Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


EL 35 B 53

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GRADUAL
France, s. XIII2
1. ff. 1-76: Temporale from the vigil of Epiphany to the 23rd Sunday after Pentecost, with a break in the text between ff. 66-77, from the offertory of the first Sunday after Pentecost to the communion of the 15th Sunday. 2. ff. 76-78v: Common of saints. 3. ff. 78v-154: Sanctorale from Marcellinus (sic for Marcellus, 16 January? the liturgy is that for a bishop, and the next feast listed is of Prisca, 18 January) to Thomas apostle (21 December); celebrated on the first of October are Germanus, Remigius, Vedast and Bavo. 4. ff. 154-158v: Votive masses for the dedication of a church, the vigil of an apostle, the Trinity, Angels, [introit:] Domine refugium, [introit:] Aqua sapiencie, the Holy Spirit, the Cross, the Virgin; [added in less formal hand:] Alleluia of the feast of Corpus Christi. Parchment, ff. ii (modern paper) + 158 + ii (modern paper); 235 × 175 (178 × 135) mm. 1-212 310 4-512 68 (leaves/quire missing after f. 66) 7-912 1010 1112 126 1310 1412 158(-7, 8). Leaves signed in roman numerals; quire 3 bound upside down. 9 lines of text and music; text ruled in lead and written in a gothic book hand; musical notation on red 4-line staves, with an occasional fifth line in red serving apparently as a base for the preceding line of script. On f. 48 (Easter), 4-line parted red and blue initial with flourishing in both colors; 2-line initials alternating blue with red flourishing or red with blue. Considerable marginalia by several contemporary and later English hands, some of which supplement the masses with both text and music; frequent pen trials, sometimes quoting biblical verses: e.g. on ff. 131v, 139v, 149v and elsewhere, “Fuit homo missus a deo cui nomen erat Iohannes”; sketches in lead of the same stick figure and of legs on, for example, ff. 120v, 121, 132v, 133, 138v. Many leaves torn or with lower edges cut away. Bound, ca. 1840, in dark green morocco with the Bridgewater crest blind stamped on both covers; rust marks on the final leaves indicate that the book was once chained at the top and bottom of the back cover; gilt edges. Written in France in the second half of the thirteenth century; was shortly thereafter in England. Among the fifteenth century marginalia in English hands: f. 100, “Ego pravo [?] Ricardus lely convisi ille est manus pravus istius societatis et Iohannes cestren. et cetera tomas ia”; f. 110v, “Dominus Willelmus de brunbury persona eclesie de ald<?>”; f. 111, “<?> de dusbere Omnibus est notum quod multum <?>”; f. 119v, “Et quere enim gelido zeperus fer <?> sire et bone Ami <?> Iohannes de Arderne honorables et reverentes de tous amitez sachez sire que ioe ai travalie en tour vous bosognies tentivement pour coe que ioe ne voliei que ne vous fustis descu quant” (ending abruptly; an apparently different hand on f. 133v also makes reference to “gelides zefferus”; the various repetitions of the verse, “Fuit homo missus…Iohannes” appear to be in a different hand); f. 146, “hugo de Lincoln.” On f. 1, the pressmark “I:3./2.” in the hand of John Egerton (1622-86), 2nd Earl of Bridgewater. The current Bridgewater pressmark and the bookplate from that Library on the front pastedown. Acquired by Henry E. Huntington with the Bridgewater Library in 1917 (see pp. 5-7).
Secundo folio: parata sedes
Bibliography: De Ricci, 135.
Abbreviations
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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