni Homines at Ashridge,” Mediaeval Studies 23 (1961) 260-93, which refers principally to EL 9 H 15, but gives a brief history of Ashridge.
Abbreviations
Aspects of Medieval England
Aspects of Medieval England: Manuscripts for Research in the Huntington Library, an Exhibition prepared for the Medieval Academy of America, 14 April 1972 [San Marino 1972]
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
HLQ
Huntington Library Quarterly
Kaeppeli, SOPMA
T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi (Rome 1970- )
Ker, MLGB
N. R. Ker, Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (London, 2nd ed. 1964)
Schulte
J. F. von Schulte, Die Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des canonischen Rechts von Gratian bis auf die Gegenwart (Stuttgart 1875-80)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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