Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library


EL 34 B 6

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PERSIUS; JUVENAL
Italy, s. XVmed
1. ff. 1-14v: [rubric added] Auli flacci percii in satiras prologus, [N]ec fonte labra prolui caballino…[Text:] [O] curas hominum o quantum est in rebus inane…Inventus chrysippe tui finitor acervi. Finis. [ff. 15-17v, ruled, but blank, except for later additions]
W. V. Clausen, ed., A. Persi Flacci et D. Iuni Iuvenalis Saturae (Oxford 1959), the satires of Persius on pp. 1-28. Listed as n. 445 in P. Scarcia-Piacentini, “Saggio di un censimento dei manoscritti contenenti il testo di Persio e gli scoli e i commenti al testo,” Studi su Persio e la scoliastica persiana 3.1. Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature straniere, Università di Pisa (Rome 1973).
2. ff. 18-98v: [rubric added] Liber primus Iuvenalis Satyra prima, [S]emper ego auditor tantum…Tanquam homine et ventri indulsit non omne legumen.
Clausen, the satires of Juvenal on pp. 35-175; the 5-book structure indicated by running headlines for Books 1 (Sat. 1-5) and 5 (Sat. 13-16) and by the 3-line space reserved for the initial on f. 38v for the beginning of Book 2 (Sat. 6); Sat. 15 and 16 reversed; on f. 64, Sat. 9.37, the Greek has been entered in a different colored ink; on ff. 67v-68, Sat. 10.48-71 copied twice, and the text on f. 67v marked “vacat.”
3. f. 99: [Ps. Cicero or Ps. Isidore, De proprietate sermonum] [I]nter polliceri et promittere hoc interest quod…nemo ad hominem nemo id est qui nec homo [f. 100r-v, blank].
M. L. Uhlfelder, ed., De proprietate sermonum (Rome 1954) 47, sent. 1 and 2.
Parchment (prepared in the southern manner, used for outer bifolia of all quires and for the central bifolia of quires 1-5; at least ff. 6 and 13, palimpsest) and paper (quires 1-5, Briquet, Lettre N 8440, Lucca 1451; remaining quires, Étoile, similar to Briquet 6027, Lucca 1457), ff. ii + 100 + ii; 211 × 155 (142 × 85) mm. 1-612 714 812 92. Catchwords written vertically along the inner bounding line. 24 lines of verse, ruled in dry point with double bounding lines, both vertical and horizontal. Written possibly by one person in a humanistic script, using a smaller, neater form on ff. 73-99. Space reserved for a 4-line opening initial, f. 1, and for other 2-line initials; versals slashed in pale red. Marginalia in at least 3 hands: the most extensive has been identified as that of John Gunthorpe; see Duke Humfrey and English Humanism in the Fifteenth Century, Catalogue of an Exhibition held in the Bodleian Library Oxford (1970), n. 92. Gunthorpe wrote the notes in red ink throughout the book and a list of the muses on f. 17v: “Nomina Musarum novem, 1, Clio id est prima cogitatio discendi que tendit in gloriam…8m est eligere, nonum vero est bene pronunciare”; he also copied several short extracts from Latin authors on f. 99: “Valerius, 5o libro 4o capitulo, Cetere virtutes admirationis…an cui pietas comes aderat [Valerius Maximus, Facta et dicta memorabilia, 5, 4, extr. 2 and 4, 6]; Eodem libro 5o capitulo, Cara est uxor dulces liberi…id est femina que est prima post parentes [ibid., 5, 5, introd.]; Semper ego auditor [Juvenal].” Other marginalia by “Heron” (see below), who added running headlines in art. 1, foliation in modern form arabic numerals beginning afresh for each article, and a note on f. 1: “Argumenta satirarum ac prefationis persiane per iodocum badium, Preludendo docet satyram se scribere posse…In sexta heredem taxat nimium cumulantem”; on f. 15, “Heron” wrote an inventory of his library of mainly humanistic books: “Nomina librorum meorum, Liber grammaticus, 1; Duo colloquia, 3; Terentius [corrected to “Tres Terentii”], 4;…Antibarb., Spongia, Lingua, Moria Erasmi, 32; Leonici dialogi, 33.” The last 7 entries were added in a different colored ink; this book may be the last of the original entries: “horatius cum iuvenali et pertio, 26.” A third person, s. XVI, also added marginalia throughout the volume and various quotations or sentences: f. 15, “Hospita demophon tua te Rodopeia phillis/ Ultra permissum [sic] tempus abese queror/ Cornua cum lune pleno semil [sic] orbe coissent [Ovid, Heroides, 2, 1-3]; also f. 15, “Knowyng youe that this presdent writynge is to youe a discharge from all maner of redenyng [sic] by twyne my my [sic] Be hyt and your and In his absens to dyscharge youe and” [ends abruptly]; f. 17v, “Si mea penna valet melior mea litera fiet”; f. 99v, “Hanc tua penelope lento tibi mittit” [Ovid, Heroides, 1, 1]; on f. 100v, “enyus [?] lyvyd hardly and but with won woman to serve hym” and “Yff you lyves soberly here you shalt Be <?>lyd covetes put a we [?] therefore <?> sobrynes yff you yntend to lyff quietly.” Bound, ca. 1840, in brown calf with the Bridgewater crest blind stamped on both covers. Written possibly in central Italy, to judge by the watermark and the preparation of the parchment, although the copyist may not have been Italian. Belonged to John Gunthorpe, dean of Wells, who was in Italy in the early 1460s (d. 1498); later owned by “Heron,” when it was possibly bound with a Horace. The ownership of Gunthorpe and “Heron” is attested to by a note on f. 100v: “iuvenalis olim gunthorpi vuelli quondam decani, nunc autem heroni.” Three Bridgewater pressmarks in the upper margin of f. 1:“<?>3” and “X3,” both in the hand of John Egerton (1579-1649), 1st Earl of Bridgewater, both now cancelled, and “S:8./1.” in the hand of the third Earl (1646-1701). Belonged to the Bridgewater Library, which was acquired by Henry E. Huntington in 1917 (see pp. 5-7).
Secundo folio: Hic aliquis cui circum
Bibliography: De Ricci, 134.
Abbreviations
Briquet
C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes: dictionnaire historique des marques du papier…1282 jusqu’à 1600, facs. of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. A. Stevenson (Amsterdam 1968)
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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